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Full text of "Land service bulletin : Volume 1"

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BLM LIBRARY 

DENVER r-^% 25047 
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arT-IJ MM /TTT TTTf I I I 1 I ITT TT1TTT lil'III IHIIT 

RECEIVED 
U S. LAND OFFICE 
GREAT FALLS, ffltt^fECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR 

JUN2 4 919 

WASHINGTON 
DATE ■ ■ j 

HOUR -- =» 

February 23, 1917. 



1 fy*' , 



Dear Mr. Tallman: 

Your idea of a "Land Service Bulletin" 
is a splendid one, and I congratulate you. Push 
it hard. I return the copy you sent me. 

Cordially yours, 

FRANKLIN K. LANE. 



Hon. Clay Tallman, 
Commissioner General Land Office, 
Washington, D» C. 



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Vol, 1. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 
March 1917 



Page 



Announcement 
Personal Notes 

Appointments 
Promotions 
Transfers 
Resignations 
New Legislation 

Stock-raising Homesteads 
Stock-Driveways 
Land Locators 
Second Homestead Rights 
Land Office Note9 

Restorations and Withdrawals 

Map "Work 

Irrigation Projects 
Oil Contracts 
Public Land Surveys 



2 
2 
3 
3 

4 
4 

4 
5 



Page 
Oregon and California Lands 

Clarsei.fi caticn 7 

Payment of Tar.ee 7 

Imp :rt arr ! - D ec is i one 

Soldiered Additional Homestead Rights 7 

Forest Homstftaac? p 

At Home ana Abroad 19 

Keener s 3 Public Land Statutes 8 

Apr;i 1917 

Where We Stand 1 
Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 3 

Promotions 3 

Resignations 4 

Transfers .. ...... ,,.,.; 5 

Obituary ..... 5 

Return from Mexican Border Service ... 6 

At Heme and Abroad ... 7 

The Continental Cengrees ... 7 

New Legislation ^ .. .... 

Fort Peck Indian Lands 7 

Buffalo Pasture , . • .. . . 8 

Umatilla Lands . 8 

Reclamation Homesteads ... '8 



/ 



ForoB-ifrht and Hind night 

Wild Birds in tho District 

Desert Landers Plant Potatoes 

Diagrams and Plats 

Family Letters 

Civil Service Examinations 

Land Office Notes 

Scrip Location 

Change in Method of Restoration 

Alaska TomsiteB 

Desert Land Entries 

Survey of Indian Lands 

Meander of Red River in Oklahoma 

Motorcycle in Field Work 

Motorboac for Alaska Service 

Forest Homesteads 

Chippewa Timber Logging 

Town Lot Sale6 
The Field Service 



Page 

8 

9 

9 
10 
10 
11 

11 
11 
12 
12 
12 
12 

13 
13 
13 
13 
13 
14 



The Greatest Need 
Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 

Promotions 



May 1917 



-3- 



page 



£»' 



v . 



Resignations 4 

Transfers 4 

Obituary 6 

Family Letters 6 

Land Office Notes 

Imperial Valley 9 

Concerning Stock-Driveways 9 

Proposed Forest Reserve in i^labarna 9 

Proposed Game Reserve 9 

Abandoned Military Reservation 9 

Red Gross Activities 10 

Indemnity School Land Selections 10 

Oregon and California Grant 11 

Removal of the General Land Office 13 

A Twin Official in Alaska 13 

Survey Notes 14 

At Home and Abroad 15 

. : <■ TV . - • V 

Sales of Indian Lands to be Held During Summer 16 

'; :vr. "... !:'« 

Fort 3erthold Drawing 17 

Civil Service Sxaminatioans • .- • 17 



June 1917 

Galusha A. Grow, Father of the Homestead Law 1 

Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 3 

Promotions 4 

-4- 



Page 

Trannfpra 4 

Resignations . :,''••'■ ' ; ' ' 5 

Family Correspondency 6 

Progress of Home Club War flfilief Work 6 

Maps and Schedules of Uintah Indian Lands 7 

Schedules of Coeur d' Alene Indian Lands, Idaho, and 

Flathead Indian Lands, Montana, 7 

Sale of Crow Indian lands , 7 

Departmental Rulings Affecting Crow Lands 8 

Coal Lands - Fort Peck Indian Reservation 8 

Field Surveying Service 9 

Survey Notes _ ... • :.. . 10 

Looking to the Increase of Food Crops... 13 

The Demand for Public Lands 14 

Confirmation under Section 7, Act of March 3, 1891 14 

Restoration to entry of Segregated Public Lands 15 

Early Days in the General Land Office (Th* ■-First - 

•Commissioner) 16. 

Notice to Prospective Homesteaders in Alaska 17 

Land Office Notes 

Soldiers' Rights under the Homestead Law 17 

Superintendent of Logging IP 

Reclamation Townsites 18 

Town Lot Sale at Anchorage 18 

Suggestions to Homesteaders 19 

Keep Smiling 19 

-5- 



Page 



Jul y 1 917 








Tho oi.hfir Ff>nrw'fi Viow-Point 


r ■■' 




1 


Changes in Personnel 


C51 ^ 






Appointments , •'..■' ■■:■ .'.''• ■ •' 


. -,!:.'?•'' ' 


•,:,•.':■■'{ ''■ ■ f? '' 


4 


Transfers ,-/-.i ;--;:l : :.'' : : '-"- 


,.. ,, ,, 




4 


Promotions ..• •:•..••;:■"• ■■.;''.• 


^ i » 




• 5 


Resignations 


. , 


■.:..i| •• ,, -■"■ 


6 


Reappointments 


-. • . • . ■ • 




.,..,,.,,$ 


Obituary 




«>;■- 


■ i : 7 



An" Important Decision (West vs. Edward F.utledge . . ;. , •■' . 

Timber Company, et al) 7 

The Development of the Alaska Coal Fields 9 

Matanuska Coal Land Leases: ' .' ' •' ' " 9 

• -r,:-: ■ V ? ■ --:> f ' #'■*- 
Survey Notes "'•'•'■ ''•'''•■' 

The Liberty Loan ■■ .-■. '.".1, -"•' ; '- ■''•'• 10 

Red Cross ...- • .. f . ; l/ v j ■'••*. 10 

Settlement on Lands- Restored.' to"' Entry * "' ',' :■ : >i;l;3 

Co-operative Vegetable Gardens . ._ 15 

The American Red Cross . • 15 

Colorado National Forest t . ;> . ;. 16 

Slow but Sure . . ... ».„.., -;•-, ?— ; .- 16 • 

Land Office Notes _...., _. 

'"Towns it e6 ... ■ 16 

Survey of Islands in Lake Michigan . 17 

Equitable Adjudication of Desert Entries . 17 

Carey Act Rests rat ions 17 



-6- 



Page 

Siletx Timber Lands 17 

Raysido Abandoned .Military T^seiiY/ati on ' 18 

Sale of Rosebud Lands 18 

Town Lot Sales' : ' : -'; 18 

Sale of Uintah Indian Lands ..*,-... - ... 18 

Ten Chain Lots in Imperial^ Valley- 18 

At Home and Abroad 19 

Proof Taking Officers . ..:.''.■ ;.-••. . 21 

The Land Decisions . , ;..■,-•;- : 21 

The Man and the Job .'• 22 

August 1917 

Civil vs. Military Duty 1 

In Memory of the Late Bo' Sweeney 3 

Changes in Personnel 

App8intments 5 

Reappointments 6 

Transfers 6 

Resignations 7 

Obituary 8 

Survey Notes 

Direct System 9 

Motor Trucks 9 

Survey of Indian Reservations , 10 

Island Surveys ,-... 11 



-7- 



page 

Early Days in the tferisrkl Land 'Office' ' ! '"' 

(The Second Commissioner) 11 

Gome Interesting Facts about the New Interior 

Department Building 12 

The Lamar Rifle Club 14 

The Value of Identificatron Cards ' ' 15 

Confessions of a Proof-Taker 17 

Land Office Notes 

Fort &ssinniboine Abandoned Military Reservation 17 

Towns it es ' ':'.'" ' 18 

First Stock -Driveway Reservation 19 

Exclusion from Palisade national Forest 19 

Homestead Rights of Soldiers and Sailors 19 

Family Correspondence 20 

Recent Decisions of the Department 

Isolated Tracts 21 

Affidavit of Contest 21 

Heirs of Homesteaders 22 

Powersite Withdrawal - Settlement Right 22 

Bird Reserve •» Settler's Right 22 

Additional Homesteads 23 

Sales of Lands in the former Uintah Indian Reservation 23 

Shqr-e Lines of Entries Abutting upon Navigable Waters 

in Alaska . ' '* ' ' " ' "■ l ' '"•' 24 

Oregon and California Lands 25 

Liberty Loan Bonds and the General Land Office 25 

The G. L. 0. Worm 26 



Page 

At Home and Abroad ■' 26 

September 1917 

The Oil Land Controversy 1 

Assistant Secretary of the Interior 

(Confirmation of Hon, S eld en G. Hopkins) ' 6 

Changes in Personnel 

Appointments '•'•'■' • 7 

Reappointments • 7 

Transfers ' •'••■ : '■'■■ 8 

Temporary Appointments ■'■• '"■' 9 

Resignations : - ' ' ;: ■ li -'- 9 

Obituary ' "- ■' ■ 10 

Survey Notes 

Old Snags '' 10 

Survey of Laguna Indian Pueblo 11 

Elephant Butte Reclamation Project *'•• 12 

Fire Fighting " ■ - • '.'" ••' ; ' ; : ■■ 12 

Island Surveys • 12 

Direct System Tested 13 

Tov;nsite Surveys 13 

Leech Lake Indian Surveys '-'• ' 15 

Early Days in the General Land Office (1835) 16 

The Interior Department Building 17 

Interior Department War Relief 17 

Land Office War Relief Fund 18 

-9- 



Page 
Recent Decisions of Lhe Department 

Enlarged Homestead Additional Entries 18 

Desert Entry Expenditures 19 

Lode Location - Application for Parent 19 

Practice - Appeal 19 

Coal Discovery in AJla^ka 20 

Restoration of Lands' Withdraw under the Carey Act 20 

Dakota National Forest Abolished' 21 

Exclusion from Wasatch National Forest 21 

Legislative Relief for Public Land Claimants 

Assessment work on Mining Claims 22 

Hdmestead Entrymen or Settlers 22 

Desert Land Entrymen 23 

Non-residence Homesteads in Idaho 24 

Stock-Raising Homesteads 25 

Family Correspondence 25 

Agricultural and Industrial Fair at Anchorage 26 

Land Office Notes 

Silfctg Timber Lands 26 

Flathead Timber Land6 27 

Public Sale Flathead Lands 27 

Townsites 27 

Oregon School Lands 28 

Forest Homesteads 28 
Imperial Llesa 29 

. -10- 



Quoth the Apont Nevermore 29 

A Farn for Forty Cents 30 

Ice for the Igloo 30 

Honor Roll 31 

At Hone and Abroad 3 2 

October 1917 

The Stock-raising Homestead Act 1 

Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 4 

Transfers 4 

Promotions •'..;;• 5 

Resignations' 6 

Survey Notes ■ 

Meridian Station on the Roof of the New In- 
terior Department Building 7 

Difficulties of certain Utah Surveys 7 

Organization of Field Work & 

Good Work in Fire Fighting 10 

A 3 ear Story 10 

A Good Survey Season 11 

Payment of the Oregon and California Taxes 11 

Alaska Coal Development 13 

Family Correspondence 13 

Free Survey of Homesteads ■ in'- Alaska 14 

Applications for Unappraised Indian Lands 15 

-11- 



Page 

Military and Naval Service of Homesteaders 16 

A V/ord from the Secretary 17 

Alaska and the Farmer 18 

Early Days in the General Land Office 

(The Third Commissioner) . '" J - 19 

Land Office Notes 

Towns it es 21 

Abandoned Military Reservation 21 

Sale of Crow Indian Lands 22 

Opening of Flathead Indian Lands to Homestead 

Entry 22 

Entries and payments for Fort Peck .Indian Lands 22 

Sale of Flathead Indian Lands 23 

Sale of Coeur d* Alene Indian Lands ■' . 23 

Non-.residence Homesteads- in Idaho ■• .:•■'■ 23 

Military Service of Homesteaders 24 

Patents and Certified Copies 24 

Scarcity of Lineral Surveyors 24 

Howl Twenty-three (the Howl of the Special Agent) 24 

Isolated Tracts of Oregon and California Timber Lands 25 

Interior Department War Work 26 

Honor Roll 27 

. .. > 

■ ; • ... i. &i 

At Home and Abroad 28 



November 1917- 
The Changing West ;, ,.:..-.. :. ,; ■ . 



-12' 



Pago 

Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 4 

Transfers • • , . • 5 

Promotions 5 

Resignations 6 

Separations 6 

Survey Notes 

Fragmentary Surveys in the Eastern District 7 

Rio Grande Reclamation Project 8 

Survey/ of the Townsite Lida 9 

Abandoned Military Reservation of Bayside 9 

Agricultural and Industrial Fair, Anchorage, Alaska 9 

Mining Claims - Annual Assessment Work Suspended 10 

Land Office Notes 

Town Lot Sales 11 

Alaska Towns it e Withdrawals 12 

Water Supply of Olathe, Colorado 12 

Disposal of Flathead Indian Lands 12 

Siletz Timber Lands 12 

Rifle Range at Carlsbad 12 

Recent Instructions 

Homestead Entry - Judicial Restraint 13 

Homestead Entries - Payment of Indian Price - 

Military Service 13 

Stock -Driveways 14 

Oregon and California Lands (Warning) 15 

-13- 



i New Method Adopted for Opening Unappropriated Tracts 
In Former Indian RerorvCti ons 



Page 



15 



E&rly Days in the Ocneial La.nd Office (1845*, ' Carn-ri' 

missioner Shields) 16 

3rine Deposits of Potash 18 

Family Correspondence 19 

Admission of Attorneys to Practice before the De- 
partment ■. - '' ■' "■'.'• '"■•'•' 20 

Public Land Seekers .:■■.. 20 

Land Decisions .- " .' 21 

Coal Land Regulations ;.,■ ,„' ;. •••■•... 21 

Exclusion- from National Forests .;• " .- r • .'.. 21 

War Work Committee of the. Interior Department ■-..•: . * ■' ■ • 22 

Honor Roll .-.■.■-. . .■:■•.: . 24 

Second Liberty Loan •> ' 25 

At Home and Abroad • '•'• : - : - 26 

December 1917 

The Annual Report, 1917 _ 1 

Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 3 
Transfers , 4 

Reinstatements 6 

Promotions 6 

Resignations " ■ * £ 

Separations 8 



-14- 



Pago 

Burvoy Notes 

Comments oxi the work of the Season ■ 9 

Transfer of Draftsmen to Offices of Surveyor •'•"'•' 

General '■"■' ) : -' "■ ' i 10 

Compensation ' ' • 10 

Nenana Coal Survey '■'■ ""''■'■ 11 

3e Patient ' ' ■'-••■ 12 

Hot Springs Townsite Surv.ey. 13 

Field Service 

Second Liberty Loan 15 

Stock-Driveways 16 

Over the Counter 16 

Land Office Notes 

To^n Lot Sales 18 

Ten Chain Lots 19 

Coal Land Entry by Corporation 20 

Authority of the Commissioner . 20 

■ ■ ■'-."■''.' 

Reservation of Coal under Homestead Entries within 

Fort Berthold Indian Reservation 21 

Improvements at Nenana '' '"■ 22 

Family Correspondence 23 

The Rome Club at Home '■■•.•.'.•■ 24 
Measure of Damage for an Unintentional Timber Trespass- 25 

Early Days in the General Land Office (1855, 'Com- 
missioner Hendricks) 26 

Potash Deposit opened to Exploration 27 

Good Crop Shor/ing from Alaska 29 



•15- 



Page 

Arkansas Lake, and Sunk Land Litigation 30 

War Work Association 33 

Contribution to the War Work Council of the Young 

Men's Christian Association •'' ' "" 33 

t 

Second Liberty Loan 33 

Honor Roll 34 

At Home and Abroad 35 

January 1918 

1917-1918 • 1 

Changes in Personnel ''-' ■" •--•' 

Appointments 3 

Transfers • 3 

F Promotions • 3 

Resignations ■ 3 

'.'.'. Separations ..■••...■-. 4 

Survey Notes 

Public Survey Systems 5 

Obituary, Roy J. Gill '• 7 

Service Flag - Supervisor of Surveys 8 

Life on the Line 10 

Accepted Surveys for the Month of December 10 

No Indispensables 10 

More Acres in Cultivation 10 

Field Service 

Sale of Coos Bay Timber ' '■" r * ? 13 

-16- 



Page 

Mineral Exomi nations of Oregon and 

California Grant 13 

'■ St ockr Driveways In Colorado ■'"»:?«/., .-, ^5 

Carious Report from Paradox Valley 1 ' 16 

Slow Lawyers in Rapid City ' ' : 16 

Soldiers 1 Additional Applications ... ... 17 

First Sale of Timber on Oregon and California Lands 18 

Alaska Coal Lands 19 

Alaska's Climatic Wonders '•" .... 20 

Dreams, Idle Dreams - : .. 21 

Major General Lafayette . • 22 

Some Facts Regarding Soldiers' Additional Rights 23 

Land Office Notes j '.. , .. 

Stock-Driveways 24 

Opening of Former National Forest Lands 25 

Coal Classifications 25 

Enlarged Homestead Lands Designated 25 

Repayment 26 

Townsites and Town Lots Sales 26 

Allotments to Indians on the Blackfeet Indian 

Reservation, Montana 28 

Payment for Fort Peck Indian Lands, Montana 28 

Stock-raising Homesteads on Cheyenne River and 

Standing Rock Indian Lands 29 

Mining Claims in Alaska 2 9 

Execution of Affidavit before Commanding Officer 30 

Stock-raising Designations . 30 

Declaration of Intention by Alien Enemy - Right to 

acquire Public Lands 31 

-IT- 



The Comrnifisior>er*s Dream 

Cancellation of Patent - Statute of Limitations 

Restoration of Coal Lands 

Coos Bay Wagon Road Lands 

Family Correspondence 

Our War. and the. Red Cross 

The Red Cross in the General Land Office 

Honor Roll 

At Home and Abroad 



Page 
33 
34 
34 
35 
36 
38 
38 
39 
41 



February 1918 
The General' Leasing' Dill 
Changes in Personnel 

Appointments 

Transfers 

Promotions 

Separations 

Furloughs 
Obituary 
Survey Notes 

The Manual ... 



"jc- : 



Eastern District Hereafter Styled District No. 10 
Survey of Searles Lake Basin. '. : .", . 
Free Survey of Alaskan Homesteads' "' 
Resurveys 



5 
5 
5 
6 

6 
10 
10 
10 

11 



-18- 



Page 

lion Corner Fosts 11 
Output of Surveys of January • 12 
Field Service Notes 

Santa Fe Division 12 

. A 

Helena Division 12 

Portland Division 13 

San Francisco Division 14 

Alaskan Division 15 

Persons in Military Service - Installment Payments 

on Entries of Ceded Indian Lands 18 

War Relief Legislation - Act of December 20, 1917 19 

Newly Proposed Land Legislation 19 

A New Proof Taking Officer 22 

Recent Decisions of the Courts 

Right of Recovery - Statute of Limitations' 22 

Res Judicata 23 

Sale of Timber Lands - Measure of Recovery 23 

Proceedings by the Government - Laches 24 

Mining Claims - Exxralateral Rights' -" "■•'•"; • --24 

Important School Land Decision' (United States vs - 

Sweet) 25 

Land Office Notes 

Sale of Siletz Timber Lands 25 

Gig Harbor Abandoned Military Reservation 25 

Opening Fort Peck Coal Lands 26 

Townsites 26 

-19- ... 



Page 

Arkansas Lakn Lards .. 27 

Proceedure under Stock-raising Act 27 

■Alaska Tov;nsite Regulations Amend.ed - Indian Citizens 27 

Accounts - Vouchers' payable -from;Tv;o Appropriations 28 

Mails' sent from the General Land" -Office to the Local 

Offices ••"'■ 29 



Kenana Coal Fields , Alaska ; '-'i 29 

Matanuska Coal 30 

Ferry Lake- Oil Suits 32 

The Clock and the Clerk •..-.<, 37 

Stock-raising Lands 38 

Enlarged Homestead' Designations 39 

Coal Classifications ' ' • , 39 

Family Correspondence ■■*. 39 

Federal Property for National Use 41 

National Parks . 41 

Scrip " • '•' -'_••.-. 41 

Final Report on the Red Cross Christmas Drive 43 

-Activities of the Department .War Work. Association 44 

Honor Roll '''••;■ •.,,, . 47 

■ : ■•' ''':.';■■ r 

At Home and Abroad '•••'■&*?£ 5Q 



-20- 




BULLETIN 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIO 
GENERAL LAMB OFFICE 



't 



Vol. I. 



March 1, 1917. 



No. 1. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

This little Bulletin will be issued, — monthly, for the present, — for 
the benefit, primarily, of those in the various branches of the public-land 
service. It is intended to fill a place net covered by the regular official 
circulars and decisions, and give, information more in the nature of "news" of 
the service, to the end that the widely separated personnel and departments of 
our work may be brought into closer touch with each other and with the G. L. 0. 
Aside from a few general officers, doubtless very few in our service have op- 
portunity to acquire any adequate conception of the activities and ramifications 
of the work of this bureau, nor do we realize the extent to which the various 
branches of the work of this bureau, and the work of this bureau and others of 
the Department, are interdependent and coordinated, in order to render economical 
and efficient service to the public. Then again I apprehend it will be inter- 
esting to know what the other fellow is doing and hov? he is doing it , — how he 
handles the same problems with which we are confronted. It is thought that in- 
formation of this character regularly furnished will stimulate our interest and 
aid us to acquire a fuller understanding paid appreciation c^ the big work we are 
doing in our endeavor. to administer the greatest natural resource in the manner 
most conducive to the public good. We went and need the help of everybody in 
the service from iilaska to Florida, and froa Secretary Lane down, to make our 
"Land Service Bulletin" better serve its purpose; while at present it is issued 
chiefly in the interest of those in our own service, perhaps eventually we can 
develop it into something of usefulness for the general public as well. 



PERSONAL NOTES . 
Appointments . 

Arthur J. Ewing, of Sandpoint , Idaho, Receiver of Public Moneys at Coeur 
d'Alene, Idaho. Commission dated January 19, 1917. 

John L. Irvin, of Phoenix, Arizona, Register of the Land Office at Phoenix, 
Arizona. Commission dated January 19, 1917. 

James L. Alexander Nutting, of Quincy, California, Register of the Land Of- 
fice at Susanville, California. Commission dated January 5, 1917. 

General Land Office . 

Mr. John D. K. Smoot , of Virginia, copyist (land law clerk). Miss Mary G. 
McVey, of North Carolina, copyist (stenographer and typewriter). Miss Margaret 
S. Rauber, of New York, copyist (stenographer ana typewriter). 

Surveying Service . 

Mr. Eckley C. Guerin, of Oregon, Transitman. 

Field Service . 

Mr. Christian S. Dietz, of New York, Mineral Examiner. 

Promotions . 

i«r. Robert C. Willis, of North Carolina, succeeds Mr. John W. Keener as Chief 
of Division "K". A. well-earned recognition of special fitness for the duties of 
the place. 

Mr. Dale K. Parrott , of Ohio, from Law Examiner at §2000 per annum, to Law 
Clerk at §2200. 

Mr. Michael A. Rattigan, of Rhode Island, Private Secretary to the Commis- 
sioner, from 018OO tc Law Examiner at ^2000. 

Mr. Edgar Spinks, of Mississippi, from Clerk of Class Four at §1800 per annum, 
to Law Examiner at §2000. 

Mr. Willard S. Haynie, of Arkansas, Private Secretary to the Assistant Com- 
missioner, from 01400 per annum to $1600. 

Mr. J. Harry Byrne, of Massachusetts, from ^1400 to Clerk of Class Three, 
at £1600. 



Transfers . 

Mr. John P. McDowell, of the Board of Law Review, has recently been trans- 
i erred to the Office of the Solicitor for the Interior Department. His long ser- 
vice in this of nee, as well as his experience in the field, especially fits him 
xor the important duties which he will be called upon to discharge in his new 
position. 

Mr. R. W. Pugh, of Division "G" , has also been transferred to the same of- 
:ice, where his familiarity with grants to the States in aid of education and 
internal improvements, will be of special service. 

Resignations . 

The office announces with regret the loss of the services of Mr. John W. 
Keener, formerly Chief of Division "K" , who has resigned to enter the practice 
of law. 

The office extends its good wishes to Mr* Keener for his future success. 

Mr. Joseph W. Kingsbury, mineral inspector assigned to the San Francisco 
Field Division, has accepted a position in the Bureau of Mines with headquarters 
at Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Benjamin F. L. Heron, hearings officer in the Helena Field Division, 
tendered his resignation in January. Mr. Heron has taken up the practice of law 
in Montana. 

Mr. C. Albert SeLegue, special agent in the Santa Fe Field Division, recently 
resigned. It is understood that Mr. SeLegue will take up the practice of law in 

New Mexico. 

Mr. H. B. Gerhart has tendered his resignation as a special agent in 
Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

Mineral Inspector Myron S. Hibbard, at his own request, has been transferred 
from the Field Service to a position in the local land office at Glasgow, Montana, 
thereby concluding a service of nearly seven years as a mineral inspector in the 
Field Service. 

Mr. Cary A. Marshall, upon his own application, has been transferred from 
the position of special agent to a clerkship in the local land office at Pueblo, 
Colorado . 

Mr. James Spofford, U. S. Surveyor of the District of Idaho, has resigned 
to take up private engineering work in connection with the irrigation system in 
southern Idaho. 



-3- 



NEW LEGISLATION . 
Stock Raising; Homesteads . 

Ey this time the general provisions of the act of December 29, 1916, pro- 
viding for Gtock raising homesteads, are pretty well understood, within the ser- 
vice, and the very full instructions issued January 27, 1917, have doubtless 
served to inform the interested public equally well. 

The passage of this act is, in many respects, a direct matter of congratula- 
tion for the Interior Department, which made a persistent effort to secure legis- 
lation which it believed would operate to the highest development of lands neither 
adapted to ordinary agricultural purposes, nor even to combined crop raising and 
stock grazing uses, but only fit for the pasturage of stock. 

The general desire to take advantage of the act will be understood, when it 
is stated that up to February 21st , 36,602 applications for the right of entry 
thereunder, embracing an acreage of 15,355,000 acres had been filed. 

Stock Driveways . 

The Secretary has directed the Commissioner of the General Land Office to 
consider all applications or suggestions for the location and withdrawal of stock 
driveways under Section 10 of the Stock Raising homestead act, have the necessary 
field investigations made, and submit report and recommendation thereon. The 
other bureaus of the Department are to furnish information and assistance where 
available and needed. The Forest Service will cooperate and place information 
obtained in connection with the grazing situation in the National Forests, or 
otherwise, at the disposal of this office. 

Numerous petitions from stock associations, stockmen and others for stock 
driveway withdrawals have been received involving lands in Colorado, Idaho, 
eastern Oregon, New Mexico, and Wyoming, followed in many instances by protests 
against the proposed driveways from residents and prospective 640-acre home- 
steaders. In the majority of instances the driveways requested connect with 
national forests. 

The proper location of such driveways as are contemplated by the act is of 
great importance not only to the stockmen who would be benefited but to the 
settlers and other residents. It is therefore proposed to consider the stock 
driveway necessities in the range states and other problems connected therewith 
as a whole. To this end the proper Field Divisions will be furnished in the 
near future with state maps showing the location of the driveways applied for 
and those recommended by the Forest Service together with all public water re- 
serves. In this manner it is believed that the driveways found advisable may 
be withdrawn before the general classification under the act is effected. 

Land Locators . 

The recent act of Congress "To punish persons who make false representa- 
tions to settlers and others pertaining to the public lands of the United States'' 

-4- 



gives the General Land Office an effective weapon for dealing with a class of 
persons who have for many years preyed upon intending settlers. This act makes 
it a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not exceeding §300 or by imprisonment for 
a term not exceeding one year, or by both, for any person who, for a reward paid 
or promised to him in that behalf, shall undertake to locate for an intending 
purchaser, settler or entryman any public lands of the United States subject to 
disposition under the public land laws and wilfully and with intent to doceive 
falsely represents that any tract of land shown to the intending settler is pub- 
lic land or of a certain description. 

We are glad to say that the Government can now, by prosecutions under this 
new law, protect settlers against dishonest land locators. 

Second Homestead Rights . 

The act approved February 20, 1917, grants a second homestead right to those 
entrymen who perfected title under their first entries, and paid for the land at 
the rate of $4.00, or more, per acre. It is estimated that this act will affect 
approximately 10,000 persons. 



LAND OFFICE NOTES. 



Restorations and Withdrawals . 

During the month of February, 1917, 7,701,61 acres of lands were restored 
to entry under the Act of June 11, 1906, within the limits of National Forests. 

On January 24, 1917, about 16,000 acres of land in the North Platte Irriga- 
tion project, Nebraska-Wyoming, Alliance and Cheyenne Land District, were re- 
leased from reclamation withdrawal and will become subject to settlement March 
26th, and to entry April 25, 1917. 

A public notice was issued February 8, 1917, announcing the availability of 
a water supply for the irrigation of land in Townships 4 and 5 North, of Ranges 
24, 25 and 28 East, in the Umatilla irrigation project, Oregon. A drawing for - 
the farm units shown on the farm unit plats of these townships will be held 
March 6, 1917, at the land offices at The Dalles and La Grande, Oregon. 

February 5, 1917, the Department withdrew under the second form of with- 
drawal under the reclamation act, approximately 175,000 acres in connection 
with the Yakima irrigation project, Washington, in Townships 10 to 15 North, 
Ranges 16 to 25 East, North Yakima land district. 

Map Work . 

A new map of Alaska, scale 40 miles to an inch, has been completed, and will 
issue on or before May 1st. 

-5- 



Also a map of Iowa (last issue in 1885) will be issued about April 1st. 

Map of Montana is nearing completion, and probably will issue about July 1st 

The 1917 edition of the United States map has been printed, and is now be- 
ing nounted by contractors, and deliveries will be made, beginning about March 
20th. 

Copies of public-land State maps may be obtained from the Superintendent 
of Documents, Government Printing Office, at a cost of 25 cents each, and the 
United States map at $1.00 per copy. 

Photolithographic copies of township plats, if available, may be obtained 
from this office at a cost of 25 cents each uncertified, or 50 cents each if 
certified. 

The following maps are in course of preparation for reproduction: Montana, 
Washington, Arizona, South Dakota and Oregon. 

Irrigation Projects . 

On January 30, 1917, the office took action on the Klickitat Irrigation and 
Power Company (Horse Heaven Irrigation District), a system proposing the reclama- 
tion of approximately 500,000 acres of land in the State of Washington, including 
about 50,000 acres of desert land entries. The action proposes the granting of 
relief under the act of March 4, 1915 (38 Stat., 1161), on the entries coming 
within the purview of that act and clears the way for the consideration of more 
than 200 entries, some of which were made as early as 1804. 

Oil Contracts . 

Under the act of August 25, 1914 (38 Stat., 708), the Secretary of the In- 
terior is authorized to enter into agreements with applicants for mineral patent 
for lands withdrawn as oil pending disposition of ths application for patent. 
Since this act has been operative 33 contracts have been entered into for lands 
in California, embracing an area of 1,630 acres, and 16 contracts for lands in 
Wyoming, covering 1,887 acres. On January 1, 1917. there was in escrow under 
the terms of these contracts ^640,190.67. In most cases the amount deposited in 
escrow is l/8 of the gross proceeds, while in others all of the proceeds, ex- 
cepting a specified sum allowed for operating expenses, are impounded. 

Public Land Surveys . 

The Surveying Division reports that during the month of January, 1917, it 
accepted and placed of record surveys and resurveys amounting to 675,000 acres, 
which is equivalent to running, measuring and marking 2,100 miles of lines in 
the field. 

-6- 



OREGON AND CALIFORNIA LANDS . 
Classification . 

One of the big jobs tackled by the field service during the past season was 
the classification of the lands within the former Oregon and California Railway 
grant in Oregon, revested in the United States by the act of June 9, 1916, which 
the Secretary of the Interior was directed to make. There were nearly 2,000,000 
acres of surveyed lands outside of national forests which it was necessary to 
classify as provided in the act. To carry on this work a force of about 40 
temporary timber cruisers was employed. 

A little more than one-half the area to be classified was covered during 
the past field season, the work progressing to the northward up to the southern 
boundary of Lane County, the cost of classification averaging about 7 cents per 
acre. The number of reports submitted as the result of the field season's work 
is about 25,000, each report covering a forty-acre tract. 

Payment of Taxes . 

By the same act provision is made for the payment of the taxes accrued and 
unpaid on the lands revested in the limited status; and as the company had paid 
no taxes for the years 1913, 1914 £1915, the ascertainment of the taxes legally 
due was a task of no little magnitude. 

Hon. Oswald West, former Governor of Oregon, as a representative of this 
office, has been charged with the duty of procuring from the several counties 
schedules and lists of the taxes assessed against the company, and has pushed 
the work with all diligence. The last schedule has been forwarded to this of- 
fice, and we are now engaged in the preparation of tax statements for submis- 
sion to the Attorney General, tc the end that the Department will be ready to 
pay the taxes at the earliest practicable date. 

IMPORTANT DECISIONS. 

Soldiers' Additional Homestead Rights . 

An important ruling was made by Secretary Lane on February 15, 1917, in 
construing the provisions of Sections 2306 and 2307, U. S. R. S., relating to 
soldiers' additional homestead rights. After fully discussing the intent of 
Congress as expressed in said sections, and the decisions theretofore rendered 
by the Department thereunder, it was held that such rights may be used: 

(1) By the soldier in his lifetime either directly by entering the land 
or indirectly, in his lifetime, by conveying his right to entry to an assignee; 
or (2) similarly, by the widow, while her status as widow of the soldier con- 
tinued; or (3) similarly, in the absence of appropriation by the soldier or 
his widow, by the minor orphan children, during their minority, acting through 
their lawful guardian. 

_7_ 



Said ruling is not, however, to be given a retroactive effect, and there- 
fore rights which were actually sold and the transactions wholly completed and 
formally consummated by actual delivery of the written assignment prior to Feb- 
ruary 15, 1917, will be adjudicated as formerly. But no right assigned, other- 
wise than as stated above, after that date will be recognized. 



Forest Homesteads . 

The Secretary of the Interior holds that, upon request of the Secretary of 
Agriculture, tracts may be listed and restored under +.ho actt of June 11, 1906, 
as entry units; that is, entry will not be allowed for a portion only of the 
tract restored. This is intended to operate only in those cases where public 
interests demand such procedure. 



AT HOME AND ABROAD . 

Mr. George A, Parks , mineral inspector on duty in Alaska, spent several weeks 
about the first of the year at the General Land Office on official business. 
He is enthusiastic over the possibilities of Alaska, and expressed an eagerness 
to get back among the "sourdoughs". 

A. D. Kidder . Supervisor of Surveys, has returned from the Ferry Lake, Louisiana, 
oil fields, where, with two surveying parties, he has been engaged in segregat- 
ing the lands, about 600 acres, claimed by the United States as public lands, 
situated between the meander lines of the old surveys- and the true meander lines 
as found by recent surveys. 

Mr. Sam Houston Carr . of Division "K", is giving a series of very interesting 
lectures on the public land laws, to a class composed of employees of this of- 
fice. 



KEENER' S PUBLIC LAND STATUTES . 

The compilation of public land laws by J. W. Keener did not come any too 
soon. It was a job that had been awaiting some man of nerve and qualification 
for a long time; Keener had both, and did a good piece of work. It is a great 
time saver in any active field of land inquiry. He has compiled and issued a 
supplement covering the land laws enacted during the first session of the 64th 
Congress, including also the stock raising homestead of the present session. 

TELL THE BULLETIN . 

To all local office and field service employees. If anything occurs, in 
the public land service, which you think should be chronicled tell us about it 
Address all communications to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, 
"Land Service Bulletin." 



-9- 



si 

wmm i ■ 



.iia jvik- iksiip as 






Vol. 1. 



April 1, 1917. 



No. 2. 



WHERE y/JB STAND . 



Opposite page 116 of the Commissioner's Annual Report for the 
year ending June 30, 1916, will be found the G. L. 0. Consolidated 
Vfork Report for the fiscal year, same being a summary of similar 
monthly reports. These reports have been worked out for the pur- 
pose of determining the condition of the work in the office at all 
times. The upper portion of the consolidated report represents that 
part of the work ordinarily counted as "cases," as units of measure- 
ment, whereas the lower portion represents that part of the work which 
can only be considered with any degree of accuracy on an acreage basis. 
Due allowance is made for duplications and cases referred, so that 
while the same "case" may be referred and action taken thereon by 
several different divisions, the total work pending "for office ac- 
tion" or "action elsewhere" is intended to represent the actual 
number without duplication. Pending "for office action" means that 
the- case is awaiting seme action in the G. L. 0., and until such 
action is taken, represents arrears in this office; pending "for 
action elsewhere," means that it is the other fellow's next move, e. g. 
to the Survey for report, to the Field Service for investigation, or 
to the local office for calling on the applicant or entryman. It 
will be noted that the "units" pending for office action were re- 
duced by over 7,600 during the fiscal year, yet there were over 
38,000 left, and the work counted on the basis of acreage was reduced 

nearly a million but with nearly four millions left. Stated in 
more understandable terms, these figures mean that the office is run- 
ning from two to six months behind, the greatest arrearage probably 
being in the examination of surveys, in which work during the last 
two years, more accepted surveys have been turned out than for a 
number of years; nevertheless, owing to the large amount turned in 
by the Field Surveying Service, it has been impossible to catch up. 
The office is not responsible for much of the arrearage in acting on 
State selections, for the reason that that work in a number of States 
is suspended owing to the controversy that has arisen relative to the 



construction of the Act of 1891, relative tc base lands in forest re- 
serves for State indemnity selections. While up to the time of the 
Grazing Homestead Act conditions were constantly improving, yet the 
office was nevertheless farther behind than it should be for the best 
results. Now we have the Grazing Homestead Act with its over 45,000 
applications, covering over seventeen million acres, with its train 
of complications in the way of designations and various kinds of addi- 
tional s and exchanges- -without any extra help. 

Recently a similar system of reports has been inaugurated for 
Surveyors General and local offices. The former gets down to a cost 
basis and is disclosing some interesting things; moreover, some very 
marked improvement has been brought about as a result of close exam- 
ination into the matter of where we stood. Jhile there is heavy arrear- 
age in two or three of the Offices of Surveyors General, the condition 
of the work in these offices, and particularly with respect to coopera- 
tion with the Field Surveying Service, has been vastly improved during 
the last three years. A rather careful inquiry about three and a half 
years ago indicated that from the time a survey was applied for to the 
time the proof plat was filed in the local office, required from three 
years up., while now this period on the average runs from two years 
down . Three years ago there were over ten million acres remaining 
ox' unsurveyed lands in railroad land grant limits; we now have that 
practically all cleaned up as to field work. 

Y/hen "M" (Accounts) was called on, however, for a consolidated 
report of the reports from local offices, the answer came back: "It 
can't be done, for no two are alike." Further explanation and samples 
have been sent out and it is hoped that W9 will soon get this work 
standardized the same as the schedules and returns, so that we may 
tell at a glance where each office stands. The local offices, by the 
way, have been worked to the limit during recent months under the 
Grazing Act. Provision was made in the appropriation bills, which 
failed to pass last session, to meet this situation. V/e were com- 
pelled to put on some 40 or 50 extra temporary clerks , as a result of 
which the current appropriation is now overdrawn, and if Congress 
shortly after its convening on April 2nd, does not come to our relief, 
there will necessarily have to be some "ruthless" treatment of the 
clerks on the local office rolls. 

The system of reporting for the Field Service and Surveying Ser- 
vice, is-, satisfactory" enough and has been for a long time; moreover, 
these reports show altogether too clearly for comfort that the work 
of the Field Service is falling behind, notwithstanding the output 
keeps up. The long drawn out oil land controversy, together with the 
field examination of all desert applications and many applications for 
relief, in addition to the regular run of cases, big and little, has 
made a heavy load. 

These ve^-y brief observations indicate that 1917-18 confronts us 
with increased work all along the line. There is no room for anybody 
to be "asleep at the switch", and we must overlook no opportunity .o 
work out improved methods and efficiency. 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL . 
Appointment a . 

General Land Office.- Strnley XI. Fenn, of New York, copyist. 

Miss Wary E. Murphy, of Massachusetts, copyist. 

Surveying Service.- Eckley C. Guerin, cf Oregon, transitman, and 

assigned to the District of Alaska, where he has 
been temporarily employed for several years. 

Milton G. Devitt, clerk-draftsman, office Super- 
visor of Surveys, Denver, Colorado. 

Local Office.- Miss Stella M. Templeman, stenographer and type- 
writer in the land office at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 

Thomas XI. Lawson, clerk in the land office at 
Pueblo, Colorado. 

Field Service.- Joseph H. Price, of Nevada, and Samuel Powell, Jr., 

of Illinois, temporary Mineral Examiners at §1320 
per annum, assigned to the Santa Fe Field Division, 
New Mexico. 

Christian S. Diets, of New York, Mineral Examiner 
at c!320 per annum, assigned to the Cheyenne Field 
Di vi si o n , V/y orni ng . 

Miss Lily C. M. Underwood, of 'Jyoming , stenographer 
and typewriter, at $900 per annum, office of Chief 
of Field Division, Cheyenne, 'Jyoming. 

Frank A. "Jegner, of California, Timber Cruiser at 
$1200 per annum, assigned to the Cheyenne Field 
Division, 'Jyoming. 

Promotions. 



General Land Office.- Harry L. Underwood, of New York, to Lav/ Examiner 

at $2200. 

Frank S. Hemmick, of the District of Columbia, 
William H. Craigue, of Nevada, and Abner F. 
Dunnington, of Colorado, to clerks of Class Four 
at $1800. 

Gecrge A. Jolliffe, of Jashington, to Law Examiner 
at $1500. 



-3- 



Charles VJ. Flora, of Kansas, Clarence G. Fisher, 
Of New York, and Horace L. V/ilcox, of Pennsylvania, 
to clerks of Class Three at yl600. 

William"'/, Cohran, of Mississippi, Christopher C. 
Mullady, of New York, and Ivan V. Gross, of Penn- 
sylvania, to clerks of Class Two at §1400. 

Miss Donna M. Davis, of Ohio, Alfred Dresser, of 
Minnesota, and Clement R. Goo On, of Hawaii, to 
clerks of Class One at §1200. 

Harry D. Moulton, of New Mexico, to Assistant 
Attorney at $1200. 

Fred L. Van Dolsen of Indiana, and Miss Norene M. 
Kavanaugh, of Missouri, to clerks at $1000. 

Miss Helen Logan, of Missouri, to copyist at $900. 

Surveyors General.- Oregon: Court enay B. Harris of California, to 

$1320; Joseph A. Ganong, of Oregon, to 01620; 
Miss Ura A. Casey, of Idaho, to 01140. 

Mrs. Kate G. Organ, of V/yoming. to 01080. 

Thomas L. Darby, of Colorado, to 04.50 per diem. 

Resignatio ns . 

Local Office.- Bruce B. Hudgings, Register of the Land Office at 

Harrison, Arkansas, effective March 4, 1917. 

Marcus C. Leh, clerk, Land Office, Montrose, 
Colorado, effective March 12, 1917. 

James McMillan, chief clerk, Land Office, Miles 
City, Montana, effective February 28, 1917. 

Charles R. Giddings, chief clsrk, Land Office, 
Billings, Montana, effective February 28, 1917. 

Albert C. Kehoe, stenographer and typewriter, Lana 
Office, Cceur d'AIene. Idaho, effective February 
28, 1917, 

Roy Ao Payton, stenographer and typewriter, Land 
Office, Pueblo, Colorado, effective February 15, 
1917. 



-4- 



Field Service. - 



Surveyors General. - 



Joseph T. Carney, land law clerk, Land Office, 
Boise, Idaho, effective February 15, 1917. 

Hudda H. Neal, clerk, Land Office, Crookston, 
Minnesota, effective March 12, 1917. Mr. Neal 
was formerly employed in Division "0" of this 
office. 

Amos 0. White, of California, Special Agent, ef- 
fective March 11, 1917. 

Hon. Oswald './est, of Portland, Oregon, charged 
with the diity of assembling the tax claims of 
the several Counties in Oregon | traversed by the 
Oregon and California Railroad grant, having 
completed the work, has tendered his resignation, 
which was accepted to take effect March 15, 1917. 

Irving 17. Stoddard, draftsman, office V/ashington, 
effective March 15, 1917. 



Transfers. 



General Land Office.- Miss Lenore L. Stites, of California, from the 

office of the Secretary. 



Surveying Service. - 



Lc.c^H Office. - 



Field Service. - 



Miss Edyth M. Custer, of Pennsylvania, from this 
office to the office of the Secretary. 

Frank E. Y/ilmont, of California, from the Philip- 
pine Service to Transitman, this office. 

Norvell E. Hesla, from the office of the Surveyor 
General of Oregon, to the V/ar Department. 

Cary A. Marshall, of the District of Columbia, 
from Special Agent to Land Lav/ Clerk in the Land 
Office at Pueblo, Colorado. 

McKinley \7. Kreigh, of Kansas, from the Interstate 
Commerce Commission to the Land Office at Black- 
foot, Idaho. 

Frederick M. Nestler, from this office to Special 
Agent « 

Roscoe C. Bangs, from the Office of Indian Affairs 
to Special Agent, and assigned to the Cheyenne 
Field Division, Jyoming. 



-o- 



oriruARY, 



Mineral Inspector D. R. Thompson, who has for some time been on 
oil investigations in connection with Ferry Lakn, Louisiana, in the 
Jackson, Mississippi, Field Division, was recently called to Salt Lake 
City, Utah, on account of the sudden death of his father. \7e desire to 
extend to Mr. Thompson and the family cur sincere sympathy. 

'./ith deep regret we announce the death of Miss Norrine L. Barnes, 
formerly a stenographer and typewriter in this office and recently trans- 
ferred to the office of the Chief of Field Division, Cheyenne, V/yoming. 
Our sincere sympathy is extended to the family and friends. 

Mr. "Jilliam O'Neil, Superintendent of Logging, ceded Chippewa lands, 
Minnesota, died en March 3rd, last. Mr. O'Neil occupied said position 
since September I, 1903, and had supervision of all legging operation 
under the act of June 27, 1902 (32 Stat., 400). During his incumbency 
over 1,260,000,000 feet were cut, for which over $8,934,000 were paid. 
He was a most reliable, capable official, and his death was greatly re- 
gretted. 

RETURN FROM MEXICAN BORDER SERVICE . 

Capt . Alvin D. Hathaway, commanding Co. F, 3rd D. C. Infantry, who 
answered the order of the President of June 18, 1916, calling the National 
Guard into the Mexican border service, has recently been mustered out 
of the Federal service, with his regiment, and has returned to his duties 
as law examiner in the General Land Office. 

Others who returned with the 3rd D. C. Infantry are Sergt . Francis 
J. Connelly, who has also returned to his duties in the General Land Of- 
fice, and First Class Private Samuel G. Hamilton, of Co. F, who, though 
formerly in the General Land Office, has recently accepted a position in 
the Department of Justice. 

Corporal Joseph P. Browne returned to his duties in this office 
February 25, 1917. Corporal Browne is a member of Battery B, District of 
Columbia Field Artillery; he enlisted on June 19, 1916, and was promoted 
to corporal on January 4, 1917. 

Mr. Joseph A. Shaf er , of Co. :i, 3rd D. C. Infantry, returned to his 
duties in this office March 15, 1917. Mr. Shafer was mustered in the 
Federal service on June 23, 1915, and was mustered out on March 12, 1917. 



-6- 



AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



Mr. S. 'J. Goodale, Law Examiner and Inspector of Offices of Sur- 
veyors General, called here for consultation on matters pertaining to 
the conduct of the Surveyor Generals Offices in the west, returned to 
his duties on March 18th. 

Supervisor of Surveys Frank M. Johnson has returned to his head- 
quarters in Denver to inaugurate surveying operations for the 1917 
season. Indications point to a very busy summer. 

Dr. Harry S. Reger, specialist, now of Jamestown, New York, called 
on his friends in the office while visiting in Washington. Dr. Reger 
was formerly private secretary to Assistant Commissioner Fimple in 1905. 

Special Agent Josiah A. Moore, recently transferred from the Field 
Division, Juneau, Alaska, to Jackson, Mississippi, Field Division, where 
he was employed for a short time upon court cases pertaining to that 
Field Division, was, on March 9, 1917, transferred xo the Portland, 
Oregon, Field Division. He left Washington for his new post of duty 
on the 10th instant. 

The office, and especially Division "G", rejoices in the roturn tc 
duty of genial Bernard McGarvey, after an absence of nearly two months, 
on account of illness. 



THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS 




Department talent during Inauguration week', all presented their respective 
parts in such a manner as to win signal honors not alone for themselves, 
but also for the office. Mr. Lloyd T. Everett took the part of George 
Walton; Mr. Harry L. Kays impersonated Samuel Adams, and Mr. William J. 
McGee , Robert Morris, while Mr. Mauchlin Niven was an ideal George 
'Washington. This office feels a pardonable pride in the success which 
crowned the efforts of its representatives in this patriotic drama. 

NEW LEGISLATION . 

Fort Peck Indian Lands . 

On the second of March the President approved a bill for extension 
of time for payment of the instalments of the price of the c^d^d Fort 
Peck lands in Montana, which was passed on the idea that "a naif loaf is 
better than no bread at all." It provides for oXtunsion cf only one -half 



-7- 



^rs^s^i^s^ and : hose 1 r . garding interest ™- 

acts m, far passed. *"' """* """P 1 ^*"* •* the extension 



Buffalo Pas ture 

a matter r of a nuhi a ^ ^Tv^ T> roVed ' which is ° f flight importance as 
t f atl ° f ? ubUc x land law > b « which is of considerable interest in 

PasturIT 6 ' 1S |^ at f r ° Viding f ° r a ten ^ear extension of the Buffalo 
Pasture lease granted July 1, 1907, to James Philip, for some 1600 acres 
in South Dakota near the Missouri River. His heirs have a buffalo Serd 
ereatV * numberi ?S/everal hundred, and the project seems to be a 

th ILZ T r C6pt f ° r the faCt that the war * hu * ott all demand for 
the animals by European parks and zoos. 

Umatilla Lands . 

at rJ^ aCt i? f fjJT'/S 1? ' 1917 ' is identical in its terms with that 

ext.nl n 7 i I'' (3? Stat " 655) ' 6XCept that its Prions are now 
extendsa to all entries heretofore or hereafter made. Proofs may be sub- 
mitted on.y after publication and posting of notice, as in ordinary home- 
stead cases. Ii the regularly introduced testimony shows that a tract is 
not susceptible of cultivation or residence and is exclusively grazing 
land, incapaole of any profitable use other than for grazing purooses 
the entryman is, by the act, relieved of the requirement of 'residence. 
Moreover such proof entitles him to issuance of final certificate," upon 
payment cu the unpaid instalments of the price, and it is not necessarv 
to show that the land has been actually used for grazing purposes. 

Section 2 of the act allows submission of proof by one of the heirs, 
or by the executor or administrator of the estate of the entrvman, if he 
be dead. However, the certificate is to be issued in favor of the heirs. 
The executor or administrator, offering proof, must produce record evi- 
dence of his appointment and qualification as such. 

Re c 1 amat i on Jjomg^tea ds 

An Act of Congress was approved February 15, 1917, Public No. 322, 
64th Congress, amending section one of the Act of August 9, 1912 (37 Stat., 
265), relating to the issuance of patents on reclamation entries. The 
amendatory act provides that patents may issue on reclamation entries if 
all water-right charges were paid at the time of submission of proof of 
reclamation, although subsequent charges may become due and be unpaid 
prior to the issuance of patent. 

FORESIGHT AND HINDSIGHT . 

It was just half a century ago that Secretary Seward bargained for 
the purchase of Alaska for $7,200,000. Congress begrudged the money; 
since then it has produced over a billion, now has an annual commerce of 



-8- 



eighty millions, and its development has only commenced. Ita future 
possibilities are filled with promise; therein the Land Service will play 
an important part* 



WILD .BIRDS IN THE DISTRICT . 

On the evening of March 7, 1917, at the Home Club, Mr. Frank Bond, 
our Chief Clerk, gave a very interesting and instructive exhibition of 

lantern slides of about twenty-five of the forty species of native wild 
birds of the District. 

His remarks were directed chiefly to explaining specific and sex 
differences in coloration, and the habits of the different species as 
observed by him in the immediate vicinity of his home, and particularly 
in connection with the "lunch counter" which he keeps supplied from day 
to day. The talk was illustrated with lantern slides of twenty-five 
species, these being all that he has yet been able to reach; but what 
the exhibition lacked in numbers of species was made up by series em- 
bracing two to six slides in the case of a single species, which were 
particularly interesting to bird lovers. 

The photographs were taken from a window shelf especially made to 
accommodate his large camera, the "lunch counter" being just outside the 
window about eight feet distant; all the photographs, therefore, were 
taken from inside the house, and the birds observed but not photographed, 
through the glass, the shade partly drawn. Sometimes four photographs 
would be taken before the bird had satisfied his hunger or for other 
reasons had flown away. The negatives were then developed and positives 
for lantern slides made by contact exposure, the coloring thereon being 
done with the best transparent colors especially made for lantern slide 
work, from the skins of the species in hand. 

Something over one hundred slides were shown, averaging between two 
and six slides for each species thrown on the screen. 



DESERT LANDERS PLANT' POTATOES. 



Since the passage of the Act of March 4, 1915, more than four 
thousand applications for relief of desert-land entry claimants have been 
favorably considered. About two hundred have been finally turned down, 
and about one hundred and fifty claims have been finally adjudicated and 
patents issued. Remember that no law is violated, if, having obtained 
relief, one has the right to the use of, and does use sufficient water 
to take care of a garden, a patch of spuds, or a few acres of alfalfa. 
This law was passed for the benefit of desert -land claimants. Tell the 
entrymen to make the land produce something of value, if they can. 



_Q_ 



DIAOKi'AiS AND PLATS. 



In prosecuting a case either by correspondence, or in conference, 
involving an intricate condition of survey, a diagram or plat graphically 
illustrating the same, will always present a better understanding of the 
case. For this purpose the drafting division is always ready to lend its 
assistance. 

FAMILY LETTERS. 



From Minnesota . 

My Dear Bulletin: 

I was awfully glad to find you on my desk in this office today. 
You looked just like a long, long delayed letter from home. You are 
interesting, entertaining and most instructive from cover to cover, and 
will be filed and with all succeeding issues carefully preserved. 'He 
have all seemed so apart from each otner that our relationship, instead 
of being cordial and friendly as befits those of a common labor and 
kindred interest, has sometimes appeared almost strained, weird and un- 
canny. "Je are all human, and like the atmosphere of human fellowship 
while not afraid of discipline or responsibility. There are a lot of 
things net "writ down" in official record that may be made of greatest 
value to public service. 1 welcome you, and will look for succeeding 
issues with keenest ■ interest . 

From Colorado : 

I must offer my congratulations and felicitations over No. 1, 
Volume I, of the "Land Service Bulletin". It fills a "long-felt want". 
It contained especially pleasing news, toe, in the notice on pages 4 
and 5 that tne Act of Congress "To punish persons who made false represen- 
tations to settlers and others pertaining to the public lands of the 
United States" had been passed. This is the first news that we in the 
field have had that the days of the fake land locators are numbered. 

Best wishes for your further success. 

From Oregon ; 

I have just read, with a great deal of interest, Vol. 1, Mo. 1, of 
"The Land Service Bulletin", and believe the issuance of this publication 
each month will fill a "long felt want". 

If two or three pages can be devoted to an exchange of ideas of the 
employees in the land service, I believe it will prove even more popular. 

For instance, and as Question No. 1, I would like to know what system 
is used by other Registers-, in keeping tab on the business, in order to 
make cut a comprehensive and reliable work report at the end of each month 
I find it hard to without "guessing". 



-10- 



. I wish you success for the "Bulletin 1 *, for the good of the 
service. ^ 

From New K.cxico : 

i/a are just in receipt of one copy of No. 1, Vol. 1, "Land Ser- 
vice Bulletin" und same has been posted on cur bulletin board. 



CIVIL SERVICE EX;UtaINATI0N5 . 

The result of the recent Civil Service Examination for U. S. Sur- 
veyor will be known in the course of the next thirty days. One hundred 
and ten persons competed in this examination held on January 17-18. 

Ninety-nine candidates for the position of Land Law Clerk took the 
Civil Service Examination February 7th and 8th. Report as to the result 
will be announced within the next ten days. 



LAND OFFICE NOTES. 



Scrip Location . 

In a recent decision by the Commissioner it was hold that subse- 
quent purchasers of an excess portion of Valentine Scrip for less than 
40 acres, take with notice that a prior holder has elected tc locate 
fractional subdivisions in satisfaction of the scrip and that if the 
location of a 40-acre certificate on a fractional subdivision contained 
less than 20 acres, the excess could not be located on an unsurveyed 
tract which according to the regular surveys would contain 40 acres. 
The Commissioner applied the principle stated in the case of Louis G. 
Triebel (41 L. D. f 391), and held that the certificate could not be 
used in making separate locations and invoking the rule of approxima- 
tion so as to secure a greater area of land in the aggregate than could 
be secured by embracing the subdivisions in one location. 

Change in Method of Restoration . 

Owing to difficulties experienced in determining priority in con- 
flicting settlement claims where lands have been restored to settlement 
in advance of entry under the former practice, a new form of restora- 
tion has been approved by this office under which homestead entrymen 
will have a preference over settlerfc and other applicants. Under such 
form, homestead applications for the lands to be restored may be pre- 
sented within the period of 20 days prior tc the date of restoration 
and such applications, together with homestead applications presented 
at the hour of restoration, will be considered as filed simultaneously, 
and have priority over rights asserted by settlement and other applica- 
tions; conflicts to be determined by a drawing. 



-11- 



Alaska Tcwnsites . 

Lands have beer, withdrawn for 31 townsites along the Government 
railroad in Alaska under the act of March 12, 1914 (38 Stat., 305). 
Anchorage and its east and south additions at Ship Creek on Knik Ariz have 
been surveyed into lots and three public sales held resulting in the 
disposal of 1946 lots for (.'389 ,125.10. The Federal and Cliff additions 
to the town of Seward, at the head of Resurrection Bay, have been sur- 
veyed, and 115 lots therein were sold in September, 1916, for ^26,630.00. 
Matanuska, on the Matanuska River, was surveyed into lots in 1916, and 
in July of that year a few lots were sold for ^8,930.00. The tovmsite 
of Nenana, at the junction of Tenana and Nenana Rivers, was surveyed and 
in August, 1916, 354 lots were sold for ^132,525.00. 

During the months of February and Larch, five tracts have been 
withdrawn for townsite purposes along the Government railroad in Alaska. 
A tract has also been withdrawn for a Naval Radio Station at the head 
of Resurrection Bay near Seward. 

Desert Land Entries . 

As the result of the field investigation made in June and July, 
1916, by an engineer of the Geological Survey, a mineral inspector of 
the Denver Field Division and a representative of this office, prac- 
tically all of the desert land entries in the San Luis Valley, Del 
Norte, Colorado, land district, have received the consideration of the 
office and action has been taken. As a result of the facts ascertained 
by the field examiners, it was decided tint relief under the act of 
March 4, 1915 (38 Stat., 1161), was the proper action where the desert 
land entrymer. relied solely upon artesian or underground waters for the 
reclamation of their lands, Y/ithin the past few months more then 150 
cases have been considered. 

Survey of Indian Lands . 

The largest single group of surveys for some years to be under- 
taken in the unorganized Surveying districts, is now being arranged for 
under the supervision of Supervisor A. D. Kidder. It is the survey of 
allotments to Indians on the Leech Lake Indian Reservation, Minnesota, 
and the expense is estimated at $50,000. Several parties will be working 
simultaneously en this group. 

Meander of Red River in Oklahoma . 

The General Land Office will undertake next summer the re-meander- 
ing of the north bank of Red Liver in Oklahoma west of the 98th meridian 
in order to admit of the proper disposition of lands in the former 
Kiowa and Comanche Reservations which border on the river. The boun- 
dary lines of lots formed by the subdi visional surveys of 40 years ago 
have been materially changed by erosion, and in some cases purchasers 
cf land from the Government have net been able to find . ny land re- 
maining. 



-12- 



Motorcycle in Field Y/ork . 

That the use of a motorcycle by the field force of this office 
will cut down very materially transportation expenses is very pointedly 
illustrated by the recent experience of two special agents in the Santa 
Fe Field Division. These two agents used a motorcycle for four days on 
joint investigation work at the total cost of §1.95, practically all 
of this being for gasoline. Based upon the mileage accomplished, the 
cost per mile amounted to about one<-half cent per agent. This is cheaper 
than railroad transportation, and much less expensive than automobile 
hire at §10. OG or more per day. Let us hear from the other field divi- 
sions using motorcycles and see if they can equal this record. 

Mctorboat for Alaska Service . 

It is proposed to insert on item in the Sundry Civil Bill for the 
fiscal year 1918, authorizing the purchase or construction of a motor- 
boat for the use of agents operating in Alaska. During th<? open season 
in that territory, the agents are compelled to cover a vast extent of 
country. The only feasible mode of travel at this time of the year is 
by the Yukon River, and its tributaries, which are navigable for ordi- 
nary river boats for about 4,000 or 5,000 miles. At the present time, 
the agents depend entirely on the ordinary scheduled boats to transport 
them from one point to another. This, in addition to being a very ex- 
pensive means of travel, also results many times in delaying the agents 
while they are waiting at given points for the arrival of the regular 
boats. Y/ith a mctorboat ivailable for use at all times during the open 
seasons, the agents will be able to cover a greater amount of territory, 
conduct investigations more expeditiously, and with great saving in 
t r an sport at ion exp en s e . 

Forest Home st e ad s . 

During the month of March, 1917, 14,772.71 acres of land were 
restored to entry under the Act of June 11, 1906, within the limits 
of National Forests. 

Chippewa Timber Logging; . 

On February 7, 1917, the Department accepted the highest bids for 
2,230,000 feet of timber on ceded Chippewa lands, Minnesota, for which 
the purchasers agreed to pay $13,030.19. This is the ninth sale under 
the Act of June 27, 1902 (32 Stat., 400), under which there have been 
sold about 2,350,000,000 feet, for which nearly §10,000,000 will be 
realized. 

Town Lot Sales . 

Sales of town lets in the following Indian reservations have re- 
cently been held with the results indicated; Fort Berthold Reservation, 
North Dakota; Par shall, 50 lots sold for §8,241.00; Van Hook, 23 lots 
sold for §2,465.00; Sanish, 257 lots sold for 044,730.00; Spokane In- 
dian Reservation; Klaxton", 73 lets sold for $1, 587, 00. 



.13- 



The Field Service . 

As indicating the work which has been done during the cilendar 
year of 1916 by the field service force, it is noted that in that time 
there have beer. 18,687 cases investigated and closed; the average 
number of agents employed was 107, and when it is taken into considera- 
tion that many of the investigations involved difficult .and complicat- 
ed', questions relating to irrigation or mining engineering, this is a 
very creditable showing and speaks well for the efficiency of our field 
force. 

TELL THE BULLETIN. 



To all local offices and field service employees: 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you think 
should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communications to 
the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin." 
All communications should be received not later than the 24th of each 
month for use in the current number. 



-14- 






BWEMMm ( 

mm, : a 

SMI 



M)WilkMI l«*l UMtui KJ4I 



Vol. i. 



May 



1917. 



No. 3 



THE GREATEST NEED . 

Since the last issue our country has entered into the Great 
World War. No effort was spared to keep out; finally it became clear 
that we must either break with Germany or suffer the unlawful destruc- 
tion of American lives and the utter disregard of American rights 
with the consequent humiliation and dishonor. The masterly message 
of the President defined the issue and set forth our purposes in 
harmony with the highest American ideals and traditions. That mes- 
sage has electrified all nations and all peoples; it has heartened 
the millions on the Allies' firing lines in Europe and has put new 
hope into the forces that are fighting the age-old fight for democ- 
racy, freedom and permanent peace, the world over. The weight of 
America is now thrown into the balance; much is expected of us. We 
must not be found wanting in courage, energy or willingness to sac- 
rifice, for it may be that the perpetuity of the institutions and 
principles for which we as a nation stand and which we cherish most, 
depends on what we are able to contribute in the conflict. 

Manifestly we should do those things which we can do best and 
quickest to meet the immediate needs of the countries which have now 
become our allies, — to strengthen the weakest points in the common 
line of defense. All authorities agree that the most urgent and 
pressing immediate need is ""food. Mr. Herbert C. Hoover is quoted 
in recent Associated Press dispatches to the effect that we must 
more than double our present surplus for export, to do which it is 
clear that we must effect a marked decrease in consumption and waste 
and a heavy increase in production, else we fail to do our part. 
The Secretary of Agriculture has warned the South that it must feed 
itself or go hungry. It is said the South imports over half a 
billion dollars worth of food- stuffs annually, and has some seventy 
million acres of cut-over lands that are not working. This all 
means that every acre capable of producing a crop this year should 



be planted this spring. Doubtless some new lands can be brought 
in, particularly considerable areas on Government and private ir- 
rigation projects for which water is available, which have not been 
brought under cultivation, also some areas that were withdrawn for 
irrigation purposes but have not yet been reclaimed; but we appr - 
hend that the greatest immediate increase can be effected by farm- 
ing all existing cultivable areas up to the very limit. So let us 
urge on every hand the production of more and bigger food crops and 
the prevention of waste, and if in the administration of the public 
land laws we can in any way contribute to this end, let us make 
every proper effort in that direction. 



-2- 



CHANGES IN j_ I ISO] i: EL . 

Appo int racm, s . 

General Land Offiqe.- Miss Alice M. McLaughlin, of Massachusetts, 

Mrs. Goldie G. Miller, of New York, and Harmon 
L. Broomall, of Delaware, copyists at $720. 

Walter S. Poole, of New Jersey, Robert E. 
McKinstry, of Missouri, and John E. Graham, 
of Iowa, skilled laborers at $660. 

Local Office.- John Lawrence Clendenin, of Arkansas, Register 

of the Land Office at Harrison, Arkansas. 
Entered on duty April 6, 1917. Vice Bruce B. 
Hudgins, resigned. 

Walter Leak Snapp , of Arkansas, Receiver of 
Public Moneys at Harrison, Arkansas. Commis- 
sion dated March 16, 1917. Vice William F. 
Eatman, term expired. 

Miss Felice Cohn, of Nevada, land law clerk at 
$1440 per annum, land office at Helena, Montana. 

Field Service.- Noal F. Caywood, of Washington, timber cruiser 

at $1200; assigned to the Helena Field Divi- 
sion, Montana. 

Miss John Vic Bailey, of Mississippi, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at $900, office Chief of 
the Southern Field Division, Jackson, Miss. 

Local Office.- Albert G. Rowzee, of New Mexico, stenographer 

and typewriter at $900, land office Great 
Falls, Montana. 

Miss Alice A. Ennis, of Idaho, stenographer and 
typewriter at $900, land office Hailey, Idaho. 



Promotions . 

General Land Office.- Mont V. Livingston, of Maryland, and Clarence 

0. Webb, of Alabama, to clerks of Class Two 
at $1400. 

Isaac H. Cormany, of Maryland, Francis B. Con- 
don, of Rhode Island, and Miss Elsie Ullman, 
of Ohio, to clerks of Class One, at $1200. 

Miss Virginia S. Wrenn, of Virginia, George A. 
Cummer, of Iowa, and Abe Barber, of New York, 
to clerks at $1000. 

-3- 



Mi S3 Augusta H. Wernick, of Wisconsin, Miss 
Ruth C. Weeder, of Michigan, Leo T. Farroll, 
of Iowa, Ernest D. Brown, of Kentucky, and 
William J. Dolaney, of New Jersey, to copy- 
istcat $900. 

William E. Lum, of Mississippi, and Erskine 
A. Roberts, of Florida, to copyists at 0720. 

Francis M. Smith, of the District of Columbia, 
to messenger boy at $600. 

Resignations . 

General Land Office.- Boyd S. Bockinton, of Illinois. To accept a 

position as attorney in the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission. 

Rolla S. Carter, of Arizona. To accept a 
position as stenographer and typewriter in 
the War Department. 

Edward T. Dillon and Hugh G. Brinkley, of 
the District of Columbia, messenger boys. 

Miss Hildegarde A. Rice, of the District of 
Columbia, temporary copyist (stenographer and 
typewriter) to accept an appointment with the 
Post Office Department. 

Local Office.- Mrs. Maud M. Kise, clerk at 01200, Land Office, 

Sundance, Wyoming, effective March 31, 1917. 

Miss Mildred A. Kyle, of Pennsylvania, clerk 
at §900, Land Office, Glasgow, Montana, ef- 
fective April 10, 1917. 

Carl S. Hicks, of Kansas, land lav/ clerk, 
$900, Land Office, Lewistown, Montana, ef- 
fective April 1, 1917. 

Field Service.- Clyde Rasmussen, stenographer and typewriter 

in the office of the Chief of Field Division, 
Salt Lake City, Utah, effective April 23,1917. 

Transfers . 

General Land Office.- Miss Etta Stone, of Kansas, to accept a posi- 
tion in the Bureau of Pensions. Miss Stone 
was formerly in that Bureau. 



-4.- 



Field Service. - 



Miss Nelly A. Perkins, of Idaho, to the Geo- 
logical Survey. 

Arthur K. Jones, of Illinois, to this office 
from law clerk, Bureau of Public Works, Philip- 
pine Service. 

Jacoo C. Mulder, of Idaho, from the Bureau of 
Insular Affairs, War Department, to Mineral 
Examiner at $1320, assigned to the Cheyenne 
Field Division, Wyoming. 



Jacob M. Borochoff , of Georgia, from Bureau of 
Militia Affairs, War Department, to special 
sgent at $1200, assigned to the Santa Fe Field 
Division. 

Daniel J. Geiman, of the District of Columbia, 
from the office of the OiiiSf of Field Division, 
Helena, Montana, to special agent at $1320, as- 
signed to the Helena Field Division, Montana. 

Richard Wright, of Massachusetts, from the land 
office at Gicnwood Springs, Colorado, to spe-' 
cial agent at §1200, assigned to the Cheyenne 
Field Division. 

Wesley J. Lefler, of Michigan, from the land 
office at Bismarck, North Dakota, to special 
agent at $1200, and assigned to the Cheyenne 
Field Division. 



Local Office. - 



George A. Cunningham, of Rhode Island, from the 
J.and Office at Phoenix, Arizona, to Chief Clerk 
at $1500, Land Office, Glasgow, Montana. 



Roy K. Watson, of Missouri, from the Land Of- 
fice at Springfield, Missouri, to land law 
clerk at $1140, Land Office, Phoenix, Arizona. 

William T. Sommerville, of Minnesota, from the 
Land Office at Glasgow, Montana, to Chief Clerk 
at $1500, Land Office, Great Falls, Montana. 

Charles Simon, of New York, from the Land Of- 
fice at Blackfoot, Idaho, to land law clerk at 
$1380, in the Land Office at Salt Lake City, 
Utah. 

Miss Kate M. Wilkinson, of Michigan, from the 
Land Office at Mi not , North Dakota, to Chief 
Clerk at $1500, Land Off ice. Miles City, Montana, 



-5- 



Surveyors General.- Mrs. Jessie D. Pearce, of North Dakota, from 

the Office of the Surveyor General of Utah to 
the Reclamation Service. 



OBITUARY. 

It is with deep regret announcement is made of the following 
deaths : 

Rufus A. Stutts, April 15, 1917. Mr. Stutts had been identi- 
fied for many years with the work handled by the Board of Equitable 
Adjudication and rendered exceedingly valuable services in that field, 

Benjamin F. Sparhawk, April 17, 1917. Mr. Sparhawk has been 
connected with this office for twenty-seven j^ears, having entered 
the service in 1890. 

W. H. Ritenour, April 14, 1917. The death of Mr. Ritenour 
was exceedingly unfortunate and has called forth an unusual expres- 
sion of sympathy, due not only to the fact that he was a young man 
of unusual promise, but also that his death was due to military ser- 
vice in which he had engaged, while at the same time discharging his 
clerical duties in this office. 

Walter A. Wilson, April 7, 1917. Mr. Wilson was connected 
with the land office at Phoenix, Arizona, for eight years, and prior 
to that was employed in the Dickinson land office. His service in 
these two subordinate offices of the General Land Office covered a 
period of ten years. 

Mrs. Mary K. Gulick, March 20, 1917. Mrs. Guiick was connected 
with this office for thirty-five years, having entered the service 
in 1882. 



FAMILY LETTERS . 

From California . 

I want to congratulate you upon the happy idea that has prompt- 
ed you to give life to "The Land Service Bulletin," a copy of the 
initial issue of which has been received and read by everyone in this 
office. 

It has been the subject of much favorable comment among us. 
Its purpose is a most laudable one and, personally, I feel that it 
is going to do a great deal of good in getting us better acquainted 
with each other, thereby creating a better spirit of interest, co- 
operation, and loyalty in our work. 



-b- 



From New Mexic o. 

In view of the WAR situation, we have the honor resp .ctfi ly 
to suggest that as full and specific directions and advice 
sible might be given in the next number of the "Bulletin re: 
the matter as to how employees of the Land Office service may *est 
give their support to tne President and Congress, and may est - e 
?he public, in this trying and critical time in xho Nation' a history. 

Please accept our shanks for the numbers of the "Bulletin" 
already received. 

LAND OFFICE NOTES . 

A considerable section of the West must know by this time 
that we are "moving"; for we have been obliged ***£"J™*°™ 
correspondents of our inability to answer their ^ITST'I^ 
though we be-becausecur tract books are inaccessible until we get 
into our new quarters. 



The war revives interest in two old acts: tha. o: June 6, 
1898, which provided that the service. of a nomestead se "«•£ -J ; 
Army Navy or Marine Corps during ^-^f^^ X^gaged." 
during any other war in which the United States .might) gj 

TTr ., + P j c+ a +es Armv, or Navy, during the existence viui 
Unxtea.ttes..- , o > reached the age of 

mav make homestead enxrj/ onoagxi «« 
twenty- one. 

Here is a bouquet from a Wyoming correspondent : "I certain- 
ly wish to thank you for your decision ajjd can w t^i , 
you certainly righted an injustice - Needless do say, - hac 
dered a righteous decision xn his favor. 



• j- + V„„ nf -he sn^rit of the times a correspondent 

As an indication of .he sp~.i. o ., 

from the middle West recently addressed tms ofuce. 

"General Land Office, 

Washington, D. C. 

My dear General:" 



Since the passage of the act of December 29, 1915, providing 
for stock-raising homesteads upon lands "of such character that 640 
acres are reasonably required for the support of a family", the at- 
tention of this office has been drawn to numerous expressions of 
doubt as to whether the area which may be acquired under said act by 
one person will prove to be sufficient for its contemplated purposes. 
Persons claiming familiarity, from experience and observation, in 
connection with such matters in the West have freely expressed the 
opinion that inasmuch as the lands which may properly be designated 
for such entry have but little crop possibilities, and are incapable 
of sustaining but a relatively small number of stock, the practical 
operations of this new law are likely to prove a serious disappoint- 
ment to the entrymen. An interesting and concrete proof, however, 
that such opinion is not generally shared throughout the West is 
furnished by reports from the local officers in those States affected 
by said act, showing that up to March 31, 1917, there had been filed 
more than fifty thousand applications under said law, affecting an 
area of approximately twenty million acres. In the light of these 
figures it is apparent that there has been no abatement in the hunger 
for land. 



That the duties of a special agent require men of fortitude 
and stamina is illustrated by daily reports received from seme of 
the special agents operating in Alaska; witness the following ex- 
tracts: 

"Left Twelve Mile at 11:00 A.M., 48 degrees below zero, 
too cold to travel except in middle of day; arrived at Chena 
at 2:00 P.M,, distance traveled twelve miles, too cold to 
continue on traxl after 2:00 P.M." 

"Left Chena at 11:00 A.M., by dog team, 52 degrees below 

zero arrived at Fairbanks at 2:00 P.M., distance 

traveled twelve miles." 

To face weather like that and to make investigations under 
such conditions might very well be characterized as the heroism of 
the commonplace. 

While service in Alaska might not appeal to many of the agents 
in other divisions, there is no better assignment for the develop- 
ment of first- class special agents, for in that division a man is 
more on his cwn resources than in any other, and to fill the Dill 
the agents must be men of good judgment, possess initiative, and be 
able to dispose of quickly the problems presented. 



-8- 



Imperial Valley : 

Original action has been taken on 169 applications to purchase 
lots, ten chains or less in width, in the re surveyed area of Imperial 
County, California, under the act of March 3, 1909 (35 Stat., 779). 
Of these, 68 were free from conflicts, and cash certificates were 
ordered to be issued thereon, while the remaining 101 applications 
were rejected in part or entirely, or consolidated with other appli- 
cations, or additional evidence or payment required. The adjustment 
of these applications has presented many perplexing complications 
calling for exceedingly careful work in the office in order that the 
purpose and intent of the act should be carried into effect. 

Concerning Stock D r iveways : 

On April 12, Secretary Lane temporarily withdrew, upon the 
recommendation of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, the 
public lands in certain areas in Harney and Malheur Counties, Oregon, 
from all disposition pending determination as to the necessity and 
advisability of reserving the lands as stock driveways under Section 
10 of the act of December 29, 1916 (public No. 290). The withdrawal 
which will preserve the status of the lands pending further investi- 
gation was based upon reports of the Portland Field Division on six 
petitions from local stockmen or stock associations for stock drive- 
way withdrawals. The aggregate area so withdrawn is 136,291 acres. 

Proposed Forest Reserve in Alabama : 

By Executive Order of April 10, about 10,000 acres in northern 
Alabama were withdrawn for forestry purposes in connection with areas 
purchased or to be purchased under the act of March 1, 1911 (36 
Stat., 961), called the Weeks Law. 

Proposed Game Reserve : 

On April 16, the President signed an order withdrawing the 
public lands in an area lying north of the Yellowstone National Park 
in Montana and between the Absaroka and Gallatin National Forests, 
subject to prior valid adverse rights, in aid of legislation to estab- 
lish a winter range and feeding ground for the elk in the Park when 
driven out by deep snows. The lands withdrawn amount to about 7,390 
acres. 

Abandoned Military Reservation : 

Fort Sabine, abandoned military reservation, containing about 
20,000 acres of land, situated in the southwest corner of Louisiana, 
where the Sabine River enters the Gulf of Mexico, has been ordered 
surveyed and subdivided for disposal. The work is now in hand and 
after survey, the lands will be appraised and sold at noteless than_ 
their appraised value. The tract is bounded on the west by the Sabxne 



-9- 



Pass and on the south by the Gulf, and is within thirty miles of 
Beaumont, Texas. Possibly, valuable oil deposits may be discovered 
on the reservation. The disposition of these lands has been deferred 
awaiting the receipt of a requested opinion of the Attorney General, 
as to whether or not the State of Louisiana secured a valid title to 
certain lands certified to it under the swamp land act. This opinion 
was adverse to the claim of the State under said certification. The 
reservation was established by Executive Order of December 20, 1836, 
and it was held that the land in said reservation, which was not 
abandoned until March 25, 1871, was impliedly excepted from the 
grant in the swamp land act of March 2, 1849, and that the approval 
of the swamp land list by the Secretary of the Interior was void up- 
on its face. The opinion follows the decision of the Supreme Court 
of the United States in the case of the State of Louisiana vs. Gar- 
field (211 U. S., 70), involving different lands in the same reserva- 
tion. 

Red Cross Activities : 

Miss M. C. Smith of the Field Service Division and Mrs. H. M. 
Curran of Division "0" have been appointed a committee to secure 
memberships and organize classes in connection with the Interior 
Department Red Cross Unit. The committee, assisted by Miss Robbins 
of Division "D" , collected $257.25 in membership dues and renewals 
on April 17, and has assisted in organizing two classes for instruc- 
tion in First Aid and one in Surgical Dressings under direction of 
the American Red Cross. A number of the women of the Land Office 
are also doing practical work at home for hospitals or soldiers at 
the front under the supervision of Mrs. Franklin K. Lane, Mrs. 
Alexander T. Vogelsang, Mrs, Clay Tallman, Mrs. Van H. Manning and 
Mrs. E. C. Tieman. The materials have been furnished by friends and 
department stores. 



INDEMNITY SCHOOL LAND SELECTIONS . 

The Supreme Court of the United States, March 26, 1917, in 
the case of the State of California vs. Deseret Water, Oil and Irri- 
gation Company, handed down an opinion of great importance in the 
adjustment of grants made in aid of public schools. 

The case involved a construction of Sections 2275 and 2275 of 
the Revised Statutes as amended by the act of February 28, 1891 (26^ 
Stat., 796), which the Department for many years has held authorized 
an exchange of title between the State and the United States where a 
school section subsequent to survey was included within a federal 
reservation. 



-10- 



Due, however, to a decision in the case of Hibbard vs. Slack 
(84 Fed. Rep., 571), where a contrary view was expressed, the Depart- 
ment has for several years suspended xhe further adjustment of the 
school grant where it involved this question, pending an effort to 
secure such legislation as would remove the conflict of authorities. 

This decision, however, that we now have, removes all further 
question and settles the matter finally in favor of the long stand- 
ing construction adopted by the Department. The Court said after a 
full discussion of departmental decisions: 

"It is therefore urged that such construction has become 
a rule of property. In this situation we should be slow 
to disturb a ruling of the Department of the Government 
to which is committed the administration of public lands. 
McMichael v. Murphy, 197 U. S., 304. 

Furthermore, the reasoning upon which the departmental 
interpretation is founded commends itself to our judgment 
as best calculated to carry out the purposes intended to 
be accomplished by the statute in question." 

The Land Department certainly has much reason to congratulate 
itself upon the rendition of this decision, inasmuch as it removes 
any possible question as to title to upwards of two million acres of 
land, heretofore listed and certified under the present construction 
of this statute, and relieves from suspension pending claims, prob- 
ably of an equal acreage. 



OREGON AND CALIFORNIA GRANT . 

The decision rendered by the United States Supreme Court 
April 23, in the case of Oregon and California Railroad Company vs. 
The United States, closes the final chapter in the story of the 
Oregon and California land grant. 

This company received a grant to aid in the construction of 
a railroad across the entire western end of the State of Oregon, em- 
bracing in the aggregate, over 4,200,000 acres of land, a large 
part of which carried a heavy growth of valuable timber. One of the 
provisions of the grant required that the land should be sold "to 
actual settlers only, in quantities not greater than one quarter 
section to one purchaser, and at a price not exceeding $2.50 per 
acre.'' The company, however, did not observe this requirement, but 
withdrew its lands from market, on the terms imposed by the grant, 
and only sold them to purchasers in large bodies, at a price much 
in excess of that authorized by the grant. The refusal of the com- 
pany to abide by the terms of the grant led Congress to direct the 
institution of a suit to secure its forfeiture as tc all lands re- 
maining unsold, which resulted in a decision of the United States 
Supreme Court June 21, 1915 (238 U. S., 393), wherein it was held 
that the conditions of sale, imposed by the grant, could not be 



-11- 



properly worked out without further legislation on the part of Con- 
gress. The Court, therefore, enjoined the company from any sale 
or disposition of the unsold grant lands, or the timber thereon, un- 
til Congress should have a reasonable opportunity to provide by 
legislation for their disposition, in accordance with such policy 
as should be fitting under the circumstances, and at the same time 
secure to the defendants all the value the granting acts conferred 
upon the railroad. 

Following this decision of the Supreme Court, Congress by act 
of June 9, 1916 (39 Stat., 218), revested in the United States the 
title to ail the lands of the Oregon and California land grant re- 
maining unsold July 1, 1913, the company to receive $2.50 per acre 
for all of such land. The area of land, the title to which was thus 
returned to the United States, is approximately 2,300,00C acres, for 
the disposition of which, Congress made specific provisions after 
a classification thereof, the agricultural lands to be disposed of 
under the homestead laws, the timber to be sold separately, and lands 
valuable for power site to be withdrawn for such use and disposition 
as might be provided by lav/. Among other things, the act also pro- 
vided, that the taxes unpaid by the company, pending litigation, 
should be paid by the United States. 

The Land Department promptly upon the passage of this act set 
about the classification of the revested lands, and the ascertain- 
ment of the taxes due and unpaid, to the end that the lands should 
be opened to entry, and the timber put upon the market at the carliesl 
moment practicable; but the company shortly after the passage of the 
act, served a notice upon the several departments charged with its 
execution, protesting against the enforcement of its provisions, 
especially against the payment of any taxes in accordance therewith. 
In keeping with this protest, the company appealed from the decree 
entered in the United States District Court, under the decision of 
the United States Supreme Court, at the same time calling in ques- 
tion the constitutionality of the act of revestment. 

The decision we now have, with a modification of the decree 
below in the matter of costs, fully upholds the action of Congress 
in revesting title to this body of land in the United States, and 
leaves the Land Department free to proceed with the full enforcement. 



It should be remembered, however, that before we can open 
any of these lands to homestead entry, or sell any of the timber 
thereon, they must be classified, and the taxes due thereon must be 
paid, matters which will require with the utmost expedition on our 
part, a considerable period of time. No effort will be spared on 
our part to put into full effect the beneficent terms of this act 
at the earliest date possible. 



-12- 



REMOVAL OF TFE GENERAL LAND OFFIC E . 

As this number of the Bulletin goes to issue the current 
business of the office is suffering a general dislocation of all 
organized method, due to the removal from our present office to the 
new Interior Department building. 

It is no slight task to transplant a service like ours 
bodily from one office to another, without absolutely' stopping the 
transaction of business; but the removal has been conducted along 
such lines that some of the divisions have been able to resume work 
in the new quarters even before others had made a start from the old, 

The permanent files of closed cases in the office, aside 
from the patent records, reach the figures of ten millions, live 
cases a million and a half, a law library of forty-five hundred 
volumes and the office equipment for five hundred clerks and em- 
ployees, all to be picked up bodily, pulled up by the roots and set 
down in another part of the city and yet not "turn off the power". 
This is the proposition that meets our Executive. 

It may be that our new home will be so modern in its office 
equipment, its location so desirable, that we will not regret our 
removal, but it don't feel that way now. 

A Twin O fficial in Alaska 

'Thirty Years Ago. . 

The act of May 17, 1884 (23 Stat., 24), providing a civil 
government for Alaska, in section 8 created a land district of the 
Territory, locating the land office at Sitka, and providing that 
the Marshal of the U. S. District Court should be ex_ officio sur- 
veyor general. The letter that follows requires no diagram. 

Sitka, Alaska, October 5, 1887. 
To the 

Secretary of the Interior. 
Sir: 

I respectfully represent that since assuming the duties of 
Marshal of this district, no business appertaining to my twin of- 
fice, that of Surveyor General, has until quite recently, been pre- 
sented, but each mail now brings its full quota, of applications for 
surveys and patents for mineral lands, principally from Juneau, 
Douglas Island and the Berners Bay district. 

I have not, as yet, received a department communication con- 
cerning the office of Surveyor General, no instructions in connec- 
tion therewith, have no blanks, no books of record, and there is 
none to be had within one thousand miles of my office, and without 
money to buy them were they at hand. With the duties of the office 
I have no experience, and what is more serious, the office itself 
has no emoluments - other than the cursing I get for insisting that 
the land laws shall be strictly complied with in every instance. 

-13- 



The duties of the Marshall of this district arc multifarious 
and rapidly assuming large proportions. I am custodian of the Ter- 
ritorial prison, crowded with culprits two of whom arc likely to 
require hanging in the near future. I have the care of fifteen 
prize schooners together with fifteen thousand fur seal skins - to 
keep from spoiling until they can otherwise be disposed of. At 
present I am inflicted with an order of the Court to proceed to San 
Francisco on urgent public business, with the moral certainty that 
my salary will be confiscated by the Treasury Department should I 
absent myself from home without consent of the Department of Justice, 
while public interests does not admit of the delay necessary to 
procure such consent - two months or more. I am not allowed a clerk 
at either of my headquarters - 180 miles apart; at which places I 
am often required to be simultaneous. 

Therefore Resolved: That a competent clerk is an actual re- 
quirement in the office of the U. S. Marshal - Ex-officio Surveyor 
General, of the Territory of Alaska. 

Very respectfully, 

Your obd't Serv't 

Barton Atkins 

U.S. Liar shal and 

Ex Officio Surveyor 
General. 
Hon. L. Q. C. Lamar, 

Secretary of the Interior, 
Washington j D. C. 



SURVEY NOTES . 

Reports from the Rocky Mountain States indicate that there 
is considerable snow in the mountains this year. Arrangements, how- 
ever, are perfected for the inauguration of the surveying season on 
the lower levels at an early date. 

The storage of iron corner posts at central depots throughout 
the West appears to be giving general satisfaction and the indica- 
tions are that it will prove to be economical. 

Several surveyors who have been operating in the southern 
States during the winter, under the direction of Supervisor Kidder 
have been ordered to report to this city during May and June, 
authority for which detail was provided in the General Deficiency 
bill. They will assist the survey division in the testing of returns 
of surveys. 

It may be a matter of interest to many that the field sur- 
veying force makes use of 353 government -owned horses and mules 



-14- 



trained to service as pack animals or used in hauling freight. 

The surveying service is now disposing of solar instruments 
which have been in continuous service for twenty years, but are still 
in condition to be used by private surveyors. This is thought to be 
a creditable showing for the carefulness of the surveyors in handling 
these delicate instruments. 



At Home and Abroad . 

Francis E. Joy, U. S. Surveyor, and Basil C. Perkins, U. S. 
Transitman, will resume work on the survey of Indian Pueblos on April 
10th, commencing with the Santo Domingo Pueblo in New Mexico. 

Lee S. Miller, U. S. Surveyor, of the district of New Mexico, 
has resigned for the purpose of entering private practice. 

Messrs. Albert Smith, Jr., and K. L. Baldwin, U. S. Surveyors, 
have commenced the survey of the Fort Sabine Abandoned Military 
Reservation^- Louisiana. They will complete this survey in a few 
weeks and proceed to the northern districts. 

Mr. S. W. Goodale, Law Examiner, detailed to examine sur- 
veyors General's offices and local land offices, arrived in San 
Francisco March 31st, visiting on his way from Washington, Neligh, 
Nebraska, Denver, Colorado, and Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Mrs. Earl Harrington of Denver, formerly Miss Lillian Benson, 
visited last week the survey division of the General Land Office 
where she was formerly employed. 

Norman L. King, Chief Clerk in the Office of the Surveyor 
General of New Mexico, returned to his duties in that office on April 
7th. Mr. King had been absent since May 11, 1916, on military leave 
in the New Mexico National Guard on border duty, and was honorably 
discharged and mustered out of the service on April 5, 1917. 

Ray D. Shoemaker, stenographer and typewriter in the office 
of the Helena Field Division, Montana, was called to his regiment 
on the morning of March 27th. Mr. Shoemaker is a member of the 
Montana National Guard. 

Mr. J. D. Yelverton, Chief of Field Service, is mailing an 
extended trip through the various field divisions. 

Capt. Alvin D. Hathaway, and Sergt. Francis J. Connelly, of 
Company F, 3rd D. C. Infantry, employees in this office, have been 
mustered into the army for service during the war "with Germany. 



-15- 



Mr 4 Archer W, Bedel, a member of the force in the office of 
the Surveyor General of New Mexico, and a member of the National 
Guard of that State, who responded to the first call on May 11th, 
returned to his duties in the Surveyor General's office on April 9th, 
having been honorably discharged and mustered out of the service on 
April 5th. 

Miss Ellie D. Bouldin, of Virginia, has been designated by 
Executive Order of April 4, 1917, to sign land patents during the 
absence of the clerk regularly designated for that service. 



SALES OF INDIAN LANDS TO BE HELD DURING SUMMER . 

Approximately 300,000 acres of land within the former Uintah 
Indian Reservation, Utah, will be offered for sale to the highest 
bidders for cash at not less than fifty cents per acre, at Provo , 
Utah, commencing June 18, 1917. Lands within the reservation classi- 
fied or withdrawn as coal lands will be sold with a reservation of 
the coal deposits under the act of February 27, 1917 (Public No. 358), 
and lands classified as oil shale lands or withdrawn as phosphate 
lands will be sold with a reservation of the mineral deposits in 
conformity with the act of July 17, 1914 (38 Stat., 509). It will 
be the first time lands have been sold at public auction with a 
reservation of the mineral deposits under either of said acts. 

About 16,000 acres of land within the former Coeur d'Alene 
Indian Reservation, Idaho, will be offered for sale to the highest 
bidders for cash, at not less than $1.00 per acre, at Coeur d'Alene, 
Idaho, commencing August 16, 1917. 

About 26,000 acres of land within the former Flathead Indian 
Reservation, Montana, will be offered for sale to the highest bid- 
ders for cash, at not less than the appraised prices, lands in the 
Kalispell, Montana, land district to be offered for sale at Kalispell, 
commencing August 20, 1917, and lands in the Missoula land district 
at Missoula, commencing August 30, 1917. 

All persons purchasing at the above sales must be eighteen 
years of age or over and no person will be permitted to purchase 
more than 640 acres in any of the reservations or to purchase any 
amount of land in any reservation which added to the area in such 
reservation theretofore purchased in his right at public sale ex- 
ceeds 640 acres. Persons purchasing the Uintah or Flathead lands 
will not be required to furnish proof as to the character or condi- 
tion of the land. Those purchasing in the Coeur d'Alene Reservation 
will be required to furnish non-mineral affidavits. 



-16- 



FORT BERTHOLD DRAWING . 

John McPhaul, Superintendent of Opening and Sale of Indian 
Reservations, left Washington on April 25, 1917, on route to Ilinot , 
North Dakota. He will superintend a drawing between conflicting 
homestead applications for unallotted coal lands in Sections 16 and 
36 within the former Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota, 
to be held at Minot on May 3, 1917. Tne coal deposits will be re- 
served to the United States in trust for the Fort Berthold Indians. 



CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATIONS . 

The Civil Service Commission is holding examinations for 
stenographer and typewriter, male and female, ail over the United 
States on Tuesday of every week, and will continue to do so until 
further notice. The examinations are for regular appointments, the 
apportionment being waived for the War and Navy Departments, only, 
due to the great demand for that class of work caused by the present 
conditions of our country. 

TELL THE BULLETIN . 

To all local offices and field service employees: 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you 
think should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communi- 
cations to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service 
Bulletin". All communications should be received not later than 
the 24th of each month for use in the current number. 



-17- 




Vol. 1. 



June 1, 1917. 



No. 4. 



GALUSHA A. GROW, FATHER OF THE HOMESTEAD LAW. * 

This is the title of a new book just published, that is of more 
than passing interest to all of us who are interested in the history and 
growth of our public-land system. As a general proposition, probably no- 
body here in our entire service today would question the wisdom, and cer- 
tainly not the legality, of the homestead, as we know it, as a means of 
settling and developing the country in a manner most conducive to equal 
opportunity for the man who has little means other than his two hands and 
large amount of American enterprise. Yet there was a bitter fight over 
the policy, and even of the constitutionality, of the homestead idea. For 
ten years Congressman Galusha A. Grow, of Pennsylvania, led a continuous 
fight for a real homestead law, until its enactment in 1862. 



Grow was a conspicuous figure in Congress before, during , and after 
the Civil War. He was born in Connecticut in 1823, but at an early age 
was left fatherless and removed with Ms mother to Pennsylvania, where he 
grew up in what was then the frontier. His mother appears to have been a 
woman of more than ordinary character and ability, and it was she who 
started him on the way toward acquiring an education. Grow studied law 
and was admitted to practice. Although he took much interest in the 
politics of the time, he did not hold office until elected to Congress as 
a Democrat in 1850, when the Missouri Compromise and related questions 
constituted the central issue; and the land policy was one of these re- 
lated questions. The old cash sale system was a source of speculation 
instead of home building. Grow at once took an intense interest in this 
subject, on the side of a change to a system that would encourage immi- 
gration and actual settlement, and the homestead law in one form or 



another was a subject of controversy in every session of Congress from 
1850 to 1862. 

Grow in the meantime had become a Republican and a national 
figure, so much so that he was elected Speaker of the first Congress 
after Lincoln' s inauguration. During this trying and epochal period he 
was equal to the occasion, and during this session saw the fruition of 
his long fight for the Homestead Law, which went into effect January 1, 
1863, at the same time as the Emancipation Proclamation. 

Grow was defeated for Congress in 1863, said to be a result of 
the redistricting of his State. Now comes the strange part, after 
having been out of Congress for thirty years, he was again elected in 
1893 to fill a vacancy, and was reelected for three successive terms, 
during which period he was an interesting and venerable figure. In 1903, 
when he finally retired, a great home-coming celebration was held at 
Montrose, Pennsylvania; the parade was reviewed and speeches made from 
the court house steps by Hon. Galusha A. Grow, Father of the Homestead 
Law, and by Daniel Freeman, the first homesteader, who filed on the 
S£ NW£, NE^ NW ■£ and SWj NE-£ of Section 26, T. 4 N. , R. 5 E., near Beatrice, 
Gage County, Nebraska, at 12:30 A * M. , January 1, 1863, and who on Sep- 
tember 1, 1869, received patent No. 1, recorded on page 1, volume 1, of 
Homestead Patents, old series, on our office records. 

Grow died in 1907. Among the many tributes paid him from time 
to time, the following is from John Hay: 

"Mr. Grow has lived in a great time and has borne his party nobly 
in the momentous events which have fulfilled the long space of his 
political activity. But the one achievement which will make his name 
memorable among those of the benefactors of his kind is the Homestead 
Lav/. An act like this transcends all considerations of political and 
economic success, and appeals to the heart and the sentiment of all 
people. A man who has contributed, as Galusha Grow has, to the lasting 
welfare of millions is entitled to the gratitude not only of his country 
but of the world." 



*Galusha A. Grow, Father of the Homestead Law, by James T. DuBois 
and Gertrude S. Mathews, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 



-2- 



CHANGES HI PERSONNEL . 

Appointments . 

General Land Office.- Mr* Guy Holsopple, of Pennsylvania, copyist 

at 09 00, by reinstatement. 

Talraage Baker, of Louisiana, copyist at ^720, 
by reinstatement. 

John J. Campbell, of the District of Columbia, 
messenger boy at 0480, by reinstatement. 

Mrs. Goldie G, Miller, of New York, copyist 
at : ,)720, by reinstatement. 

Misses Mary E. Troy and Sara A. Creeden, of 
Kentucky and Ohio, respectively, copyists at 
07 20 per annum. 

Field Service.- • • Frank A. Wegner, of California, timber cruiser 

at 01200; assigned to the Cheyenne Field 
Division, but now on temporary duty in the 
Santa Fe Field Division. 

Local Office.- Karl J. Kirkpatrick, of Montana, land lav/ clerk, 

Land Office, Montrose, Colorado, at $900. 

Miss Kathleen M. Mann, of Montana, typewriter 
at 0900, land office Glasgow, Montana. 

Miss Jane M. Hendricks, of Colorado, steno- 
grapher and typewriter at 0900, land office 
Pueblo, Colorado. 

Miss Margery L. Cobban, of Montana, typewriter 
at 0900, land office Glasgow, Montana. 

Vane C. Bosworth, of Illinois, land law clerk 
at $900, land office Glenwood Springs, Colorado. 

Henry H. Lepper, of Massachusetts, land lav/ 
clerk at $900, land office Great Falls. Montana. 

Henry T. Leckman, of Montana, and Edmund G. 
Shannon, of Mississippi, land law clerks at 
§900, land office Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

Walter S. Wright, of Washington, land law clerk 
at 0900, land office Pueblo, Colorado. 

-3- 



Promotions. 

General Land Office.- Howard F. Morgan, of Colorado, to Clerk of 

Class Three at .»1600. 

Mrs. Hattie R. McMullen, of the District of 
Columbia, to Clerk of Class Two at Ol460. 

Frederick G. Tansill, of Texas, and Miss Julia 
F. Kehoe, to clerks of Class Two at 01200. 

Miss Agnes E. Kempf , of Missouri, Ollie H. 
Burriss, of Ohio, Wade H. Carter, of California, 
and Orlando W. Goodwin, of Wisconsin, to clerks 
at vlOOO. 

William J. Delaney, of New Jersey, from skilled 
laborer at $660 to Copyist at $900. 

William E. Lum, of Mississippi, from skilled 
laborer to Copyist at C'720. 

Francis M. Smith, of District of Columbia, from 
messenger boy at 0480 to same at 0600. 

Erskine A. Roberts, of Florida, from skilled 
laborer at 0660 to copyist at U720. 

Miss Onie Rymer, of Tennessee, and John I. 
Boone, of Oklahoma, to copyists at 0900. 

Samuel H. Merritt , of Wisconsin, to copyist 
at $720. 

Transfers. 



General Land Office.- Miss Preston Womack, of Virginia, to the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Office of Public Roads and 
Rural Engineering. 

William H. Drayton, of South Carolina, to the 
Government Printing Office. 

James C. Davenport, of Alabama, to the Treasury 
Department, Auditor for the War Department. 

Frank J. Bergin, of Ohio, to the Office of the 
Secretary as an Assistant Attorney at v ; 2000. 

Arthur Ruderman, of the District of Columbia, 
to the Department of Commerce, Census Office. 



-4- 



Field Service,- John R. Milburn, of Maryland, to special agent 

at ^1200, by transfer from the position of 
Second Assistant Examiner, Patent Office. 

Local Office.- Oliver T. Lawman, of Kansas, clerk at :)1080 land 

office Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, from the Federal 
Trade Commission. 

John J. Honan, Jr., of Massachusetts, clerk, land 
office Boise, Idaho, at )1080, from the 4th Assis- 
tant Post Master General's Office, Post Office 
Department . 

Guy M. Salisbury, of Oklahoma, clerk at 0144O, 
land office Spokane, Washington, to the Indian 
Service. 

Surveyors General.- Miss Ella Ryser, of Utah, from stenographer and 

typewriter, office of Surveyor General, Utah, to 
the Bureau of Mines. 

Resignations . 

General Land Office.- Miss Alice M. McLaughlin, of Massachusetts, 

copyist at $720. 

George A. Cummer, of Iowa, clerk at $1000. 

Robert S. McKinstry , of Missouri, skilled laborer 
at )660. 

Richard L. Merrick, of Oregon, copyist at $900. 

Field Service.- Eugene L. Harshbarger, of Kansas, Transitman 

at OllO per month. 

Surveyors General.-- Lewis F. Butter-field, of Massachusetts, topo- 
graphic draftsman at 04.25 per diem. Office 
Surveyor General, Helena, Montana. 

Local Office.- George M. Laird, of Nebraska, clerk at >„>1320. 

Land Office Great Falls, Montana. 



The following employees in this office have received notice to re- 
port in the Officers Reserve Corps Training Camp at Fort Myer, Virginia, 
and reported in camp on May 14th: 

Elmer Pendell; 

Henry E. Corcoran; 

Walter M. E. Sullivan; 

-5- 



Walter S. Binley; 
Charles T. Kemmerer; 
Alvin D. Colburn. 

Mr. Pendell has received his commission as Second Lieutenant, and Mr, 
Colburn as Major. 



FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE . I 

From the Manager of the Land and Industrial Department, 
Alaskan Engineering Commission, 
Anchorage, Alaska. 

I have received the first copy of the "Land Service Bulletin", 
and I am much interested in its contents. 

I am glad to see that the Land Office has started a little publicity 
of its own so that the public may be advised of just what work is being 
done by the public land service. I think that there is more real hard 
constructive work done by the General Land Office than any other Govern- 
ment bureau, and work which affects the general welfare of the nation 
more than any other work done by the Government. Therefore, there is no 
reason why the public should not be kept informed of that work. Few 
people really understand the public land laws, and a publication of this 
character will greatly facilitate in informing them of the provisions 
of the laws and of the changes in the regulations and of the new rulings 
made in the administration of the laws. 

I shall look forward to receiving a copy of the "Bulletin" each 
month and I hope that you will not fail to put my name on the mailing 
list. 

I have today put the "Bulletin" on the mailing list for the 
ALASKA RAILROAD RECORD so that you may copy articles from it if there 
should at any time appear in the publication anything that would justify 
printing in the "Bulletin." I enclose herewith copy of the issue of 
April 17. 



PROGRESS OF HOME CLUB WAR RELIEF WORK . 

The Home Club War Relief Work, under the leadership of Mrs. Lane, 
is making splendid progress. The response and hearty cooperation of the 
women of the Home Club are most encouraging. Already more than 75 women 
are regularly and systematically contributing their time and labor. The 
headquarters for the work are in the Home Club rooms, which are open two 
afternoons each week for the purpose of distributing materials and re- 
ceiving work already done. A careful record is kept of all material given 
out and work accomplished and the work done is closely examined to see 



-6- 



that it conforms strictly with the standards of the Red Cross regu- 
lations, all of which is done under the personal supervision of Mrs. 
Lane and the ladies assisting her. So far two bales of hospital 
supplies and clothing have been prepared and are ready for shipment. 
Each bale contains 36 sheets, 24 pillow cases, and 24 suits of pajamas, 
and is intended to supply 12 hospital beds. A considerable quantity 
of knitted woolen socks and helmets have also been made. At present 
shipments are to be made direct to a hospital base in France. As soon 
as our own soldiers are there the shipments will be diverted for their 
benefit. Though the organization has been able to buy its material at 
wholesale prices, the materials already used and on hand have cost about 
[?100, all of which has been raised by voluntary contribution. The 
materials on hand will last only a little while longer. In order to 
keep this good work going and to enlarge upon it, it is going to be nece: 
sary for the organization to arrange for a regular and dependable source 
of fundi to buy the necessary materials. To this end a movement will 
be inaugurated among all employees of the Department to secure definite 
small contributions each month from those who dp not feel that they are 
contributing all they can afford to other organizations. It is thought 
that this plan will not only place the organization on a basis where it 
can plan ahead and greatly enlarge the scope of its work, but will also 
afford an opportunity for many who want to do their bit in a way which 
will be systematic and effective and yet not too burdensome. 

MAPS AND SCHEDULES OF UINTAH INDIAN LANDS, UTAH . 

Maps and schedules have been compiled and printed of lands within 
the former Uintah Indian Reservation, Utah, to be offered for sale to 
the highest bidders at Provo, Utah, commencing June 18, 1917. The two 
publications will be sold for $.25, by the register and receiver at 
Vernal, Utah. 

SCHEDUIiES OF COEUR D'ALBNE INDIAN LANDS, IDAHO , 
MP FLaTHEAD INDIAN LANDS, MONTANA . 

Schedules are in course of compilation and will probably be 
printed for distribution by August 1, 1917, showing lands in the former 
Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation, Idaho, to be offered for sale to the 
highest bidders at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, on August 15, 1917, and showing 
lands in the former Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana, to be offered 
for sale at Kalispell, Montana, commencing August 20, 1917, and at 
Missoula, Montana, commencing August 30, 1917. No charge will be made 
for these publications. Requests for copies thereof should be ma.de to 
the proper district land office. 

SALES OF CROW INDIAN LANDS . 

Unappropriated and unreserved lands within the ceded portion 
of the Crow Indian Reservation, Montana, not withdrawn under the 
Reclamation Act, were opened to homestead entry in 1906. The lands not 

-7- 



entered under the homestead laws were offered for sale to the highest 
bidders in 1910. The undisposed of lands were again offered for sale 
to the highest bidders in 1912. The total amount of land one person 
was permitted to purchase at both public sales was 640 acres. 

Lands in a number of townships in the eastern part of the reser- 
vation were not offered at the above sales for the reason that they had 
been withdrawn as coal lands and some of the lands offered at those sales 
were not sold. The remaining non-mineral lands were opened to special 
entry and purchase in 1914. Entrymen were not required to make any 
showing as to lands previously acquired by them under the public land laws. 

Proclamation of April 6, 1917, authorizes special entries and 
purchases for unappropriated and unreserved coal lands on the reservation 
and provides that all lands, both coal and non-coal, remaining undisposed 
of on June 30, 1917, shall be offered for sale to the highest bidders 
at Billings, Montana, commencing September 4, 1917, In all entries and 
purchases of the coal lands under said Proclamation, the coal deposits 
will be reserved in conformity with the Act of February 27, 1917 (39 Stat., 
944). No limitation is fixed as to the amount of land one person may 
acquire at the sale on September 4. 

DEPARTMENTAL RULINGS AFFECTING CROW LANDS . 

Departmental Instructions dated June I, 1915 (44 L. D., 121), 
direct that where Crow lands are sold on installment payments under a 
non-mineral classification and are classified as coal lands prior to 
final payment, final certificate and patent shall issue without a reser- 
vation of the coal deposits, upon final payment being made. 

Departmental Instructions datoi April 11, 1917, direct that lands 
in the reservation classified as coal and non-coal lands in tracts less 
than legal subdivisions, in accordance with Departmental Instructions of 
November 15, 1912 (41 L. D. , 399), which Instructions were revoked by 
Instructions of February 16, 1915 (43 L. D. , 520), shall be disposed of 
under the descriptions fixed by the existing classifications. 



COAL LANDS - FORT PECK INDIAN RESERVATION . 

The provisions of the act approved February 27, 1917 (Public No. 
358), have been invoked for the entry of 107,000 acres of land in the 
former Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana* Approximately a hundred 
entries were allowed upon the theory that the lands were subject to dis- 
position under the provisions of the act of June 22, 1910, and these 
entries, where otherwise regular, were permitted to remain intact, sub- 
ject to the provisions of the said act (Public No. 358), by proclamation 
issued by the President. The Department has decided that applicants 
under the coal land law for lands within the former Fort Peck Reservation, 
where such lands had been given an agricultural classification and appraise- 
ment, and were also found to contain coal, must pay for such lands not 
only the coal price but the appraised agricultural price, as well. Direc- 
tions have, been issued for suspending action on applications for which 



the entire purchase price has not been paid, permitting the appli- 
cants to make additional payments to conform to the ruling that 
payments must be made for both values. The lands subject to dis- 
position under the homestead laws are being rapidly appropriated, 
under said act. 



FIELD SURVEYING SERVICE . 

The Field Surveying Service of the General Land Office consists 
of one Chief Supervisor of Surveys, one Associate Supervisor of Surveys, 
9 Assistant Supervisors and a corps of normally 160 surveyors and 
transitmen. This organization prosecutes in the field under the general 
supervision of the Commissioner the public land survey of the United 
States and Alaska. 

In the interests of good administration, the public land states 
and the territory of Alaska are organized into nine surveying districts, 
the field surveys in each being under the personal supervision of an 
Assistant Supervisor of Surveys. The survey of fragmentary tracts out- 
side of the nine organized districts are executed under the personal 
supervision of the Associate Supervisor of Surveys. 

The main office of the Field Surveying Organization is located 
in the Federal Building at Denver, Colorado, and is in charge of the 
Chief Supervisor of Surveys. 

This organization spends annually in the prosecution of its work 
on an average close to Oli000,000. Of this amount Congress appro- 
priates 0700,000 for the survey of the public lands. About 075,000 is 
contributed by the Indian Office for surveys of lands on Indian Reser- 
vations and deposits by railroads for surveys on their land grants 
during the past few years have averaged in amount over 0150,000 annually. 
Also, occasionally Congress makes special appropriations for such sur- 
veys as cannot be reached under the terms of the general appropriation. 

The surveys of fragmentary tracts in the Southern States which 
were in operation during the winter season, have all been completed. 
This includes the large abandoned military reservation at the mouth of 
Sabine River in Louisiana embracing nearly 20,000 acres of land, which 
will be disposed of according to the public land laws after appraise- 
ment. 



Mr. Harry L. Baldwin who was engaged upon the survey of the 
Sabine River Military Reservation has been selected to take charge of 
the surveys of the lands along Red River in Oklahoma, west of the 98th 
Meridian, changes in the boundaries of which were caused by the erosion 
of the banks and the alteration of the location of the channel in this 
stream which is the boundary between Texas and Oklahoma. 



-9- 



During the month of April surveys amounting to 1,323,646 acres 
were accepted, an increase of 140,000 acres over the amount accepted 



in March, 



SURVEY NOTES, 



The following is from the Arizona office: 

NOTICE , 

"A member of the surveying corps of this District recently 
volunteered the statement that Polaris was steadily drifting away 
from the pole and was, accordingly, depreciating in value as a sur- 
veying asset of the General Land Office, 

Lest this statement lead to a feeling of distrust, we hasten 
to state that a reference to any two consecutive Ephemerides will 
show the contrary to be the fact. It will be admitted, however, 
that Polaris, having for many years, "In eloquent silence through 
the depths of space pursued its wondrous way," will continue to do so 
and will, in time, undoubtedly drift clear beyond the pole, so that 
the star Vega, of thei constellation Lira, will replace the North 
Star in approximately 13,000 years, 

Vifo.ile this seemingly shifting about of the heavenly bodies is 
to be regretted, this office does not hesitate to assure its corres- 
pondent that the NSW MANUAL will undoubtedly be out by that time with 
all necessary information for the proper handling of the new astronomical 
conditions." 



The system inaugurated some time ago of assigning each member 
of the Field Surveying Service complete instrumental equipment and 
holding him responsible therefor not only for one season but throughout 
the seasons during the life of the equipment is already beginning to 
show indications of producing the very best results. Each member of 
the Service feels that the character of his work depends largely on 
his instrument and that the better care he gives his instrument the 
better service he can render* 

The system also furnished valuable information for the Super- 
visor's efficiency record. 



General Land Office surveying parties are in the field on the 
following Indian Reservations: Standing Rock, North and South Dakota; 
Jicarilla Apache, New Mexico; Los Coyotes, California; Flathead, Montana; 
Umatilla, Oregon; the Santo Domingo Indian Pueblo, New Mexico; Uinta, 
Utah; and the Ben Fox Allotment, Alaska. 

The Supervisor of Surveys reports that surveys on these Indian 
reservations are proceeding rapidly and satisfactorily. 

-10- 



Field work will be commenced on the Leech Lake, Cass Lake and 
Winnebigoshish Indian Reservations arid resumed on the Grand Portage 
Reservation, Minnesota, as soon as weather conditions will permit. 



A meridian pier will shortly be erected on the roof of the New 
Federal Building at Denver in order to permit of a thorough testing 
by the Supervisor's office of all instruments sent in for repairs, 
before their return to the field. 



The Supervisor of Surveys reports that he has been making some 
investigations as to the practicability and economy of using motor 
trucks for camp transportation purposes and for line work in the plains 
countries in lieu of teams and wagons and that he has drawn some very 
interesting conclusions favorable to their use under certain conditions. 

It is probable that in favorable country motor trucks will in a 
short time supplant the horse drawn vehicles now in use. But even with 
the rapid strides being made in mechanical locomotion on, above and 
below the earth's surface, it is not likely that anything of a mechanical 
nature will make its appearance in the near future that can be viewed 
in the light of a possible rival to the old reliable government mule 
when it comes to "freighting" in those outlying districts between the 
snow line and the timber belt, or in the canon country of the southwest. 



Many of the surveying parties in the southern districts have com- 
pleted their surveys, and are now in the field in the northern districts. 



It is very gratifying to note the prompt and effective response 
on the part of the Surveying Corps to the Supervisor's Circular No. / , 
directing the strictest economy in the purchase, preparation and use ol 
food in the survey camps. 

This is the spirit of the national policy. 



The unusual amount of snow in the Rockies and the Cascades will 
delay the commencement of field work in the higher parts 01 these 
ranges about two weeks. 



Pursuant to a provision contained in the deficiency appropriation 
act approved April 17, 1917, authorizing the detail of surveyors of the 



-11- 



Field Surveying Service to Washington, D. C. to June 30, 1917, for 
the purpose of bringing up arrears of work in the Surveying Division 
of the General Land Office, the following were selected: 

Howard R. Farnsworth, from Surveying District No. 3, 
(Nebraska and South Dakota). 

Albinus N. Kimmell, William H. Richards, Jr., and Albert 
Smith, Jr., from the Eastern District. 

William C. Perkins, from Surveying District No. 4, (New Mexico) 

Guy H. Richardson and Hargraves Wood, from Surveying District 
No. 1 (Montana). 

Fred W. Rodolf , from Surveying District No. 8, (Oregon and 
Washington). 

Alton 0. Stinson, from Surveying District No. 2, (Colorado 
and Wyoming). 

These surveyors were detailed on the recommendation of the 
Supervisor of Surveys, who named those who in his opinion were not only 
qualified to examine returns of surveys in the office, but who could 
also best be spared from the field at this time of the season. 



Frank M. Johnson, Supervisor of Surveys, left Denver May 20th 
for Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Y/ashington, Oregon and Idaho. A con- 
siderable amount of field surveys will be executed in these districts 
this season. 



One of the surest indications of the arrival of spring, not 
excepting those time-honored and worthy harbingers of the approach of 
the vernal equinox, the robin, base-ball and annual leave cards, is 
the sudden and unheralded descent upon the offices of the Surveyors 
General of settlers, land owners and claimants, miners and the many 
other classes of people interested in land matters, seeking information 
or applying for certified copies of records. 

This is always a busy season for the Surveyors General and 
this spring seems to be no exception to the rule. 



-12- 



A considerable amount of satisfaction is being expressed in the 
office of the Surveyor General for Colorado over recent instructions 
from Washington authorizing the continuance of resurveya under Group 
14, Colorado, along the lines suggested by the Surveyor General. 

Group 14 presented some extremely knotty problems which refused 
to yield to ordinary treatment. 



Mr. C, L. Mason, who resigned the position of official steno- 
grapher in the office of the Surveyor General at Denver to accept the 
position of private secretary to the Chairman of the Alaskan Engineering 
Commission, left Denver May 1st for Anchorage, Alaska. 



The effective cooperation in many of the districts between the 
Supervisory Corps of the Field Surveying Service and the Surveyors 
General is reflected in the reports of results accomplished in those 
districts both in the field and in the office* 

Intelligent understanding of the fundamental purposes of the 
General Land Office and sympathetic regard for its ideals combined 
with sound organization and effective cooperation between its several 
coordinate branches are the forces that have made and are making 
the Land Service one of the most useful services of the great and 
useful department of which it is a part. 



LOOKING TO THE INCREASE OF FOOD CROPS . 

In connection with the movement to increase the production of 
food crops to meet the imperative necessities of the war 8 the Com- 
missioner on May 21, 1917, addressed a circular letter to the Carey 
Act and private irrigation projects, totalling about one thousand 
different systems, and transmitted to each a blank form of twenty-five 
questions. 

This office has decided to make use of such information as it 
has or can procure in an endeavor to formulate definite and specific 
data and information as to available irrigable lands not now in culti- 
vation for which there is an existing water supply for irrigation 
purposes. We are led to do this by reason of the fact that reports 
from the Field Service of this office on irrigation projects almost 
invariably show that not all of the irrigable lands en th ; projects are 
under cultivation, though a water supply therefor has been provided. 
Since the commencement of the agitation for increased food supply, we 
have received many inquiries from people who want land to cultivate, 
but as to private and Carey Act lands in the West susceptible of 
immediately being put into crop, we are unable to give them any in- 
formation sufficiently specific in character to be of any practical use. 

-13- 



The information obtained will be turned over to the Federal and State 
agencies which may be designated to handle such matters, where it will 
do the most good. 

It is probable that members of the Field Service and the local 
officers will be consulted with reference to this matter, and it is 
desired that ail possible aid be extended in order that the information 
needed can be obtained at the earliest practicable date. The end in 
view is worthy of earnest effort, and whole-hearted cooperation is 
requested. 



THE DEMAND FOR PUBLIC LANDS . 

The increasing demand for the available public lands is aptly 
-illustrated by the number of applications recently filed in the Minot, 
North Dakota, land office, for sections sixteen and thirty-six, classi- 
fied as coal, in the former Fort Berthold Indian Reservation. The 
lands within the Fort Berthold Reservation were restored under the 
drawing system in 1912, and while there were more than two numbers 
drawn for each claim, perhaps not more than one-half of the lands 
were immediately taken. About 110,000 acres, classified as coal, 
were excluded from the 1912 opening, and were made subject to entry, 
with the coal reserved to the United States, in 1916. About eighty 
per cent of the lands were immediately entered, and during the year 
1916 almost all of these remaining were appropriated. In April of 
this year, sixty-three tracts in school sections, also classified as 
coal, were restored to entry under a plan by which any qualified person 
was allowed for a period of ten days to file his application under the 
homestead law, accompanied by the fees, commissions and one-fifth of 
the required purchase price* Conflicting rights were to be deter- 
mined by a 'drawing. Some of the lands were appraised at $10 an acre, 
and the required payment in such case was approximately &330. There 
were more than eleven hundred applications filed for these sixty- 
three tracts, and there were between seventy and eighty applications 
for some of them. The receipts at the Minot land office, during the 
last two days for simultaneous applications were considerably in 
excess of 0200,000. This leads all records. 



CONFIRMATION UNDER SECTION 7, ACT OF MARCH 3, 1891. 

A decision of more than ordinary interest in the public land 
world was handed down by the United States Supreme Court on the 
twenty-first o* May, in the case of Franklin K. Lane, Secretary of 
the Interior, vs. Svan Hoglund, involving the confirmatory provisions 
of Section 7, Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat., 1095). Mr. Hoglund 
made homestead entry in the Eureka Land District, California, in 1902; 
the land so entered was, in 1905, included in a National Forest Reserve. 

-14- 



Hoglund thereafter submitted final proof on which receiver's receipt 
issued August 6, 1907. May 29, 1909, a report from a Forest Super- 
visor recommending the cancellation of the entry "on account of non- 
residence and lack of cultivation" was received at the General Land 
Office. No action was taken upon this report until April 19, 1910, 
on which date a proceeding in the Local Land Office was directed to 
determine whether the entryman had established and maintained a resi- 
dence upon the land, on which a hearing was duly had. The Local 
Office and the Commissioner of the General Land Office each in turn 
found the facts in favor of the entryman, but the Secretary of the 
Interior arrived at a different conclusion (43 L. D., 538-540). 

In the decision rendered by the Department, special consideration 
was given to the fact that the land, after the allowance of the entry, 
was included within the Forest Reservation, and, that under the terms 
of the Proclamation creating the Reservation, if the entryman was at 
such time in default, he could not thereafter cure the default as against 
the Reservation; it being further held that the confirmatory provisions 
of 1891 are not operative, because the withdrawal for public use as a 
National Forest attached to the land at a time when the entryman was 
not complying with the law, and prior to the issuance of receiver* s 
final receipt. 

In the decision of the Supreme Court, however, it was said that 
no importance attaches to the creation of the Forest Reserve after 
the original and before the final entry; that the entryman was free 
under the terms of the President's Proclamation to proceed with the 
steps essential to obtain a final entry and ultimately the full title, 
and to such a final entry the statute, the provision in Section 7, has 
the same application as if the land were without instead of within the 
Reserve. 



RESTORATION TO ENTRY OF SEGREGATED PUBLIC LANDS . 

First Assistant Secretary Vogelsang, citing the provisions of 
the act of September 30, 1913 (38 Stat., 113), which authorizes the 
exercise of a wide discretion as to methods that may be employed in 
opening public lands, that have been segregated, and expressing the view 
that, in taking action thereunder, persons actually seeking a home on 
the public domain should be given a preference over others, issued 
instructions May 17th, that will hereafter govern the procedure in 
restorations under said act. 

The following provisions in these instructions are of special 
interest: 

1. Upon elimination of lands from segregations and withdrav/als, 
the order of restoration shall provide that subject to valid rights 
and the provisions of other withdrawals, the lands restored will be sub- 
ject to homestead entry only on a date to be named therein, and to 

-15- 



• 

settlement and all proper forms of entry, selection and location, 
seven days after such date. Adequate provision will be made for the 
protection of the equitable rights of entry possessed by persons on 
whose applications lands have been listed for entry under the act of 
June 11, 1906, as well as for the preferred rights of entry which may 
have been awarded to contestants of previously existing entries of 
lands within areas withdrawn for reclamation. All orders of restoration 
shall embrace instructions to prospective applicants for entry con- 
cerning their privilege to execute their applications, and present the 
same, together with the fees and commissions to the proper local land 
office, in person, by mail, or otherwise, within the twenty days next 
preceding the date on which the lands will become subject to entry of 
the form described by such applications. They will also be advised 
that all applications so filed, together with such as may be submitted 
at the hour fixed for restoration, will be treated as though simul- 
taneously filed, and will be disposed of as directed by the regulations 
of May 22, 1914, Circular No. 324 (43 L. P., 254). 

2. The order of opening will also contain a warning to the 
effect that no settlement will be recognized that is made after re- 
vocation, and prior to the expiration of seven days after the date of 
restoration to homestead entry; this, however, will not prevent in- 
tending entrymen going over the land for purpose of examination. 

3. Orders for restoration will make provision, in proper cases, 
for selections by the State under the act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stat., 
394), also for the exercise of the preference right of the State to 
make selection under the act of March 3, 1893 (27 Stat., 592). 



EARLY DAYS IN THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE. 



Edward Tiffin, the first Commissioner of the General Land 
Office, one hundred and five years ago this month took the oath and 
entered upon the duties of the newly-created office, under the Act of 
April 25, 1812, Books, surveys, maps, and reports regarding the public 
lands and territorial domains were then scattered through the archives 
and files of nearly all the bureaus of every Department of the Govern- 
ment, especially in the State and War Departments* ThasS were collated, 
digested and recorded, so as to be made accessible and convenient for 
reference and use. Mr. Tiffin completed the work cf organizations and 
submitted his first report at the beginning cf the Xlll Congress in 
December, 1813. This was really the first comprehensive exhibit of the 
national domain, its quantities., qualities, minerals and values ever 
compiled. At this time there were eleven land office districts, as 
follows: 

Marietta; Zanesville; Steubenville ; Canton; Chillicothe; Cin- 
cinnati; Jeff ersonville; Vincennes; Madison County; West of Pearl River, 
and East of Pearl River, 



-16- 



The organic act also provided that the Commissioner's salary 
should be the same as the Auditor of the Treasury. At the time the 
latter' s salary was ,.2250. He had also the franking privilege. 

The act of May 18, 1796, provided for the appointment of a 
Surveyor General and fixed his salary at C2000. At the time Mr. 
Tiffin was Commissioner Mr. Josiah Meigs was Surveyor General. Mr. 
Tiffin often spoke of "feeling homesick" for Ohio, and he and Meigs 
exchanged positions, with the consent of President Madison, the 
headquarters of the Surveyor General's Office being removed to 
Chillicothe, Ohio. At the time Meigs took charge 10 clerks were 
employed in the office. 



The State of Indiana wears the laurel for furnishing the 
highest number of Commissioners for our office. Since the Act of 
April 25, 1812, which provided for the organization of a General Land 
Office of the United States to be administered by a "Commissioner of 
Public Lands", thirty-three Commissioners have graced the chair, and 
are credited to the different States as follows: 

Indiana 5; The District of Columbia 4; Ohio 4; Illinois 4; 
Iowa 3; Georgia, Tennessee, Michigan, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, 
Montana, Wisconsin, Oregon, Wyoming, Washington, North Dakota, and 
Nevada, each one. 



NOTICE TO PROSPECTIVE HOMESTEADERS IN ALASKA . 

A complete set of township plats are on file in the Land and 
Industrial Department at Anchorage, on which are shown all the home- 
stead entries that have been made in the Juneau and Fairbanks Land 
Offices. Anyone intending to locate a homestead in the Matanuska or 
Susitna Valleys should first call at the office of the Land and 
Industrial Department and ascertain what land is vacant before making 
settlement on the land or filing application to enter in the United 
States Land Office at Juneau, It will be to the interest of the pros- 
pective settler to follow this procedure as he will not then be 
examining land that has already been settled upon by others, and it 
may avoid unnecessary delay and expense incident to any filing that 
can not be accepted in the United States Land Office — 

Alaska Railroad Record, 



LAND OFFICE NOTES . 

A recent Departmental decision of more than usual interest is that 
of April 24, 1917, in the case of Albert G. Carson, involving his home- 
stead application 015446, Waterville. He had received final certificate 
on an original entry, pursuant to three-year proof and had thereafter 

-17- 



made entry under the enlarged homestead act for contiguous land, but 
had not submitted proof on that entry. The Secretary held that he 
could, nevertheless, make another additional entry, for land not con- 
tiguous to his first claim — under Section 7 of that act, which requires 
further residence and cultivation. 



The office is in receipt of a great number of inquiries as to 
the rights of soldiers in the present war, in connection with home- 
stead claims. A circular is being prepared which will furnish much of 
the desired information not only to the parties interested but to the 
local offices. 



Mr. John D. Caldwell has been appointed Superintendent of Logging, 
Ceded Chippewa Lands, Minnesota, to fill the vacancy caused by the 
death of Mr. William O'Neil. Mr. Caldwell has been Assistant Super- 
intendent of Logging since January, 1904, and was Mr. O'Neil' s right 
hand man. He is thoroughly equipped for the position, and the promotion 
was a deserving one. 



MORE AND MORE 



Mr. Josiah A. Moore, special agent of the General Land Office, 
formerly in charge of the Anchorage townsite, was recently transferred 
from Juneau to Jackson, Mississippi, where he was employed for a short 
time in connection with the court cases pertaining to that Field Division.. 
Mr. Moore is now stationed at Portland, Oregon. — 

Alaska Railroad Record. 

Later Advices : Mr. Josiah A. Moore and Miss Helen N. Waugh, of Chicago, 
were married in Portland, Oregon, May 5th, 1917. 



To assist in carrying out the desires of the President as ex- 
pressed in his Proclamation this office has concurred in recommending 
that the Reclamation Service be authorized to lease unsold lots in town- 
sites in Reclamation Projects for a period not extending beyond December 
31, 1920, for the commendable purpose of increasing the supply of agri- 
cultural products. 



The Alaska Railroad Record under date of April 24th, notes a 
town lot sale at Anchorage, Alaska, the day previous, at which 25 town 
lots were sold to as many different persons, the sale price varying from 
$100 to 07 50. 

■•IS- 



A new edition of Suggestions to Homesteaders is out, bringing 
down information and instructions to tho end of the 64th Congress, 
This is the most popular publication of the Land Department. Every- 
body wants it, and almost everybody gets it. 



The Bulletin desires to acknowledge the receipt of the Alaska 
Railroad Record, the official publication of the Alaskan Engineering 
Commission, issued weekly at Anchorage, Alaska. 

This is a substantial addition to our exchange list, for the 
eyes of public land seekers are 5 turned more and more to the land of 
the North. Everything that touches upon the progress of the Govern- 
ment railroad, and general development of the territory is glad tidings 
from a far country. 



Keep Smiling. At the time our last number went to issue the 
General Land Office was confronted with the terrors of "moving day." 
We knew it would be bad, but it was worse. The only things that 
went through right side up were the paste pot and scissors. 

It's a great place, and we are going to like it some time — 
when the elevators run up, and the water runs down — -when the painters, 
plumbers, washers and scrubbers have painted, plumbed, washed and 
scrubbed, and ceased from troubling. Yea, verily, it's a big place, 
but with no room for knockers. Keep smiling'. 



TELL THE BULLETIN. 



To all local offices and field service employees: 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you 
think should be chronicled, tell us about it, Address all communi- 
cations to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service 
Bulletin". All communications should be received not later than the 
24th of each month for use in the current number. 



— Xt> — 



■ " II II II I II III 



i^naro subvxci 




W&SR&MSMfflSHP C8?15I©!S 



Vol. 1. 



July 1, 1917. 



No. 5. 



T HE OTHER FELLOW'S VIEV tfPOINT. 

Net infrequently in this office we hear complaint and criticism 
of the methods of doing business or of the action taken by-oome individ- 
ual employee in the various branches operating in the field, -- Local 
Office, Surveyors General, Field Service or Surveying Service, -- and 
when in the field our attention is frequently called, sometimes very 
forcibly, to alleged boneheadedness on the part of G. L. .0. Aside 
from questions ox' law, on which only the highest court has the privilege 
of guessing right, as a rule both the field and office contention are 
defensible when the proposition is considered from that particular view- 
point, and with such light as the office or the field, as the case may 
be, has on the subject at the time. 

For instance, a surveyor is directed to return to the field to 
revise or correct his work; sometimes the mistake is clearly apparent 
and there is no question as to the propriety of the action taken; at 
other times, however, there is an equally clear difference of opinion; 
the surveyor may th£nk the accuracy of his work has been unjustly ques- 
tioned, that there is a prejudice against him on the part of somebody 
in the office, or that his record is being subjected to underserved 
disparagement. The chances are that the office man took an entirely 
impersonal view of the whole situation, with the purpose only of secur- 
ing proper conformity to established standards, notwithstanding the 
action taken may appear, particulraly from the standpoint of the field 
man, to be over-technical or impractical. Yet each was doubtless 
doing his duty as he saw it, and it is not unlikely that had they ex- 
changed places the result would have been the same. 

Another example; a special agent in the field has investigated 
a case and made his report, as a result of which proceedings are 



directed, hearing had and finally the office reaches a daeision in favor 
of the defendant. The agent may have put his very beet effort into the 
case; he was on the ground and saw the land and people; he came to have 
well-settled convictions as to whom to believe and whom not to believe. 
Then when the case is decided against the Government , he feels that his 
entire action and judgment in the matter has been discredited; he has 
undergone unpleasant criticism and perhaps subjected himself to dislike 
in the community in an honest effort to enforce the law; if the Govern- 
ment will not believe its own disinterested representatives, then what's 
the use; how can G. L. 0. expect to enforce the law and prevent fraud 
if it will not stand behind its own men. Yet, the office examiner has 
doubtless made a cold-blooded, searching and critical examination of the 
record submitted to him with a view to giving due and proper weight to 
every particle Of evidence presented and with the purpose of doing exact 
justice as between the parties, as their rights are disclosed by the 
record; he has endeavored to rid his mind of any extraneous influence or 
prejudice; he does not know the parties ;he has no interest in the out- 
come of the case except to decide it right, and he knows his findings 
and conclusions must stand the fire of the reviewing officers and finally 
the Commissioner or Secretary, who are all quick to question any doubtful 
point. In fact the chances are ten to one that if the special agent 
were transferred to the office he would decide the case the same way. 
Again, it is simply a difference of viewpoint. 

Then too in the matter of reports and statistics, no doubt some 
of the field officers conclude that G» L, 0. has some curious-minded 
clerk assigned to the sole duty of thinking up things to ask for reports 
and statistics about, so that if perchance there should be a spare 
minute in the field office it can be spent in making up reports and 
statistics; then after they are compiled G. L, 0. not infrequently in- 
sists and persists in returning them for revision or correction with the 
gentle reminder that reference to line 7, of paragraph 13, of Circular 
321 of March 3, 1876, as modified and supplemented by certain and divers 
other cited circulars, will show what the trouble is, until the field 
office comes to the conclusion that G. L. 0. is simply wouid up and 
floundering around in its own red tape. And when after painstaking 
effort a good piece of work is sent in, if somebody would only so much as 
say 'thank you' even in an undertone, it would be such a satisfaction. 
But they who make the reports are doubtless not aware that if some appre- 
ciative human sort of a clerk should seek to inject a bit of personal 
"gush" into the letter of acknowledgment, the reviewing officers would 
forthwith pounce upon him and want to know whether in the name of all 
the ancient and honored precedents of the G. L. 0, he was trying to 
write an official business letter, or an article for a woman's magazine. 
But let us step inside and look rut for a minute. G. L 0, must have 
the record straight before it acts.' Some very bitter experiences have 
taught G, L. 0. that the straight and narrow path is the only one to 
follow; otherwise there is likely to be an embarrassing comeback. 
G. L. 0, knows how undependable are some of the old accounts and statis- 
tics and the necessity of reducing all such work to a basis of absolute 

-2- 



reliability. G. L. 0. must audit the accounts of this office and more 
than 120 branch offices, doing a business aggregating more than ten 
millions of dollars a year, and must keep the statistics shewing in de- 
tail the progress of the public-land business of the United States. 
G. L. 0. must furnish all manner of information and data for Congress 
and the public, which is usually wanted in about fifteen minutes; and if 
it can not be furnished, then what's the matter, don't the Land Office 
know what it is about. And so, G-L. 0. must know ; the record in cases 
decided must be air tight and complete; the accounts and statistics muc . 
be uniform, accurate, dependable; there can be no guess work about it; 
and to a large extent the data and information must come from the field 
office. 

These illustrations are only a few of many that might be given, 
but they are fairly representative of the field wherein fair minds may 
differ; it is matters of this kind that are most productive of a lack of 
respect for the other fellow's opinion and possibly a feeling of resent- 
ment. The personal equation enters most largely into cur work than 
many of us realize, notwithstanding we are dealing with specific facts, 
lavs and regulations. ESarly training, education, local environment 
and personal or community interest all have a tremendous influence in 
molding the viewpoint from which we consider most questions. The great 
thing is to get the other fellow's viewpoint, to ascertain what he is 
seeking to accomplish and why; if we can do so, frequently it explains 
many things and the end sought becomes more reasonable and apparent. 
This is all demonstrated right along as we bring field employees to the 
cilice or transfer office men to the field; the better under standing we 
are able tc get of the other fellow's purposes ana viewpoint, the more 
satisfactory and successful becomes our work, both to ourselves -and to 
the public whom we serve. 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL. 



Appointments . 

General Land Office.- Charles G, Benson, of Georgia, clerk at $1200, 

by reinstatement. 

Miss Daisy E. Leonard, of Illinois, and Miss 
Hazel A. MacDonald, of Massachusetts, copyists 
at $720. 



Field Service. - 



Henry M. Smith, of Missouri, and Irby V. Reed, 
of Alabama, skilled laborers at #660. 

Joseph Jensen, of Utah, surveyor for the inspec- 
tion of mineral deposits at $2000. 



Transfers . 

General Land Office.- Frank P.Tscharner, of Oklahoma, from land law 

clerk in the land office at Belief ourche, South 
Dakota, to clerk at $1400. 

William J. Schutrumpf , o f South Dakota, from 
clerk of class two at 014-00 to the Office of the 
Secretary. 



Field Service. - 



Logging Service. - 



Surveyors General. - 



Benjamin Kebesky, of Virginia, to the Treasury 
Department, Internal Revenue Service. 

Wendell H. Wasner, of Ohio, from field examiner 
in the Civil Service Commission', ""to special 
agent at $1320. 

Daniel J. Geiman, of the District of Columbia, 
from the office of the Chief of the Helena Field 
Division, to special agent at $1320. 

John D. Caldwell, of Wisconsin, from timber 
cruiser at 01320 to superintendent of logging 
on ceded Chippewa Indian lands in Minnesota, at 
$6. per diem. 

John H. Hinrichsen, of Colorado, from office 
Surveyor General California to draftsman at 
01360 office Surveyor General New Mexico. 



-4- 



Transfers * 

Surveyors General*- Miss Aline Phillips, of California, from copyist- 
topographic -draftsman office Surveyor General, 
New Mexico, to same at $1200, office Surveyor 
General, California. 
Promotions , 

General Land Office.- James F. Casey, of Louisiana, to law examiner 

at $1800, 

Benjamin W. McLaughlin, of Connecticut, to law 
examiner at $1600. 

George A. Daidy, of Massachusetts, to clerk of 
class three at $1600. 

Fielding A. Chappell, of Indiana, Frank P. 
Farley, of Kentucky , and Donald B. Clement, 
of Minnesota, to clerks of class two at $1400. 

Miss Mary L. Frampton, of Pennsylvania, Miss 
Amelia A. Roman, of Missouri, Thomas B. Tuohy, 
of Pennsylvania, and Charles N. Willard, of 
Kansas, to clerks of class one at $1200* 

Francis M. Blehr, of Minnesota, Miss Sylvia 
Morgan, of West Virginia, Edward J. Conover, of 
New York, Miss Josephine S. Simmons, of California, 
Alfred C. England, of Virginia, and Miss Sarah 
Zaontz, of Massachusetts, to clerks at $1000, 

Miss Olive L. Bassler, of Pennsylvania, Mrs. 
Goldie G. Miller, of New York, John R. McCormack, 
of Arkansas, ITilliam Marsh, of New York, and 
Henry K. Dinan, of New Hampshire, to copyists 
at $900. 

Claude A. Nolen, of Texas, to assistant messen- 
ger at $720. 
Clyde G. Phelps, of Missouri, to packer at $720* 

Field Service.- Harry E. Laughlin, of Indiana, to special agent 

and chief of field division at $22?C. 

Local Office.- George H. Bolt, of Maryland, stenographer and 

typewriter in the land office at Billings, 
Montana, to $1200. 

-5- 



R esignations . 



General Land Off ice. - 
Field Service.- 



Surveying Service. - 



Local Office. - 



Local Office. - 



George A. Degenhardt , of Pennsylvania, clerk at 
$1200. 

Jacob M. Borochoff, of Georgis, special agent at 
$1200. 

Mortimer A. Sears, of New York, surveyor for the 
inspection of mineral deposits, at $1800. 

Lee S. Miller, of Colorado, transitman at $170. 
per month, 

James Cook, of Washington, transitman at §100. 
per month. 

Max C. Haskell, of Minnesota, typewriter at 03.O2O 
land office Minot, North Dakota. 

Frank Grygla, of Minnesota, clerk at §1320, land 
office Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

Harry D. Smith, of Illinois, clerk at £1260, land 
office Hailey, Idaho. 

Rex R. Taggart, of Kansas, typewriter at $1200, 
land office Santa Fe, New Lexico. 

Myron S. Hibbard, of Colorado, clerk at $1440, 
land office Glasgow, Montana. 



Reappointments . 

Onias C. Skinner, Register, Montrose, Colorado. 
Samuel Butler, Receiver, Sacramento, California. 
Frank 0. Williams, Register, Kali spell, Montana. 
Lutfsa A. Booth, Receiver, The Dalles, Oregon. 
Nolan Skiff, Receiver, La Grande, Oregon. 
H. Frank Woodcock, Register, The Dalles, Oregon, 
Sam Mothershead, Receiver, Burns, Oregon. 
William A. Maxwell, Receiver, Denver, Colorado. 
Harry J. Kelly, Register, Lewistown, Montana. 
-6- 



OBITUARY . 



It is with regret that the office announces the death on June 
9th of Mr. Richard Shelley. Mr. Shelley had served in the General 
Land Office since 1907, having been transferred from the War Department. 

AN IMPORTANT DECISION . 

The Supreme Court, in the case of Andrew West vs. Edward Rutledge 
Timber Company and Northern Pacific Railway Company, on May 21, 1917, 
rendered a decision of more than usual interest to the land service and 
public land claimants. 

The case involved a selection made by the railway company under 
the Mount Rainer act of March 2, 1899 (30 Stat, 993), which, among other 
things, requires that the lands selected shall be "non-mineral public 
lands, so classified as non-mineral at the time of actual government 
survey", and further "in case the land so selected at the time of se- 
lectionbe unsurveyed, the list filed by the company shall describe such 
tract in such manner as to designate the same with a reasonable degree 
of certainty", also providing that after survey a new selection shall 
be filed by the company in conformity therewith. 

It was urged by the plaintiff: (1) That the grant was made to 
the Northern Pacific Railroad Company and could not be taken advantage 
of by its successor, the Northern Pacific Railway Company. (2) That 
the lands selected were not classified as non-mineral at the time of 
government survey. (3) That the lands were not described in the se- 
lection "with a reasonable certainty" so as to bar the rights of settlers 
in good faith without actual or constructive notice. 



first : 



The court held against all these contentions, saying as to the 



"It may be, as said by the district court, a matter of 
speculation why the railroad company rather than the railway 
company was named as grantee, but it is certain it was done in 
recognition of rights and not in mere jugglery to obtain lands 
for the National Park and convey nothing to either company in 
return—nothing to the railroad company because, according to 
the contention, it had gone out of existence; nothing to the 
railway company because, according to the contention, it had 
not succeeded to the rights of the railroad company. On the 
contrary, we must assume that the act was passed and the railroad 
company selected to consummate the exchange either by itself or by 
its successor, the railway company, or by both. And this was 
done and the two companies and the trustees of the railway com- 
pany's mortgage joined in a deed of reconveyance to the United 
States. And this purpose of the act and what was done under 
was recognized by the Land Department'. 1 

-7- 



(Citing a number of Departmental decisions). 

As to the second point, the court said: 

"As we have seen, the right was to select 'an equal quantity 
of non-mineral public lands, so classified as non-mineral at the 
time of actual survey.' The lands are in fact non-mineral, but 
the contention is that they were not so classified at the time 
of actual survey. The deputy surveyor who made the survey re- 
ported that the lands, if cleared, would be suitable for grazing, 
but at the time of the report were more valuable for their timber. 
This, it is contended, is not a classification of the lands as 
non-mineral, that it was not a classification but an omission to 
classify—negative, not affirmative; inferential, not positive-- 
and therefore not a compliance with the statute. We cannot 
concur. The report was accepted by the department as a descrip- 
tion of the lands as non-mineral. They could be made suitable 
for grazing, was the report; pending that time they were more 
valuable for their timber. There was positive description of 
their character; words excluding some other character were not 
necessary. Classification is characterization through the se- 
lection of some quality or feature, and therefore lands may be 
classified as pasture (grazing), timber, arable or mineral. It 
is determined by surface indications. Minerals may be hidden 
under any surface, but a surveyor is not expected to explore for 
them that he may include or exclude reference to them in his re- 
ports. Such character is exceptional, besides, and considered 
by the land office as absent if not noted'.' (Citing Depart- 
mental decisions.) 

As to the third point, the court held: 

"The lands, we have seen, were designated by sectional 
number, township and range, and it is contended that such 
designation--'terms of future survey', as counsel term it- 
was not a description 'with a reasonable degree of certainty. ■ 

This seems to have been the only contention submitted to 
the Court of Appeals and upon careful consideration the court 
decided against the contention upon the act of 1899, and, in 
analogy, upon other acts of Congress in relation to the public 
lands and also upon the rules and decisions of the Land Depart- 
ment. It is not necessary to repeat the reasoning of the court. 
Ifflhat was a description having * a reasonable degree of certainty' 
was to be determined by the circumstances* It was in the nature 
of a question of fact and had tests for decision, as the Court of 
Appeals pointed out. It has the aid of an adjoining survey and 
the lands could be readily located from such survey. It was 
pointed out that the act of Congress did not require exactness; 
it contemplated a subsequent readjustment. 'The filing of the 
first list is in a sense preliminary to obtaining the patent. 
It initiates the right, and not as much particularity and 
exactness is ordinarily required as where final stages are to 



be observed in clearing up and completing the transaction. In 
fact, by contemplation of the statute, the new selection is re- 
quired to conform with the established survey and thus to correct 
the description in the primary selection. By reasonable intend- 
ment, therefore, we are impressed that the description contained 
m the railway company's list No. 61, under the conditions pre- 
vailing of the survey of township 45 to the north and the proximity 
of the lard in question thereto, designated the land with a reason- 
able degree of certainty, and must be held sufficient as a matter 
of law." 



™JMJiI'0P» ? OF THE ALASKA COAL FIELDS . 

In view of the possible needs of the Government railroad, and to 
stimulate development of other tracts by private parties, the Secretary 
of the Interior, on the eighth ultimo, directed the Chairman of the 
Alaskan Engineering Commission to open up at once the coal deposits in 
Leasing Block No. 12, in the Matanuska coal field. The Secretary 
announces his intention of ultimately leasing this unit, if it shall 
turn out that it is not needed for the use of the Government railroad. 
In pursuance of this plan, the Secretary submitted a proclamation for 
the reservation of Leasing Block No* 12, which was signed by the 
President, June eighteenth. 

MA TANU SKA C AL _LAND JLS^SES . 

Of the several applications filed for leases in the Matanuska 
field under the regulations governing the leasing of coal lands in the 
Territory of Alaska, approved May IS, 1916, favorable action has been 
taken by the Government on three of them. 

Mr. William Martin, the successful applicant for leasing unit 
No. 7, has been mining coal from this tract since January 15, of this 
year, under the corporate name of the Eska Creek Coal Company. This 
unit embraces 600 acres on Eska Creek, in sections 8, 9 and 16, T. 19 
N., R» 3 E., S. M, The total output of the mine to date is 3003 tons, 
all of which has been shipped over the Government railroad to Anchorage. 
There are fifty laborers and coal miners at present employed at this 
mine. The average daily production is approximately 40 tons. A spur 
track, 2„6 miles in length, was recently constructed by the Commission, 
connecting the mine with the Matanuska branch line, thus affording an 
economical haulage from the mine to the market at Anchorage and way 
stations. Previous to building the spur the coal was hauled by team 
to the railroad at much expense. 

Units 2 and 3, embracing 1400 acres on Moose Creek, in sections 
22, 23, 26 and 27, T. 19 N. , R. 2 E. , S. M., have been awarded to Mr. 
Oliver LaDuke and associates, among the latter being Messrs. Chauncey 
C« Harvey and Frank L. Green of 62 Pike St., Seattle. Mr- LaDuke 

-9- 



commenced development work recently on this property, and has a force of 
eight men assisting him. The work so far consists in stripping the coal 
outcrops and in driving a cross-cut tunnel to tap a part of the coal bed. 

Units 10 and 11, embracing 1440 acres, situated near Chickaloon, 
in sections 22 to 27, T. 20 N. , R. 3 E. , S. M., have been leased to Mr. 
Lars Netland of No. 620 Fifty-ninth St., Oakland, Cal. The plans for 
the development of this lease have not yet been made public. 

Since August, 1916, the Doherty Coal Company has been operating 
a mine at Moose Creek, in section 2, T. 18 N. , R. 2 E. , S. M., under a 
free use permit embracing 10 acres. The permitees have furnished the 
Alaskan Engineering Commission with 12,081 tons of coal since operations 
began, in addition to shipping a considerable tonnage to the town of 
Anchorage for use of the residents of that place. There are 40 men at 
present employed at the Doherty mine. 

Alaska Railroad Record. 



SURVEY NOTES . 

The Liberty Loan . 

Subscriptions to the Liberty Loan by the Field Surveying Service 
reported to June 21st amount to $8800. ^he total subscriptions by this 
Service, however, will probably be considerably larger as no district 
has as yet sent in complete returns and four of the ten districts have 
not been heard from at all. 



District No. 2, including the Supervisor's office now leads in 
amount of subscriptions to the Loan with $2,500; recent returns having 
sent it slightly ahead of the Eastern District. District No. 3 held 
the lead for a few days last week until the report from the Eastern 
District was received. 



One of the patriotic responses to the call was from a double 
party in District No. 3. The Chief of party, his associate surveyor 
and their nine field assistants each subscribed for a Liberty Bond. 
Quite a number of field assistants throughout the service have arranged 
to purchase Bonds. 

RED CROSS 

The Red Cross Fund is also being generously subscribed to by 
members of the Field Surveying Service. No record has been kept of 
the persons contributing or of the amounts contributed, but from present 

-10- 



indications it looks as if a great majority if not practically every 
member of the Service will have done something to aid the cause. 

One effective and patriotic form of contribution is that 
adopted by a chief of party in District No. 2, who took up a collection 
in his camp and forwarded his check for the amount to the Assistant 
Supervisor of the district for transmittal to the Red Cross on behalf 
of the Surveying party of which he is chief. 



The unusual fall of snow in the Rocky Mountains during the past 
winter and spring, the lateness of the season and the exceptionally 
warm wave of the past three weeks are responsible for the unprecedented 
high waters in many of the streams and the consequent floods in the 
valleys. The damage to roads and bridges while causing no end of incon- 
venience and trouble to the surveying parties has not materially delayed 
the progress of the work. 



A. C. Horton, Jr., Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for district 
No* 5 (Arizona and California) has been seriously ill, but recent re- 
ports from Phoenix indicate that he is rapidly recovering, and will be 
up and about in a few days. 



S. W. Doodale, Law Examiner, detailed to examine offices of 
Surveyors General and local land offices, is now on a tour of inspection 
in the northwest. Mr. uoodale has already visited Reno, Salt Lake City 
Helena, Boise and Portland. He expects to return to San Francisco 
early in July and prepare reports of his investigations. 



J. Scott Harrison, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for District 
No, 1 (Montana) has returned to Helena from a trip of inspection through 
the eastern part of his district. 



Herman Jaeckel, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for District 
No. 2 (Colorado & Wyoming) is back for a few days from a visit to the 
surveying camps in his district. He reports satisfactory progress, 
but much inconvenience from high water 



Arthur D. Kidder, Associate Supervisor of Surveys, has recently 
resumed surveys on the Grand Portage Indian Reservation, Minnesota, 

-11- 



with Earl G.Harrington as chief of party and Carl Dyson ae associate. 

Surveys on the Leech and Cass Lake Reservations, Minnesota, will 
be commenced during July. 



The surveyors and transitmen on detail in Washington, D. C, 
terminated their services in the Surveying Division of the office on 
June 30th and were assigned to the Field Surveying Service as follows: 

Albinus N. Kimmell, William H. Richards, Jr., and Albert Smith, 
Jr., to the Eastern District. 

Guy H. Richardson, Hargraves Wood, and Alton 0. Stinson to 
District No. 1 (Montana). 

Fred W. Rodolf to district No. 8 (Oregon & Washington). 

William G. Perkins to District No. 4 (New Mexico). 

William R. Johnston, who has been retransf erred to the Field 
Surveying Service, has been assigned to the Eastern District. 

Howard R. Farnsworth, who has been on detail in Washington, D.C., 
has been transferred from the Field Surveying Service to the home 
office for duty in the Surveying Division. 



E. P. Rands, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for District No. 8 
(Oregon & Washington) has had a busy time during the past six weeks in 
organizing and outfitting Oregon and Washington parties for the Oregon 
& California Grant Land surveys in Oregon and the state lands in Washing- 
ton. He predicts an unusually busy season. 



The fourteen government owned horses shipped from Alaska last 
fall to Washington state for the winter were reshipped to Alaska this 
spring. The animals were in splendid physical condition at the time 
of shipment and should give a good account of themselves this summer. 



Otis Ross, U. S. Surveyor and A. J. Bradford, Transitman, of 
District No. 9 (Alaska), have been admitted to the officers' training 
camp at the Presidio, San Francisco. 



-12- 



Geo. D. D. Kirkpatrick, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for 
District No- 6: (Nevada and Utah), has returned to Salt Lake from a 
tour of inspection in his district. He recently spent a week with 
the surveyors on Duchesne Townsite. 



A. E. Compton, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for New Mexico 
has returned to Santa Fe from the southern part of his district. He 
visited El Paso for the purpose of consulting with Reclamation Service 
officials on the subject of resurveys of lands under the Rio Grande 
project. 



N. B. Sweitzer, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for District 
No. 3 (Nebraska & South Dakota) predicts a busy season for himself and 
parties. Much of his work this year will consist of fragmentary sur- 
veys in Nebraska and South Dakota. 



Alaska surveys are about current with the demand. John F. 
Walker, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys .reports he could use a much 
larger allotment on the survey of agricultural lands, but that he has 
been able to meet all requirements so far with the usual allotment. 



John G. Collins, Transitman, of District No. 8 (Oregon & 
Washington) has been admitted to the Officers' training camp at the 
Presidio, San Francisco. 



Frank S. Spofford, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, for District 
No. 7 (Idaho) has nine well equipped parties in the field and hopes to 
be able to add several additional parties to his organization in a few 
days. 



Frank M. Johnson, Supervisor of Surveys, returned to Denver 
from his trip of inspection through the northwest early in June. 



SETTLEMENT ON LANDS RESTORED TO ENTRY . 

A decision rendered by the Secretary of the Interior March 17, 
1917, which has just become final in the case of California and Oregon 

-13- 



Land Company against William Hulen and Ulysses I. Hunnicutt is of more 
than usual interest, especially to intending settlers. 

The lands involved were at one time embraced in patented entries 
subsequently canceled by decree of court. The local officers were 
thereafter advised by the Commissioner that the decrees of cancellation 
had been recorded, that on a date thirty days later they would note the 
restoration of the lands upon the records of their office, and thereup- 
on such lands would be subject to appropriation under the public land 
laws. 

Thereafter, and within tweaty days of the day so fixed by the 
Commissioner, in accordance with circular regulations (No. 324) , May 
22, 1914 (43 L. D., 254), the defendants presented application to make 
homestead entry of these lands and the plaintiff to make a forest lieu 
selection thereof. Inasmuch as the defendants alleged prior settle- 
ment, the local officers allowed their applications and rejected the 
forest lieu selection, and the Commissioner affirmed such action. 

The decision proceeds: - 

"The Commissioner's decision is based on the assumption that 
the lands became subject to settlement when the prior patents were 
canceled by the court decree. In this he erred. The correct 
rule is that when a decree canceling a land patent becomes finally 
effective, the patented lands are thereby restored to the public 
domain, but they are not thereby restored to appropriation until 
the local officers are instructed by the Commissioner that the 
lands are restored to entry and have, in accordance with instruc- 
tions, made notation of restoration upon the records of the local 
office. See cases of Hiram M. Hamilton (38 L. D., 597) and 
Sarah V. White (40 L. D., 630). In the latter case it was held - 
'By a final decree of cancellation of patent, land once 
patented becomes part of the public domain subject to settle- 
ment , if unappropriated, but does not 

become subject to entry until opened to entry by the General 
Land Office. ' 

The quoted holding was not necessary to the disposition of 
the case, and the orderly administration of the land laws forbids 
any departure by the Department from the salutary rule that land 
segregated from the public domain, whether by patent reservation, 
entry, selection, or otherwise, is not subject to settlement or 
any other form of appropriation until its restoration to the public 
domain is noted upon the records of the local land office. So much 
of the White decision as holds to the contrary is overruled. 

It follows that, instead of recognizing any claim of prior 
settlement, a drawing should have been had, as directed by paragraph 
4 of the regulations of May 22, 1914, supra." 



-14- 



CO-OPERATIVE VEGETABLE GARDENS . 

In response to the recent appeal of President Wiloon emphasizing 
the importance of all citizens of the Nation aiding in the production of 
foodstuffs, the Land and Industrial Department has set aside the NW£ of 
Block 27, Anchorage Townsite, for garden purposes and this tract will be 
cultivated by Government employees resident in the town. Among those 
who have signified their intention to maintain vegetable gardens are the 
following: Austin Fields, R. D. Chase, William B. Clayton, E. T. Lindner 
Dr. C. C. Benedict, F. C. Kobely, R. S. Temme, F. U. Mayhew, W. T.Gill, 
E. R. McFarland and George D. Beaumont. 

These employees intend to organize themselves into an association 
for the purpose of carrying on the - work systematically so that the maxi- 
mum results may be obtained. The Commission has already plowed the 
tract and a fence will be erected around the block immediately to protect 
the gardens from the depredations of animals. The soil appears to be 
admirably adapted for the raising of potatoes, cabbage, radishes and 
similar vegetables. 

One of the most important military duties that will rest upon the 
people of the United States in the conduct of the war will be to produce 
a surplus of food. We must have enough not only to meet our own proper 
needs at home, but also to aid in feeding the armies and civil population 
of the countries with whom we have allied ourselves. 

Every vacant lot within a convenient distance should be utilized 
to the fullest extent for the raising of vegetables suitable to the soil 
and climate. 

Alaska Railroad Record. 



THE AMERICAN RED CROSS 

Washington, D. C. 

May 31, 1917. 

Mrs. Cook, 

President Department of the Interior Red Cross Unit, 

Interior Department, Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mrs. Cook : 

May I express through you as President of the Interior Red Cross 
Unit the gratitude and appreciation of the District Chapter of the 
American Red Cross for the splendid showing in membership made by the 
Interior Department and for the $3,000 received for the same? This 
is a fine expression of patriotism and one that will not only be pro- 
ductive of direct results in the way of relieving suffering humanity but 

-15- 



will be an example to many others that I trust will be followed. 

May I express also, as an officer of the District Chapter, my 
personal appreciation of the interest shown in the Red Cross work by 
the officers and members of the Interior Department Red Cross Unit? 

Yours Sincerely 

MABEL BOARDMAN. 



COLORADO NATIONAL FOREST . 

By proclamation of June 12, a large addition was made to the 
Colorado National Forest, Colorado, under the special act of September 
8, 1916 (39 Stat., 848), the lands having been reported by the Secretary 
of Agriculture to be chiefly valuable for the production of timber or 
the protection of stream flow. The Secretary of the Interior is 
authorized to allow additional entries under section three of the en- 
larged homestead act as amended by the act of March 3, 1915 (38 Stat., 
956) , within the areas added to the Forest under the act of September 
8, 1916. 

The lands so included in the Forest aggregate 539,517 acres, a 
considerable portion of such area being embraced in final and pending 
entries, and are located along the northern and eastern boundaries of 
the Forest in Larimer, Boulder, Gilpin and Jefferson counties and were 
temporarily withdrawn by executive order of October 2, 1916, pending 
classification. 



SLOW BUT SURE 



In the fall of 1872, little 18-year old Mary Evans came to the 
mountains of Placer County, California, as the bride of Oliver Henderson, 
who had taken up a claim the year before and prepared a home near Yankee 
Jim's. The couple lived there together until Oliver's death a few 
years ago; ;.Mary continued her home on the place and has lately sub- 
mitted proof on the claim as a widow of sixty-four, and patent will 
shortly issue to her. These little romances are hidden here and there 
among the dry-as-dust records of our office. 



LAND OFFICE NOTES . 

The recent examination for surveyor and transitmen, resulted in 
an eligible list of twenty, from which appointments as transitmen at 
$100.00 per month will be made. 



Two townsites on the Flathead Indian Reservation, formerly 
named Charlotte and Flathead, now Tabor and Pablo, have been surveyed, 

-16- 



together with two terminal yards for the Great Northern Railway, and a 
hotel site, in Glacier National Park, Montana. 



The survey of the townsite of Duchesne, Utah, has been com- 
pleted, and the townsite will be opened on schedule time. This work 
was made special all along the line. 



Surveyor L. L. Clement will shortly engage in surveying a 
group of 25 islands situated in a cluster of lakes in northern Michigan. 
The islands are very picturesquely located, and were unsurveyed when the 
surveys of Michigan were executed many years ago. Upon investigation, 
they were found to be public lands of the United States subject to sur- 
vey and disposal. Most of them are desired for summer homes. 



The Department of Justice has returned to the General Land Office 
three lists, duly approved, comprising about 239 desert land entries 
which were passed by this office as 0. K., subject to the approval of 
the Board of Equitable Adjudication. 

This settles a question Which has been pending for some 4 or 5 
months, during which time the desert land entries subject to Board 
action have been suspended. The 230 cases which will go to patent 
this month are the first results of the decision clarifying the situa- 
tion, and the rest will probably be patented next month. 



The work of restoring withdrawn lands, which has been suspended 
a number of months, awaiting departmental regulations relative thereto, 
has been resumed. This month a large number of Carey Act lands will 
have been restored under the new regulations, and next month, it is 
hoped that all lands subject to restoration will be opended to entry. 



Regulations are in course of preparation for the public sale at 
the local land office at Portland, Oregon, in August next, of five sec- 
tions of timber land in the former Siletz Indian Reservation. These 
five sections had been set aside as a timber reserve, and by recent 
act of Congress are to be sold for the benefit of the Indians. A 
government cruise of the lands indicates that there are 170,620,00C 
feet of timber on these five sections, the greater portion of which is 
Douglas fir. The lands and the timber are to be sold together. 



-17- 



The President has turned over to the Interior Department, as no 
longer needed for military purposes, the military reservation of Bayside 
(Point Comfort), New Jersey. This reservation contains 25.734 acres, 
and is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey. The lands are to be 
surveyed and appraised, preparatory to a public sale for cash to the 
highest bidders. 



Regulations for the sale of a few tracts of land within the 
former Rosebud Indian Reservation, in Gregory County, South Dakota, 
were approved by the Department on June 15, 1917. These lands are to 
be sold for cash to the highest bidders at the local land office at 
Gregory, S. D. on August 6, 1917, at 11 A. M., provided they are not 
then embraced in any valid existing right or reserved or withdrawn for 
any purpose. The lands embrace five tracts. 



A sale of town lots took place in the townsite of Zurich, 
Montana, on June 23, 1917, in the Milk River Irrigation Project. 

Sales of town lots have been ordered in the townsite s of 
Powell and Deaver in the Shoshone Irrigation Project in Wyoming. The 
sale at Powell will take place on July 24, The date for the sale at 
Deaver has not yet been fixed. 

Sales of town lots have also been ordered in the townsite of 
Duchesne in the Uintah Indian Reservation, Utah, to take place on July 
2, 1917, and in the townsites of Dupree and Timber Lake in the Cheyenne 
River Indian Reservation, said sales to be held at Timber Lake on July 
10, 1917. 



Telegraphis report from Provo, Utah, dated June 27, announces 
the sale of Uintah Indian lands, left over from two previous offerings, 
amounts to 160,000 acres, with receipts at about $125,000. This is 
approximately an excess of $45,000 over the minimum price. 



Seventy applications to purchase "ten chain lots" in Imperial 
County, California, under the act of March 3, 1909 (35 Stat., 779), have 
been approved for patenting; the purchase price amounting to $8,531.30, 
and it is anticipated- that the pending applications will produce at 
least as much. 



-18- 



AT HOME AND ABROAb ■ 

The General Land Office furnished five graduates of the law 
schools this year, Miss Julia Banks, Miss Ruth Levey, and Un Zebulon ( 
Camp from the Washington College of Law; Mr. Oscar Bancroft and Mr.M. 1 
Livingston, from the National University Law School. The Bulletin 
extends its congratulations both to the graduates and to the land ser- 
vice. 



Mr. D. W. Eaton, who came to the Survey Division six months ago 
from the International Boundary Commission, has been appointed to field 
duty as associate transitraan, and will leave about, July 1st for a 
we stern assignment. 



George L. Armstrong, special agent assigned to Fairbanks, Alaska, 
and who holds a commission as Major in the Reserve Army, has been ordered 
to active service under the War Department. 



The marriage of Miss Fannie Ruth Johnston and Mr. William Caleb 
Wood, on Sunday, June 3, 1917, at Frankville, Alabama, is announced. 

Mr. Wood has been connected with the Field Service of the 
General Land Office for a number of years as timber cruiser. The 
announcement cards state: "At Home after July fifteenth, 226 34th Street, 
Norfolk, Virginia". 



Captain H. W. MacFarren, formerly mineral inspector in the Santa 
Fe, New Mexico, field division, who has been in the training camp at the 
Presidio, San Francisco, recently called at field division headquarters 
in that city and reports that he is leaving for Vancouver Barracks for 
further training in the Engineer Corps of the Army. 



Mr. T. J. Butler, formerly lav/- examiner in the General Land 
Office, is now engaged in law practiee, 343 lionadnock Building, San 
FrsjQcisco, being associated with former Attorney General Hart, of 



California. 



■19- 



PROOF TAKING OFFICERS . 

The commissioner in several of his annual reports has suggested 
legislation authorizing the submission of final proofs on the land for 
which the proof is made, before a special officer, after due publication 
in the manner now required by law. The lessened expense to the claim- 
ant, the advantage of a report made by the officer as to the situation 
on the ground, and the consequent reduction of later field inquiry, 
have seemed excellent reasons for the sdoption of the plan; but thus far 
no practical results have followed these suggestions. 

The Bulletin invites expression of opinion on this subject, be- 
lieving it to be a matter of general interest to the land service and 
public land claimants. 

THE LAND DECISIONS . 

The first volume of the Decisions of the Secretary of the 
Interior Relating to Public Lands was issued in June, 1883, covering 
the leading land decisions of the Department from March 4, 1881, the 
beginning of that administration, to the date of issue, with the an- 
nounced intention to continue the publication thereafter at stated 
periods. This publication, therefore, has just passed its thirty- 
fourth birthday, with forty-four volumes complete and the forty-fifth 
nearing completion. 

prior to the Land Decisions the Department was dependent upon 
private enterprise for the publication of its decisions, opinions, or 
instructions relative to the public lands. InApril, 1874, "Copp's 
Land Owner", a monthly quarto pamphlet, published in Washington, made 
its appearance, containing decisions of the Department , and of the 
General Land Office, also circulars and instructions, as well as current 
acts of Congress bearing upon the disposition of the public domain. 
This publication, together with "Brainerd's Legal Precedents", published 
a - o about the same time, was practically the general dependence of attor- 
neys practising before xhe Land Department, as well as others, for a 
knowledge of current proceedings affecting the public domain, and so 
remained until the publication of the "Land Decisions." 

The part that fur "Land Decisions" has taken in the general 
development of the system of public land laws, as well as the principles 
of jurisprudence attendant thereupon, can nox be over-estimated; and 'che 
present value of the publication in the administration of our public 
lr.iic. laws should never be overlooked. A careful study of the "L.B.'s." 
will amply repay everyone interested in either the past or present dis- 
position of "ohe public domain. The history of our public land la 1 s , 'che 
decisions of xhe courts construing the same, as well as those of the 
Department, will be found within their pages. No one „* charged with 
the duty of construing and applying the provisions of an act of Congress 
authorizing the disposition of the public lands, can afford to let this 
means of information g« unused, 

. -21- 



THE MAN AND THE JOB. 



Intelligence is a hard thing to conceal. A man may look better 
than his job; he may feel very much so, but both looks and feelings in 
such case, are usually due to the fact that he does not know his job. 

The dignity of labor arises from an appreciation of its value 
in the general scheme of human development- Neither earth nor man 
were perfect, when man took over the earth on a claim of possessory 
title; but acting and reacting each upon the other, he sees now and 
then,, a faint glimmer of the great ultimate purpose. So then, the 
better we know our work, the better it will be done; the better we know 
each other, the stronger the community of purpose. 






TELL THE BULLETIN 






To all local office and field service employees: 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you think 
should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communications to 
the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin". 
All communications should be received not later than the 24th of each 
month for use in the current iminber. 



-22- 



h.NS! • 

err— a /- ■ . — , 

WmEm , ... • 

v. mtlmmMfM^i . .. 



Vol. I. 



August 1, 1917. 



No. 6. 



CIVIL VS. MILITARY DUTY, 

It is related that one of the instructors in an officers' 
training camp, on dismissing a number of unpromising candidates, re- 
minded them that good farmers might contribute quite as much as good 
soldiers toward breaking the Von Hindenburg line. So it is in every 
line of endeavor. More of us are bound to stair at home than go into 
the military or naval establi slime nts but our duty and the service we can 
render are no less certain or needful* Never before did war necessitate 
such a mobilization of every resource and activity of the nation. Not- 
withstanding that millions of men and women are to be withdrawn from 
the various industries and occupations for war purposes, it is up to us 
who remain to keep the wheels turning and get the work and business of 
the country done just the same. This is true in a marked degree in 
the Government service, and particularly in the Land Service. Many in 
the service have gone to various training camps and this number will 
soon be augmented; the rapid change in conditions has resulted in many 
other changes in personnel, resulting in turn in many new inexperienced 
employees. The attitude of the office has been to encourage and facili- 
tate these changes wherever practical. But we must keep clearly in 
mind the fact that for us who are not called to the military service 
it is just as much a part of the public defense to get our work done 
and do it well even though we are shorthanded. There is no more room 
for slackers in the civil than in the military service. This is no 
time for long leaves or short hours, or a mental attitude of "I should 
worry." Each has his part to do and his contribution to make, even 
though it be small. Never before was the necessity greater for facili- 
tating in every possible way, from surveys to patents, the settlement 



and use of "public lands for the production of food stuffs and m:-.r 
Let us see to it that this Bureau is not a stumbling block or an 
obstacle by reason of dilatory methods or congestion of business ir« 
this great crisis, which requires the employment of every resou.-cc 
that can bo utilized. The French slogan in the defense of Pari- was: 
"They shall not pass;'* let the watchword of us who remain at home to 
keep the country going be: " The work must be done. " 



-2- 



IN MEMORY OF THE LATE BO SWEENEY 
Assistant Secretary of the Interior. 

Since our last issue the Department has been called upon to 
mourn the loss, in death, of its late Assistant Secretary, the Honorable 
Bo Sweeney, which occurred in this city on the 16th instant. 

By unanimous consent the House of Representatives, on the 23rd 
instant, listened to an address by the Honorable John F. Miller of 
Washington, on the life and character of the late Assistant Secretary, 
from which the Bulletin makes the following extracts as a fitting 
tribute to the life and services of a useful public servant: 

"Mr. Sweeney was essentially a man out of the West. He 
loved the mountains; he longed to be in the hills of the great, 
far West. That had been his home since almost boyhood, and it 
was from these he came to the Nation's Capital to do his duty 
here, as he had always done it amidst his friends at home. 

"Born on a farm near Clinton, in Henry County, Missouri, 
in the year 1863 - a year not noted for gentleness and senti- 
ment - he grew to young manhood in Missouri and Texas. His 
boyhood life was not one of easy swing. He was taught to know 
that the things worth while in life were not extended with 
lavish hand except to those who should deservedly gain them. 
He was early taught to appreciate the truism that he who wears 
the spurs should wear them in the open field. 

"In 1897 Mr. Sweeney, following the Star of Empire, came 
to Seattle in the far Northwest* 

"To him it was going from one broad land to another; 
from the view of one snow-clad range to another. From the 
first he took a prominent place in the community, socially, 
professionally, and politically. While always a consistent 
and unyielding Democrat, he uniformly exercised tolerance 
and respect for the political opinions of others. I bear 
witness to this exceptional trait of his character. At the 
bar he won signal success- Memory comes to my aid in recalling 
many a hard-fought legal battle, and I can say many of his 
brethren at the bar still bear scars from his undeniable skill 
as an advocate « But whether he won or lost he was still the 
same generous, considerate, and kindly character, never boasting, 
never cringing, always the same magnanimous and manly man. His 
attainments of good, pure, Christian manhood will always remain 
a standard of excellence and be an inspiration for those who 
believe in the worth of giving and receiving fundamental justice 
in all intercourse with men. He always stood square te the four 
winds. 



-3- 






"He had breathed in him the inspiration of the West, 
of the rugged honesty of the mountains. Schooled in the 
thought of the West, he brought to this high administrative 
office all the resources of a busy, proper, and industrious 
life. He brought activity, which was a part of his very 
being; he brought enterprise and fair dealing, frankness, 
and firmness. Every Member of this body feels the loss of 
the Nation at large, and to those of us who knew the true 
worth and value of his friendship the loss is keenly personal. 

"He was a man thoroughly in love v/ith life; he enjoyed 
every hour of every day; he loved to look upon the beauties 
of the world; he loved the mountains, the plains, the fields, 
and meadows of his land. Death csme to him in the very prime 
of life, at the very hour of his greatest usefulness. It 
seems strange that it should be so. Perhaps it is better that 
we do not understand; perhaps it is best that those we love 
the best should answer when no call has ever come. It is hard 
for finite men to understand the will of the Infinite. 

"At a time in his life, in the beauty of the midday, when 
eager winds were filling every sail, he heard the breakers 
on a foreign shore - the other beautiful shore - where each 
and all must sooner or later moor his bark of life, 

"A truly good and able character has gone into the great, 
unseen world, where the mountains and the waters are of 
transcendent beauty, gone to the land where the good, the 
pure, and the faithful shall live and dwell eternal." , 






-4- 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL. 



General Land Off ice. - 



Surveying Service.- 



Field Service.- 



Appoiintments. 

Richard R. Ramsell, of Iowa and Andrew H* 
Dedeaux of Missouri, copyists, at $900 and 
#720, respectively. Mrs. Cora H. DeSaules, 
of D. C. , copyist $9Q0, by reinstatement,. 
George W. Boyd, of Virginia, messenger boy 
at $480 per annum. 

Thomas W. Bates and William A. Tipton, of 
Idaho, Andrew Nelson, of Utah, transitmen at 
$120 per month. Willis Millrick, of Idaho, 
J. Pierce Dunn, of Washington, Roy T. Camp- 
bell, of Oregon, Frank W. Webster, Jr., of 
Kentucky, Rezin E. Pidgeon, of Montana, 
Herman F. Mader, of Oregon, Marvin J. Lytle, 
of Wyoming, Charles F. Moore, of Colorado, 
Courtney Q. Wheeler, and Barney M. Pellum, 
of Idaho, Glenn R. Haste, of New Mexico , and 
Chester W. Pecore , of Y/ashington, transitmen 
at $100 per month. 

Carl Imes, of Idaho, special agent at $1200 
assigned to the Portland Field Division, 
Harry A- Ferris and James H. Hance , special 
agents at $1320, assigned to the Santa Fe 
Field Division. Carl J. Berry, of Montana, 
John A. McDonald, of California, and Casius 
C- Smith, mineral examiners, at $1380 per 
annum, assigned to the Santa Fe , San Fran- 
cisco, and Denver Field Divisions, respective- 
ly. ::iss Florence II- Gallagher, S. .. I. 
$114-0, office chief, San Francisco Field 
Division. 



Local Office. - 



Ulys Pyle , of Illinois, land law clerk at 
,i>10u0 per annum, land office Le wist own, 
Montana, by reinstatement. Clarence '..". Cook 
of lyoiJiing, S.u 2. at $900 , land office, 
Evansto.-, T.yoming. Miss Mary S. Graham , of 
Louisiana, S. ."; T« at $900, land office 
i3aton Rouge , Louisiana. William T. Evans, 
of Oregon, land law clerk at $1020, land 
office Rapi d City , S out h Dak o t a . 



-5- 



Local Office.- Isadore T. Mishkin, of Illinois, land law 

clerk at #900, land office Glasgow, Montana. 
Henry W. Tucker, of Idaho, land law clerk 
at $1020, land office Billings, Montana. 
Chester A. Marr, of Oklahoma, land law clerk 
at $1020, land office Bismarck, North Dakota. 
Miss Alton Bigelow, of Montana, S»& T. at 
$900, land office Bozeman , Montana. 

All reappointments . 

Samuel Butler, as Receiver at Sacramento, 
California, commission dated May 17, 1917. 
William A. Maxwell, as Receiver at Denver, 
Colorado, commission dated May 29, 1917. 
Cato D. Glover, as Register at Montgomery, 
Alabama, commission t dated June 27, 1917, 
Wade H. Fowler, as Register at Douglas, 
Wyoming, commission [dated June 27, 1917, 
James F. Burgees, as] Register at Lakeview, 
Oregon, commission dated June 27, 1917. 
Luke Voorhees, as Receiver at Cheyenne, 
Wyoming, commission dated June 14, 1917, 
John J. Birdno, as Receiver at Phoenix, 
Arizona, commission dated June 11, 1917. 
Ralph R. Read, as Register, at Buffalo, Wyo- 
ming, commission dated June 14, 1917. 
John S. Hunter, as Receiver at Montgomery, 
Alabama, commission dated June 27, 1917. 
Edward G. Worth, as Surveyor General, at 
Portland, Oregon, commission dated July 19, 
1917. 

Edward A. Fitzhanry, as Surveyor General at 
Olympia, Washington, commission dated July 
13, 1917. 

Lee A. Ruark , as Receiver at Del Norte, 
Colorado, commission dated July 13, 1917, 

Surveyor General.- Miss Birdie Willard , of Colorado, S.& T. 

of lice Surveyor General of New Mexico, at 
Santa Fe . Norwell E. Hesla, S.& T. at $1200, 
office Surveyor General, Oregon, by reinstate- 
ment . 

Transfers . 

General Land Office.- Mrs. Martha C. Ballard, of Colorado, from 

chief draftsman office, Surveyor General, 
Oregon, to this office, assigned to the Sur- 
veying Division. Miss Edith M. Custer, of 
Pennsylvania, clerk at :;1000 from office of 
the Secretary. Clifford F. Smith of the 

-6- 



Surveying Service. - 



District, messenger boy at ^360 by trans- 
fer from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 
Ivan V. Gross, of Pennsylvania, to Internal 
Revenue Service, Treasury Department. Frank 
P. Tscharner, of Oklahoma, clerk at $1440, 
from the land office at Belief ourche , South 
Dakota. Carl A. Watne , of North Dakota, 
from land law clerk in the land office at 
Rapid City, South Dakota, to copyist at $900. 

Howard R. Farnsworth, of Kansas, from U. S. 
Surveyor to clerk at $1400. John D. K. 
Smoot , of Virginia, from copyist at $900 to 
the same in the Office of the Secretary. 
David W. Eaton, of Missouri, from clerk in 
the General Land Office to transitman at 
$100 per month. 



Local Off ice. - 



Oliver T. Lawman, of Kansas, from the land 
office at Coeur d 'Alene , Idaho, to the 
Federal Trade Commission. 



Field Service. - 



Guy M. Salisbury, of Oklahoma, special 
agent at $1380 per annum, assigned to the 
Santa Fe Field Division, by transfer from 
the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 



Resignations. 



General Land Office.- 



Williara L. Kee , of West Virginia, Law 
examiner, at $1800 per annum, because of 
ill health. Mr. Kee's many friends wish for 
his speedy recovery - 

Lawrence L. Dunning, of the District, clerk 
at $1000. 

Charles Siegel, of the District, messenger 
boy at $600. 

Miss Hary E. Troy, of Kentucky, copyist at 
$720. 

Paul I. Bassett , of the District, law 
examiner at $1600, because of ill health. 
His many friends wish for his speedy re- 
covery. 

Thomas J. Tydings , of Missouri, clerk at 
$1400. 

Samuel H. Merritt, of Wisconsin, assis- 
tant messenger at S720. 
John S. Calvert, of Virginia, messenger 
boy at $600. 



-7- 



Surveying Service. - 



Scott P. Stewart, of Utah, and Winfre-i A. 
Pray, of Nevada, U. S. Surveyors at &lfi( 
per month. Charles M. Rath, of '.Vyoning, 
Surveyor for the Inspection of Mineral 
Deposits at 02000 per annum. 



Land Service.- 



Surveyors General,- 



Robert S. Clarke, of Colorado, S.ft T. land 
office Pueblo, Colorado, at ^900. 
McKinley W. Kriegh, of Kansas, clerk at 
#1080 in the land office at Blackf oot , Idaho, 
Miss Winifred Leppert of Louisiana, clerk 
at $1200 , land office Baton Rouge .Louisiana, 

Joseph W. Hall, of Nevada, chief clerk at 
02000 , office Surveyor General, Nevada. 
Edward W. Towne , S. ft T. at $900, office of 
Surveyor General, Oregon. 



353 promotions were made of employees in the entire General 
Land Office Service on July 1st, and a number have been made since 
then in statutory positions. 

It is regretted that the space in the Bulletin prevents the 
publication of the nases. 



OBITUARY . 

It is with regret the office announces the receipt of a 
telegram from the office of the Surveyor General of Utah, stating 
that Edward G. Pickering had died on July 24th after a brief illness. 
Mr. Pickering had been connected with the General Land Office service 
since January IS, 1914. 



Mr; 



E. J. Lemen of Arkansas City, Kansas, only sisxer o; 



Harry C. Green, Register of the United States Land Office in Topeka, 
Ivansas , died July 2, 1917, after an illness of "cwo months. I-.'.: • ( re en 
was present at the time of her death. 



SURVEY NOTES. 



The Direct System of Surveys was inaugurated under authority 
of an act of Con.f_.ress approved June 25, 1910. The idea, however, 
was not ner » It first sucoeared in concrete form in the setond annual 



message to Congress 
1894, as follows: 



of President Cleveland under date of December 



-8- 



"The suggestion that a change be made in the manner 
of securing surveys of the public lands is especially 
worthy of consideration. I am satisfied that these sur- 
veys should be made by a corps of competent surveyors under 
the immediate control and direction of the Commissioner of 
the General Land Office." 

The present law is drawn along the lines recommended by 
President Cleveland. 



Two motor trucks for camp transportation purposes were 
recently purchased for use in District Mo. 3 (Nebraska and South 
Dakota). While as yet hardly sufficient time has elapsed to permit 
of a detailed comparison of their cost and usefulness over horse 
drawn vehicles every indication points to their success, both in 
point of economy and in efficiency. 



John P. Walker, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 9, is in southwestern Alaska en survey business. 



Herman Jaeckel, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 2, spent the early part of July in western Colorado with the 
parties of Rich and Eaton, Wolff, and Voigt. He will shortly leave 
for the field in Wyoming. 



Erne'st P. Rands, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 8, is in northeastern Washington with the field parties in 
that section of the country. 



The newly appointed transitmen in the Field Surveying 
Service were assigned to the field as follows: Thomas Walter Bates, 
Willis J. Hiilrick , Barney lu. Pellum and Court enay Q. Wheeler, 
District No. 7; Roy T. Campbell, J. Pierce Dunn, Herman F. i'lader 
and Chester W. ^ecore , District Ho. 8; Glenn R. Haste, District 
No. 4; Marvin J. Lytle , District No. 2; Charles F. lioore, District 
No. 1; and Andrew Nelson, District No. 6. 



A. C. Horton, Jr., Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, Dis- 
trict No, 5, has entirely recovered from his recent illness and 



-C_ 



is now in northern California looking after surveys in that part 
of the State. 



A greater number of surveys on Indian Reservations in various 
parts of the country have been authorized this season than in 
recent years and are receiving their share of attention. Much of 
the authorized work has been completed in the field, but the greater 
portion is in process of execution. 



Arthur D. Kidder, Associate Supervisor of Surveys, left 
Washington July 12th for Walker, Minnesota, with A. N. Kimmell, 
U. S« Surveyor, and William R. Johnston, U. S. Transitman, to in- 
augurate the resurvey and remarking of allotment corners on the 
Leech Lake, Cass Lake, Chippewa, Winnibigoshish and Yifhite Oak Point 
Indian Reservations, Minnesota. 



Earl G. Harrington, U. S. Surveyor, and Carl Dyson, U. S. 
Transitman, will complete the surveys assigned them on the Grand 
Portage Reservation early in August and will then be transferred to 
the Leech Lake group of surveys. 



Surveys on the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation, New 
Mexico, have been commenced with a single party with Fenwick G. 
Dorman, U. S. Transitman, in charge. The party will be doubled a 
little later in the season. 



Arthur W. Brown, U. S. Surveyor, has been assigned to allot- 
ment surveys on the Morongo Indian Reservation, California. 



Robert A. Farmer, U. S. Surveyor, completed the surveys 
assigned him on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation, North and 
South Dakota, on July 20th and was transferred to District No. 2 for 
fragmentary surveys in Colorado and Wyoming. 



Francis E. Joy, U. S. Surveyor, and Basil C. Perkins, U. S. 
Transitman, are at present on the Cochito Indian Pueblo, New Mexico, 
having completed the surveys on the San Domingo Pueblo. 



-10- 



George R. Campbell, U. S- Surveyor, with a single v>uv%- s 
is executing surveys on the Lumi Reservation, Washington* 



Work is being expedited on the returns recently filed 
by Ranney Y. Lyman , U. S. Surveyor, of surveys of the townsites 
of Chariot and Flathead on the Flathead Indian Reservation, 
Montana, in order to permit of the sale of lots early in September, 



The re survey of the boundaries of the Umatilla Indian 
Reservation-, Oregon, has been completed in the field. 



The survey of the lands embraced in the Kalispel Indian 
Reservation, Washington, in Tps. 33 and 34 N. , R. 44 E., desig- 
nated as Group No. 24, Washington, is in process of execution* 



The demand for island surveys is increasing each year, 
especially in the States of Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, 
which are studded with almost countless lakes, small lakes, 
within the borders of which are picturesque islets, left unsur- 
veyed in the original surveys seventy years ago, as worthless, 
and which are now sought as sites for summer homes. 



The survey of a group of nine islands in the Isle Royale 
Archipelago, near the western end of Lake Superior in Michigan, 
has been authorized. These islands are particularly desirable 
for summer residences, and are for the most part so intended by 
the applicants for survey. 



EARLY DA YS_ IN T HE GENERAL LAND OFFICE . 

On October 11, 1814, Mr. Josiah Meigs was appointed, by 
President Madison, the second Commissioner of the General Land 
Office. At this time ten clerks were constantly employed. In 
January, 1318, eighteen clerks were employed. In May of 1818, he 
wrote to Dr. Drake, a particular friend of his, that he had 
written his name officially at least 50,000 times within six 
months, and in 1821 he writes him of the increase of public 
business in his office, it then involving a correspondence with 
32 land offices, about 20 of which had been established since he 
became Commissioner. 

-11- 



Commissioner Meigs was President of Columbian College (now 
George Washington University) until his death in 1822. Ihe members 
of the Columbian Institute resolved to wear crape for one month as 

t!ni h / e ! PC !u t0 hlS Hera0ry ' and the clerks in the land office 
resolved to do the same and attend his funeral in a body. 

Hie n1 Meteorology was one of Commissioner Meigs favorite studies. 
His plan was to have Congress pass a resolution authorizing the 
President of the United States to cause meteorological registers to 

directio T + t °f ^ land ° ffiCeS ° f the UnitedStates.'under the 
direction of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, and that 

Gener^ e T r,n^ observations should be returned monthly to the 
General Land Office with their official returns. The effort to have 
the observations taken under the sanction of public authority failed, 

lTJ,T^ SXOn t T Ue± J S dld n0t by any means S ive U P his e ^°rts to 
advance the interest of meteorologic science. On April 12, 1817, he 
addressed a circular to the Registers of the Land Offices (which 

IZ1 f " T ° n flle in! tMs ° ffice > requesting them to take 
f*f+w y Certain weather observations, and forwarded blanks to them 

olLltfr^Tl The blankS SSnt ° ut were Prepared for three daily 
observations of temperature, winds and weather, and contained a 
column for general observations, wherein the registers were asked 
to note unusual weather phenomena, facts relating to the time of the 

M £! + ° n 0i ^ S ' thG earliest appearance of flowers in the spring, 
Hibernation of animals, seismic disturbances, and anything relating 
to the antiquities of the country. The observations at the land 
i 1«iq W " re + C °" tinued f °r a few years, and Commissioner Meigs said, 
™-n !' u Politeness of the registers had enabled him to 

coiiect observations for nearly 20 years. 

Commissioner Meigs belonged to what was then known as the 
Republican party and a follower of Jefferson. 

His remains lie in Arlington Cemetery, 

SmLSSms^sm&JASS§i Mm. m. J« interior sEPARiiaDNT buildup. 

The largest Government building in the United States, in 
square feet. 

Occupies the square from 18th to 19th, and from E to F Streets. 

■■'o koc ™ St ° f buildin S U P to d ate 02,500,000. Amount appropriated, 
s»>2 ,596,000, ' 

*** *, SiZ ! : 4 ° 2 feet ' 6 inches °y 39 2 feet, 10 inches; seven stories 
ana basement; E shape with basement and two storv connecting links 
souxh of courts, and two story auditorium and press wings in east 
court; two story library in west court. 

-12- 



Description: Grade course granite, basement anc super- 
structure including courts and court wings faced with Indiana lime 
stone, promenade, tile roof covering, except copper roof over library. 

Fire proof throughout. 

There are, approximately, 5000 windows. Upwards of 20 per 
cent, of the wall space is glass. In some cases it runs 33 l/3 per 
cent. The high class school house requirements are 20 per cert, 
The new building has more glass and light than our best schools. 

Typical office type in design; plastered walls and ceilings: 
cement floors in rooms; terrazzo corridor floors; all plastered sur- 
■ faces painted. 

Contains 1280 units (14 x 20 feet); at present divided into 
881 rooms. Contains 3-g- miles of corridors. 

There are about 5000 electric lighting bulbs in the building. 

It houses at present 2068 people. 

There are 6 inclosed stairways running from the basement to 
the top of the building. There are 11 elevators— 8 passenger and 
3 combination passenger and freight elevators. All run from base- 
ment to the top story and are placed near each entrance. Something 
unusual about the construction is that the elevator shafts are not 
located near the stairways, which adds to the safety of the officers 
and employees in case of fire. 

The following Bureaus are housed in the building: Secretary's 
Office; Solicitor's Office; General Land Office; Bureau of Indian 
Affairs; Geological Survey; Bureau of Mines; National Park Service; 
Food Commission, temporary; Bureau of Ordnance, Navy Department, 
temporary. 

The, Offices of the Secretary occupy the east wing of the 
fifth and sixth stories and part of the ground floor. 

The Secretary's main and private offices are at the south 
end of the top floor, and are finished in Elizabethan period, of 
English oak. The hardware and lighting fixtures are silvered. 

The drinking water is cooled by an ammonia plant in the 
basement and piped to all points of the building kept at a tempera- 
ture of about 45 degrees; drinking fountains in all corridors at 
intervals of about 100 feet approximately, and 85 fountains in all. 

Contains a fully equipped auditorium, having a seating 
capacity of about 300, with stage, dressing room, operating room for 



-13- 



moving pictures and other facilities. The auditorium has an auto- 
matic heating and ventilating system, the air being washed before 
entering the room. 

Contains a temporary lunch room in the basement with a 
capacity to serve about 1000 people. A permanent cafe will occupy 
the entire front wing on the roof, which is hoped to be ready for 
use in about 6 or 8 months. I J : wxll be equipped with the latest 
in sanitary arrangement and will accommodate the entire personnel 
of the building. 



THE LAMAR .JRIFLEJ^LUB;. 

The Bulletin is in receipt of an exceedingly interesting 
letter from the local officers at Lamar, Colorado, with an account 
of recent activities in the line of military recruiting in which 
the Lamar office was largely identified. The entire letter might 
very well be inserted if space permitted but the extracts below 
give a very substantial outline of the excellent work done at Lamar. 

"We are just completing the novel work, started in April, 
which we believe is a record for local land offices. Working 
under an organization known as the Lamar Rifle Club, of which 
the Register is President, the Receiver is Treasurer and the 
Chief Clerk is Secretary, we planned and are now finishing our 
organized campaign for recruits for all branches of the mili- 
tary service. 

"Our plan, which has been commented on very favorably by 
"The Arms and the Man" and "The Army and Navy Journal" as 
well as several of the local newspapers, was to secure volun- 
teer recruits for the army and navy. We commenced with a 
big parade, and patriotic speeches by some of our leading 
citizens. A circular was published in every newspaper in 
the land district telling the homesteaders the lav/ in regard 
to enlisting, and informing the public that the Rifle Club 
had made arrangements with the recruiting officers for both 
the array and navy, by which men could be examined at the land 
office without the expense of a trip to Pueblo, or Denver. 
The various recruiting offices supplied our needs for pic- 
tures, circulars and information, and were glad to have us 
cooperate with them. The services of the Club, with its 
forty krag rifles, was voted subject to the oc.ll of the County 
Officials as a home guard. We held drill practice for the 
benefit of the public twice each week. The County Commissioners 
were called upon, who nobly responded by ordering a bridge 
on the road to the rifle range, and by donating $200 to assist 
the club in its patriotic work. Meetings were arranged in 
all the neighboring towns at which some of the club members 
would be present to assist in getting recruits. We invited 

-14- 



correspondence with prospective recruits and promptly 
answered the large daily mail. We fitted up our content 
room with scales and everything to facilitate the re- 
cruiting officers' work in the physical examination of 
the applicants. 

"That the plan worked is best shown by the results. 
Our business was so rushing for a while that it was neces- 
sary for the recruiting officers to visit us as often as 
three times each week, while the militia has had a 
recruiting officer permanently located with us for the 
last two months. We herewith inclose a copy of cur Roll 
of Honor which contains the names of 293 men who have 
been accepted. About 35 others applied but have been 
rejected. All of the 293 men are recruits, with the ex- 
ception of 56 men who were in the national guard in 
Company "D" of this County and who are included in the list. 

"The Lamar Rifle Club, N. R. A., was organized about 
ten months ago, through the efforts of J. E. Brownlee and 
W. C. Weagar. Four of the land office force belong to the 
club, and as three of us constitute a quorum of the 
executive committee, it was very convenient for us to use 
the club as a means of obtaining results. 

"You will notice that our list shows 106 homestead 
entrymen have enlisted. This does not mean that these 
men have enlisted to avoid residence on their homesteads. 
On the contrary, from personal experience with this class 
of men, we believe that their action was prompted by 
purely patriotic motives. It also shows the spirit of 
bravery and the love cf adventure which is implanted in 
the typical homesteader. The fine physical condition of 
these men, their ability to endure hardships, and their 
knowledge of firearms should make them soldiers, second 
to none in the world." 



THE VALUE OF IDENTIFICATION CARDS.. 

The identification cards recently sent out by the Office 
to members of the Field Surveying Service met with a welcome 
reception. We know of one member of the service who will probably 
attach his to a stout cord and sleep with it round his neck. It 
happened this way: he had just completed a long spell in the 
field on the southern deserts. For months he had communed with 
Nature and the horned toad, far from the haunts of men. At night 
in the light of the desert moon, while reflecting on the strange- 
ness of human events, it had been his wont to let down the bars 
of his imagination and chase the sportive butterfly o'er the 
meadows of fancy. In his dreams he lived again in the wonderful 

-15- 






world where all was strife and love and beauty. 

And now his dreams were coming true. In due course he 
arrived one morning in San Francisco en route to his northern 
field. His train did not leave until midnight. Impelled by a 
curiosity born of the excitement of the times and fattened on months 
of rosy anticipation, he drifted out to the Presidio and there 
under the magic spell of the wonderful setting, soothed by the 
sound of the sunlit sea and thrilled by the atmosphere of military 
activity, he felt that he had not lived in vain. His cup of happi- 
ness was full to the brim. 

But alas I Happiness to be retained must be limited and 
concentrated and yet how few of us are satisfied in the face of what 
seems opportunity for more. It surely couldn't hurt to take a few 
photographs, not of that well known scenery, but of the guns and 
fortifications, something as a memento of that joyous day, some- 
thing to show the boys up north* A small earthern fortification 
near by offered some alluring speculative possibilities. He would 

photograph it from the inside . With camera leveled at the 

frowning guns and bosom swelling with patriotic pride he paused 
for a moment on the threshold of the works. But only for a moment* 

It is told that once upon a time a man was killed by a buzz 
saw. In his obituary it was stated that he was a good citizen, an 
upright man and an ardent patriot, but of limited information re- 
garding buzz saws. Our hero knew little of the ways of war and 
that little contemplated its aesthetic aspect not its cold practica- 
bility. While still reflecting on the consequences of the failure 
of the engineer to blow his Whistle — or had he been hit by a 
falling skyscraper — he was called upon to explain why he was not 
a German spy or an undesirable citizen. After several laborious 
hours of close examination as to his identity and purpose he was 
acquitted of the first charge and then turned over to the civil 
authorities for further investigation of the second. 

That's all. The ride down town in the patrol wagon and 
the subsequent examination were without incident worthy of note* 

In the cold gray dawn of a tomorrow, with the mist dimmed 
lights of San Francisco fast fading into a memory, our hero sped 
on his way to a less interesting but quieter clime* 

MORAL: Sherman was right. Never be without your identi- 
fication card. 



-16- 



CONFESSIONS OF A PROOF TAKER. 

One of our experienced lady clerks in a local office, writes: 

There is no better place to study human nature than in the 
proof taking room of the average local land office. I have been 
taking final proof for many years, and while it is about the most 
monotonous work in the office it has its occasional gleam of humor. 
I have seen many men come in, big enough to tip over a hay wagon, 
and simply scared to pieces. Trembling and shaking, perspiration 
oozing from their hands and faces, lower jaw hanging limp, and their 
voice lost somewhere near their quaking heart. It is frequently 
necessary to talk to claimants a little about the crops, weather and 
so on, to get them down to normal and where their gasps become co- 
herent. However, this type is infinitely preferable to the ones who 
come airily in, throw their hat on the table, a leg over the arm of 
the chair, and proceed to tell one the story of their sad, sad life. 
The worst one of all, to my notion, is the extremely cautious. He 
has read of the pains and penalties of perjury, and is taking no 
chances- And whatever you get out of him must be dug out. He will 
quibble, hedge, evade, sidestep, dodge, double, everything but 
answer "Yes" or "No." I have developed one method for him alone; I 
merely repeat the question in an impersonal tone and manner, not 
hearing any of his excuses and evasions, till he finally gives up 
and answers the question. I have found many queer things about 
people , one is that men hesitate more about telling their age than 
.do women, shattering an old established tradition. Generally women 
make very good r/itnesses, having their data well in hand, and seldom 
appear in doubtful proofs. Maybe they have read those perjury laws, 
too. Another condition seems to persist, whenever a homesteader 
has deaf friends, he brings them in for witnesses. The dumb, decrepit , 
and blind add the pathetic touch. And one has a sprinkling of feeble 
minded ones. About once a year comes the skittish claimant, who 
takes his testimony off to one side and carefully peruses the 
printed questions for an hour or so before he will sign or acknow- 
ledge it for his own. And the ones who ruminate several minutes 
over every question we have always v/ith us. 

LAND OFFICE NOTES . 

The city of Havre, Liontana, has been appointed caretaker 
of the camping ground, comprising 8,880 acres situated along Beaver 
Greek in the former Fort Assinniboine abandoned military reservation, 
Montana. The object of this reservation is to provide a picnic 
place or camping ground for the public, and the present appointment 
is intended to preserve the lands for this purpose and to prevent 
the pollution of the waters of the creek by sheep, and the destruction 
of fish. 

-17- 



TOWNSITES . 



The public sale of lots in the townsite of Duchesne in the 
former Uintah Indian Reservation, Utah, took place on the date 
advertised, July 2, 1917, under the supervision of Mr. John McPhaul, 
Superintendent of the opening and sale of Indian lands. This town 
is the county seat of Duchesne County, and claims to be the capital 
of the Uintah Basin. The growth of the town and its future may be 
better understood when it is known that the lots sold were com- 
prised in an addition to the original townsite, the sales aggre- 
gating 219 lots, the highest selling for $110, resulting in a total 
of $5,095. 



A public sale of lots in Timber Lake and Dupree Townsite s, 
in the former Cheyenne Paver Indian Reservation, South Dakota, was 
held by Mr. McPhaul on July 10, 1917. 

This was the fourth sale of Timber Lake town lots; 200 lots 
were sold, for more than $10,000, one lot selling for $500, and 
several others for over $300. 

It was the third sale for the townsite of Dupree, and con- 
sidering that the sale was not held at the town, but at Timber Lake, 
the result was gratifying, twenty-five lots selling at an average 
of $100, -- double the original appraised price* 



A sale of lots in Inchelium townsite, in the former Colville 
Indian Reservation, Washington, has been scheduled to take place on 
August 10, 1917, at the townsite. 



Regulations were issued on July 19, for the sale of lots 
in the following named townsite s in the former Flathead Indian 
Reservation, Montana, namely: Yellow Bay, August 23; Big Arm, 
August 25; Camas, August 27; Tabor, September 10; and Pablo, Sep- 
tember 13, 1917. The sales will take place at the respective town- 



sites. 



In Zurich townsite in the Milk River Irrigation Project, 
Montana, 42 lots were sold on June 23, 1917, for $746.75. 



-18- 



Lots in Powell townsite in the Shoshone Irrigation Project, 
Wyoming, were ordered to be sold on July 24, 1917. The total 
number of lots ordered sold was 127. 



Lots in the townsite of Deaver in the Shoshone Irrigation 
Project, Wyoming, have been surveyed and will probably be sold the 
last of August or fore part of September. 



FIRST STOCK D RI VEWAY RESERVATION UNDER ACT DECEMBER 29 , 1916 . 

Secretary Lane on July 23 reserved certain lands, aggregatin 
6,670 acres, adjoining the San Isabel National Forest in the 
southern part of Colorado for stock driveway purposes. The reser- 
vation ic' made subject to prior valid claims initiated under the 
public land laws other than the Stock Raising Homestead Law and main- 
tained pursuant to law and to certain power site withdrawals. This 
is the first reservation for stock driveway purposes under Section 
10 of the act of December 29, 1916 (39 Stat., 862). Withdrawal of 
certain areas in Arizona for stock driveway purposes was effected 
by Executive order of September 30, 1916, under the act of June 25, 
1910 (36 Stat., 847), and a preliminary withdrawal for stock drive- 
way purposes of certain areas in eastern Oregon, pending further 
investigation, was made by the Secretary April 12, 1917, under the 
said act of December 29, 1916. 



EXCLUSION FROM PALISADE NATIONAL FOREST . 

By proclamation of June 30, certain lands were excluded 
from the Palisade National Forest in Idaho and Wyoming and the 
public lands therein subject to such disposition restored to home- 
stead entry in advance of settlement or other forms of disposition. 
Such lands will become subject to entry only under the homestead laws 
requiring residence at and after 9 o'clock a. m. , September 11 and 
to settlement and other forms of disposition at and after 9 o'clock 
a. m. , September 18, 1917. About 5,000 acres all surveyed in Idaho 
and 2,200 acres, partly unsurveyed, in Y/yoming will be restored 
under the proclamation. The Idaho lands are in the Blackfoot land 
district and those in Wyoming in the Evanston district. 



MOMESTEAD RIGHTS OF SOLDIERS AND SAILOR S. 

A bill relating to the rights of homesteaders who join the 
army or navy has passed both houses of Congress and will doubtless 
be signed by the President by the time the Bulletin goes to press. 
It gives credit for military and naval service to each person who has 

-19- 



made an entry or filed application for entry (afterwards allowed), 
or effected a valid settlement on a tract. All arms of the ser- 
vice are included, provided the unit shall have been Federalized. 
The act provides, moreover, that in case of the death of the soldier 
or sailor while actually engaged in the service, his widow, minor 
children, or other heirs may at once submit proof. Each homesteader 
should notify the land office of the designation of the unit with 
which he is engaged. 



FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE . 
From Denver . - 

The last number of the Bulletin invites comment on the pro- 
position of a special proof -taking officer, who will take final 
proofs on the land applied for or in its immediate vicinity. The 
one idea apparently is that the officer's report as to the actual 
compliance with law will form an important part of the proof, - act 
as a sort of balance wheel to the whole affair. 

This may look good in theory, but will be found full of 
holes in practice. Many a homesteader has fully earned title in 
every respect, but, due to causes over Which he has no control, has 
but little to show for his expenditure of money and labor, when the 
time comes for final proof. Evidence of what he has actually done 
in the way of honestly trying to show his good faith may be obtain- 
able, which would fairly justify the issuance of a final certificate; 
but if the opinion of the proof -taking officer, based upon what he 
can see and learn of the situation, is to be accepted as of evi- 
dential value, the entryman may find himself unable to secure title, 
when in justice the result should be otherwise. 

I have been through the mill myself, - clerk, special agent, 
and homesteader, and must say the plan proposed don't look good to me 



From Lamar. - 

The last issue of the Bulletin invited discussion on the 
matter of taking final proofs on the homestead, instead of in the 
Land Office , or before the various other proof taking officers. I 
believe this would be a vast improvement over the present method. 
The difference of opinion as to the value of the improvements on 
a claim, will vary from $100, to $1000, representing the different 
viewpoints of the witnesses. Then it would give the honest home- 
steader full credit for the work he had done, and the ones whose 
improvements were negligible would have a fine chance to explain 
how it happened, and why. Undoubtedly many proofs are made, both 
the claimant and witnesses secure in the thought that no matter what 

-20- 



they say, it will never be found out. Were the proof taken on the 
land, the place would show for itself what had been done. To be 
taking a final proof, and have one tell about a "good barn", the 
other call it an "old shed;" -- to have the "nice house" called a 
"shack;" and the "fine well of water" degenerate to a "dry hole;" 
all these things and many more make one think the better way would be 
to have a first hand examination accompany the taking of proofs. 
Also the present system gives the malicious witness a chance to "get 
even" that many take advantage of, to the detriment of the faithful 
settler. Taking proof on the land would be welcomed by all honest 
homesteaders, and cause for meditation on the part of those doing 
barely enough to get by. It would also reduce the heavy expense at 
present charged for this final action. There might be a migration 
of farm buildings from place to place at proving up time, for the 
native American brain is fertile, but this would require more effort 
than many of them would care to make, and would be the exceptional 
case. 



REGENT DECI SI ONS OF THE DEPARTMENT . 
Isolated Tracts ; 

In the case of the Towers Burt Land .Coppany, coming up from 
the Miles City land office, the application, made under the first 
proviso of the act of 1912, was rejected, for the reason that said 
proviso does not apply to corporations, only to individual persons; 
and for the further reason that the tract involved had not been sub- 
ject to entry for a period of two years after the entry of the ad- 
jacent lands. 

On appeal the decision of the General Land Office was 
affirmed June 23, 1917, the Secretary holding that the construction 
of the act, and all action taken thereunder, are in the discretion 
of the Commissioner, and that no reason is found in this case for 
differing from the construction of the act as announced in his 
decision. 



Affidavit of Contest : 

In the case of Laura E. Smith vs. George W. Edgmon, Eureka 
01424, the Secretary of the Interior held June 8, 1917, that an 
affidavit of contest filed against a homestead entry charging that 
entryman 

"has net resided upon or made his home upon said land to the 
exclusion of a home elsewhere, and that he has not cultivated 
or improved said land as required by law, and that he has 
abandoned said entry". 

did not set forth a cause of action. 

-21- 



"The charge that certain things had not been done 'as re- 
quired by law' is a mere conclusion, not the statement of 
facts from which a conclusion can be drawn. A charge that 
'he has abandoned said entry' made more than six years after 
the date of entry, is not the proper basis for a hearing, as 
it does not charge when the abandonment occurred nor how long 
it continued." 



Heirs of Homesteader, Final Proof : 

June 11, 1917, the Secretary held on appeal, in the case of 
the heirs of Hubert V. Tuttle , Los Angeles 015922, that although the 
heirs are relieved from the requirement of residence, they are, under 
the law required to have a habitable house on the land, saying: 

"While Congress has relieved the heirs of the homesteader 
from showing residence on the land after the death of the 
entryman, section 2291, Revised Statutes, as amended by the 
act of June 6, 1912 (37 Stat., 123), provides that 'if he be 
dead -=• ~ ~ his heirs or devisees r * ~ proves * •* •* that he, 
she, or they have a habitable house upon the land i ■=■ ~ he , she, 
or they f * * shall be entitled to a patent.' In the face of 
the plain and unambiguous language of the act the construction 
contended for by appellant cannot be adopted." 

A reasonable time was accorded the heirs in which to show 
that a habitable house had been placed upon the land, the final proof 
thereupon to receive approval. 



Po wer Site Wi thdrawal— Sett l ement Right ; 

In the case of the application of Margaret Leonard, Hailey 
019205, to make homestead entry for land included within a power 
site withdrawal based on settlement prior to survey, the Secretary, 
on appeal, held June 11, 1917, that the application to make entry 
not having been filed within 90 days after filing the township plat 
of survey, the power site withdrawal attached under the terms of the 
act of June 25, 1910 (36 Stat., 847). 

In view of the equities of the case, however, the Secretary 
expressed the opinion that the power site withdrawal should be 
vacated and directed the preparation of an appropriate order to that 
effect. 



Bir d. Re s e r ye - - _S e tt 1 erne n t Ri gh t : 

The application of Nick Gurnow, Little Rock 013201, was re- 
jected for the reason that the land applied for had been withdrawn 
as a part of the bird reserve known as the Big Lake Reservation, 

-22- 



created by the Executive Order of August 2, 1915, after ho had 
made settlement thereon. 

On request for instructions the Secretary said: 

"While the Executive Order reserving the lands upon 
which Gurnow claimed sottlemont rights did not purport 
upon its face to have been based upon the act of June 25, 
1910 (36 Stat., 847), it was clearly authorized by that 
act, and this Department is of opinion that in instances 
like this one, the settlement rights recognized by that 
act should be given the protection accorded by it, regard- 
less of the form of the order reserving the land." 



Add i t i o nal_ Home ste ads : 

A decision of the Secretary of the Interior rendered May 8, 
1917, Rapid City 030370, relating to the rights of the widow, heirs 
or devisee of a deceased homestead entrynan is of more than passing 
interest. For several years the lav; has been construed, under re- 
ported Departmental decisions, to permit such widow, heirs or 
devisee to make an entry additional to that of the homesteader. How- 
ever, the Secretary has now held that the right of additional entry 
under any cf the homestead laivs is personal, not to be exercised 
by a widow, heir or devisee* However, all entries allowed prior 
to the date of his decision, under the ruling formerly in force, 
will be permitted to stand, and, if satisfactory proof be submitted, 
recommendation will be made to the Board of Equitable Adjudication 
for their confirmation and the issuance of patent. 



SALES_ OF LANDS_ IN_ _THE FORMER UINTAH INDIAN RESERVATION . 

About 386,000 acres within the former Uintah Indian Reser- 
vation, Utah, were offered for sale for cash to the highest bidder, 
at Provo , Utah, commencing June 18, 1917, and at Duchesne, Utah, 
commencing July 2, 1917. The Uintah Reservation is situated in a 
large basin edged around by mountain ranges with elevations from 
nine to twelve thousand feet. The area not allotted to Indians 
was opened to homestead entry in 1905, and remained subject thereto 
for a period of five years during which less than 40,000 acres 
were entered. The law provided that after the lands had been sub- 
ject to homestead entry for five years, the unentered lands should 
be disposed of to the highest bidder for cash in quantities not 
exceeding 640 acres to one person. Pursuant to this direction, a 
sale was held in 1910, at which 183,420.34 acres were sold for 
$250,502.94, and a second sale in 1912, when 136,441.17 acres were 
sold for $206,662.49* The most desirable tracts were entered under 

-23- 



the homestead law or disposed of at the offerings in 1910 and 1912* 
Most of the land which came up for sale this year was strictly grazing 
land and some of it was so rough and barren as to have little or no 
value, even for grazing. 

Under these conditions, 931 tracts, embracing an aggregate 
of 200,684.74 acres were sold for the total sum of 0151,644.56, an 
average of 7 5-g- cents per acre. 



SHORE LINES OF ENTRIES ABUTTING UPON NAVIGA BL E WATERS IN ALASKA . 

The act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat., 409), as amended by the act 
of March 3, 1903 (32 Stat., 1028), provides that in Alaska no entry 
shall be allowed extending more than 160 rods along the shore of any 
navigable water and that along such shore a space of at least 80 rods 
shall be reserved from entry between all such claims. So long as 
entries were made under special surveys, the application of this pro- 
vision could be made without serious difficulty, but where lands are 
to be disposed of under the rectangular system of public land surveys, 
the necessity of some method of measurement of shore line that would 
permit entries by legal subdivisions became apparent. The question was 
submitted by this office to the Department, with a recommendation 
which resulted in the announcement, July 6, 1917, in Fairbanks 0413, 
of the following rule governing such entries: 

"In consideration of applications to enter lands shown 
upon plats of public surveys in Alaska, abutting upon navi- 
gable waters, the restriction of 160 rods along the shore 
of such waters, provided by the act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat., 
409) , as amended by the act of March 3, 1903 (32 Stat., 1028), 
to which entries are limited, shall be determined as follows: 
The length of the water front of a subdivision will be con- 
sidered as represented by the shortest distance between the 
two side lines of the subdivision, measured from the shore 
corner nearest the back line of the tract; and the sum of 
the distances of each subdivision of the application abutting 
on the waters, so determined, shall be considered as the 
total shore length of the application. Vifhere, as so measured, 
the excess of shore length over 160 rods is greater than the 
deficiency would be if an end tract or tracts were eliminated, 
such tract or tracts shall be excluded, otherwise the appli- 
cation may be allowed if in other respects proper. 

"This principle shall also be applied with reference to 
the reservation of 80 rods between claims along the shore of 
such waters. 



-24- 



"This rule will bo applied only where the land:, in- 
volved are surveyed under the system of public surveys. 
As tc individual surveys, the administrative necessity for 
this rule does not obtain and they will be governed by the 
old rule as set forth in the case of Shirley S. Philbrick 
(39 L. D., 513)." 

This situation now will be clearly understood. 



OREGON AND CALIFORNIA LANDS . 

During the year 1914, while the Oregon and California land 
grant forfeiture suit was pending, a sale of firekilled timber upon 
certain of the grant lands was made to the- Nehalem Timber ': Logging 
Company. Inasmuch as the question pertaining to the title to the 
lands was in dispute at that time, the sale was made with the consent 
and approval of the United States District Court for the District of 
Oregon. Under the terms of the sale the money derived therefrom 
was held in escrow until the question of title to the lands could be 
finally adjudicated. As the result of the decision of the United 
States Supreme Court, and the subsequent act cf revestment, this 
office has just 'ocgii advised by the Department of Justice that the 
sum of .)200,889.7? , representing the proceeds from the sale of the 
timber to date, has been ordered paid into the United States Treasury 
to the credit of the government. 

LIBERTY LOAN BONDS ANUO TH E GENERAL LAND OFFICE * 

As far as heard from but with an occasional new subscription 
coming in, the personnel of the General Land Office, including its 
various field services, has subscribed up to date a total of ^109,000 
to the Liberty Loan bonds. These subscriptions are divided as fellows 

General Land Office at Washington, 49,550.00 

Local land offices, 31,650.00 

Offices of U. S. Surveyors General, 4,400.00 

Field Service, 10,550.00 

Surveying Service in the Field, 12 ,85 Q.p0___ 



^109,000.00. 



We are proud of this showing, 



-25- 



THE G. L. 0. WORM 



If you can answer all the after-supper questions 
Your rancher-host keepe firing at your head, 

While you prop your eyelids open with your fingers, 
Hoping soon he'll think to mention "bed;" 

If you can try to make midnight connections 

At Sidney, Lombard, Granger or Skidoo , 
And you find the railroad station filled with hoboes, 

And the midnight train comes in at half-past two; 

If you can sit and listen to a shyster 

Extol a land-crook you have brought to taw 

And, with bitter words, denounce you to a jury 
Just because you've dared enforce the law; 

If you can get suspensions from the Auditor 

Of accounts you feel are honest, just and true, 

And you know you never can secure their refund, 
And your thoughts would make a murderer of you; 

If you can feed on German army rations 

And lodge in places that before were shunned by you, 
Endeavoring to subsist on Three Per Diem 

In states where Three Per now won't take you through; 

If you can do all these and still be cheerful* 
Rememb ' ring not the cost or injuries done, 

And keep right on a-working and a-smiling, 

Some day, you'll make a Special Agent, Son. 

Anonym. 



AT HOME AND ABROAD. 

Mr. John A. Smith, special agent of the General Land 
Office, is leaving for Europe for the purpose of representing the 
Government at the taking of certain depositions in connection 
with cases involving lands in the Salt Creek Oil Field in Wyoming. 
Mr. Smith expects to visit London, Paris and The Hague in the 
course of taking these depositions. He left fully equipped with a 
pocketful of credentials, with red seals on them with which to com- 
bat the submarines. 

-26- 



Mr. Jacob Derman of this office has received a commission 
as First Lieutenant in the Reserve Corps of the United States 
Engineers, but has not yet been called into service* 



Mr. Richard H. Dalton and Mr. William A. Crawford of the 
General Land Office have been accepted by the War Department, as 
volunteers to serve in a clerical capacity in the Engineer Corps, 
European Expeditionary Force, for the period of the war* 

The good wishes of the office follow thenw 



Mr. Claude I, Parker, now of Dallas, Texas, formerly a well- 
known member of the General Land Office , is in the city. Ke is a 
member of the firm of Parker Brothers, Business System Equipment, at 
Dallas, and from all accounts his adventure in the business world has 
proved a great success. 



TELL THE BULLETIN . 

To all local office and field service employees: 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you think 
should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communications to 
the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin." 
All communications should be received not later than the 24th of each 
month for use in the current number. 



-27- 



SMITH 







Vol. I. 



September 1 , 191' 



No. 7. 



The Oil Land Controversy. 

So much has been said in the press, before committees of Con- 
gress and otherwise during the past three or four years relative to the 
oil land situation, principally in California and Wyoming, and so much 
of what has been said evidences a misconception of the facts and ques- 
tions involved, that a simple statement of what it is all about for the 
benefit of those in our service is deemed not inappropriate. 

As to the matter of proceedings now pending, there are in the 
main three general classes: (1) La. nd f f i c e^ h e a r i ngs on Government 
contests against applications for patent; (2) what are commonly known 
as the withdrawal suits in the courts to quiet title in the Government 
to unpatented lands, for an accounting and damages, with ancillary re- 
ceiverships, and (3) what are commonly known as the S out h e r n_ _ Pa c i f i _c 
suits , which are to cancel patents for alleged frauds committed in the 
acquirement of title. 

It should be noted at the outset that the Southern Pacific 
suits, the third class, have no connection whatever with the with- 
drawal suits, the facts, principles and issues all being entirely 
different. The fraud alleged in the Southern Pacific suits is that 
the lands were all of known mineral character, and so known to the 
Southern Pacific officers and agents, at the time the company filed 
and received approval and patent of its selection list. In all of 
these Southern Pacific suits except one, an important question of 
law is involved, in that the fraud was not discovered or suits 
filed for more than six years after the issuance of patent. One 



suit, commonly known as the Elk Hills case, involving 6,109.17 acres, 
was commenced before the statute had run. This case was won by the 
Goverraent in the trial court and is now pending on appeal. The evi- 
dence in the other Southern Pacific casus, eight in number, and em- 
bracing 163,654,09 acres, has practically all been taken. Some of the 
lands involved in the Southern Pacific suits are among the uoet valu- 
able oil lands in California and the suits involve many uillions of 
dollars . 

Coming to the so-called withdrawal cases, classes one and two, 
it is first to be noted that some years ago practically all the known 
public oil lands were withdraw** from entry and selection "in aid of 
proposed legislation affecting the use and disposition of the petroleum 
deposits on the public domain." The two principal withdrawal orders 
around which the present controversy hangs were made on September 27, 
1909, a .id July 2, 1910, both covering substantially the same lands. 
The effect of the first withdrawal order was to cut off everything but 
valid, perfected, legal claims. But ,;ee decision U. S. Circuit Court 
of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, of August 20, 1917, Consolidated Mutual Oil 
Company vs. United States. At this time there was great activity in 
certain sections in the location, development and exploitation of new 
fields. Manifestly this order caught the claimants in every conceivable 
stage of development, from those who had only a "paper loqation" to 
those who had drilled nearly to oil. In this connection there was not 
a little argument and difference of opinion as to the validity of this 
withdrawal order of September 27, 1909, and some of the lower courts 
held that the order was without authority of law and void, but the 
Supreme Court of the United States in February, 1915, settled the 
question in what was known as the Midwest case, holding that the order 
was lawful, valid and effective. 

In the meantime, however, Congress took a hand in the matter, 
and on June 25, 1910, the so-called Pickett Act was approved. The 
principal purpose of this act was to remove any doubt as to the au- 
thority of the President to make withdrawals by expressly giving him 
that authority. At the instance of the oil men, who complained that 
they had been treated unfairly, in that they had been taken unawares 
after the expenditure of large sums on the basis of then existing laws 
and conditions, a proviso was inserted to the effect that "a bona fide 
occupant or claimant" who at the date of any withdrawal order "hereto- 
fore or hereafter made", was in diligent prosecution of work leading 
to discovery ,• and continued same with diligence, would not be affected 
by the withdrawal; but Congress expressly disclaimed any intention of 
validating or invalidating the withdrawal theretofore made, i.e., that 
of September 27, 1909. 

So, the whole question so far as the effect of the withdrawals 
is concerned, is: Was the claim perfected by the discovery of oil be- 
fore the withdrawal, and if not, was the claimant in diligent prosocu- 



-2- 



tion of work leading to discovery on that date, which diligence was con- 
tinued to discovery, and incidentally, of course, what constitutes dili- 
5 °"" n u «^r all the varied and complicated facts and circumstances of the 
many cases that have arisen, for it now appears probable that hundreds of 
thousands 01 dollars have been expended in the development of immensely 
valuable properties not covered or saved by the proviso to the Pickett 

ACIi < 

Another feature of the withdrawal matter is that of the Naval 
Petroleum Reserves. By order of September 2, 1912, the President cre- 
ated Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, commonly known as the Elk Hills, 
consisting of a gross area of a little over 38,000 acres; by order of 
December 11, 1912, the President created Naval Reserve No. 2, sometimes 
referred to as the Buena Vista Hills, and covering a little over 29,500 
acres. By order of April 30, 1915, Naval Reserve No. 3, the Teapot Dome, 
in Wyoming, was created, embracing 9, -.81 acres. Large portions of Naval 
Reserves Nos. 1 and 2 in California are private patented lands; Naval Re- 
serve No. 2 contains some of the most valuable producing oil lands in 
California. The so-called Elk Hills suit against the Southern Pacific 
Company, includes a considerable area in the Elk Hills Naval Reserve. 
It should be understood that all the land included in these Naval Re- 
serves was also included in the orders of withdrawal of September 27, 
1909, and July 2, 1910. The creation of the Naval Reserves only operate 
to set aside these areas fcr the exclueive use of the Navy. While the 
principles of law and the right to a patent on claims situated in the Nava 
Reserves are essentially the sane as those situated in withdrawn areas out- 
side of xhe Naval Reserves, due to the fact that the Navy has been desir- 
ous of immediately clearing the Naval Reserves of all doubtful claims, a 
somewhat different policy has been followed in the Naval Reserves from 
that outside. There are no patented lands in Naval Reserve No. 3 in 
Wyoming, though there is a small area of school sections. 

Injected into this oil land situated in many cases is the issue 
cf fraud, resulting from so-called "dummy locators." This issue of 
course has no connection with the withdrawal policy aid would have 
existed in any case regardless of the withdrawals. The placer mining 
law provides that a person may locate a claim of 20 acres and that an 
association of persons up t o eight, may locate a claim equal to 20 acres 
for each locator; hence the great majority of the locations consist cf 
ISO-acre claims located by associations of eight persons. The courts 
and the Department during rec^ ± years have repeatedly held that each 
locator in an association claim must have a.i actual bona fide interest 
in the claim located, and that he can not simply lend his name as a 
locator for the use and benefit of somebody else. A corn. ration may 
locate any .lumber of claims of 20 acres each, but a group of association 
locators can not locate a claim for the use and benefit of a corporation 
or individual. The advantage of the association location is that only one 
discovery and the same anouire of expenditure for patent is required on 
each claim, whether it be a 20-acre claim or a 160-acrc claim. A corpora- 
tion whose title is now bad because based on a location made by dummies 



-3- 



might have acquired a perfectly legal title to the lard in question by 
locating it in 20-acre claims by making a discovery on each. It is 
possible that in the absence of the intervening withdrawals, these de- 
fective locations might be abandoned and proper locations made. The 
fraud in the use of dummies consists in one individual or corporation 
by this device seeking to acquire a larger area of public lands with a 
certain amount of expenditure and development than the law allows. Un- 
fortunately, the use of dummy locators appears to have been quite general- 
ly resorted to, and dummy locations are void, at least as to all those con- 
nected with or benefiting by the fraud. 

Another class of cases consists of those where the charge is non- 
discovery by reason of the fact that the alleged discovery on which the 
location is predicated consists of gypsum or Fuller's earth. This diffi- 
culty would also have existed just the same regardless of the withdrawals, 
except that in the absence of the withdrawal a proper and legal discovery 
of oil might later be made. 

The proceedings directed in all the Land Office hearings against 
the applications for patent in the oil land cases consist therefore, of 
three general classes; (1) diligence of the claimant as against the with- 
drawal; (2) fictitious locators; and (3) alleged subterfuge discovery. 

In Cases in the Naval Reserves and some outside, suits have been 
started to quiet title in the Government or for an accounting and damages, 
notwithstanding applications for patent are pending, also, some other suits 
have been brought against claimants who have never made any application 
for patent. These are the suits that are commonly known as the withdrawal 
suits as distinguished from the Southern Pacific suits. 

As indicative of the extent of the lands involved in these various 
proceedings, it may be stated that the Southern Pacific suits involve the 
title to 170,000 acres. In California there are about 140 pending mineral 
applications, covering about 35,000 acres. Adverse proceedings have been 
directed and are now pending in about 100 cases. There are now- pending 71 
of the so-called withdrawal suits, affecting over 13,000 acres, in Califor- 
nia, and approximately 10,500,000 barrels of oil have been produced under 
control of receivers, who now have in their custody some $8 ,000 ,000 worth 
of money and oil. In addition to the above, there are 59 applications for 
patent for nearly 10,000 acres in Wyoming. 

No one not directly connected with the handling of these matters 
can scarcely comprehend the immense amount of work and multitude of details 
that has had to be examined into in the investigation and preparation of 
all these cases. 

As soon as the Government began actively to press these cases, 
operators who were producing oil from the lands found it difficult to 
sell same because the purchasing concerns refused to incur any liability 

-4- 



for damage which might result i rora having purchased oil taken in trespass. 
Consequently Congress, by the Act of August 25, 1914, authorized the Secre- 
tary of the Interior to enter into agreements whereby the production could 
go on pending the deterrai nation of the right to title. Under this act 
security is given, or a certain portion of the proceeds of the oil is im- 
pounded, to satisfy any claims of the Government. Under these various 
agreements escrow deposits and security aggregating over a million and a 
half dollars have been made- 

It is manifest that the situation above outlined is in many respects 
unfortunate both as regards the oil operators affected and the interests 
of the Government, as well as the general public. Congress has given 
much attention during the past four years to proposed oil land legislation. 
The Secretary of the Interior has consistently recommended the enactment 
of a general leasing system whereby the oil business may be placed on a 
rational basis, with certain tenure to the operator and proper control by 
the Government. Very naturally in connection with all of the proposed 
legislation there have been presented for consideration the claims for 
"relicf"of those whose properties are involved in the litigation referred 
to. The problem in Congress then, is to harmonize conflicting views on 
questions of general legislative policy with respect to this tremendously 
valuable national resource, and to adjust these various claims and equities 
in such a way as to protect the interests of the Government, do justice to 
the operators, put an end to long and expensive litigation, place the oil 
business on a sound, practical basis, and render possible the increase at 
this critical time of the production of a commodity that has come to be a 
necessity of our modern civilization. 



-5- 



ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR. 



The prompt confirmation of the nomination of Hon. Seldon G. 
Hopkins, of Wyoming, as Assistant Secretary of the Interior is a 
deserved tribute to his demonstrated fitness for the heavy duties of 
this office. 

In his young manhood Mr. Hopkins taught school and later 
read law, becoming County Attorney of Sheridan county, Kansas, fol- 
lowing his admission to the bar of that State. He occupied this 
position from 1894 to 1898 and in 1900 became a member of the Kansas 
State Senate. He was editor of The Times of Wheatland, Wyoming, in 
1901, and later secretary of the Wyoming Democratic State Committee. 
In 1912, when J. M. Carey, a Republican, was elected Governor of the 
State on the Democratic ticket, Mr. Hopkins was made State Land Com- 
missioner. 

When oil was discovered in the State Mr. Hopkins began leasing 
the lands instead of selling them, and as a result, the State received 
large revenues. 

His familiarity with the administration of State grants and 
Carey Act segregations" from the State side of the question will stand 
him well in hand here where he will have to consider these grants from 
the" Federal side. 

The Bulletin bids the new Assistant Secretary a hearty welcome 



-6- 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL. 

Appointments . 

General Land Office.- Robert' L« Stroud, of South Dakota, copyist 

at $900 per ayiwum, Percy E. GoodcJl, of 
Washington and George D. Wilson, of Illinois, 
copyists at $7 20. 

Local Office .- Joseph Astoi* Barker, Register of the Land 

Office at Great Falls, Montana. Commission 
dated August 10, 1917. 



ppoin tment s • 
Daniel F* Eurholder, Receiver, Gregory, South 
Dakota. Commission dated August 10, 1917. 

Edwin M. Starcher, Register, Gregory, South 
Dakota. Commission dated August 10, 1917. 

Kirk E. Baxter, Receiver at Belief ourche , 
South Dakota. Commission dated August 10, 
1917. 

Thomas Corbally, Receiver at Great Falls, 
Montana. Commission dated August 11, 1917. 

Mrs. Annie G. Rogers, Receiver at Leadville , 
Colorado. Commission dated August 1, 1917. 

Albert F. Browns , Register at Sterling, Colo- 
rado. Commission dated August 1, 1917. 

Edward J. McLean, Receiver at Billings, 
Montana. Commission lated August 1, 1917. 

John T. Hamilton. Receiver at Miles City, 
Montana. Commission dated August 1, 1917. 

Edward C Hargadino , Receiver at Glasgow, 
Montana. Commission dated August 1, 1917. 

Fred H. Foster, Register at Billings, Montana. 
Commission dated August 1, 1917. 

Fletcher W. Appleton, Register at Bozeman, 
Montana. Commission dated August 1, 1917. 

Thomas R* Jones, Register at Glasgow, Montana, 
Commission dated A.ugust 1, 1917- 



-7- 



Francisco Delgad©, Register at Santa Fe , 
New Mexico- Commission dated July 20, 1917. 

Surveyor General.- Frederick W. Fischer, of Florida, clerk- 
draftsman at ;)4 per diem, office of Surveyor 
General , Montana - 

Field Service.- Miss Phyllis Lynch, of Utah, stenographer 

and typewriter at 0900 per annum, office 
Chief of Salt Lake City Field Division, Utah. 

Surveying Service.- Fred Dahlquist , of Alaska, transition at 

$100 per month in the States, ^150 in Alaska. 

Lemuel R. Mercer, of California, transitman 
at C'100 per month. 



Transfers. 

General Land Office.- Frederick M. Nestler, of Tennessee, to the 

Geological Survey. 

Harry K. Gilman , of Hawaii, to the Super- 
vising Architect's Office, Treasury Depart- 
ment . 

William A. Crawford, of the District of 
Columbia, and Richard Dalton, of Indiana, 
from clerks of Class Two at $1400 to the War 
Department , for service in France. 

Local Office.- Earl H. Brown, of Iowa, to stenographer and 

, • * typewriter at $1440 per annum, land office 

Pueblo, Colorado, from land office Belief ourche , 
• ... ■ South Dakota. 

Charles Simon, of New York, to land law clerk 
at ^1380 per annum, Blackfoot, Idaho, from 
land office at Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Willard T. Smith, of Delaware, to land law- 
clerk at $1440 per annum, land office Salt 
Lake City, Utah, from land office at Black - 
foot , Idaho. 

William C Wallace, of California, from this 
office to the land office at Sacramento, 
California, as land law clerk at $1020 per annum. 



Temporary Appointments. 

General Land Office.- Miss Marie A. Parks, Miss Helen Bcrgmann, 

Miss Julia Mattingly, Miss Edith E. Vincent, 
Miss Katherine Roche, and Miss Ruth E. St e adman, 
of the District of Columbia, Miss Geneva Clower, 
of Mary! md , and Miss Mignon Moran, of Wisconsin, 
copyists at ^720 per annum. 



Promotions. 

General Land Office.- Charles M. Hahn , of Pennsylvania, and Frederick 

T. Livings, of Indiana, to clerks of class Four 
at $1880. 

Daniel J. Orcutt , of New York, and Edward L. 
Valentine, of Arkansas, to clerks of class Three 
at 01600. 

Milo H. Trotter, of West Virginia, Harry W. Foss, 
of Maine, and Bernard L. McGarvey , of Pennsyl- 
vania, to clerks of class Two at $1400. 

Marshall H. Montrose, of Pennsylvania, Miss Julia 
Banks, of Pennsylvania, and Mrs* Mabel M. Dawson, 
of South Dakota, to clerks of ^ le.se One at $1200. 

Miss Augusta H. Wernicl: , of Wisconsin, and Miss 
Nellie E. Wright, of Florida 3 to clerks at $1000. 

Nelson J. Moskowitz , of New York, John W. Ring- 
wald . of Indiana, Miss Mary G. McVey , of North 
Carolina, and Miss Sallie Rowe , of Louisiana, 
to copyists at $900. 



Resignations. 

General Land Office.- William H. Woodward, of Nebraska, clerk of 

class Four at $1300 , because of ill health. 

Floyd E. Hedges, of Michigan, clerk at $1000. 

John C. Frei , of Indiana, clerk at $1000. 

Miss Daisy E. Leonard, of Illinois, copyist at 
$720. Samuel H. Merritt , of Wisconsin, assis- 
tant messenger at $720. 

Abner C. Lake nan , Francis M. Smith, and John 
S. Calvert, messenger boys at $600. 

-9- 



Resignations. 

Local Office.- Clarence H. Roberts, of Oregon, land law clerk 

at $1140 per annum, land office Glasgow, Montana. 

Karl J. Kirkpatrick, of Montana, land law clerk 
at $900 per annum, land office Montrose, Colorado. 

Walter J. McMahon, of New Jersey, stenographer 

and typewriter* land office Bismarck, North Dakota. 

Thomas P. Garvey , of Massachusetts, stenographer 
and typewriter, land office Miles City, Montana. 

John H. Bowen, Register of the land office at 
Springfield, Missouri, resigned, effective August 
31, 1917. Mr. Guilford A. Leavitt , of this 
office, has been appointed clerk in charge of 
the Springfield office* 



OBITUARY. 

in the death of Mr. E. C. Varela, which occurred July 29, 1917, 
the public land service has lost one of its most efficient members. 
For many years he has been an acknowledged authority on the subject of 
repayments, and the place he held in this one of our activities will 
not be easily filled* 

Word comes of the death on July 31, 1917, of Felix T. Dunn, a 
clerk in the district land office at Sacramento. Mr. Dunn entered the 
public land service in the San Francisco district office, was trans- 
ferred to the Susanville office, and subsequently to Sacramento. He 
was a faithful and conscientious clerk through all the years of his 
service* 



SURVEY NOTES. 

Old Snags: 

Whenever one of those old surveys, one of those dilapidated 
relics of a bygone age, which has been slumbering these many years in 
peaceful obscurity, forgetful of its mission on the earth's surface, 
and almost forgotten itself, suddenly through the workings of the^ 
mysterious decrees of Fate finds itself in the spot light of publicity, 
it immediately loses its atmosphere cf the commonplace and assumes all 
the dignity and importance of a "problem," and is referred to in the 
Service with appropriate illuminative adjectives, as an "old snag»" No 
section of the country is without its "old snags" and no problem of 
survey before us today offers better opportunity for the exercise of 
skill and judgment in its solution than they do. 

-10- 



While many a present day "old snag" is suffering from nothing 
more serious than the infirmities of old age complicated perhaps by 
the unskilled efforts of local talent at rejuvenation, unfortunately 
there, are some whose trouble is organic; some whose course has been 
swayed by every locnl attraction that has crossed its path, whose pro- 
gress has never known the influence of a guiding star and whose earthly 
limits were confined in their creation to only such areas as were eatry 
of access* 

One of our packers on the coal lands surveys in Alaska two 
years ago, who had previously accompanied a notorious Arctic explorer 
on his alleged ascent cf Mount McKinley , was asked hov; far they 
actually did get towards the summit of the mountain. He replied with 
some show of warmth that they had gotten up just as high as it was 
possible for human beings to go in a gasoline launch. 

Unhappily, some of our gravest problems are beyond the old 
time headwaters of navigability, where the original surveyor could 
not go in a gasoline launch, as it were, but where it claims to have 
gone in the record. It is in such instances, where lands may have 
been entered and patented, where rights of various kinds may have been 
acquired and private and political boundaries defined under a partly 
mythical survey, that our best efforts at restoration are required. 
Ours is like many another modern work which while enjoying the advan- 
tages of the progress made in scientific knowledge, methods and 
instruments, suffers in some degree from the mistakes made in the 
earlier stages of its existence when different methods were employed. 
And yet it may be said in all truth and with full appreciation of such 
unfortunate consequences as may have resulted from the errors of the 
past that because of this incongruous relation of the old to the new 
and the necessity for their reconciliation in accordance with 
scientific surveying principles, the law and the rights of the indi- 
viduals interested, because of the "old snags" if you will, the 
surveying practice of the General Land Offi-JS has gradually outgrown 
the bounds of ordinary land surveying until today it occupies the 
very highest plane of specialized, scientific work* 

Even the "old snags" have their uses* 



The survey of the sixteenth Indian pueblo during the last 
few years has been commenced by Francis 3. Joy, U.S. Surveyor, and 
Basil C. Perkins, U. S. Transitman. This is tne Laguna Indian Pueblo, 
one of the best preserved and most picturesque of those interesting 
Indian settlements. The other fifteen pueblos and their related 
reservations, the surveys of which have been completed, are as 
follows: San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Isleia, Sc.nlia, Santa Anna, 
J erne z, Via, San Juan, Taos, Nambe , Pleura?, rn esuque, San Filipi> 
Santa Domingo and Cochiti. These pueblo lands comprise more than 
600,000 acres and include about three thousand small holding or 
private land claims. 

-11- 



Nine townships under the Elephant Butte Reclamation project, 
New Mexico, are being resurveyed by G- P. Harrington, U. S. Sur- 
veyor, and Glenn R. Haste, U. S. Transitman. Eleven townships under 
this project were resurveyed last season. 



Ernest P. Rands, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 8, has spent practically the entire month of August with the 
field parties in the State of Oregon. During the greater part of 
this time he was with the parties of Wright, Rodolf, Hemphill and 
Bradley, Campbell and Daley, Mensch, and Strickler, on the Oregon and 
California land Grant in southwestern Oregon. Mr. Rands reports that 
the dense smoke from forest fires raging in that region is causing 
no end of annoyance to the surveying parties, but that no serious 
delays have resulted therefrom. 



Herman Jaeckel, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District No. 
2, has been with the field parties in Wyoming, for several weeks. 
He will return to Cheyenne for a brief visit early in September. 



Major Norman L. King, First New Mexico Infantry, formerly 
Chief Clerk of the office of the Surveyor General at Santa Fe, made 
the Santa Fe office a short visit during the early part of August. 
During the Major's absence the duties of Chief Clerk have been assumed 
by Surveyor General Dills, assisted by E. F. Wittman, Chief Draftsman, 
and Harry C. Hamill, Draftsman. 



L. L. Clement, U. S. Surveyor, has been busy throughout July 
and August on Island Surveys in Michigan and Minnesota. A townsite 
on the Red Lake Indian Reservation will be surveyed by him early in 
September after the completion of the Island Surveys. 



Wallace G. Shape ott , U. S. Surveyor, District No. 2, Louis H. 
Pinkham, Jr., U. S. Transitman, District No. 7, W. L. Hemphill, U. S. 
Transitman, District No. 8, and James C. Hooper, U. S. Traasitinan , and 
William L. Nash, U. S. Transitman, District No. 5, have been admitted 
to the Second Officers' Training Camp which commenced August 27th « Mr. 
Shapcott was assigned to Ft. Sheridan, Messrs. Pinkham, Hemphilj and 
Hooper to the Presidio, and Mr. Nash to Leon Springs } Texas. A large 
number of field assistants and several transit-men have been drawn lor 
the national army under the selective service act. 

-12- 



In the execution cf surveys under Groups 51 and 53, New 
Mexico, Surveyors Wendel 1 V, Hall and William C. Perkins recently 
had occasion to retrace 54 miles of township exteriors surveyed <xnd 
accepted about three years ago under Groups 12 and 13, New Mexico * 
The retracement showed an average difference in bearing from the original 
surveys of O 10 3' and an average difference in measurement cf 6/ LO o". 
a link for each hair mile cf the 54 miles retraced. The greatest dif- 
ference in bearing developed in any one half mile was 0° 9' and the 
greatest difference in measurement in any one mile' was 6 links » The 
degree of accuracy attained under the Direct System cf Surveys as 
exemplified in these retracernents fully justifies the policy of the 
General Land Office as embodied in the annual instructions of August 
17, 1916 (which were extended and made applicable to this fiscal year) 
of assuming that no retracement of exterior lines surveyed under the 
Direct System, for the purpose of verifying their accuracy will be 
necessary. 



Ranney Y. Lyman, U. S* Surveyor, has been assigned to the 
survey of Wolf Point Townsite, Montana. The work has been made 
special all along the line in the field and in the office with a view 
to having the returns completed in order to permit of the sale of 
town lots therein during the month of September. 



The recently surveyed townsites on the Flathead Indian Reser- 
vation, Montana, known as Flathead and Chariot, have been changed to 
Pablo and Tabor. 



John P. Walker, Assistant Super^risor of Surveys, District No. 
9, is still in the Cock Inlet district of Alaska, dividing his time 
with the parties of Wilhelm and Calvin, Williamson, and Warner, and 
looking after such special surveys and examinations as his supervisory 
duties will permit. 

Four townsites were surveyed in the Territory during the past 
fiscal year, namely, Nenana, near the confluence of the Tan ana and Nenana 
Rivers in interior Alaska; Matan.uska, at the jvnction of the Matanuska 
branch of the government railroad with the main line; Moose Creek on the 
branch line near where the creek of that name empties into the Matanuska 
River, and Wasilla, on the main line northwest of Matanuska, all near 
the south coast of Alaska. A third addition tc bhe townsite of Anchorage 
and a railway elimination were also surveyed recently. 



-13- 



Surveyor General Gerharz of Montana has been commissioned a 
Captain in the Engineer Officers' Reserve Corps of the Army, and has 
been ordered to report to the training camp at Fort Leavenworth 
September 2nd. 



Theodore Cronyn, U, S* Transition, District No. 1, has been 
named alternate for Montana at the second officers' training camp. 



George R. Campbell, U. S. Surveyor, District No. 8, has been 
commissioned a Captain in the Engineer Officers' Reserve Corps of the 
Army. He has not yet been assigned to duty. 



S. W. Goodale, Law Examiner , detailed to examine offices of 
surveyors general and local land offices, left San Francisco August 
19th on a trip of inspection to Reno, Salt Lake City, Cheyenne and 
Denver. He expects to visit Santa Fe and Phoenix also before returning 
to San Francisco. 



Joseph A. Ganong, Chief Draftsman in the office of the Surveyor 
General at Portland, was temporarily transferred to the field during 
the month of August in order to enable him to complete certain metes and 
bounds surveys under Group No. 9, Oregon, with which he is familiar. 



N. B. Sweitzer, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District No. 3, 
who is with the field parties in South Dakota, expects to shortly leave 
for southern Nebraska. The surveyors in District No, 3 have been occu- 
pied with many varieties of work during the past month, among which 
was a resurvey of Lake Traverse, Minnesota, near the boundary of South 
Dakota, Indian Surveys in North and South Dakota along the Cannon Ball 
River, Fragmentary surveys in the Black Hills and resurveys in south- 
western Nebraska. 



J. Scott Harrison, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys for District 
No. 1, is spending a considerable part of his time in the field with 
the younger transitmen in the service, acquainting them with not only 
survey methods but with accounting and cost-keeping* 

-14- 



Surveyors in the Black Hills in South Dakota are com- 
plaining of an epidemic of black rattlers due to the excessive dry- 
ness this season. We had hoped that the election last fall had cured, 
not aggravated, this corrpiaint. 



C. L. DuBois, Chief of the Division of Surveys of the General 
Land Office, left Washington August 15th for a brief visit to Helena, 
Cheyenne, Denver and Santa Fe , on official business. 



A. C. Horton, Jr., Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 5, has spent the best part of August in northern California with 
the parties of Lightfoot and Redwine, Walters, Hooper, and English. The 
work on which these surveyors are engaged will be completed about 
October 1st, when they will be transferred to southern California and 
Arizona on the winter work in that region. 



Geo. D. D. Kirkpatrick, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 6, is visiting the field parties in Nevada. He expects to return 
to his headquarters in Salt Lake City for a brief visit early in Sep- 
tember. 



Frank S. Spofford, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 7, spent the early part of August in southwestern Idaho with the 
parties in that section of the country* He reports satisfactory progress. 



The remarking of the allotment corners on the former Leech Lake, 
Cass Lake, Chippewa, Winnibigoshish and White Oak Point Indian Reser- 
vations, now just beginning, promises to be a very extensive survey and 
one that presents conditions on the grounds quite different from those 
that obtained when the original surveys were executed in the '70' s. 
The reservation (now called the Leech Lake) is located at the head- 
waters of the Mississippi River and erabrv;53 a large lake area. The 
Government has constructed dams to con 4 roJ. f.Iow=.ge into the river, 
resulting in raising the water level seveial foot above the mean high 
water elevation represented on the original township plats. The 
original timber has been largely removed, ita pxace being taken by a 
small proportion of cultivated land, and the balance covered by a 
very dense undergrowth and small timber. In the early days the region 
could be reached only by long distances of "man-pack" whereas today 
there are several railroads and automobile Highways across the reser- 
vation, with several thriving villages enroute , and the district is 
visited by hundreds of summer tourists. A. N. Kimmell, U. S. Surveyor > 

-15- 



and William R, Johnston, U. S. Transitman, are at work on Group No. 1, 
and E. G. Harrington, U. S. Surveyor, and Carl Dyson, U. S« Trancit- 
man , have been assigned to Group No. 2 of the Leech Lake resurveys. 
Arthur D. Kidder, Associate Supervisor of Surveys, is giving this 
work much of his personal attention. 



Frank H. Johnson, Supervisor of Surveys, expects to leave 
Denver shortly for New Mexico, Arizona, California, and the northwest. 



EARLY DAYS IN THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE. 

Yvhile changing conditions during the last hundred years have 
necessarily modified, often in marked degree, administrative pro- 
cedure in the business of surveying, managing and disposing of the 
public lands, the human story has been the same throughout the years* 
Glimpses into the past reveal the aims and ambitions of the Com- 
missioners of yesterday, their plans and recommendations to meet and 
keep current the great volume of business, which while far less complex 
and diversified in character than that of today nevertheless presented 
many original problems for solution. 

The following is an excerpt from the seventh annual message 
of President Jackson dated December 7, 1835, when the General Land 
Office was a bureau of the Treasury Department, nearly fourteen years 
before the Interior Department -/as created, 

"The extraordinary receipts from the sales of the public 
lands invite you to consider 7/hat improvements the land system, 
and particularly the condition of the General Land Office, may 
require* At the time this institution was organized, near a 
quarter of a century ago, it would probably have been thought 
extravagant to anticipate for this period such an addition to 
its business as has been produced by the vast increase cf those 
sales during the past and present years. It may also be ob- 
served that since the year 1812 the land offices and surveying 
districts have been greatly multiplied, and that numerous 
legislative enactments from year to year since that time have 
imposed a great amount of new and additional duties upon that 
office, while the want of a timely application of force com- 
mensurate with the care and labor required has caused the in- 
creasing embarrassment cf accumulated arrears in the different 
branches of the establishment. 

These impediments to the expedition of much duty in the 
General Land Office induce me to submit to your judgment 
whether some modification of the laws relating to its organization, 

-15- 



or an organization of a new character, be not called 
for at the present juncture, to enable the office to 
accomplish all the ends of its institution with a greater 
degree of facility and promptitude than expsrience has 
proved to be practicable under existing regulations!. The 
variety of the concerns and the magnitude and complexity 
of the details occupying and dividing the attention of the 
Commissioner appear- to render it difficult, if not im- 
practicable, for that officer by any possible assiduity to 
bestow on al!l the multifarious subjects upon which he is 
called to act the ready and careful attention due to their 
respective importance, unless the Legislature shall assist 
him by a law providing, or enabling him to provide, for a 
more regular and economical distribution of labor > with 
the incident responsibility among those employed under his 
direction. The mere manual operation of affixing his signa- 
ture to the vast number of documents issuing from his office 
subtracts so largely from the time and attention claimed by 
the weighty and complicated subjects daily accumulating in 
that branch of the public service as to indicate the strong 
necessity of revising the organic law of the establishment*' 

But what would he have said if they had had a grazing homestead law 
to deal with? 



THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT BUILDiNG. 

Secretary Lane does not want any distinction made between 
the new Interior Department Building and the old buildings of the 
Department. In other words, the new building into which mo3t of 
the bureaus of the Department have recently moved, is to be referred 
to as the Interior Department Building, while the other buildings 
under the jurisdiction of this Department are to be known as the 
Patent Office Building, the Pension Office Building and the Land 
Office Building, respectively. 



INTERIOR DEPARTMENT WAR RELIEF. 

If you have any doubt about the activity of the organization 
of ladies, headed by Mrs. Lane, in charge of the Interior Department 
War Relief Work, it will be dispelled Dy a trip to the third^ floor, 
rear, of the Home Club on any Tuecday afternoon- The so-called^ 
"busy bee" is an "also ran", in comparison with these hard working 
ladies of the Department. In one portion of the room material for 
the various articles to be ma.de up is being given out and charged, 
and across the way the completed articles— pajamas, sheet-?., sweaters, 
socks, etc.,— are being turned in and receipted for-, It is amazing 
the amount of work these devoted women accomplish in the courts of a 

-17- 



week. Each article now bears, in addition to the red cross, the 
words "Interior Department War Work, Washington, D. C." If one of 
our employees is sick or wounded and happens to climb into a suit 
of pajamas bearing this tag, can't you imagine what it's going to 
mean to him? Every woman in the Department, and the wives and 
daughters of employees should be identified with this great work. 

— The Rolling Pin* 



LAND OFFICE WAR RELIEF FUND* 

The committee having in charge the collections from the Land 
Office for the Interior Department War Relief Fund, to be used in 
endowing one or more beds in the Hospital at Neuilly, France, thanks 
all who so generously contributed* About #700 has been collected, 
more than #500 of which was contributed by the Field Force* 

Money has already been sent for two beds, and early in Sep- 
tember money for two or mbre will be sent as well as boxes of supplies 
which the ladies of the Interior Department have been making for said 
hospital* 



R ECENT DECISIONS OF TEE DEPARTMENT . 

Enlarged Homestead Additional Entry ; 

In Rapid City homestead contest, 026980, Mailman vs. Halff 
on rehearing the Secretary of the Interior held August 2, 1917, re- 
affirming his holding of May 17, 1917, that should the contestant 
secure the cancellation of the entry under attack it would not carry 
with it any right to a tract adjacent thereto applied for by the entry- 
man under Sec* 3 of the enlarged homestead act saying: 

"Nothing that contestant has set forth in any paper filed 
could, if proven, secure for her a preference right of entry 
for the tract described in the additional application of 
Halff. His original entry being intact, and its life time 
not having expired, he has the right to make an additional 
thereto under Sec. 3 of the enlarged homestead act, whether 
or not he has complied with the law as to the original entry. 
The additional entry, if allowed, can be perfected even 
though the original be canceled; and until the additional 
application becomes an entry and is thereafter regularly 
canceled on contest, there are no proceedings by which 
Mailman can acquire a preference right of entry as to the 
tract." 

-18- 



Desert Entry Expenditures : 

In the case of Jones v. Powell, Great Falls 032366, the 
Secretary, July 14* 1917, called attention to the fact that the 
concurring decisions below held that the entryrnan was not entitled 
to claim as an expenditure $40 paid for a fence which was on the 
land when the entry was made, following Herren v. Hicks (41 L. D., 
601) and said : 

"The records of the Land Department show that this 
is the first desert-land entry made for the land. The 
cost of the fence not having been claimed before in an 
annual proof on a desert-land entry, the rule announced 
in Herren v. Hicks, supra, has no application. Under the 
circumstances disclosed, the good faith of the purchase 
and use of the fence being in no wise questioned, the 
entryrnan is entitled to credit for its cost." 

Loda Location — Application for Patent ; 

The Department recently had occasion to reaffirm its former 
holding as to its authority to investigate and determine the validity 
of a lode mining location prior to application for patent, holding 
in the case of Paris Gibson et al , ( Lewi st own 036994) July 10 — 

"The Department cannot concur in the correctness of 
applicant's contention, that it is without authority to 
investigate and determine the validity of a lode mining 
location until application for patent shall have been made 
therefor, it having, by decision of February 6, 1917, in 
J. B. Nichols and Cy Smith, reaffirmed the doctrine to the 
contrary, announced in H. H. Yard et al , (38 L. D» , 59), 
which is supported by the recent case of Lane v. Cameron, 
decided by the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia 
(44 Wash. Law Rep., 743)." 

Practice - Appeal : 

Attention is invited to the decision of the Department, dated 
August 14, 1917, in the case of Merle R. Allen, involving desert land 
application No. 02578, El Centro , California, land district. 

This application was held for rejection by the Commissioner 
because it appeared from a report submitted by the Field Service 
under Circular No. 383 that the applicant could not secure a we/ter 
supply for the irrigation of the land he sought to enter. The appli- 
cant was allowed the right to appeal, or to apply for a hearing ' !, .o 
refute the conclusions reached by the Field Service and he elected to 
appeal. The Department affirmed the decision of the Commissioner, and 

-19- 



thereupon the applicant filed a request for a hearing under paragraph 
13 of the desert land regulations (45 L. D. , 345). In denying the 
request for a hearing the Department stated that having elected to 
appeal, the applicant could not then as a right, demand a hearing. 



COAL DISCOVERY IN ALASKA i 

A discovery of coal was made recently at Station 6451, near 
Mile 175 on the right-of-way of the Government railroad, about one 
mile northwest of the crossing of the Little Susitna River. G. Gianninni 
& Co., who were awarded a contract last May for stripping and grading 
the right-of-way between Stations 6436 and 6475, uncovered the vein 
while driving a trap tunnel for the purpose of securing rock and gravel 
for the roadbed. The coal was encountered within eight feet of the 
surface of a hill about 30 feet from the grade, and at the point of 
discovery the vein is about four feet thick. No examination has as yet 
been made to determine the extent of the coal bed or the value of the 
coal for steaming purposes* 

Coal appears at numerous places along the branch line of the 
railroad in the Matanuska field, and has been found in various other 
sections of the Territory outside the known coal-bearing areas, but this 
is the first coal encountered on the main line of the Government railroad, 

— Alaska Railroad Record. 



RESTORATION OF LANDS WITHDRAW UNDER THE CAREY ACT. 

The following restorations of lands heretofore withdrawn under 
the act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stat., 372), known as the Carey Act, 
and the act of March 15, 1910 (36 Stat., 237), supplemental thereto, 
are announced, the lands to be subject to homestead entry on the date 
herein given and to other forms of entry one week later: 

ARIZONA: 15,030.76 acres, in Yuma County, September 30, 1917. 

COLORADO: Glenwood Springs district, 26,474,51 acres, in 
Moffat County, July 16, 1917; 19,270.37 acres in Moffat County Sep- 
tember 4 , 1917. 

IDAHO: Hailey district, 341.55 acres, in Twin Falls County, 
September 6, 1917; 6,197.64 acres in Lemhi County, August 20, 1917; 
3,240,70 acres, Cassia County, August 27, 1917; 9,679.56 acres, Twin 
Falls County, September 1, 1917. Boise and Hailey district, 99,381.90 
acres, in Owyhee County, September 10, 1917. Blackfoot district, 
2,160 acres, Teton County, September 6, 1917; 19,107.36 acres, Butte 
County, July 16, 1917. Boise district, 29,203.06 acres, Owyhee County, 
September 13, 1917, 

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MONTANA: Great Falls district, 40 acres, in Teton County, 
September 17, 1917. 

NEVADA: Carson City district, 11,105 acres, Nye County, Sep- 
tember 6, 1917; Elko district, 6,377*43 acres, Elko County, October 
2, 1917. 

OREGON: The Dalles district, 74,198.02 acres, Crook and 
Deschutes Counties, September 24, 1917* 

UTAH: Vernal and Salt Lake City districts, 40,251.36 acres, 
Uintah and Duchesne Counties, September 10, 1917; 2,879.81 acres, 
Millard County. August 22, 1917; 4,999,15 acres * Emery County, Sep- 
tember 4, 1917; 7,500.28 acres, Grand and San Juan Counties, September 
19, 1917. 

WYOMING: Cheyenne district, 17,967.06 acres, Carbon County, 
August 22, 1917; 1,865,35 acres, Goshen County, September 11, 1917; 
25,396.92 acres, Carbon County, September II, 1917; 2,525.39 acres, 
Albany County, September 13, 1917 „ Buffalo district, 1,721.36 acres, 
Washakie County, September 13, 1917; 235.15 acres, Park and Big Horn 
Counties, September 6, 1917. Douglas district, 475.28 acres, Converse 
County, September 13, 1917. Evanston district, 200 acres, Lincoln 
County, September 6, 1917. 

Intending applicants for these lands should remember that within 
the boundaries of the area of land restored as above mil be found some 
tracts heretofore appropriated, so that due care should be taken to 
ascertain whether the lands desired are affected by the order of res- 
toration. 

DAKOTA NATIONAL FOREST ABOLISHED. 

By Proclamation of June 30, the Dakota National Forest in~ 
North Dakota was abolished and the public lands therein subject to 
such disposition restored to homestead entry in advance of settlement 
or other forms of disposition. Such lands will become subject to entry 
only under the homestead laws requiring residence at and after 9 o'clock, 
a* m. , September 19, and to settlement and ether forms of disposition 
at and after 9 o'clock a. m. , September 26, 1917. About 6134 acres 
will be restored under the proclamation. The lands are in the Dickinson 
land district. 

EXCLUSION FROM WASATCH NATIONAL FOREST. 

By Proclamation of August 3, certain lands were excluded from 
the Wasatch National Forest in Utah, and the public lands therein sub- 
ject to such disposition restored to homestead entry in advance of 
settlement or other forms of disposition. Such lands will become 
subject to entry only under the homestead laws requiring residence at 

-21- 



and after 9 o'clock a* m. , October 2, and to settlement and other 
forms of disposition at ani after 9 o'clock a. m*, October 9, 1917- 
About 2575 acres will be restored under the proclamation. The lands 
are in the Salt Lake Cit" land district. 



LEGISLATIVE RELIEF FOR PUBLIC LAND CLAIMANTS. 

Assessment Wo rk o n l\ini n g Claims : 

The act of July 17, 1917, Senate Joint Resolution 33, provides: 

"That the provisions of section twenty-three hundred and 
twenty-four of the Revised Statutes of the United States, which 
require that on each mining claim located after the tenth day of 
May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, and until patent has been 
issued therefor, not less than 0100 worth of labor shall be per- 
formed or improvements made during each year, shall not apply to 
claims or parts of claims owned by officers or enlisted men who 
have been or may, during the present war with Germany, be mustered 
into the military or naval service of the United States to serve 
during their enlistment in the war with Germany, so that no 
mining claim cr any part thereof owned by such person v/hich has 
been regularly located and recorded shall be subject to forfeiture 
for nonperformance of the annual assessments during the period 
of his service or until six. months after such owner is mustered 
out of the service or until six months after his death in the 
service: Provided, That the claimant of any mining location, in 
order to obtain the benefits of this resolution, shall file, or 
cause to be filed, a notice in the office where the location 
notice or certificate is recorded, before the expiration of the 
assessment year during which he is so mustered, giving notice 
of his muster into the service of the United States and of his 
desire to hold said mining claim under this resolution." 

Homestead Entrymen or Settlers : 

Public No. 32, approved July 28, 1917, an act entitled "For the relief 
of homestead entrymen or settlers who enter the military or naval service 
of the United States in time of war" was enacted: 

"That any settler upon the public lands of the United States; 
or any entryman whose application has been allowed; or any person 
who has made application for public lands which thereafter may 
be allowed under the homestead laws, who, after such settlement, 
entry, or application, enlists or is actually engaged in the 
military or naval service of the United States as a private 
soldier, officer, seaman, marine, national guardsman, or member 
of any other organization for offense or defense authorized by 
Congress during any war in which the United States may be engaged, 

-22- 



shall, in the administration of the homestead laws, have 
his services therein construed to be equivalent to all 
intents and purposes to residence and cultivation for the 
same length of time upon the tract entered or settled upon; 
and hereafter no contest shall be initiated on the ground 
of abandonment, nor allegation of abandonment sustained 
against any such settler, entryman, or person unless it 
shall be alleged in the preliminary affidavit or affidavits 
of contest and proved at the hearing in cases hereinafter 
initiated that the alleged absence from the land was not 
due to his employment in such military or naval service; 
that if he shall be discharged on account of wounds received 
or disability incurred in the line of duty, then the term 
of his enlistment shall be deducted from the required 
length of residence, without reference to the time of actual 
service: Provided, That no patent shall issue to any home- 
stead settler who has not resided upon, improved, and 
cultivated his homestead for a period of at least one year. 

Sec- 2. That any settler upon the public lands of the 
United States; or any entryman whose application has been 
allowed; or any person who has made application for public 
lands which thereafter may be allowed under the homestead laws, 
who dies while actually engaged in the military or naval 
service of the United States as a private soldier, officer, 
seaman, marine, national guardsman, or member of any other 
organization for offense or defense authorized by Congress 
during any war in which the United States may be engaged; then 
his widow, if unmarried, or in case of her death or marriage, 
his minor orphan children, or his or their legal representatives 
may proceed forthwith to make final proof upon such entry or 
application thereafter allowed, and shall be entitled to 
* receive Government patent for such land; and that the death 
of such soldier while so engaged in the service of the 
United States shall, in the administration of the homestead 
laws, be construed tc be equivalent to a performance of all 
requirements as to residence and cultivation upon such home- 
stead." 

Desert Land Entrymen : 

Public No, 36, approved August 7, 1917, "for the protection 
of desert land entrymen who enter the military or naval service of the 
United States in time of war," is in the following terms: 

"That no desert-land entry made or held under the pro- 
visions of the Act of March third, eighteen hundred and 
seventy-seven, as amended by the Act of March third, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-one, by an officer or enlisted man in the 

-23- 



Army. Navy. Marine Corp9, or Organized Militia of the United 
St»±»e shall he subject to contest or cancellation for failure 
to make or expend the sura of $1 per acre per year in improve- 
ments upon such claim, or to effect the reclamation thereof, 
during the period said entryman or his successor in interest 
is engaged in the military service of the United States during 
the present war with Germany, and until six months thereafter, 
and the time within which such entryman or claimant is re- 
quired to make such expenditures and effect reclamation of the 
land shall be, exclusive of the time of his actual service 
in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Organized Militia of the 
United States: Provided, That said desert-land entry shall 
have been made by the said officer or enlisted man prior to 
his enlistment: Provided further, That each such entryman or 
claimant shall within six months after the passage of this 
Act, or within six months after he is mustered into the service, 
file in the local land office of the district wherein his claim 
is situate a notice of his muster into the service of the 
United States and of his desire to hold said desert claim 
under this Act: Provided further, That the term "enlisted 
man," as used in this section shall include any person 
selected to serve in the military forces of the United States 
as provided by the Act entitled: "An Act authorizing the 
President to increase temporarily the Military Establishment 
of the United States," approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred 
and seventeen," 

Non-Residence Homesteads in Idaho: 

By Section 10 of the act approved August 10, 1917 (Public No. 40) , 
section 6, of the act of June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 531), providing for 
a non-residence homestead in Idaho, was amended to read as follows: 

"Sec* 6. That whenever the Secretary of the Interior 
shall find any tracts of land in the State of Idaho, subject 
to entry under this act, do not have upon them such a 
sufficient supply of water suitable for domestic purposes 
as would make continuous residence upon the lands possible 
he may, in his discretion, designate such tracts of land, 
not to exceed in the aggregate one million acres, and there- 
after they shall be subject to entry under this Act without 
the necessity of residence upon the land entered: Provided, 
That the entryman shall in good faith cultivate not less 
than one- sixteenth of the entire area of the entry which is 
susceptible of cultivation during the first year of the 
entry, not less than one-eighth during the second year, and 
not less than one-fourth during the third year of the entry 
and until final proof; Provided further, That after six 
months from the date of entry and until final proof the entry- 
man shall be a resident of the State of Idaho." 

-24- 



STOCK-RAISING HOMESTEADS. 

The provisions of the stock-raising homestead law cannot, 
under the act as passed, be made available by applicants for entry 
until the designation of the lands shall have been made. This has 
not yet been done in any case and several amendments have been pro- 
posed in the Congress bearing on this feature • One of the most recent 
amendments is the one offered by Senator Jones of New Mexico, who was 
formerly First Assistant Secretary of the Interior, introduced August 
11, 1917 (s. 2776). Senator Jones' amendment directs the Secretary 
of the Interior to designate lands applied for within six months 
from date of filing application therefor; and in the event that the 
Secretary shall fail to so designate them, such lands shall be deemed 
prima facie so classified in the States of New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, 
Wyoming and South Dakota, wherein the application contains in substance 
a verified statement by the applicant, corroborated by the affidavits 
of two disinterested parties, that the land is of the character con- 
templated by the Stock-Raising Homestead Law* It is provided, how- 
ever, that the filing of such application shall be only prima facie 
evidence of the facts therein stated, and contest proceedings may be 
initiated within one year after the allowance of the application, as to 
the character of the land. 

The promptness with which large numbers of applications were 
filed for stock-raising homesteads shows that the law met a demand 
that has long been apparent to experienced observers and its popularity 
will increase as the results of its operation become more generally 
known. 



FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE. 

From Great Falls . - 

In the co mm ents and letters, both favorable and unfavorable, 
that have so far been made on the plan of taking final proof on the 
land, no one seems to have considered the practical working side of the 
proposition. Final proofs are falling due every day over the entire 
land district, which vail require either several proof -taking officers, 
or fixing proof dates for localities, without regard to the proof-maker. 
The convenience of the proof-taker will be often of more consideration 
than the necessities of the proof-maker, all of which will not help 
the popularity of tho Land Service. 

From North Yakima . - 

Referring to the monthly publication, I have in mind an idea 
which may be of interest- In taking final proofs, I have on numerous 
occasions procured from the claimant, when submitting his testimony, 

-25- 



a photograph of his place, hie house or points of interest in connec- 
tion with his land. These pictures I have affixed to the final proof* 
Many of these' pictures were beautiful, and usually showed what the 
homesteader considered the most attractive places from his point of 
view. Hunting scenes, boating, mountain, prairie, quaint bungalows, 
etc., were all shown. I have in mind the last proof I took submitted 
by an elderly lady whose land was in the Rainier National Forest, 
fronting on the "Sunset Highway" ten miles from the summit of the 
Cascade Mountains* She ran a sort of a hotel or "tea house" she called 
it, and sold milk and cream and furnished meals to the numerous tourists 
passing by. These people are always pleased when I ask them to let me 
have, the picture to send up with their proof. 

Such a picture furnished with each proof might be of great value 
in the future. In many cases it would be a hardship to the settler to 
furnish the picture, while in other cases he would be only too glad to 
have an excuse to have the picture taken. 

From Carson Cit y. - 

Let me suggest to the readers of the "Bulletin" that they dig 
into their files and get out the May number, and re-read the article 
entitled "The Other Fellows View-point." 

Failure to give the other fellow credit for doing his work faith- 
fully while maintaining an extravagant opinion of our own causes a good 
many jolts to come our way. Finding fault with the other fellow is a 
disagreeable habit and lessens ones usefulness to the Service. 



AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL FAIR AT ANCHORAGE . 

The first competitive display of the products of the Cook Inlet 
section of Alaska will be held in Anchorage on September 3, 4 and 5th. 
It will be the first formal celebration of the progress made in the 
varied industries of the territory with especial reference to the achieve- 
ments of the Inlet country in mining, agriculture, fishing and manu- 
facturing during the past two years. 



LA^D OFFICE NOTES. 

Siletz Timber Lands . - 

A public sale of timber lands in the former Siletz Indian Reser- 
vation, Oregon, is advertised to take place on the 25th of September, 
at the local land office at Portland, Oregon. The sale includes 3,259.54 
acres of land, which are estimated to contain 170,620 M. feet of timber. 
The minimum price of the land and timber has been fixed at .$150,614.44, 



-26- 



Flathead Timber Lands . - 

Another opening of lands in the Flathead Indian Reservation, 
Montana, will take place this month. The opening embraces 7,677.04 
acres. The larger portion of this area was formerly classified as timber 
land, and these lands have been re-classified with regard to the value 
of the land for agriculture and horticulture* The homesteaders will 
also be required to pay for the timber. It is the first opening of 
Flathead timber lands to homestead entry. 

Public Sale Flathead Lands . - 

Two hundred six tracts within the former Flathead Indian Reser- 
vation, Montana, embracing an aggregate of 14,060.31 acres, an average 
of about sixty-eight acres each, were listed for sale at public outcry, 
at not less than the appraised prices, to the highest bidders; fifty- 
nine of the tracts situated in the Kalispell land district to be offered 
for sale at Kalispell commencing August 20, 1917; and the remaining 
tracts, in the Missoula land district, to be offered for sale at Missoula 
commencing August 30, 1917. The lands were classified as grazing lands, 
with the exception of a forty acre tract situated in the Missoula dis- 
trict which was classified as first-class agricultural land. The ap- 
praisements ranged from $1.25 to $4.00 per acre, with the exception of 
the first-class agricultural tract which was appraised at $7-00 per acre, 
John Mcphaul, Superintendent of the sale, has reported that every acre 
in the Kalispell district sold at an advance of approximately $2,500.00 
over the appraised price, 

Townsite s .- 

A report of the sale of town lots in Zurich, Montana, held on 
June 23, 1917, in the Milk River Irrigation Project, shows that forty- 
one lots were sold for $746.75. 

Reports have also been received showing the sale of one hundred 
and ninety-eight lots in Timber Lake townsite en July 10, 1917, for 
$10,219, and in Dupree townsite on the same date twenty- five lots were 
sold fcr $2,432. Said towns are in the Cheyenne River Indian Reser- 
vation, South Dakota. 

On July 2, 1917, two hundred and nineteen lots were sold in 
Duchesne townsite, Uintah Reservation, Utah, for $5,095, and in Powell 
townsite, in Shoshone Reclamation Project, fifty-seven lots were sold 
for $11,082,50. 

A sale of lots in the townsite of Cedarville, New Mexico, took 
place on July 30, but no report of the proceeds derived therefrom has 
been received. Ninety -seven lots in the townsite of Inchelium, in the 
Colville Indian Reservation, Washington, were sold for $3465. 

-27- 



Sales have been ordered to take place at Yellow Bay, August 
23; Big Arm, August 25; Camas, August 27, in the Flathead Indian Reser- 
vation, Montana, and at Beaver in the Shoshone Irrigation Project or. 
August 29; at Tabor, September 10, and at Pablo September 13, in Flat- 
head Indian Reservation, Montana; and at be 1 It owe r, Montana, on 
Septemb:-r 29, 1917, No reports have yet been received from any of said 
townsite sales. 

The tov:nsite of Anchorage, Alaska, the headquarters of the 
Alaskan Engineering Commission constructing the Government railroad 
in Alaska, was subdivided into lots and blocks in 1915, since which 
time three additions have been made to the tov/nsite, and three sales 
have heretofore been made cf lots therein, and a fourth sale has recently 
taken place, but no report of the result thereof has been received. The 
town now contains a population of more than five thousand. 

On June 20, 1917, forty-seven lots v:ere sold in the tovmsite 
of Wasilla, Alaska, for 85540. 

The other townsites, along the line of the Government railroad 
in Alaska, in which lots have been sold, are the Federal and Cliff 
Additions to the town of Seward, Nenana and Matanuska. A sale has 
also been scheduled to take place this month at the town of Moose. The 
coal and copper fields of the region along tho Government railroad are 
tributary to these towns. 

Oregon School Lands . - 

A claim against the State of Oregon for upwards of 5000 acres 
of land has recently been adjusted in large part, the State heartily 
cooperating with the office in the matter. This claim arose cut of a 
partial adjustment of the State's school land grant, it being found 
that indemnity lands had been given the State in excess of what was 
due. Further adjustment of this grant is now proceeding, some 2500 
acres of indemnity school land in the Rcseburg district having been 
certified to the State a few days ago. Other lists cf indemnity school 
lands are to follow* 

Forest Homesteads . - 

During the past year notices were issued in accordance with 
the Forest Homestead Act of June 11, 1906 (34 Stat., 233), involving 
the restoration of 1124 lists of lands in national forests, by which 
113,364.24 acres cf agricultural lands were opened to homestead 
settlement and entry of not to exceed 160 acres each. The average 
entry area was 100.86 acres,, In the previous year approximately 
152,000 acres were restored, and the total area thus restored to date 
is about 1,950,000 acres. 



-2S- 



Although the number of listings has diminished, the work 
incident to entries, amendments, appeals, etc., has not decreased. 
Final proofs are coning in in largo numbers, and a large percentage 
of the entries describe the lands by metes and bounds. 

Imperial Mcsa .- 

Numerous inquiries have been received regarding the opening 
of lands on the mesa in the eastern part of Imperial County, California, 
which are now withdrawn from settlement and entry under the Reclamation 
Act of June 17, 1902 (32 Stat., 338), It appears that these inquiries 
are based upon the newspaper report that on July 6, 1917, the Secretary 
of the Interior entered into a contract with the Imperial Laguna Water 
Company relative to the construction of an irrigation project to divert 
water from the Colorado River at the Laguna Dam for the irrigation of 
said lands. 

For the information of interested parties it may be stated 
that certain preliminary steps must be taken, including a careful in- 
vestigation as to the feasibility of the project, and an approval of 
the plans, which will consume considerable time, before these lands 
may be opened to entry, so that nothing can be said at this time re- 
garding the date of the opening nor the manner in which it will be 
conducted. 



QUOTH THE AGENT NEVERMORE. 

I've traveled on the "Pennsy;" all along the eastern shore, 
And I've been to California, why a dozen times or more; 
I've roamed all thru the' Sunny South with maidens gay and fair — 
In fact, I've always traveled, and I've been most everywhere. 

And I often sit and ponder on the days long since gone by, 
When I rode in freights and Pullmans, and in dirgibles did fly, 
And I thot I never would be cured of longing just to go, 
Whether on the old Northwestern or the "jerky" B. &. 0. 

Then I took a job with Baker investigating lands; 
I plodded thru the gumbo and staggered thru the sands; 
But still I never faltered, just went working right along, 
For travel was my one desire, and travel was my song. 

But I took a trip the other night in "Upper No. 8," 
In which I should have soundly snoozed, but almost met my fate. 
The Pullman rolled from side to side: ye Gods', how it did "buck;" 
I struck the ceiling forty times, and finally I stuck. 

-29- 



With my right I grabbed the hammock, with my left I hooked the bed, 
And offered up a fervent prayer, and thic is what I said: 
"Oh, God, I proraice thee my heart will never crave to roam, 
If by thy care and gracious thot thou land me safe at home;*' 

"If thou wilt spare me once again to greet my little wife^ 
I ne'er again will take the road that menaces my life; 
"And God, I'm cured of travel, for its charms I've lost my lovin; 
Since I went from "Chy" to Douglas on the Colorado Southern." 

— R.B. 



A FARM FOR FORTY CENTS. 

"The cost of a certified photographic copy of a patent will be 
ordinarily forty cents (41 L. D-, 334)." 

This looked good to a man in Mississippi, so he sent up forty 
cents, and this is What he thinks of the transaction now: 

"dear sir: i received yours containing a copy of a cash 
pattent since i received cash pattent i find the land is 
clamed by some land company plees inform me whether this 
cash patent entitles me to the land or not and what is 
the use of a cash patent as some say it is no good to me 
i was under the impression that a cash patent would entitle 
any one to a track of land plees inform me what to doe. 
goodby." 



ICE FOR THE IGLOO. 

The Alaska Railroad Record notes the allowance of a "permit" 
to "erect" an "ice house" at Anchorage. 

That don't seem just right somehow. Next thing will be a 
coal yard in — Texas. 

Ihy the "permit"? 

What for the "house"? 

What was the matter with a wire fence around any chunk of the 
old town?, 



-30- 



HONOR ROLL. 



The folio-wing members of the General Land Office are now 
enrolled for service under the flag, t.herever it may go, at home or 
abroad, on land or sea* 



1. Jacob Berman, 

2. W. S. Binley, 

3. Alvin Colburn, 

4. F. J. Connelly, 

5. W. A. Crawford, 

6. R. H. Da.lt on, 

7. H. K. Dinan, 

8. A. D. Hathaway, 

9. 5F» E. Hedges, 
10* H. L. Kays, 

11 • A. C. Lakenan, 

12. C. G. Mullady, 

13. Elmer Pendell, 

14. ¥. H. Ritenour, 

15. W. M. Sullivan, 



1st Lieut*, Officers' Reserve Corps. 

2d Lieut., National Army. 

Capt ai n , Mat i onal Army . 

1st Lieut., Aviation Corps. 

Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 

Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 

Seaman, 2d Class, Naval Reserves* 

Captain, D. C. National Guard. 

Corporal Clerk, Regular Army. 

2d Lieut., D. C. National Guard. 

Corporal Clerk, Regular Army. 

Seaman, 2d Class, Naval Reserves. 

2nd Lieut., Officers' Reserve Corps. 

Seaman. 2d Class, Naval Reserves* 
Accidentally killed in line of duty. 

2d Lieut., Sixth Regiment Infantry, 
U . S . Army . 



The Bulletin 7/ould appreciate advice from the Land Service, 
outside of the General Land Office as to the enrollment of its members 
in the Military or Naval Service of the United States. 



-31- 



AT HOME AND AI3KOAD. 

The resignation of Mr* William L. Kee, due to ill health, was 
noted in our last issue. For many years Judge Kee has been identified 
with the contest work of the office, where his ripe judgment and clear 
legal discrimination have often served to work out some of our most 
complex public land tangles. 



Mr. Howard 3. Ricketts, who was transferred to the Forestry 
Service three years ago, is now at the training camp at the American 
University with the Forestry unit, and expects later to go to France. 



We are advised that Mr, J. P. Golden, Register of the Land 
Office at O'Neill, Nebraska, has entered the Second Officers' Training 
Camp at Fort Snelling, Minnesota*, 



Mr. Frank S. Hemmick of this office is now on duty in the 
Second Officers' Training Camp at Fort Mye'r. 



Mr. Clifford A. Rush, Special Agent, G. L. 0., with headquarters 
at Helena, Montana, has been ordered to report at the presidio, San 
Francisco, California, August 25th, for three months training in the 
Officers' Training Camp. 



TELL THE BULLETIN. 

To all local offices and field service employees : 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you think 
should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communications to 
the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin." 
All communications should be received not later than the 2-ith of each 
month for use in the current number. 



-32- 



SBMlEail^ UUKD QKKK3B 



Vcl. 1. 



October 1, 1917, 



No. 8. 



THE STOCK-RAISING HOMESTEAD ACT, 



Probably the most important and far reaching land legislation 
that has been enacted for many years is the act of December 29, 1916 
(Public No. 290) , known as the stock-raising homestead act* This 
legislation was the subject of much controversy, extended committee 
hearings and difference of opinion before its enactment; the adminis- 
tration and execution of the act has already presented numerous 
important questions and will doubtless present many more as work under 
the act is only started. In a broad and gOBDral way the larger cattle 
and sheep raising interests were opposed to this legislation, while 
the legislation was supported by those who believed that the remain- 
ing public lands would be better utilized by breaking them up into 
many small ranch homes. The stock men contended for a leasing or 
permit system for the regulation of grazing on the public lands some- 
thing after the manner of the method now employed in the national 
forests; they argued that large areas of the remaining public lands 
which would be taken up under a section homestead lav/ were of such 
an arid character that 640 acres would not support a family; that 
any attempt to do so would only result in failure and in a deprecia- 
tion of the value of the range as now used. On the other hand, 
those in favor of the stock-raising homestead pointed out the results 
of the operation of the enlarged homestead and of the so-called 
Kinkaid homestead law in Nebraska, urging that under such legisla- 
tion the country would produce an equal or greater supply of meat 
with numerous other products, and at the same time afford self- 
supporting homes for many families and render the lands ultimately 



subject to taxation by the States. The latter view prevailed in 
Congress; 

Briefly the law provides for a 640-acre stock-raising home- 
stead on lands theretofore designated by the Secretary of the Interior 
as "chiefly valuable for grazing and raising forage crops, do not con- 
tain merchantable timber, are not susceptible of irrigation from any 
known source of water supply and are of such character that 640 acres 
are reasonably required for the support of a family." Residence and 
a habitable house are required the same as any other homestead, but 
permanent improvements to the value of $1*25 per acre are required in 
lieu of cultivation* The act provides for additional entries of lands 
contiguous to the original, up to 640 acres for both, provided both 
consist of designated lands; such additional entries may be made before 
or after patent on the original. The act also provides for a second 
entry within 20 miles from the original, the area of both entries not 
to exceed 640 acres, and if insufficient land of the required character 
is available adjoining or within 20 miles of the original entry, same 
may be relinquished or reconveyed to the government and a new entry 
made in the same land district. The act further provides for preference 
rights to enter the lands adjoining by those who already have entries 
of less than 640 acres of designated lands. We have, therefore, to 
deal with under this act, designations, preference rights, second 
entries, two forms of additional entries, and exchange rights. The 
difficulties, complications and details of administering a law of this 
character are quite apparent. In addition to the above, the act pro- 
vides for the withdrawal of lands needed for public stock watering 
places and for driveways for stock* Unlike any former legislation the 
act provides for a universal reservation to the government of all 
minerals, wherefore mineral lands are subject to entry under the act, 
without the necessity of classifications or hearings to determine known 
mineral character. 

The immediate activity under this act in the way of applications 
and filings was unprecedented in the history of public land legislation* 
In round numbers, within four months after the law had been enacted, 
gross filings to the number of 60,000 had been made embracing an area 
of some 24,000,000 acres» Of course these filings were duplications 
in many instances either because of conflicting claims or because of the 
withdrawal of one filing to make room for another, but even allowing 
for all these duplications, the area filed on is enormous. It should 
be borne in mind that these filings commenced immediately after the 
enactment of the law before any instructions or regulations had been 
issued. The law specifically provides that applications may be made 
before designation of the land and suspended to await designation and 
that in the meantime, and unb.il the application is allowed, no right to 
occupy such lands shall be acquired by the applicant « Thus close to 
a million and a half dollars in fees and commissions accumulated in the 
unearned accounts of receivers. While Congress provided for the desig- 
nation of these lands it did not provide the funds with which to make 
the necessary field examinations as a basis of designation until some 

-2- 



months afterward, the field forces for that purpose having been organd 
by the Geological Survey just prior to the cloce of the fiscal year. At 
the close of the year, therefore, we are in the condition of having gr 
numbers of applications and petitions for designations suspended in the 
local offices and this office without opportunity of taking further action 
thereon until the work of designation is under way. This has resulted in 
complications and in some cases in hardship. It is reported that many of 
these homesteaders immediately on making xheir filings proceeded to take 
up their residence on the land not realizing that the law specifically 
provided that they had no right on the land until after allowance of their 
applications, and that the allowance of the application was entirely con- 
tingent on the designation of the land or the non-withdrawal thereof for 
a stock driveway or water hold. The situation above described has beer- 
given considerable attention in Congress and legislation has been proposed 
either to designate the land outright by law or to provide for the allow- 
ance of the entries subject to future contest, or to insure the designation 
of the lands within a limited period. It is noped that the work of desig- 
nation now well started will pave the way for reasonably prompt disposition 
of this great number of applications, but it should be understood that any 
intelligent designation of the great areas covered is a task of no small 
dimensions, and that the adjudication of the cases, involving as it will 
examination of both original and final entries in many instances, must 
necessarily require a tremendous amount of detail work. At the best, the 
disposition of the work under this act, unless a very large force is pro- 
vided, is certain to be delayed. 

The matter of the designation of stock driveways has been the sub- 
ject of no little controversy and difference of opinion, some urging that 
the creation of very extensive driveways is absolutely necessary to the 
perpetuation of the stock-raising industry, while others urge that large 
driveways are unnecessary and will only operate to withdraw desirable 
lands from entry. The office has determined that there is only one way 
to dispose of this driveway situation, and that is to hear all interests 
and to make a careful investigation in the field of all areas to be with- 
drawn. 

On the whole, while there are bound to be difficulties in the 
administration of this act, and while during the period of readjustment 
there may be* some decrease in the meat production, I believe that ultimate- 
ly this legislation will prove beneficial and lead to a better and fuller 
utilization of the remaining public domain. It is too early yet either 
to condemn it or to predict its entire success. At any rate, it is clear 
to anybody at all familiar with the public grazing land situation that 
either legislation of this character designed to place the remaining 
grazing lands in private ownership, or legislation which would provide 
for some form of regulation of the use of the grazing areas was absolutely 
necessary. 



-3- 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL 



Appointments. 



General Land Off ice. - 



Field Service. - 



John 0- Sanders, of Texas, clerk at $1000. 
Clarence R. Bradshaw, of Mississippi, copyist 
at £900. 

Malcolm Moseley, of Alabama , copyist at ^720. 
Raymond W» Murphy, Frank C. Yoaklcy, and Malcolm 
S; Beaton, of the District of Columbia, mes- 
senger boys at ;/>480 per annum. 
Miss Mary C. Darling, and Miss Viola V. Minor, 
of, the District of Columbia, and Mrs. Edith M. 
Strange, of New York, temporary copyists, at 
07 20 per annum. 

Miss Felice Conn, of Nevada, Assistant Super- 
intendent of the Opening and Sale of Indian 
Reservations, at $6-00 per diem. 



Local Office. - 



Miss Elsie E. Hamilton and Miss Alma M- Myers, 
of Montana, typewriters at A 9 00 per annum, land 
office Miles City, Montana. 

Mrs. Cora Houghlan , of South Dakota, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter, at $900 p er annum, land 
office Belief ourche , South Dakota. 
Miss Mary L. Henaby , of Oregon, stenographer 
and typewriter at 8900 per annum, land office 
Blackfoot, Idaho. 

Miss Clista E. Lease, of Montana, typewriter at 
C900 per annum, land office Great Falls, Montana, 
McKinley W. Kreigh, of Kansas, clerk at £1080, 
land office Great Falls, Montana, by reinstate- 
ment- 



Transfers. 



General Land Office •- 



David B. Morgan, of North Dakota, clerk of Class 
Four at 01800 to the U. S. Geological Survey- 



Miss Onie Rymer, of Tennessee, to the U. S. 
Tariff Commission. 



Field Service.- 



George E. Hair, of South Dakota, from special 
agent in the Navy Department xo special agent 
this office* 



-4- 



Guilford A- Lcavitt , of Missouri, from clerk in 
the General Land Office to clerk in charge at 
$1440 in the land office at Springfield, Missouri 

Abraham L. Zinn , of Colorado, stenographer and 
typewriter in the Alaskan Field Division, to the 
land office at Santa Fe , New Mexico. 

Local Office.- George H. Bolt, of Maryland, from stenographer 

and typewriter, land office, Billings, Montana, 
to Junior Clerk in the Reclamation Service. 



Promotions. 

General Land Office.- Robert J. F. McElroy , cf Pennsylvania, to Law 

Examiner at ^2000. 

Russell E. Mikesell, of Ohio, to Law Examiner at 
01800 . 

James P. Briggs, of Georgia, and Arthur C. Beach, 
of Missouri, to clerks of Class Four at yl800 per 
annum . 

Edward L. Valentine, of Arkansas, Frank D. Robin- 
son, of Missouri, Miss Katherine Horan, of Okla- 
homa, and Leander J. Moody, of Maine, to clerks 
of Class Three at 01600 per annum. 

Walter J. Ise , of Nebraska, Alfred Dresser, of 
Minnesota, Bernard L. McQarvey, of Pennsylvania, 
Miss Martha C. Smith, of Indiana, Miss Rosa W-renn , 
of South Carolina, and Edgar C. Chambers, of 
Maryland, to clerks of Class Two at #1400 per 
annum . 

Miss Queenie Smith, of Mississippi, Emmett D- 
Gallion, of Virginia, Mrs. Mabel M. Dawson, of 
South Dakota, Fred L. Van Dolsen, of Indiana, 
George W. Billings, of Indiana, and Mrs. Aline S. 
Stump, of Alabama, to clerks of Class One at 01200. 

Richard R. Ramsell, of Iowa, Miss Ruth C. Weeder, 
of Michigan, Leo T. Farrell , of Iowa, Talmage 
Baker, of Louisiana, Miss Mary Z. Van Horn, of 
Pennsylvania, Mrs. Goldie G. Miller, of New Mexico 
Miss Minnie M. James, of Illinois, and Miss Mary 
G. McVey , of North Carolina, to clerks at $1000. ■ 



-5- 



Miss Sara A. Creeden, of Ohio, Miss Mary E. 
Murphy, of Massachusetts, Frank J. Krattermaker , 
of New Jersey, Erskine A. Roberts, of Florida, 
Arthur T. Edwards, of Tennessee, and Miss Sallie 
Howe, of Louisiana, to copyists at 0900. 

Local Office.- Cash R< Gross, of Washington, land office Miles 

City, Montana, to land law clerk at w 1080. 



Resignations. 

General Land Office.- Harry L. Underwood, of New York, law examiner at 

^2200. 

George W. Holland , of Oklahoma, clerk of Class 
Four at #1800. 

Charles Goldberg, of Massachusetts, clerk at $1200. 

Herbert M. Dodd , of Virginia, clerk at $1400. 

Frank S. Hemmick, of the District of Columbia, 
because of his entrance in the 2nd Officers' 
Reserve Corps Training Camp. 

Lewis E. Hoffman, Clerk Class One at 01200 per 
annum, to accept an appointment as general clerk, 
Engineer Corps, U. S. A., with the American 
Expeditionary Forces in France. 

Archie M. Reed, of Alabama, laborer (classified) 
at C660 , because of his draft in the United 
States Army. 

Frank J. Simonton, of the District of Columbia, 
messenger boy at ^660, because of his draft in 
the United States Army. 

Land Service.- Ulys Pyle , of Illinois, land law clerk at 01080 

per annum, land office Lev/istown, Montana. 

Mrs. Mamie Lamb, clerk at 1^960, land office Glas- 
gow, Montana. 

William R. Yeilding, of Washington, stenographer 
and typewriter at 01080, land office Buffalo, 
Wyoming. 

Clarence H. Roberts, cf Oregon, land law clerk at 
$1140, land office Glasgow, Montana. 

-6- 



Field Service.- Glenn B. Morgan, of Indiana, Surveyor for the 

Inspection of Mineral Deposits, at £1300. 

Surveying Service.- Stanley H. Murdock , of Ohio, Transitman, at $100 

per month. 

Wallace G. Shapcott, of Colorado, U. S. Surveyor 
at ^130 per month. 



SURVEY NOTES. 

A meridian station has recently been established on the roGf of 
the New Interior Department Building at Washington for use in testing 
solar instruments of the Surveying Service. The latitude and longitude 
of the point were computed by reference to known stations from data 
furnished by the U. 9* Coast and Geodetic Survey. The determination of 
the bearing of an azimuth mark on the Washington Monument, also a point 
on the clock of the Post Office Department Building (illuminated at 
night), consisted of a series of direct observations on the sun, a series 
of hour angle observations upon Polaris, and a series of observations 
upon Polaris at elongation. The results were in excellent agreement. 
The work was accomplished by W. H. Richards, Jr,, and Albert Smith, Jr., 
U. S. Surveyors. The technical record of the observations and des- 
cription of the meridian station and azimuth marks will be filed in the 
Surveying Division. 



It is believed that Groups Nos. 49 and 50, Utah, the surveys 
under which are now in process of execution, are about as remotely 
located with reference to established lines of transportation or supply 
bases as any surveys outside of Alaska now under consideration in the 
field. These groups are in the extreme southern central part of the 
State, west of the Colorado River and are exceptionally difficult of 
access. Some supplies have to be hauled 175 miles; even fuel and water 
must be packed long distances at times over hastily built trails to the 
survey camps. It is reported that a considerable portion of the area 
grouped for survey is underlaid with what is known as Colorado -cretacious 
coal and that indications of asbestos, copper, gypsum, manganese and 
natural cement rock are to be found throughout that particular part of 
the country. The survey now being executed, which was applied for by 
the State of Utah, will develop additional information on this subject. 



Geo. D. D. Kirkpatrick, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, Dis- 
trict No. 6, after a brief visit to Salt Lake City and to Groups 59 and 
45, Utah, during the early part of September returned to Nevada and is 
now with the field parties of Haigh, Pidgeon and Reppert. 

-7- 



General rains in southwestern Oregon have finally extinguished 
the fires in the heavy forests in that section and dispersed the dense 
smoke which has been hindering the survey parties on the Oregon and 
California land grant during the past month. 



A conference of Assistant Supervisors of Surveys and office 
representatives, such as has heretofore been held in Denver, will not 
be called this fall. Many of our engineers * surveyors, transitmen and 
field assistants have already entered the army or the army training 
camps. Others are being called daily to service in the military branch 
of the government . By constant and earnest attention to the breaking 
in of new men and to preparation in the matter of supplies and camp and 
transportation equipment we have been able to keep the Work moving in 
a satisfactory manner in the face of the many obstacles confronting all 
field services this season. We must continue to keep it moving satis- 
factorily* There must be no let-up in any one district, or even in any 
one party in any district. We must all be on the job all the time in 
close touch with every part of the work so that we may be in position 
to act promptly and effectually should emergency arise. The Denver 
conferences have been conducive to much good and will be resumed in the 
future as occasion warrants. 



Late unofficial advices from Juneau announce the arrival on 
August 25th of a baby girl at the home of John P. Vtfalker, Assistant 
Supervisor of Surveys for Alaska, Who is at present with the field 
parties in the Cook Inlet country. It is quite within the realm of pro- 
bability that the glacier-studded coast of Alaska will take on a new 
charm and beauty for Mr. Walker as he nears the Icy Strait this fall, 
on his return voyage to Juneau. 



E. R. Ames, Clerk -draftsman and Arthur Schilling, Temporary 
Clerk-draftsman, office of the Surveyor General, Phoenix, Arizona, have 
been selected for the National Army. They leave shortly for the train- 
ing camp at Fort Riley, Kansas. 



A. C. Horton, Jr., Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, has returned 
to Arizona from northern California, and is now with the parties of 
Thorn, Kimmel, Sechrist and Ave rill, Groups 72 and 73, north of the Grand 
Canon. 

-8- 



Chiefs of partite in District 3 have been diroctod by the 
Assistant Supervisor to plow wide furrows round their camps as an 
emergency protection against fire. 



Montana : east of the Continental Divide, is experiencing an 
unusually long dry spell. The last rain of any consequence in that 
part of the State occurred early in June. West cf the divide, however, 
rain has fallen in sufficient quantities to extinguish the extensive 
forest fires which have been raging in that part of the country. 



Robert A. Farmer, U. S. Surveyor, recently detailed to District 
No. 1, has been assigned to the survey of D'Aste tov/nsite on the Flat- 
head Indian Reservation, Montana. 



Theodore Cronyn, U. S. Transitman, District No. 1, has lately 
enlisted in the 22d regiment of U. S. Engineers. 



S. W. Goodale, law examiner detailed to examine offices of Sur- 
veyors General, returned to San Francisco September 17xh. 



The survey of the addition to Wolf Point townsite on the Fort 
Peck Indian Reservation was completed by Ranney Y. Lyman, U. S. Sur- 
veyor, early in September. 



Guy H. Richardson, U. S. Surveyor, District No. 1, has been 
commissioned a captain in the Engineer Officers' Reserve Corps of the 
Army. He has not yet been assigned to duty by the War Department* 



Alonzo H. Adams, U. S. Surveyor, District No. 8, has been 
detailed to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to inspect the manufacture by the 
General Heating and Ventilating Company of that city of iron corner 
posts for Land Office surveys. Mr. Adams served in a similar capacity 
when the Chattanooga Car and Foundry Company of Chattanooga, Tennessee, 
had the contract for the manufacture of iron corner posts for our use 
two years ago . 



Members of the Matanuska coal land survey parties of two years 
ago as well as his many other friends will learn v.ith regret of the un- 
timely death last month of William Ritz by drowning while attempting to 

-9- 



ford Goose Crock, Alaska, on horseback. Ritz, who was familiarly known 
as "Shorty" in the Cook Inlet country, has held the position of head 
packer with F- W. Williamson, U. S, Surveyor, for several years past. 
He was a tireless worker and an expert in his line. 



A recent exhibition of good judgment and prompt action on the 
part of one of the younger transitmen of District No. 8 seems worthy 
of note. A fresh fire was discovered in a large body of timber in which 
one of the survey camps was pitched. The flames had not made great 
headway at the time, but under the influence of a rising wind and with 
every advantage of position they threatened to sweep up and over a 
broad heavily timbered slope and destroy the camp and everything else 
within a radius of several miles. The chief of party was absent on 
another part of the survey group. The associate transitman however was 
quite equal to the occasion. He temporarily suspended his line work, 
sent a messenger to the chief of party and another to the Forest Ranger, 
threw a dam across a good sized creek towards the top of the slope, 
diverted the water on to the hillside and returned to his survey work, 
leaving a couple of men to direct the stream flow. The fire was ef- 
fectually checked before it had done any material damage. The Forest 
Ranger who arrived later advises that the transitman's prompt and 
sensible action prevented a very serious fire. 



Reports received by the Supervisor of Surveys of the cost per 
meal per man in camp indicate the existence of a genuine effort to keep 
down expenses for food and to effect economy in its preparation and use* 
The result on the whole is very gratifying. There is, however, still 
room for further economy in this respect in some districts. The final 
reports for the season showing the average cost per meal per man in camp 
in each district should afford a basis for some interesting and instruc- 
tive comparisons. 



The latest bear story is from the upper White fish River country, 
Montana. While offering no new features, (the advance, retreat, siege 
and final retirement on both sides having been conducted in accordance 
with the usual and best traditions of the service) , certain incidents 
of the episode when more fully known may tend to support the position 
taken by that colored man who enlisted in the infantry branch of the 
army rather than in the cavalry. He allowed that being carried by a 
horse had some advantages over going it on foot in certain situations, 
but in case the General ordered a retreat he himself didn't "care to be 
bothered with no horse." The various distance records recently made in 
the upper Whitefish River country by the several classes of entrants will 
be reviewed with interest. 

-10- 



i 



"Nature has given us two ears, two eyes and but one tongue to 
the end wc should hear and see more than we speak." Socrates. 

Socrates must have had the "Bulletin" in mind when he wrote 
this. The best things cannot be said. 



Mr. C. L. DuBois, Chief of the Survey Division, has just re- 
turned from an official visit to the offices of the Surveyors General 
in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and New Mexico* Among other things, he 
reports that due to the unusual season of clear weather the output of 
surveys in these States will be unusually large for the present surveying 
year. While in Denver Mr. DuBois was in conference with the Supervisor 
of Surveys and the Inspector of Surveyors General Offices, as to the 
recommendations for salaries and expenses to be submitted to Congress 
in the estimates for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919. 



Associate Supervisor Kidder has returned to the office from the 
Leech Lake, Minnesota, surveys. He reports that the work has been 
blocked out and a considerable portion completed. The subdi visional 
work is of such proportions, however, that it will require another 
season for its completion, but to accomplish such result it will be 
necessary to increase largely the working force in the field. There are 
forty-seven full and fractional townships, and the Indian Office has re- 
quested that a large part of the reservation be divided into twenty-acre 
lots for allotment purposes. 



PAYMENT OF THE OREGON AND CALIFORNIA TAXES. 

The story of the grant to the Oregon and California Railroad 
Company in aid of the construction of a railroad crossing the State from 
north to south near its western boundary, embracing in the aggregate over 
4,200,000 acres of land, together with suit to declare a forfeiture of 
the grant, the result of this suit, and the ultimate action of Congress 
revesting title in the United States to so much of the grant as remained 
unsold July 1, 1913, is more or less familiar to the public land world; 
but the full scope of the act of revestment, the wide field of action 
involved in its administration, is not well understood. 

Approximately 2,300,000 acres of lands v/ere restored to the pub- 
lic domain by the act of revestment which required the classification 
of such lands into agricultural, timber lands and power site lands, each 
of which classes were to be disposed of under specific provisions of 
said act. The work of classification was prosecuted during last season 
with all vigor so that at the end of the season we had covered by field 
examination 900,000 acres of the revested lands.- This field work has 
been examined and tabulated in the office with the view to the opening, 

-11- 



at the earliest date practicable, of the lands found to be agricultural, 
furnishing, at the time of the opening, such literature as will put with- 
in reach of applicants all the information we have obtained in our work 
of classification. In the meantime the work cf classification during 
this season has been prosecuted diligently in the field and every effort 
is being made to bring this work to a completion at the earliest date 
practicable. 

But the classification of the land was only one of the heavy 
administrative duties imposed by this act. Sec. 9 thereof provided: 

That the taxes accrued and now unpaid on the lands re- 
vested in the United States whether situate in the State of 
Oregon or the State of Washington, shall be paid by the 
Treasurer of the United States, upon the oraer of the Secre- 
tary of the Interior, as soon as may be after the approval 
of this act. 

This provision had its origin in the fact that for a period of 
three years, pending forfeiture proceedings, the company had paid no 
taxes on the lands patented thereto under its grant, and Congress, in 
revesting title in the United States to the unsold granted lands, recog- 
nized its obligation to discharge this indebtedness. 

The magnitude of this undertaking Will be somewhat appreciated 
when it is remembered that the grant traversed the entire western end 
of the State of Oregon, passing through eighteen counties, also through 
the County of Clarke in the State of Washington, and that no taxes had 
been paid thereon for a period of three years. The Department, however, 
set about the ascertainment of the taxes that should be paid under this 
provision of the statute immediately after its passage and, prosecuting 
the work with all diligence, called to its aid the services of Hon. 
Oswald West, of Portland, Oregon, who, in conjunction with the Field 
Division at Portland, had charge of the matter. 

Inasmuch as the taxes paid by the United States will ultimately 
become a charge against the railroad company, in the final adjudication 
of rights and equities between the United States and the company, it 
will be seen that more than ordinary care was called for in the ascer- 
tainment, and payment of the exact amount of taxes due and no more; but 
the schedule of tax claims on behalf of each county was procured after 
a careful check of each item as against the records of the several 
counties, the railroad company and the General Land Office and placed 
on file early in the present year. Several reasons, however, contri- 
buted to a delay in the payment of the taxes, mainly the fact that the 
company-, challenging the constitutionality of the act of re vestment , had 
raised this question in connection with its appeal from the decree of 
the United States District Court. Of course > until such time as the 
constitutionality of the act was settled, the Department could not pro- 
ceed with the payment of the taxes. Later the Supreme Court, by its 

-12- < 



decision of April 23, 1917 (37 Supreme Court Reporter, t43) , upheld 
the validity of the act; since which time, due to the cooperative 
relations, imposed by the act of revestment, between the Secretary of 
the Interior and the Department of Justice, some time has been neces- 
sarily consumed in conferences between these Departments to determine 
the proper procedure under said act. All this, however, has been 
finally settled and, on September 20th, the Secretary of the Interior 
submitted to the Secretary of the Treasury his request for the issuance 
of Treasury warrants for the payment of the taxes found due the several 
counties, aggregating the sum of #1,504 ,841.60. This sum represents 
the taxes due said countie-s for the years 1913, 1914 and 1915, computed 
with interest, penalties and costs up to the date of the act of revest- 
ment, June 9, 1916, and within a very short time will doubtless be re- 
ceived by the several counties to whom it is due. 



ALASKA COAL DEVELOPMENT . 

Mr. Lars Netland, lessee of Units 10 and 11 of the Matanuska 
coal field, commenced development of the property on August 6, accord- 
ing to advices received by the Land and Industrial Department. These 
units embrace 1400 acres near Chickaloon. 

Unit No. 10 lies between Kings River and Chickaloon River, less 
than one half mile west of the latter stream and about 1-g- miles north 
of Matanuska River. The coal beds which outcrop on Kings River, accord- 
ing to the Government's report, probably extend through the unit. 

Unit No. 11 is located in the Chickaloon River valley, mainly 
north and west of the stream and less than a mile from Matanuska River. 
A number of coal beds outcrop along the Chickaloon River in this unit 
and constitute one of the best surface showings of the entire field. 
The coal of Unit 11 is pronounced to be chemically the best so far dis- 
covered in the district. 

Mr. Netland recently completed a thorough examination of the 
property and has expressed himself as well pleased with the outlook for 
a substantial production. He contemplates an extensive development of 
the mines at an early date. — Alaska Railroad Record. 



FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE. 

From North Piatt e .- 

If final proofs were submitted upon the land applied for, 
before an officer properly qualified for such duty, I believe it would 
result in saving an immense amount of work both in the local office 
and in your office. The officer in such case having the home, or the 
farm or whatever the character of the claim might be , immediately under 

-13- 



his observation, and knowing what the claimant and his several vvitnec 
were trying to cover by their testimony, would see that the proofs wers 
consistent with the facts and so prepared as to obviate any objections 
as to form or regularity. To me the scheme seems good. 

From Denver. - 

Register and Receiver of the Denver land office desire to heartily 
endorse the plan of proof -taking on the land by a special officer ap- 
pointed by and under the control of the Interior Department, The careles 
way in which land matters are handled by many outside officers is a 
constant source of expense to claimant and no end of annoyance to all 
concerned. A recent instance comes to mind. 

A final proof had been set before a U. S. Commissioner at a 
town in the remote part of this district. An urgent telephone call in- 
formed us that the claimant and her witnesses were at the office of the 
commissioner on the day advertised; that they had left their harvest 
fields and travelled a long distance only to find the commissioner gone 
on an extended fishing trip leaving no information as to when he would 
return. Hot words over the wire informed us that "something should be 
done to this officer who was our representive up there," and it was 
utterly impossible to convince the irate claimant that the Interior De- 
partment had nothing to do with the appointment of these commissioners 
and absolutely no control over them. 

Numerous complaints have been made to this office that many court 
clerks and U. S. commissioners pay no heed to the regulations governing 
the taking of final proofs, the testimony of claimant and witnesses being 
agreed upon in Conference with the officer and later reduced to writing 
and signed by the parties. In many instances also complaints are made 
of overcharging and ^vhile such complaints may be investigated under the 
statute, the Interior Department having had no authority in the appoint- 
ment of these officers, is virtually powerless to correct these evils. 

In all such cases the net result is to saddle the blame on the 
local office and make it the scapegoat for all the sins of omission and 
commission perpetrated by the outside officers. 

We hope the Honorable Commissioner will succeed in his efforts 
along the line indicated and thus remove a just cause of complaint among 
homesteaders . 



FREE SURVEY OF HOMESTEADS IN ALASKA. 

The hardship entailed upon homestead settlers in Alaska, who are 
required either to await the arrival of township survey or to pay for 
the survey of their homestead claims, has been recognized for a number 
of years by this office. 

-14- 



In House bill 13487, introduced an the 63rd Congress, a pro- 
vision was made that surveys of Alaska homesteads should be made without 
expense to the settler and this provision received the full approval of 
the Department but the measure failed of passage. Since then, in each 
of our annual reports, special recommendation has been made to the same 
end, but up to the present time Congress has failed to take favorable 
action thereupon. 

It is hoped that during the coming session of Congress that 
relief to homestead settlers in this matter will be secured. It is only 
just that the Government should make these surveys without expense to 
the settlers, after satisfactory proof has been submitted on the home- 
stead claim, and by grouping such surveys a great portion of the cost 
may be eliminated. The general theory that public lands are offered for 
disposal, not burdened with .the cost of survey can only be made appli- 
cable in the Territory of Alaska by the execution of the survey after 
entry, without cost to the entryman, instead of prior thereto, as else- 
where. The postponement of the right of entry until after survey would 
certainly prove a serious deterrent to the settlement of the Territory, 
and the expense of survey, if placed upon the homesteader, v/ould have 
a similar effect. 



APPLICATIONS FOR UNAPPRAISED INDIAN LANDS. 

It frequently happens that the commissions appointed to classify 
and appraise surplus lands in Indian Reservations through inadvertence 
fail to include the classifications and appraisements of certain tracts, 
and frequently tracts included in Indian allotments subsequently become 
subject to disposal under public land laws through the cancellation of 
the allotments. In cases where the lav/ requires the classification and 
appraisement of the lands, the question arises whether any right can 
be initiated thereto by settlement or entry prior to the classification 
and appraisement. 

At one time local officers were permitted to receive applications 
for such lands and to suspend the applications pending the classification 
and appraisal, any applications presented for the lands during such time 
to be subsequently acted upon in the order in which they were received. 
A number of years ago this practice was discontinued and the present 
practice is that applications for unappraised lands should be rejected 
and not suspended. The present practice was approved by Departmental 
decision of July 10, 1917, in the ex parte case of William Marquardt 
(Lemmon 033007) , in which the Department stated: 

"Until the lands in question are appraised they are not sub- 
ject to entry under the act providing for their disposal, and 
there is no authority for receiving and suspending a homestead 
application therefor." 

-15- 



MILITARY AND NAVAL SERVICE OF HOMESTEADERS. 

In response to a letter from one of our local officers comment- 
ing on the act of July 28, 1917, and our circular instructions issued 
under this act, the Commissioner took the opportunity to make some timely 
suggestions on this legislation which are here reproduced: 

"I have received your letter of the 11th instant, and am 
pleased to observe the patriotic spirit which inspired you to 
criticise our circular of instructions under the act of July 
28, 1917. 

The act is modeled after that of June 16, 1898 (30 Stat., 
473) , and in construing both acts it is essential to bear in 
mind that they were not enacted for the purpose of creating 
new rights under the public land laws, but for the preservation 
of rights existing at the time of entry into the military or 
naval service of the United States. See the decision of the 
Secretary of the Interior in Murray v. Chapman (31 L. D., 169), 
construing the act of '98, in which the Department also quoted 
the following language used by the Committee reporting the bill: 

The object of this bill is apparent on its face. It 
simply provides that homesteaders who enter the military 
or naval service of the United States shall have time they, 
are absent in such service counted in making their final 
proof, the same as if they continued to reside on the land. 

In the same decision reference was made to the debates on the 
bill, in the course of which it was said: 

This bill is intended to protect and cover the rights 
of settlers who enlist in this war - men who had homes and 
who since establishing them have enlisted in defense of their 
country. 

There is one statute providing for entry by a soldier then 
in the service, Sec. 2293, U. S. R. S. , which is applicable only 
when the soldier has a family residing upon the land to be entered, 
and I think that had Congress intended to extend that right, it 
would have done so specifically. Moreover, legislation of that 
sort certainly would not be in such terms as would limit its bene- 
fits to those persons who,, after enlistment, are so placed that 
they found it possible to execute their applications in the proper 
county or land district. 

The words "or is actually engaged" are hardly susceptible of 
the construction you would give them, as they are plainly intended 
to cover all forms of military service which might be rendered other 
than under an enlistment, and not to define conditions precedent. 

-16- 



The words would be superfluous in the connection you propose to 
use them, as one who enlists is actually engaged in contemplation 
of the law. 

Our circular received the consideration and approval of the 
Department, and I would have no authority to change it even though 
I entertained a different view of the meaning of the law which, 
for the reasons stated, I do not. 

It is my opinion that under existing legislation, while a 
soldier has the same right to make homestead entry as any other 
person, he must also do so subject to the same conditions and 
obligations as are assumed by persons not in the military or 
naval service except, as noted, under Sec. 2293u" 



A WORD FROM THE SEC RETARY. 

To the Officers and Employees of the 
Interior Department. 

I wish to call your attention to the efforts which we are making 
in this Department to keep pace with the rest of the world in keeping 
ourselves in fit condition for the strains of these urgent times. 

Some of you may not know that recently there has been added to 
our force a special representative of the Secretary whose function it 
is to give such counsel as may be needed to those in the Department 
who find themselves under embarrassment in small or large things. This 
lady is Miss Greeley , who has had extensive experience in this kind of 
specialized effort in some of the larger institutions of the country. 
She teeps, for instance, a list of physicians and of hospitals whose 
fees are reasonable, and of boarding houses* It is not her work to 
take the initiative or impose her services upon anyone. She may be 
found, however, by any who wish to see her at Room 6104 in the Interior 
Building. 

In this building we also have an infirmary (Room 1207) in 
charge of a skilled physician, Dr. O'Conner, who is there to give tem- 
porary aid not merely in case of accident but at any time when immediate- 
ly needed. He is not to take the place of our regular physicians, but 
if ill during working hours feel no hesitancy in consulting him. 

We are fortunate also in having a restaurant in the building 
which no doubt will grow in importance as winter comes on. This res- 
taurant will soon be transferred to the roof, where a $50,000 structure 
is to be built to accommodate it, and $10,000 will be spent in equip- 
ping it. 

-17- 



In the Pension Office and Patent Office buildings we also have 
infirmaries in charge of men who have been of much service, Dr. Helton 
in the Pension Office and Dr. Darby in the Patent Officer A temporary 
restaurant has recently been installed in the Pension Office and a 
permanent one will soon be installed in the Patent Office. 

In addition there is the pleasure and the comfort of the Home 
Club, which is now coming into its fourth year. 

FRANKLIN K. LANE. 



ALASKA AND THE FARMER. 

At a meeting of the Tanana Valley Farmers' Association, Fair- 
banks, Alaska, recently, Professor C. C. Georgeson, Agronomist in 
charge of experimental work in Alaska under direction of the Agricultural 
Department, stated: 

"Geologically speaking, Alaska is still a young country. 
The ice cap, v/hich at one time covered all of North America as 
far south as the State of Ohio, left Alaska at a much later 
period than it left what is now the central western states; so, 
our western prairie lands had become enriched by the grov/th and 
decay of generations of vegetable life for many thousands of 
years before the Alaska soil could be improved by the same process. 
The remnants of this old ice cap are still to be found in the 
glaciers which are so abundant in the mountainous sections of 
• Alaska." 

The ground is frozen and not tillable much before the middle 
of May, and the harvest season closes with the last of September* It 
is found, however, that by proper treatment the soil yields abundant 
harvests; for it must not be forgotten that daylight reigns practically 
all of each twenty--four hours during that time. 

It is useless for the Alaskan farmer, no matter how energetic 
he may be, to attempt to farm much before the middle of May, because 
the ground is frozen hard, and cannot be turned over. During September 
the harvests must be gathered and stored in warm root cellars and ware- 
houses, because winter begins generally the first of October. Snow 
covers the ground the rest of the year, with practically no rain or slush. 

From this, it will be seen that the Act of Congress requiring 
homestead entrymen to live seven months each year on their claims, and 
granting permission to be absent five months, if reversed, would be 
satisfactory to the interior Alaskan farmers, and perhaps improve local 
conditions . 

Railroad construction by the Alaskan Engineering Commission will 
do much toward putting the wonderful, practically unknown, Alaskan In- 
terior before the American people. New markets will develop for the 

-18- 



Interior Alaskan produce, and it will be easier for needed farming 
equipment xo be shipped in promptly for use on the farms. 

The short agricultural seasons require hard, continuous work. 
Many of the present farmers are single, unmarried men, and when the 
summer's work is done, they go to the social centers to spend the 
winter months. The development of the homes, the little local school 
houses, the neighborhood clubs, etc., have yet to come to Alaska. But 
it is the hope of those now settling down in earnest in this country, 
that such things will come in time, and that farm life in this north 
land will be as desirable as in the northern States and Canada. 



EARLY DAYS IN THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE. 

Hon. John McLean, of Ohio, the third Commissioner of the General 
Land Office, was appointed by President Monroe on September 11, 1822. 

He was a member of Congress from 1813 to 1816; Judge of the 
Supreme Court of Ohio from 1817 to 1822; Commissioner of the General 
Land Office from September, 1822 to June 25, 1823. President Monroe 
had become acquainted with his special fitness for the office during 
his services on the congressional committee dealing with public lands, 
and hence named him for the place. The capacity for his duties, which 
he displayed, served to abridge his continuance in them. In 1823, Presi- 
dent Monroe offered him the appointment of Postmaster General. A few- 
years later General Jackson arrived in Washington to take possession of 
the Presidency and sent for Judge McLean and asked him to retain the 
postoffice. The War and Navy Department were also tendered him, but 
these were declined. Finally, President Jackson offered him a seat on 
the Bench of the Supreme Court. In all these offices his ability and 
integrity gave him eminence as a statesman, and later won for him the 
support of many as a candidate for President "because he would continue 
as a dispassionate and impartial judge in the Presidential chair in 
which only a statesman should be seated to hold the scales of justice 
between the North and the South." Among his supporters were James W. 
Grimes, of Iowa, in 1848, and Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania, and 
Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, in 1856. 

During Judge McLean's incumbency in Congress, this anecdote 
is told of him. A Mr. McKeon of New York had been nominated by Mr. 
Madison for a captaincy or lieutenantcy in the Army. Before that body 
his rejection had been procured, so it was alleged, on the ground of his 
being an Irishman. He was a stranger to Mr. McLean, but as soon as he 
heard of the cause of the rejection, he took up the matter of his own 
accord with great zeal, brought it to the President's particular atten- 
tion, remonstrated with many members and at last by dint of much effort 
procured him to be nominated and confirmed. Captain McKeon proved to be 
a man not only of great worth, but in due time an excellent officer. 

-19- 



A decision of the U. S. Supreme Court, often cited, in v/hich 
Justice McLean delivered the opinion of the court, is that of 3uchanan 
_v. Alexander (4 How. , 20) involving the liability of money in the hands 
of U. S. disbursing officer to attachment, on a writ issued out of a 
state court, in which he said: 

"The funds of the government are specifically appropriated 
to certain national objects, and if such appropriations may be 
diverted and defeated by state process or otherwise, the func- 
tions of the government may be suspended. So long as money 
remains in the hands of a disbursing officer, it is as much the 
money of the United States, as if it had not been drawn from 
the treasury. Until paid over by the agent of the government 
to the person entitled to it, une fund cannot, in any legal 
sense, be considered a part of his effects- The purser is not 
the debtor of the seamen. 

It is not doubted that cases may have arisen in which the 
government, as a matter of policy or accommodation, may have 
aided a creditor of one who received money for public services; 
but this cannot have been under any supposed legal liability, as 
no such liability attaches to the government, or to its disbursing 
officers. " 



Below is a list of the land districts during Commissioner McLean 's 



regime 



Detroit, Michigan Terr'y 
Marietta, Ohio. 
Zanesville, Ohio. 
Steubenville , Ohio. 
Chilicothe , Ohio . 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Wooster, Ohio. 
Piqua, Ohio. 
Delaware , Ohio. 
Jef fersonville , Indiana. 
Vincennes, Indiana.- 
Brookville , Indiana. 
Terre Haute , Indiana. 
Kaskaskia , Illinois- 
Shawne e t own , Illinois. 
Edwardsville , Illinois. 
Palestine, Illinois. 
Vandalia, Illinois. 
St. Louis, Missouri. 
Franklin, Missouri. 



Cape Girardeau, Jackson, 

Missouri . 
Lawrence county, Poke Bayou, 

Ark. Territory. 
Arkansas, L. Rock, A. T. 
Northern district of Ouachita, 

Louisiana. 
Southern district of Opelousas, 

Louisiana. 
Southeastern district of New 

Orleans, Louisiana. 
St. Helena, C. H- Louisiana. 
Jackson C. H., Mississippi. 
S. of Pearl River, Washington, 

Mississippi. 
Huntsville, Alabama. 
Cahawba , Alabama . 
St. Stephens, Alabama. 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
Conecuh C. H. , Alabama. 



-20- 



LAND OFFICE NOTES. 
Townsites . - 

A sale of lots on the installment plan took place August 10, 
in the townsite of Inchelium, in the Colville Indian Reservation, 
Washington, resulting in the sale of 97 lots for the sum of $3,465.00. 
At the conclusion of the offering the sale was adjourned to a future 
date. 

The townsite of Yellow Bey is adjacent to Flathead Lake in 
the Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana, and a sale of lots therein 
was held on August 23, on the installment plan, resulting in the 
disposal of 27 lots for $905.00. The lots were reappraised and the 
sale closed. The unsold lots are, therefore, subject to private 
entry at the reappraised price* 

The townsite of Big Arm is on the Flathead Lake in the Flathead 
Indian Reservation, Montana. A sale of lots was held at said townsite 
on August 25, which resulted in . the sale of 17 lots for $397.00. Camas, 
in said Indian Reservation, adjoins the Camas Medicinal Hot Springs, 
and on August 27, 62 lots were sold for ,#1578.00. The sales in these 
two townsites were closed and the unsold lots were reappraised and are 
held subject to private entry at the reappraised price. Tabor and 
Pablo are also located in the Flathead Reservation and on July 19,1917, 
sales of lots were ordered to be held on September 10th and 13th, res- 
pectively, and it is stated in an informal report that the two sales 
aggregated more than #31,000.00. 

A sale of lots was held at Deaver, in the Shoshone Irrigation 
Project, Wyoming, on August 29, at which 91 lots were sold for $29,380.00. 

The above town lot sales aggregate more than #66,725.00. 

Sales have been ordered to take place at Belltower, Montana, 
September 29; Batesville and Sanish in the Fort Berthold Indian Reser- 
vation, North Dakota, on October 5th and 8th, respectively; at Newell 
in the Belief ourche Irrigation Project, South Dakota, November 3rd, and 
at Heyburn in the Minidoka Irrigation Project, Idaho, on November 10th. 

Abandoned Military Reservation . - 

On August 22, 1917, the Secretary of War turned over to this 
department for disposal under the act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat., 103), 
an abandoned military reservation situated in the north side of the 
entrance to Gig Harbor, narrows of Puget Sound, within ten miles from 
the city of Tacoma, Washington. 

-21- 



The land involved is described as Lots 5 and 6, Sec. 5, and 
Lot 1, Sec. 8, T. 21 N., R. 2 E. , W. M., and contains 81.80 acres. 
The reservation is reported to contain valuable sand and gravel deposits. 
The lands are at present in the possession of lessees and sublessees 
under revocable leases given by the War Department, permitting the use 
thereof for residence and grazing purposes. The lav; for the disposal 
of said lands provides for their survey, if necessary, and for their 
sale at not less than an appraised price. 

Sale of Grow Indian Lands . - 

The remaining lands in the ceded portion of the Crow Indian 
Reservation, Montana, aggregating about 85,000 acres were recently 
offered for sale at public outcry at Billings, Montana, under the super- 
vision of the Superintendent of Opening and Sale of Indian Reservations, 
and every acre offered was sold, at very gratifying prices, when the 
total result is considered. The minimum price received was $2.00 per 
acre; the maximum was $20. 00 per acre; the average was $4.00 per acre. 

The average price was about double the amount at which the lands 
were subject to disposition to homesteaders but a few months before the 
offering. They were then subject to a modified form of homestead entry 
at y2.00 per acre. 

The lands were opened to homestead entry in 1906 at the rate of 
$4.00 per acre. The homestead price was later reduced to $3.00 per acre; 
then to $2.00 per acre. No appropriation of the lands at those prices 
was made under the homestead laws. 

Some of the lands were clo.ssified as coal lands and the offering 
of these lands, With a reservation of the coal deposits, was made possible 
by the passage of the Act of February 27, 1917 (39 Stat., 944). 

Opening o f Flath ead Indian Lands to Homestead Entry . - 

A report from the Superintendent of Opening and Sale of Indian 
Reservations expresses satisfaction with the method recently employed 
for opening to homestead entry 7,677.04 acres within the former Flathead 
Indian Reservation, Montana. The lands opened consisted of 2,693.46 
acres of non-timbered land, appraised at §7,150.72, and 4,983*58 acres 
of timbered land, appraised at $24,706 for the land and $38,697 addi- 
tional for the timber. The superintendent stated that it will probably 
be some time before all the lands will be appropriated owing to the 
values placed on the land and on the timber. 

Entrie s and_ P a yment s for Fort Peck Indian Lan_ds. - 

If the demand for Fort Peck Indian lands, Montana, continues at 
the present rate, the supply will soon be exhausted. By fiscal years 
the number of entries made in the reservation and the area entered are 
as follows: 

-22- 



Fiscal year Number of Number of acros 

ending entries made entered. 

Juno 30, 1914, 172 26,733.43 

June 30, 1915, 409 77,440.25 

June 30, 1916, 810 198,346.69 

June 30, 1917, 1390 302,316.65. 

In all, something more than 1,000,000 acres in the reservation 
have become subject to homestead entry. 

The lands were appraised at prices ranging from $2.50 to $7.00 
per acre, and under the law one-fifth of the purchase price was required 
at the time of entry , and the balance was required in five equal annual 
installments. 

A bill introduced in Congress to grant entrymen an extension of 
time to make payment of amounts due, or tc become due, Was amended, and 
was passed March 2, 1917 (Public No. 371) , so as to allow them to obtain 
an extension of time only for one-half of such amounts. Instructions 
issued under said act, dated April 13, 1917 (Circular No. 544) , require 
entrymen to pay amounts in which they are in default on or before Novem- 
ber 1, 1917, or to pay interest thereon at the rate of five per centum 
per annum up to the time when the next payment after that date becomes 
due, and, at such time as the next installment becomes due, the entry- 
men must pay at least one-half of all moneys past due and interest at 
the rate of five per centum per annum on the one-half of any installment 
for which an extension of time for payment is desired. 

Sale of Flathead Indian Lands. - 

The Superintendent of Opening and Sale of Indian Reservations 
has reported that at the recent sale of undisposed of lands within the 
former Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana, Missoula land district, 
6614.26 acres sold for $13,127.45. The result of the sales of Flathead 
lands in the Kalispell land district was reported in the last issue of 
the Bulletin. 

Sale of Coeur d'Alene Indian Lands. - 

The remaining lands of the former Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation. 
Idaho, were offered at public sale to the highest bidders at Coeur d'Alene, 
Idaho, on August 16th and 17th, 1917, under the supervision of the Super- 
intendent of Opening and Sale of Indian Reservations. In all, 1,326,98 
acres were sold for 01,694.97. 

Non-residence ho mesteads _in I daho . - 

The provisions of the act of August 10, 1917, Public No. 40, for 
non-residence homesteads in Idaho, in cases where a water supply suffi- 
cient for the maintenance of a home isnot found, have been made the subjec:- 

-23- 



of office instructions under date of August 25, 1917, The instructions 
will be known as circular No. 556; a copy of the act will be found in 
the September Bulletin. 

Military service of homesteaders : - 

Full instructions wore issued by the General Land Office August 2a , 
1917, with the approval of First Assistant Secretary Vogelsang, as to the 
provisions of the act of July 28, 1917, Public No. 32, for the relief of 
homestead setxlers on public lands, who entered the military or naval ser- 
vice during the v/ar. A copy of the act will be found in the September 
Bulletin. In writing for this circular, ask for No. 564. 

Patents a nd certified copies. - 

For the month of September up to the 24th, the office issued 
tv/o thousand seven hundred and twenty-four patents, furnished two thousand 
eight hundred and ninety-one certified copies of patents, and an aggre- 
gate of four thousand five hundred copies of other official documents. 

Scarcity of mineral sur veyors . - 

Word comes from some of the mineral fields of difficulty ex- 
perienced, on the part of mine owners, to secure the services of mineral 
surveyors. The call for such men in other classes of employment has out- 
run the supply. Skilled field engineers are just now in great demand duo 
to conditions growing out of the war. 



HOWL TWENTY-THREE . 
A Howl of a Special Agent. 

The Indian is my motorcycle; which I did not want. 

2. It maketh me to lie down on rocky highways; it 
throweth me into ditches of irrigating waters. 

3. It shaketh my soul; it leadeth me into paths of 
obstructing cows for the Government's sake. 

4. Yea, though its important bolts lost in the valleys 
may be found by searching, I fear more evil: for when I am 
not pushing it up steep hills and through the sand, heat and 
dust discomfort me. 

5. I repair blowouts in the presence of homesteaders: 
in the desert it runneth out of oil; deep ruts turneth it 
over. 

6. Surely I swear at it so much every day of my life; 
that I may dwell in hell on account of it forever. 



-24- 



ISOLATED TRACTS 0? OREGON AND CALIFORNIA TIMBER LANDS. 

The act of June 9, 1916 (39 Stat., 218), revesting title in the 
United States to so much of the grant to the Oregon and California Rail- 
road Company as remained unsold July 1, 1913, provides in section 4 for 
the sale of the timber on lands classified as timber lands -- 

"at such times, in such quantities, and under such plan of 
public competitive bidding as in the judgmunt of the Secretary 
of the Interior may produce the best results." 

In several instances it has become known to the General Land 
Office that small bodies of land so classified, are practically isolated 
from lands of a similar character revested in the United States by said 
act, but are in the immediate vicinity of timber lands in private owner- 
ship where logging operations are in progress. The Oregon and California 
timber lands for the most part are rough and rugged, if not actually 
mountainous in character, requiring large expenditures in the way of log- 
ging railroads, and similar equipment, to successfully cut and remove the 
timber, all of which involves a heavy expenditure; so that a sale of 
timber thus situated cannot be advantageously made except to operators 
in the immediate vicinity, who are already provided with the proper equip- 
ment for handling xhe timber. If opportunities for such sales are al- 
lowed to pass, it might be many years before the Government would be 
enabled to sell the timber at a fair estimate of its value; so it has 
been determined that such a market for isolated tracts should be taken ad- 
vantage of whenever it occurs, and to this end, regulations providing for 
the sale of small bodies of Oregon and California timber lands that are 
thus situated have been prepared and received the approval of the Depart- 
ment. 

-25- 



NOTICE 



-o- 



The Interior Department War Work Committee reports the 

following numbers of finished articles made by the Interior 

Department Association, many of which have already been sent 

to the French hospitals through the American Clearing House, 

and a few of which are now on hand and will be sent to the 

Neuilly Hospital: 

Sheets, 256 

Pillow cases, 336 

Pajamas 154 

Sweaters 54) A number of these have been 

Helmets , 55) given to our own men who 

Socks, Hi) have gone to the front. 

MRS. FRANKLIN K. LANE. 
September 8, 1917. 



-26- 



HONOR ROLL. 

The following members of the General Land Office are now en- 
rolled for service under the flag, wherever it may go, at home or 
abroad, on land or sea. 



1 . Jacob Berman , 

2. W. S. Binley, 
3* Alvin Colburn, 

4. F. J* Connolly, 

5. W. A- Crawford, 

6. R. H. Dalton, 

7 . H . K . Dinan , 

8. A. D. Hathaway, 

9. F, E. Hedges, 



1st Lieut., Officers' Reserve Corps. 
2d Lieut., National Army. 
Captain, National Army. 
1st Lieut* , Aviation Corps. 
Field Clerk t Expeditionary Force. 
Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 
Seaman, 2d Class, Naval Reserves. 
Captain, D. C. National Guard. 
Corporal Clerk, Regular Army. 



10. Lewis S. Hoffman, Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 



11. H. L. Kays, 

12. A. C. Lakenan, 

13. C. C. Mullady, 

14. Elmer Pendell, 

15. W. H. Ritenour, 

16. W. M. Sullivan, 



2d Lieut. , D. C. National Guard. 

Corporal Clerk, Regular Army. 

Seaman, 2d Class, Naval Reserves. 

2d Lieut., Officers' Reserve Corps. 

Seaman, 2d Class, Naval Reserves. 
Accidentally killed in line of duty. 

2d Lieut., Sixth Regiment Infantry, 
U. S. Army. 



The Bulletin would appreciate advice from the Land Service, 
outside of the General Land Of fire as to the enrollment of its mem- 
bers in the Military or Naval Service of the United States. 



-27- 



AT HOME AND ABROAD. 

Mr. Claude L. Snow, present Chief Clerk in the Bureau of Markets, 
Department of Agriculture, and Mr. Fred J. Hughes, Assistant Chief Clerk, 
in the same bureau, are old friends of the Public Land Service, each 
having been formerly employed in the office of the Chief of Field Division 
at Salt Lake City, Utah. 



Hon. Charles E. Davidson, Surveyor General of the Territory of 
Alaska, is in the city on official business in connection with the pub< 
lie surveys of the Territory. 



Special Agent Arthur N. Presmont , is in the Reserve Officers 
training camp at Fort Niagara, Nev; York. 



Hon. John H. Fimple , formerly Assistant Commissioner of the 
General Land Office, made a brief call at office headquarters on the 
twenty-sixth ultimo. He is now a member of the lav; firm of Lynch, Day, 
Fimple and Lynch, of Canton, Ohio, an old firm of attorneys of high stand- 
ing in the State . 



Mr. John Jensen, at one time a member of the Field Service on 
duty in this office, and now a practicing attorney in Salt Lake City, is 
in Washington in the interest of matters pending before the Reclamation 
Service. 



The resignation of Mr. William H. Woodward, due to ill health, 
is noted with regret. For many years he has been identified with the 
work of the Contest Division, where he was recognized as a capable and 
painstaking attorney. 

TELL THE BULLETIN. 

To all local offices and field ser vic e employe es; - 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you think 
should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communications to 
the Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin." 
All communications should be received not later than the 24th of each 
month for use in the current number. 



-28- 



%mhd sBira 




\ci 






Vol.'!. 



November 1 , 1917 . 



No. 9. 



THE CHANGING VffiST. 

The general public doubtless has little realization of the 
many changes, in many instances amounting to complete transformation, 
that have been going on in the west during recent years. Southern 
Wyoming and southern Idaho are two striking examples recently coming 
under our observation, the change in the formor resulting largely from 
mineral development while in the latter it is agricultural. The view 
from the train along the main lines of the railroads through these 
sections has not changed materially from what it was twenty years ago; 
a casual disinterested traveller going through the country in this man- 
ner would see little to indicate the really big things that are going 
on. So far as such appearances go Wyoming is still a stock range. But 
take a side trip on the branch line and go up to Casper, in Natrona 
County. The train is loaded to the guards, upper and lower berths all 
full, not with etockmen and farmers alone, but with oil drillers, opera- 
tors and brokers. The conversation relates a little to cows but very 
much to oil. Oil is the thing that has placed Wyoming on the map; it 
is bringing people into the State by the trainload, money by the mil- 
lions, and revitalizing everything in the State, not excepting the tax 
rolls. 



Casper is the center of the oil excitement. It is a busy, 
seething town of probably fifteen thousand with accomodations for about 
half that number; at the hotels one rents a bed instead of a room; two 
refineries are operating continuously and increasing their plants; pipe 
lines run in from forty to fifty miles from the oil field? and more are 
building; two more refineries arc operating at C-rey'oull and another is 
to be built in the Big I.iuddy field, freight teams and loaded trucks by 



the hundred arc transporting supplies and equipment to the fields, diffi- 
culty is experienced in securing sufficient tank cars to handle the 

business; it all reminded uc of the old days at Tonopah and Goldfield 

a typical mining boom, with all the accessories. Probably one half 
dozen producing fields have already been brought in, tiiough as yet Salt 
Creek is far and away in the lead as a producer; the State is being 
combed by geologists and prospectors for new "domes", and large sums are 
being expended in purely exploratory work. The promoter is already busy 
and doubtless much stock will be sold and money expended on ground that 
is hopeless. But it is scarcely safe to condemn an oil proposition in 
Wyoming, so long as the money goes into the ground, until development has 
clearly shown a prospective field to be barren. All of the wise ones 
(including the U. S. G. S.) drew a big black mark around the Salt Creek 
dome to show the limit beyond which there was no use drilling; but a 
tenderfoot came along and drilled away outside of this line and get oil, 
and now "West Salt Creek" is the busiest part of the field in the way 
of development. 

Except for some agricultural development Wyoming has just about 
held its own during recent years; the State remained a very suitable 
place in which to hold Frontier Day celebrations; there was scarcely any 
mineral production at all except coal; not until 1910, did the outside 
world generally begin to sit up and take notice of V/yoraing oil. While 
as yet these fields are not to be compared with California and Oklahoma, 
they are large and important and Wyoming is being completely made over 
as a result. 

Twenty years ago the chief productive industry of southern 
Idaho consisted of raising cattle and sheep on the open range; though 
the great Snake River, having its origin in the Jackson Hole and Yellow- 
stone Park country in Wyoming, enters the State of Idaho on the east and 
flows in a wide curve to the south, thence to the north to join the 
Columbia on the west side of the State, its waters were permitted for 
the most part to flow unhindered to the sea. and the possibilities of 
the immense fertile sagebrush valleys continued unrealized; only small 
diversions were made for the reclamation of the bottom lands. The 
larger utilization of the "mighty Snake" was no poor nan's game; it 
required men of nerve and vision, backed ay immense capital, to swing 
such an enterprise; not until Uncle Sam and the big corporations took 
hold of the matter was it possible to work out the wonderful agricultural 
development in southern Idaho which we now find. As in Wyoming you must 
get off the main line of the limited trains and travel on the branch 
feeder lines if you will see and appreciate much of what is going on. 
Twin Falls might be called the principal center of these reclaimed ar^as; 
at least it is the largest of the new towns; it is a strictly up-to-date 
little city with a population of perhaps twenty thousand and only about 
ten years old; this is the center of the Twin Falls South Side project, 
considered the most successful Carey Act project in the country- along- 
side of it is the Minidoka project of the Government; at the present time 



-2- 



1 .1. ' ' 



it is a standoff as to which is the more successful. Just across the 
river is the Twin Falls North Side project of some 150,000 acres which 
is rapidly developing into the equal of the others. Besides these 
are the Oakley, the Salmon River, the Idaho, the Mountain Home, and 
numerous others , all of which are reclaimed from the waters of the Snake 
River and its tributaries. Altogether these projects probably aggregate 
anywhere from 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 acres transformed from sagebrush 
to the most productive lands in the world, mostly within the last ten 
years* This year an income of $50.00 to vlOO.OO per acre is not uncommon. 
Alfalfa is probably the prevailing crop; it produces from three to six 
tons per acre, and this year brings ,,15.00 per ton in the stack ; other 
crops bring proportionately high prices, and irrigated farm lands bring 
from ^100.00 to 0250.00 per acre. True, the story of these projects 
involves high finance, failures, reorganizations, mistakes, sacrifices 
and suffering, but tc drive over them now it is evident that those things 
are all pretty much a matter of history. The present fact and result 
is the successful reclamation and utilization of otherwise arid lands on 
a large scale, thereby transforming southern Idaho from a cow range into 
as prosperous and progressive a community of farm homes and towns as will 
be found anywhere. 

How fortunate that these two new sources of fuel and food supply 
were developed and well under way before the war started. The Land 
Department has contributed its part and has had its functions to perform 
in both of these very remarkable developments. 



-3- 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL. 



Appo intmo nt s_. 

General Land Office.- Frank T. Snyder, of Pennsylvania, and C?aronce R. 

Bradstreet, of Mississi ppi , copyists at $720 per 
annum . 

Field Service.- Miss Capitola G. Allison , of Washington, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at $900, office Chief of 
field division, Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

Mrs. Anna H. Blom, of Montana, stenographer and 
typewriter at $900, office Chief of field division, 
Helena, Montana. 

Local Office.- Paz Valve rde reappointed as Register, Clayton, 

New Mexico . 

Charles A. Mansfield reappointed as Receiver, 
Williston, North Dakota. 

Charles L. Decker, reappointed as Surveyor General 
of Wyoming. 

Thomas E. Owen, reappointed as Receiver, Clayton, 
New Mexico. 

Miss Lovenia L. Condron, of Idaho, typewriter at 
$900 , land office Hailey, Idaho. 

Miss Mary A. Kennedy, cf Oregon, stenographer and 
typewriter, at §900, land office La Grande , Oregon. 

Miss Anne Officer, of Montana, typewriter at $900 , 
land office Glasgow, Montana. 

Miss Matilda S. Vanderbeek, of New Mexico, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at $900, land office Santa 

Fe , New Mexico. 

Harry C. Bradley, of New Mexico, clerk, land offict 
Las Cruces, New Mexico, at $900 per annum, author- 
ized by Executive Order of October 6, 1917. 



Trans fers . 

General Land Office,- Hiss Virginia E. Wrenn, of Virginia, from clerk 

at ^1000 to the same in the Department of Labor • 

Miss Susie Keel, of Worth Carolina, from clerk at 

LjOQ to clerk at s ;1200 in the Department of Agri- 
culture, States Relations Service. 

Miss Julia Banks, of Pennsylvania, from clerk at 
• ,1300 to the same in the Office of the Secretary. 

Thomas W- O'Brien, of Pennsylvania, from clerk at 
.,,1400 to clerk at yl800 in the Department of 
Justice . 

J. Harry Byrne, of District of Columbia, from clerk 
at >'1600 to the Treasury Department, Internal 
Revenue, as clerk at v l400. 

Local Office.- Jacob Braun , of New York, from land law clerk at 

v ;900 in the Sterling, Colorado, land office, to 
the land office at Montrose, Colorado. 

Miss Eva H. Chapman, of Colorado, from clerk at 
0126O in the Great Falls land office to the same 
position and salary in the land office at Clayton, 

New Mexico . 

Robert E. L. Webb, of Arizona, from Deputy Clerk, 
Department of Justice, to clerk at s ?1320, land 
office Phoenix, Arizona. 

Miss Mary G. Kearney, of California, from stenog- 
rapher and typewriter in the office of the Chief 
of the San Francisco field division, to the Post 
Office Department. 



P romo t i ons^. 

General Land Office.- Posey J. Altizer, of Kentucky, to La?/ Examiner at 

§1800. 

Sam Houston Carr, of Kansas, to clerk at ;1620. 

John A. Robb, of Indiana, and Frank H» Caldwell, 
of Virginia, to clerks of Class Three at 1600. 



-5- 



Miss Ruth Levey, Miss . adiey, and lint on 
A. Quencer, of irk, ano Charles Wolf , of 
Pennsylvania, to clerks of ilasi 'wo at $1400. 

Charles R« Lombard, jf Maini , H. Carter ■• 
Miss Lenore L. Sti+.es of California, John Q. Gatts 
of Ohio, Edward J. Ccnover, and Miss y i Lsh 
of New York; Miss Agnes E. Kempf'j of Missouri , 
and Miss Annie E. Earp , of New Jersey, to clerks 
of Class One at $1200, 

Miss E] lie D. Bouldin, of Virginia, Mrs- So'phoronia 
P. Erradi , of District of Columbia, Mrs. Edith V. 
Kendall, Stanley W, Fenn , of New York, Miss Sara 
A. Creeden, of Ohio, Mrs. L. P. Webster, of Massa- 
chusetts, and John M. Simpson, cf Wisconsin, to 
clerks at §1000. 

Harmon L. Broomall, of Delaware, to copyist at 
0900 . 

■ George W. Boyd, of Virginia, and Raymond W. Murphy . 
of District of Columbia, to messenger boys at $600. 

Re si gn ati _ons . 

General Land Office.- Hiss Hazel A. MacDonald, copyist at ^720. 

Local Office.- Miss Helen R, Pepper, of Arizona, at 11080, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter, land office Phoenix .Arizona. 



Separation s. 

James Y. Hamilton, of Colorado, clerk of Class 
Two at $1400, in this office, because of his com- 
mission as Captain in the Quartermaster's Reserve 
Corps. 

Luther R. King, of Maryland, stenographer and 
typewriter, at 1020, land office Black foot, 
Idaho, because of his enlistment in the Army. 

Fletcher Meredith, clerk at .',1200, because of ill 
health. 



SURVEY NOTES. 

The office of the Supervisor of Surveys has been moved into 
larger quarters on the same floor in the Federal Building at Denver, 
Colorado , so as to accommodate surveyors from the Eastern District when 
necessary during the indoor season. 

-6- 



a. C. Hortun, Jr., Assistant Supervisor cf Surveys, District 
5, has been offeree and has accepted a commission as First Lieutenant in 
the Engineer Officers' Reserve Corps of the ^.rmy. He Las not yet been 
assigned to duty by the War Department. 



Ihe Entiat Valley re surveys, included in Group No. 18 ,\7ashingt ., 
have been completed in the field. This resurvey presented many compli- 
cated problems which, however, have been solved, it is reported, in a 
'sati s fact o ry manzie r . 



Herman Jaecke'l, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District No. 2, 
has recovered from a recent operation for appendicitis. 



The work of cruising and classifying the lands in the Oregon and 
California Grant is being prosecuted as rapidly as possible -with a view 
tc completing it thi-s season. The present force on this work consists of 
thirtr si:; cruisers and as many compassmon , as well as the necessary cooks, 
teamsters ana other assistants. 



A summary of fragmentary surveys in the Eastern District accom- 
plished under the direction of the Commissioner as ex officio U. S. 
Surveyor General, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1917, has been in- 
cluded in the consolidated report of the regular work in the Western 
Districts , and hereafter a monthly report will be added to those sub- 
mitted by the U, S. Surveyors General. The surveys of the Eastern Dis- 
trict during the -east fiscal year were extended into eleven states. 



V.'crd has been received' of the death last month at Doadwccd, South 
Dakota, cf Orville H. Southmayd, U. S. Surveyor, of Surveying District 
No. 3, I.r. Southmayd has L-en ill for some time, Last summer ho took an 
extended leave and went to the Coast in the hope of recovering his health. 



in Ilr'i Southm: 



a'd's death the Service loses a high class engineer and fcht 



community an honorable and respected citizen. 



Gerald A. Sorrels of Grants Pass, Oregon, recently appointed 
rem-ocrary Transitman, has. been assigned as associate with Fred 1-ansch, 
T. S. Surveyor-, Group No. 35, Oregon. 



Arthur D. Kidder, Associate Supervisor of Surveys, is on an 
official trip to points in Louisiana, Oklahoma and Arkansas. 



Walter N. Ross, Draftsman and Computer, who has been engaged in 
field and office work in connection with the preparation of returns of 
fragmentary surveys in the Eastern District, has lately been transferred 
from the Washington office to the office of the Supervisor of Surveys, 
Denver, Colorado. Mr. Ross will continue in the same line of work he has 
heretofore been engaged in, par i.icuIarOy in the preparation of plats of 
surveys within Indian reservations in the Eastern District. The change 
to Denver at this time will afford closer cooperation with the surveyors. 



William E. Hiester of Idaho, recently appointed Temporary Transit' 
man, has been assigned to duty on the Leech Lake Indian Reservation, 
Minnesota, as associate with Earl G. Harrington, U.- S. Surveyor. 



Frank M. Johnson, Supervisor of Surveys, is in the Pacific Coast 
states arranging for the fall transfers of parties from the North to the 
South. He will return to Denver about November 10th. 



Many forms of personal sacrifice made in the cause of Liberty 
have come to light during recent months. They all challenge our ad- 
miration, but none more so than the one reported from District No. 3. 
It is said that the members of the field parties in Nebraska and South 
Dakota have quit the use of tobacco and are applying the money so saved 
to the purchase 'of Liberty Loan Bonds. This is going some. In some dis- 
tricts tobacco quitting is pretty well down the list of sacrifices to be 
made. But they all say no sacrifice is too great to be made these days. 



A. E. Compton, Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District No. 4, 
is with the Perkins party on the boundary line between Colorado and New 
Mexico. He has recently visited the field parties on the Jicarilla Apache 
Indian Reservation. 



Guy P. Harrington, U. S. Surveyor, and Glenn R. Haste, U. S. 
Transitman, have completed the dependent resurvey of nine townships 
lying along the Rio Grande just above El Paso, under the Rio Grande 
Reclamation Project. This completes twenty townships under this Project , 
the resurvey of which was complicated by old meander lines of the shift- 
ing Rio Grande and by numerous private land grants and small holding 
claims. Messrs. Harrington and Haste are now on Group No. 71, New Mexico. 



C. W. Devendorf , U. S. Surveyor, is now engaged in re-establishing 
the north boundary of the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation, This 
boundary line passes over Blanco peak, one of the highest mountains in 
the State of New Mexico . Every effort is being exerted to complete the 
line in the higher altitudes before the first snow. 



The Townsite of Lida in the southern part of Nevada, which has been 
occupied for a number of years, is to be surveyed and disposed of under 
Section 2384, U. S. Revised Statutes. Special instructions for the sur- 
vey were issued by the Surveyor General on October 3, 1917. 



One hundred and thirteen U. S. Surveyors were engaged in active 
field work on the 15th of October. Considering the time of the year when 
winter weather is beginning to impede progress, and the loss of men by 
army exigencies, this is an unusually good showing. 



The abandoned military reservation at Bayside , New Jersey, near 
Point Comfort on Raritan Bay, situated 20 miles southeast of New York 
City, was subdivided in October for disposal, U. S. Surveyor W.H.Richards, 
Jr., executing the surveys. The lands will be appraised at an early date 
and sold according to the public land laws. 



The beds of Golden and Swan Lakes, comprising approximately 4000 
acres, in Mississippi County, Arkansas, have been decided by the Depart- 
ment to be public lands of the United States, erroneously omitted by the 
surveyor at the time of the original survey and subject to survey and 
disposal. 

The surveyors v/ill be on the ground early in November for the 
purpose of extending the public land lines over these tracts, preparatory 
to platting and opening the lands to entry. 



AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL FAIR , ANCHORAGE ♦ ALASKA.. 

The Alaska Railroad Record of October 2nd, contains a very 
interesting and instructive account of the recent industrial and agri- 
cultural exhibit at Anchorage, Alaska, from which xhe following extracts 

are taken: 

-3- 



The first Annual Alaska Agricultural Industrial Fair, hold 
at Anchorage en September 3, 4 and b, Was a signal success both 
financially and as to the class and number of the exhibits dis- 
played Every industry of the Cook Inlet regi on was well rep- 
resented, including agricu] ture , fishing, cY.j livestock 
and quartz and ccai mining. To the three thousand visitors who 
passed through the gates, the fair was a revelation, even tc 
those who were presumably well in feme: 1 , r.c to the ve. sources of 
this section of Alaska.. The agricultural display was parti- 
cularly complete, and included well arro.nrod exhibits of all 
products of the local farms and gardens, potatoes rivaling in 
size and quality the coasted "Big Baked Potato" s°rvee by the 
railroad lines of the West, and turnips, rutabagas, ccboages 
and cauliflower of enormous size were displeryed in large quanti- 
ties. Green peas, growing on vines measuring over ten feet in 
height, carrots, beets, parsnips, celery, kohl --rabies ; tomatoes, 
squash, cucumbers, onions, radishes, kale, mushrooms and berries 
of various kinds were features, of size and quality ecuaJ to 
the products of the older settled sections of continental United 
States. 

The many high grade specimens of minerals were notably 
complete, and included ore from the Willow Creek, Talkeetna, 
Sunrise and other mining districts contiguous to the Govern- 
ment railroad. The gold quartz, placer gold, telluride , copper, 
iron, silver, lead and limestone on exhibit were truly prophetic 
of the great wealth to be made accessible with the completion 
of the railroa.d Jines through the heart of the immense minerail 
areas between Sewerrl and Fairbanks- The developmert which has 
taken place in the Willow Creek, Cache Creek, Talkoetna, Yentna , 
Mount McKinley , 3roa.d pa.es . Snr.r-i.so and other mining uistriets 
barely amounts to a scratch on the surface, and ea-,:h future 
Alaska fair, it is safe to predict, will surpass its predecessor 
in the quality and quantity of mineral exhitritsr 

The coal mining industry, which in this section is less 
than one year old, created an extremely favorable impression. 
Specimens of bituminous coal from Moose Creek, Eska Creek and 
Chickaloon, in the Matanuska field, and lignite coal from Kachemak 
Bay rmd Susitra River were prominently displayed; also samples of 
blacksmith coal and coke from Chicka.loon. Some of the samples 
of coal shown Weighed over one ton each. 



MINING CLAIMS - ANNUAL ASSESSMENT WORK SUSPENDED- 

Joint Resolution To suspend the requirements of annual assessment 
work on mining claims during the years nineteen hundred and seventeen and 
nineteen hundred and eighteen; 

-10- 



Resolved by the Senate and House of Repres< 
United States of America in Congress assembled, fhat in order t fit 
labor may be most effectively used, in raising and producin 
needed in the prosecution of the present war with Germany, th< ; b] >ro- 
vision of section tv/enty-three hundred and twenty-four of the /.- 
Statutes of the United States which requires on each mining claim lo- 
cated, and until a patent has been issued therefor, not lesr, than ■ 
worth of labor to be performed or improvements to be made durinj 
year, be, and the same is hereby, suspended during the years ninet 
hundred and seventeen and nineteen hundred and eighteen: Provided, That 
every claimant of any such mining claim in order to obtain the benefits 
of this resolution shall file or cause to be filed in the office where 
the location notice or certificate is recorded on or before December 
thirty-first, of each of the years nineteen hundred and seventeen and 
nineteen hundred and eighteen, a notice of his desire to hold said mining 
claim under this resolution; Provided further, That this resolution 
shall not apply to oil placer locations or claims. 

This resolution shall not be deemed to amend or repeal the public 
resolution entitled "Joint resolution to relieve the owners of mining 
claims who have been mustered into the military or naval sen/ice of the 
United States as officers or enlisted men from performing assess work 

during the term of such service," approved July seventeenth, nineteen 
hundred and seventeen. 

Approved, October 5, 1917. 



LAND OFFICE HCTES 



?oi -. Lot :. 1 



A sale of lots on the installment plan took place October ., 
1917, at the townsite of Batesville in the Tort iierthold liar ser- 
vatioa, : orth Dakota, resulting in the sale of 102 lots for the aggi 

--': 5,918, nearly 12,000 over the aaarai'-o price. Or. October 8, 
1917, eleven lots in the townsite of Sanies, in sai reservation, wen 
also sold for the a r ■ \ sum of 504, bhe appraisec val ..-.:.: " _ . 

Sale-: have been or to tak< )laco X ifevell, i ;1 Lle- 

fourche Irrigation Dakota, 3) ■ ' 

in th ini [r r . . . f 

a Lcs oi e- .-. lots have also been ordered in the townsite of D'Aste ... 
Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana, November 15th, and alsc in v 
First Addition to Wolf Point, in the Fort Pec!-: Indian Reservati ... 
.iontana, on November 20th. 

Mote . e heretofore been made relative to the sal. of lots ' 

Inly 24, 1917, as Pct-dII a - ic Irri :.: . reject, Wyoming, in 

• -- : ?rts oi the sole are now at h .nd. .. reports shot 

sale of lots for 11,032.50. rhe lots • . • ?1 : th« installment 
:.- . and '. ,9 .5' •• - paid. 

-II- 



Alaska T ownsite V/ithd rawals . - 

July 28, 1917, an Executive" Order was issued withdrawing certain 
lands along the line of the Government railroad in' Alaska, for thi v'n- 
site of Potter Creek, and also on October 8, two Executive Orders wore 
issued witndra-ving, lands along the said railroad for two more town. sites. 

Water Supply of O J at. h e , C olo ra do . - 

October 5th an Executive Order was issued withdrawing 640 acres 
of land in the Stats of Colorado in aid of pending legislation; granting 
the same to the town of Olathe for the protection, of its water supply. 

Pi sp o sal o f Fi athea j_ I ndian .La nd_s . - 

At the ooening to homestead entry of 50,259.13 acres of Flat- 
head agricultural aid timber lands, in September last , which lands were 
divided into 92 uniis, there were 22 applications filed for units cr 
parts of units for which there wore no conflicting applications, and 48 
other applications were filed for l 7 units. To determine priority of 
right of filing the names of the conflicting applicants were written on 
cards, and the cards placed in envelopes, on which there were no dis- 
tinguishing marks. After being thoroughly mixed the envelopes were drawn, 
one at a time, then opened by a disinterested person, and the names of 
the applicants announced by the Register of the land office, (The num- 
ber of applicants for these lands was not large owing to the high prices 
placed on the land and timber.) The system adopted worked successfully 
and there was no confusion. 

Siletz Timber Land. - 

The sale of this timber was advertised to take place at Portland, 
Oregon, on September 25, 1917, The offerings included 170,620,000 feet 
of timber on 3,259.54 acres, the land a.nd timber together being appraised 
at $150,614.44. It appeared on the day of sale that the lands had not 
been cruised by prospective purchasers capable of handling such a large 
proposition, and therefore the sale wag postponed to enable them to 
examine the lands. Two bids were submit tec at the offering, one for 120 
acres, of one unit, and the other for an entire unit, but neither of 
these bids was submitted by a mill man. and the bid for the unit was less 
than the appraised price. There were present quite a number who would 
probably have purchased forty -acre tracts, but it was not considered ad- 
visable to dispose of the lands in that form* The sale has not been 
closed, and another date for receiving bids may yet be fixed by the 
Superintendent cf Sale. 

Rif le Ra nge_ at Carlsbad. - 

An executive order issued October 6, 1917, withdrawing 720 e.cres, 
near Carlsbad, New Mexico, to be utilized as a rifle range by Company "B" , 
First New Mexico Infantry. 

-12- 



RECE NT INSTRUCTIONS . 

Homestead Entry » Judicial Restrain t . - 

The effect that should be given judicial restraint, when assigned 
as a reason for non-compliance with the homestead law, has often been a 
matter of consideration and decision. The instructions of Acting Secre- 
tary Vogelsang, October 20, 1917, are a radical departure from former 
holdings and should be duly noted by the service. The instructions fol- 
low: 

I have received and considered your memorandum of September 
11, 1917, and accompanying papers, in the matter of homestead 
entrymen who, subsequent to date of entry, are placed under 
judicial restraint; that is, who , because of conviction for a 
crime or crimes are incarcerated in jails or other institutions 
and thereby prevented from continuing residence upon and im- 
provement of their claims. 

I am of the opinion that such restraint should not, under 
the Xatoj or "as a matter of policy, be held to excuse compliance 
with the requirements of the homestead law, but that such con- 
viction and restraint do not warrant the cancellation or for- 
feiture of the entry. 

I have therefore to direct that in all such cases the 
entries shall, upon the filing of evidence of such judicial 
restraint, be placed in a state of suspension and so held 
until the termination of the judicial restraint, whereupon 
the entryman shall be required to comply with the require- 
ments of the applicable homestead laws as a prerequisite to 
final proof and patent. 

Homestead Entries - Payment of Indian_j 3 _r^ce_^^J■itoJX^£iZL c -£• " 

The instructions of October 20, 1917, by Acting Secretary Vogel- 
sang will be of no little interest to those who have made homestead 
entries of lands formerly embraced in Indian Reservations, who in addi- 
tion to complying with the ordinary requirements of the homestead laws, 
are also under obligation to pay a fixed sum per acre for the benefit of 
the Indians, and have been called to the I.Iilitary or Naval service of the 
United States. The instructions follow: 

Considerable areas of land formerly embraced in Indian reser- 
vations have been opened to disposition by acts of Congress under 
the homestead laws, upon condition that the entrymen, in addi- 
tion to complying with the ordinary requirements of those laws, 
shall pay a" sum per acre, fixed by law or appraisement, for the 
benefit of the Indians, in annual installments. 



-13- 



Some of the persons who have entered or purchased this 
land and who have not completed payment of the annual install- 
ments have been called tc the military or naval service of the 
United States, and for that reason will be unable to pay the 
installments of purchase money as they become due- Several 
bills are pending before Congress which weald bring relief to 
those in the military service until the conclusion of such 
military service or until the end of the present war. 

The policy of Congress as expressed in a number of acts 
already "passed for the protection of the public-land claims 
of those" in the military service indicates an intention to 
prevent forfeiture of existing rights. I have therefore to 
direct that ell such entries made prior to entrance into the 
military or naval service, and which are or may become subject 
to cancellation and forfeiture because of failure of the soldier 
or sailor to make payment when due, shall be held suspended 
pending consideration by Congress of legislation designed to 
extend such payments beyond the period of military service or 
the existing war- You will take the action necessary to carry 
this direction into effect. 



STOCK DRIVEWAYS. 

During the month of October, the Secretary has created stock 
driveway reservations in Colorado and Wyoming and temporarily withdrawn 
certain areas in Idaho and Montana for stock driveway purpose ^ under 
authority of section ten of the act of December 29, 1916 (39 Stat . 862) . 
The withdrawals are subject to prior valid claims initiated under the 
public land laws other than the said act of December 29, 1916. 

His order of October 9 reserved 74,851 acres in western Colorado 
as stock driveways in connection with the ranges on the White River , 
Holy Cross, Cochetopa and Rio Grande National Forests. On October 20th 
63,973 acres in eastern Wyoming were reserved, such reservation -clud.ng 
tw driveways over the public lands and a number of areas along county 
roads reserved in connection therewith. The reserved lands are located 
in Converse, Johnson and Sheridan counties. 

October 19th 5,135 acres in southern Idaho, and on the 27th 
119,310 acres in southwestern Montana were temporarily withdrawn pending 
further investigation to determine the necessity and advisability of 
reserving the lands for stock driveway purposes. 



-14- 



OREGON AMD CALIFORNIA LAUDS- 

foaming . 

Many inquiries are being made to officials of this Department 
relative to the opening to settlement of the lands within the limits of 
the grant to the Oregon and California Railroad Company in Oregon, title 
to which was revested in the United States by the act of June 9, 1916 
(39 Stat. , 218). 

Under the terms of the act no disposition can be made of the 
revested lands until after due classification thereof. Due diligence 
in the matter of classification has been exercised ,'. and during the season 
of 1916 over 900,000 acres were examined in the field. This field work 
has been made the subject of study and tabulation in the office, for the 
purpose of putting out a leaflet containing all available information as 
to the agricultural lands when opened to entry. 

None of these lands are yet open for entry and settlement and 
will not be until they have been duly restored in the manner directed by 
said act under such rules and regulations as may be adopted to govern 
such restoration. In the meantime, it is utterly useless for any person 
to attempt to acquire any preference right upon any of these lands. There 
is no method or manner by which any settlement or filing can be made that 
v/ould give any preference right for the purchase or acquirement of any of 
these lands, or of any right whatever which can be respected by the De- 
partment. When the lands have been classified, o.nd the information ob- 
tained thereby made available, public notice will be given from time to 
time fixing and defining the terms upon which the lands are to be disposed 
of and the time of their disposition. 

Attention has been called to the fact that there are at work in 
the field locators claiming that through their services preference rights 
can be secured by the payment of a small fee. The public is warned that 
no such preference right can be obtained, and that any money paid to such 
locators will be money thrown away* 

It is the intention of the Department when the lands are ready 

to be throv/n open for settlement and entry, which will be at the earliest 

practicable date, to notify the public thereof so that everyone will have 
an equal opportunity. 

NEW METHOD ADOPTED FOR OPENING UNAPPROPRIATED TRACTS 
IN FORMER INDIAN RESERVATIONS. 

As stated in the last issue of the bulletin, it frequently happens 
that the commissions appointed to classify and appraise surplus lands in 
Indian Reservations, through inadvertence, fail to include the classifi- 
cations and appraisements of certain tracts, and frequently xracts em- 
braced in Indian allotments subsequently become subject to disposal throug 

-15- 



the cancellation of the allotments. Attention was called to the fact 

that the Department had held that applications presented for the lands 

prior to the classification and appraisal should be rejected and not 
suspended. 

Heretofore, upon the classifications and appraisements being 
made, the Register and Receiver have been notified, and the lands opened 
to entry by the first qualified applicant. A more equitable method was 
approved by the Department October 15, 1917, for the opening of two 
tracts in the former Standing Rock Indian Reservation, South Dakota. 
Under these regulations, applications to enter the lands under the home- 
stead law only may be presented during a certain period, sucn appli- 
cations to be treated as filed simultaneously and disposed of on a cer- 
tain date as directed by regulations of May 22, 1914 (circular No. 324, 
43 L. D. , 254). The lands will become subject to settlement and entry 
generally seven days after the date fixed for simultaneous applications. 
The Register and Receiver were directed to post a copy of the regulations 
in their office, to send a copy to the postmaster nearest the lane for 
posting in his office, and to hand a copy to the local press for publica- 
tion, if desired as an item of news. 

It is the intention to have regulations similar to the above 
issued in connection with openings of this kind which occur from time to 
time . 



EARLY DAYS IN THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE. 

Major General James Shields, hero of three wars, and senator 
from three states, of Irish birth, at the age of sixteen emigrated to 
the United States. 

Ten years later he was a member of the State Legislature of 
Illinois, when Chicago had less than 4000 inhabitants. 

At 33 he was a justice of the Supreme Court of the State of 
Illinois. 

In April, 1845, he resigned this position to accept, from 
President Polk, the Cor.imissionership of the General Land Office. 

He resigned his position as Commissioner to take part in the 
Mexican War. 

On July 1, 1846, at the age of 36, he was commissioned a Brigadier- 
General and assigned to Illinois troops. He served under General Taylor 
on the Rio Grande; under General Wood in his campaign against Chihuahua., 
and next under General Scott where he entered on his campaign for the 
capture of the city of Mexico. President Polk breveted him Major General 

-16- 



of volunteers for gallant and meritorious service at Cerro fiord . 

In 1848 he was elected U. S. Senator from Illinois. His ex- 
perience as Commissioner made him invaluable on the Corr>mittee of Public 
Land s . 

January 22, 1850, Senator Shields from the Committee on Public 
Lands to which were referred the numerous petitions of the Registers and 
Receivers of the General Land Office, asking increase of compensation 
for entry of military bounty land warrants, reported "An Act respecting 
the compensation of the registers and receivers of the United States land 
offices for locating Mexican bounty land warrants." 

On February 25, 1850, Senator Shields presented a petition of 
citizens of Illinois, representing that, in their opinion, the right to 
live includes the right to a place to live, and in accordance with that 
opinion, they asked the passage of a law granting the freedom of the 
public lands in limited quantities, to actual settlers not possessed of 
other lands. 

Nothing was so important at that time for the welfare of the 
west as the improvement of rivers and the building of railroads and 
canals, upon which the development of the western states and territories 
depended. No one understood this better than Senator Shields and no one 
more faithfully assisted in commitee and on the floor in securing neces- 
sary legislation therefor. During his term as Senator from Illinois, 
some of the most important questions were discussed that have agitated 
the nation. The paramount measures considered and legislated upon wore: 

The admission of California. The building of continental rail- 
roads. The granting of public lands to aid in the construction of rail:-, 
roads, canals, and for educational purposes. The chartering of the 
Illinois Central Railroad, which opened up the country from the great 
lakes to the Gulf. The homestead act, as well as measures to more 
efficiently organize the army. 

In advocating the extension of the Illinois Central to Mobile, 
Senator Shields said: 

"As it is to connect north and south so thoroughly, it may 
serve to get rid of the Wilmot proviso and tie us together so effectually 
that even the idea of separation will be impossible." 

In 1855 Shields moved to Minnesota and on the admission of that 
State into the Union he became its first U. S. Senator. 

Later he became a citizen of California, and on August 19, 1861, 
was commissioned Brigadier General of volunteers for that Sta.te , rendering 
distinguished service as an officer, especially on the famous battle- 
field of Winchester. In this engagement his right arm was broken by a 
shell, and his side injured. 

-17- 



In 1879 he was elected United states Senator from I isi iuri to 
fill an unexpired term. An interesting item to note in this connection 
is that Major J. W. Donnelley, now chief of the appointment section in 
the General Land Office, was tendered the position of private secretary 
to the Senator, but his other official duties did not permit of its ac- 
ceptance. 

During the last few years of his life he frequently lectured, and 
was everywhere received with marks of esteem and appreciation. His death 
occurred June 1, 1879 , at Ottumwa, Iowa. 

On December 6, 1893, the unveiling of the Shields statue, pre- 
sented by the State of Illinois, took place in Statuary Hall in the 

Capitol. 



BRINE DEPOSITS OF POTASH. 

The application of the California Trona Company for a placer 
patent on the Searles Lake potash deposit Was the subject of an ex- 
ceedingly interesting and extended hearing that recently occurred in the 
Secretary's office, in which the validity of the application, as well 
as the applicability of the placer mining law to the peculiar deposit in 
question, was under discussion. 

The importance of this case justifies a somewhat full statement 
as to the subject matter. 

The residual deposits of an ancient lake belonging to an early 
geologic period and now known as Searles Lake , in Inyo and San Bernardino 
Counties, California, contains the only extensive potash deposit known 
to exist in the United States. 

The deposit, as it now occurs, occupies the lower or central 
part of the former lake bed embracing some 6,000 or 7,000 acres, with a 
saline body of complex structure, from 60 to*80 feet in depth, which 
permits a free flow of saturate brine, composed of muriate of potash, 
soda ash, sodium sulphate, common salt and borax, mixed with water and 
other compounds not regarded as commercially valuable. Outside of and sur- 
rounding this crystalline body are two zones, one a mud flat more or less 
saturated with the minerals described, and, with the crystalline body sub- 
ject to overflow in the wet season, and surrounding this a beach a mile 
or more in width, containing so-called trona reefs, heretofore exploited 
for the borax contained therein. 

The water-shed immediately tributary to Searles Lake is approxi- 
mately 600 square miles in area. Inflowing drainage waters which cover 
the central crystal body and sometimes also the surface of the mud belt 
of Searles Lake during occasional rain storms occurring in the rainy 
season, in the fall and spring of the year, form a brine saturated prin- 
cipally with the common salt found on the surface, which remains separate 

-18- 



and distinct from the heavier brine beneath. This surface brine soon 
evaporates leaving the common salt as the exposed or upper crust of the 
crystal body- 

Questions involving the quantity and extent of the inflowing 
waters, the amount of additional mineral brought down in solution; and 
the extent to which the crystals would be dissolved or the brine weakened 
by inflowing waters if the original brine were constantly pumped out are 
problematical and have not been determined. It is known, however, that 
the mam volume of brine is so completely saturated with the salts of 
the same character as those making up the entire body that it can dissolve 
nothing more of the minerals carried in solution. 

It is estimated that a daily removal of 2,000,000 gallons of the 
brine would draw from the lake approximately one-tenth of an inch per 
day. The natural evaporation which is held in check at a practically 
constant level by the inflowing waters from the drainage basin is much 
larger, varying from one-quarter to one -half inch per day. 

The entire area as above described is held at the present time 
under placer locations, for whose benefit applications for patent are 
now pending before the department, but against which proceedings have 
been" directed by the department charging invalidity of said claims, and 
the inapplicability of the placer mining law to a deposit of this 
character. 

The deposit is very large and valuable, estimated at many 
millions of dollars, and is said to be the only potash body of substan- 
tial proportions known at present in the United States. The deposit 
being in' the nature of a brine and susceptible of extraction by pumping 
process, it is very evident that a single individual or corporation if 
given a patent or lease, and permitted to select, without restriction, 
the location thereof, could, by placing the claim in the lower cr central 
part of the lake, monopolize, control and extract the entire deposit of 
saturate brine, the importance, therefore, of the final decision that 
will be reached in this case can well be understood. 



FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE • 
Fr^g_Mt._ Andrew Landing , Ka saan_ Bay, Alaska. - 

The verses on page 29 of the September Bulletin, entitled "Quoth 
the Agent Nevermore", while very clever, are nevertheless amusing tc the 
A-ent°ii Alaska who must reach his work through the 3 medium of ante- 
diluvian stealers, smelly and unsafe, or small gas boats wherein "crawl- 
ing cooped we live and die" (or nearly He generally). 

-19- 



To the Agent in Alaska it is inconceivable that anyone c-uld make 
a oomplaint against a railroad j no matter what the road-bed or how i 
wheeled the rolling stock, or, for that matteri against o.ny land convoy- 
ance be it nothing more than a mangy burro with cross-tree pack saddle. 

An Agent in the States "little knows his blessedness" - - - and 

probably will not unless assigned to Alaska; And its a great Territory 

at that, potentially rich in natural resources and on the eve of a sane 
and healthy development. 

But, as I started out to say, give me the jerky trains wheroon 
you retain your feed and interior decorations as against the pitching, 
rolling storm-tossed boats whereon life is as "stale, flat and cheerless 
as a Republican nomination in Texas." 

From Somewhere in France . - 

Word has been received from two of our Honor Roll men, R. H. 
Dalton and ¥. A. Crawford. Both enjoyed thoroughly a three days' visit 
in Paris. Just where they are now v/e do not know, but it is a safe bet 
that on their return, it will take at least four stenographers, qualified 
as court reporters to take down one-half the stories told by "Dick" and 
"Buck" on the first day of their arrival. 



ADMISSION OF ATTORNEYS TO PRACTICE BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT. 

Under date of September 27, 1917, the Department issued new regu- 
lations governing the recognition of agents, attorneys, and other persons 
to represent claime.nts before the Department of the Interior and its 
various bureaus. 

The new regulations follow the general lines of those heretofore 
existing, but define with greater particularity causes that will be held 
sufficient to justify the disbarment of attorneys from practice before 
the Department, with an outline of the procedure that will be followed 
where charges against attorneys are under investigation. 



PUBLIC LAND SEEKERS. 

The active interest at present existing among our pesple as to the 
public lands remaining for disposition is fairly well indicated by the 
number of requests that are made for circular information bearing on the 
general subject. During the fiscal year of 1917 the General Land Office 
distributed 137,650 copies of "Suggestions to Homesteaders" and in the 
same time 170,250 conies of "Vacant Public Lands." 



-20- 



LAND DECISIONS. 

Volume 45 of the decisions of the Department of the Interior in 
cases relating tc public lands, from March 1, 1916, to January 31, 1917, 
has been delivered by the Government Printing Office, and will be promptly 
distributed throughout the land service. 

This volume includes many very important decisions, covering new 
questions that have arisen under recent legislation, and should be care- 
fully examined by all members of the service. A study of the "land de- 
cisions" is an absolute necessity to uniformity and regularity in the 
administration of the public land laws. 

This publication (together with volumes 1 to 45 and digest cover- 
ing volumes 1 to 40 inclusive) is held for sale by the Superintendent of 
Documents, Office of Public Printer, YVashington, D- C. 



COAL LAND REGULATIONS. 

A new coal land circular bearing date July 7, 1917, is now ready 
for distribution, embracing all new legislation, current decisions and 
instructions, relative to the sale and entry of coal lands, exclusive of 
Alaska; also legislation and instructions pertaining to non-mineral entries 
of coal lands with a reservation of the coal to the United States, and 
the sale of the reserved deposits. The new instructions will be known as 
"Circular No. 557." 



EXCLUSIONS FROM NATIONAL FORESTS. 

The President on October 9th signed a proclamation excluding cer- 
tain areas from the Cache National Forest in southeastern Idaho and north- 
eastern Utah, withdrawing portions of the excluded area in Idaho, 2,859 
acres in aid of pending legislation to grant the lands tc the City of 
Pccatello for the protection of its water supply and for park purposes, 
and 318 acres for townsite purposes, and restoring the public lands sub- 
ject to disposition in the remaining excluded areas to homestead entry in 
advance of other forms of disposition. Such lands, amounting to about 
11,S30 acres, will become subject to entry only under the homestead laws 
requiring residence at and after 9 o'clock a. m. December 5, and to settle- 
ment and other applicable forms of disposition on and after December 12, 
1917. 

Small areas were also excluded during the month of October from 
the Manti National Forest in Utah and Humboldt National Forest in Nevada, 
and the public lands therein restored to homestead entry in advance of 
other forms of disposition. 

-21- 



WAR WORK COMMITTEE OF THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT . 



NOTI CE. 

The Interior Department liter Work Committee reports the following 
number of finished articles made by the Interior Department Association 
since. September 8: 



1 box sent to the Red Cross, which 

contained the following: 
324- pillow cases 

72 sheets 

18 suits pajamas 

September 25, for the Neuilly 
Hospital : 
24 sheets 
12 pillow cases 
12 face towels 
12 bath towels 
24 suits pajamas 
12 suite underwear 
6 day shirts 

3 gift packages, each containing 
1 sweater 
1 heLaet 
1 pair socks 
1 scarf 



September 14, 1 box containing 
the following sent to the 
Neuilly Hospital: 
36 sheets 
60 pillow cases 
12 bath towels 
12 face towels 

6 day shirts 
42 suits of pajamas 
6 suits of underwear 
1 gift package containing 

1 sweater 

1 helmet 

1 muffler 

1 pair socks 

1 pair wristlets 

5 handkerchiefs 

1 cake soap 

1 tooth brush 

1 tooth powder 

1 shaving soap 

1 odd sweater 
Surgical dressings 

96 compresses, 9x9 

72 compresses, 4 x 4 

72 wipes , 4 x 4 

24 bandages, muslin, 6-4 in. 

24 bandages, triangular 

36 bandages, lie ad 

50 hospital books 

September 25, given to five of our own men who are g° in S abroad, 
the following: 



handkerchiefs 
wash cloths 
shaving soap 
dental paste 

1 soap 

1 tooth brush 
Surgical dressings 



5 sweaters 
5 helmets 
10 pair socks 



September 27, 1917. 



S. -TitAIEIIiIN K. L^NE 



-22- 



FOR THE NEUILLY HOSPITAL. 

The Surgical Dressings Committee of the Department of the Interior 
has sunt the following articles to France in the boxes consigned to the 

Neuilly Hospital : 

Surgical dressings sent September 14: 

96 Congresses, 9x9, 24 Bandages (muslin), 6-4 in. 

72 Compresses, 4x4, 24 Bandages, triangles 

72 Wipes, 4x4, 36 Bandages, head, 

50 Hospital Books. 

Surgical dressings sent September 25: 

72 Compresses, 9x9, 6 Muslin Rolls, 

48 Compresses, 4x4, '8 Triangular Bandages , 
96 Wipes ,. 4 x 4 , 4 Abdominal Bandages , 

120 Wipes, 2x2, * L 

5 Fracture Pillows, 2 Head 

6 Crinoline Rolls, 6 Comfort Bags, 

8 Flannel Rolls 24 Puzzle Pictures. 

Also to the Base Hospital, Camp Lee, Petersburg Va. 'J^ough the 
kindness of Mrs. Holdorby , the following jams and jellies have been sent. 

2 Dozen currant jelly, 

1 « pints damson preserves, 

I " " ca.nned peaches. 

in each box that is going to the Neuilly Hospital ,e are putting from 

50 to 100 booklets that have boon made by the ladies in the Pension Offioe. 

Each booklet contains an interesting article or story and some artistic 

Pictures, and are so light that a very weak hand could hold them. . The 

pictures are often really beautiful, and they can not fail to give interest 

,, -, _„_ ,,. on -,, Vinurs in the hospital. 
and help pass away the long weary nou.s 

MRS. FRANKLIN K. LANE. 

October 6 , 1917. 

-23- 



HONOR ROLL. 



The following members of the General Land Office are no?/ enrolled 
for service under the flag, wherever it may g< , at home or abroad, on 
land or sea. 



1. Jacob Be man, 

2. W. S. Binley , 

3. Alvin Colburn, 

4. F, J. Connolly, 

5. '.;. A. Crawford, 

6. R. H. Dalton, 

7. I-!. K. Dinan, 

8. James G. Hamilton, 
3 . A . D . Hathaway , 

10. F. Z. lied go s, 

11. Lewis E. Ho f fm • in , 

12. H. L. Kays, 

13. A. C. Lake nan, 

14. G. C. liullady, 

15. Elmer Pendell, 

1 6 . V, . H . Kit en ou r , 

17. •;;. ;.:. Sullivan, 



1st Lieui« , Officers' Reserve Corps. 
2d Lieut., National Army. 

Captain, National Army. 

let Lieut., Aviation Corps. 

Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 

Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 

• ..;an , 2d Class, Naval Reserves. 

Clerk in Quartermaster ' s Corps. 

Captain, D. C. National Guard. 

C o rp o ral C le rk , Re gu lar a ray . 

Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 

2d Lieut., L. C. National Guard* 

Corporal Clerk, Regular Amy. 

jaan, 2a Class, Naval Reserves* 

2d Lieut., Officers' Reserve Corps. 

roan, 2d Class , faval Re e e rve e . 
Accidentally killed in line of duty. 

2d Lieut., Sixth Regiment Infantry, 
; . s . Army . 



-24- 



SECOND LIBERTY LOAN. 



The whirlwind campaign in the Interior Department on behalf of I 
Second Liberty Loan was organized and prosecuted in a manner commensurate 
with the magnitude of the cause. The statement given below from the Secre- 
tary of the Interior shows the figures up to date. 



October 30, 1917 



TO THE MEMBERS OF THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT: 



Statement of subscriptions to the Second Liberty Loan by the 
Employees of the Department of the Interior. 



BUREAU 



Secretary' s 

Land 

Indian 

Pension 

Patent 

Education 

Survey 

Reclamation 

Mines 

Parks 

St. Elizabeth's 

Howard University 

Freedmen' s 

Total, 



No. 


No. 


Percent 


Total 


Total 


Total 


Vfesh . 


Subscrib- 


of Sub- 


Wash. 


Field. 


Field and 


Emp. 


ers • 


scribers 

89.9 
78.5 


. 




Washington 


428 
503 


385 
395 


$40,950 

46,200 


;:;123,650^ 
150,000 


$164,600 
196,200 


345 


323 


93.6 


69 ,000 


322,300 


391,300 


997 


797 


79.9 


128,700 


14,650 


143,350 


937 


778 


83.0 


127 ,700 




127 ,700 


90 


70 


77.7 


15,100 


3 : 200 


18,300 


544 


478 


87.8 


132,500 


39,350 


171,850 


93 


89 


95.6 


20,250 


145,000 


165,250 


424 


353 


83.2 


149 ,300 


164,350 


313,650 


17 


17 


100.0 


11,500 


15,000 


26,500 


; 154 


130 


84.4 


33,500 




33,500 


■ ty 79 


35 


44.3 


8,900 




8,900 


30 


25 

3,875 


83.3 
83-2 


4,900 
^788,500 




4,900 


4,641 


0977,500 


$1,766,000. 



r Alaskan Engineering Commission, 



H. A. MEYER, 

Chairman, Liberty Loan Committee 
for the Department of the In- 
terior. 






It is extremely gratifying that over 83 per cent of all the men and 
women in this Department at Washington have made a loan to the Government , 
and that nearly one million dollars was contributed by those in cur various 
field services throughout all the country from Alaska to Florida. 

FRANKLIN K. LANE. 



-25- 



AT HOME AND ABROAD. 

During the month of October the Commissioner visited the outposts 
of the public land service in Wyoming,, Idaho, Oregorii California and Utah. 
At last accounts he was on his way back to headquarters. 



The resignation of Mr. K. L. Underwood of our office, noted in the 
last Bulletin, is a distinct loss to the Land Service; but to the same 
extent a clear gain to the Department of Justice where he will be engaged 
on legal work pertaining to the public lands. 



Incidentally the stock-raising homestead act has cost the General 
Land Office the services of a good man, Mr. George W. Holland, who has 
gone to the Geological Survey to engage in designating lands subject to 
entry under that act. 



Mr. Winfred Pray, former U. S. Surveyor for the district of Nevada, 
and at present a U. S. Mineral Surveyor, has received an appointment as 
captain in the engineer's section. The examination taken by Captain Pray 
in San Francisco, for the appointment, was passed by only four other men. 
Only one other man in Nevada has been honored with a similar commission. 



Theodore Cronyn, U. S. Transitman, has resigned from the Service, 
and has enlisted v/ith the 23rd Regiment of Engineers, U. S. Army. He is 
now stationed at Annapolis Junction, Maryland. 



Captain Henry Gerharz is now at Fort Leavenworth, at training camp, 
In a recent letter he stated that they were just completing their Infantry 
drill, and would be ready to take up other v/ork immediately. 



Mr. 'Donald Sawhill is now in the National Army, his address being - 
Barracks 27, Company L, 362nd Regiment Infantry, Camp Lewis, Tacoma, Wash- 
ington. 



The Bulletin is in receipt of the following card: 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry H* Rainbclt announce the marriage of their 
niece, Miss Lucy Barnaul to Mr. Frank Minitree Johnson on Wednesday, 
the seventeenth of October, one thousand nine hundred and seven- 
teen, Denver, Colorado. 

This is our Supervisor of Surveys, to whom we extend our most sincere con- 
gratulations and good wishes. 

TELL THE BULLETIN. 

To all l o c a l o ffi ces and field s ervice employees ; - 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, which you think 
should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address all communications to the 
Commissioner of the General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin.'' All com- 
munications should be received not later than the 24th of each month for 
use in the current number. 

-26- 



W>WIM*WP< 








..^ ...V^^J 



— I 



•/-.: 



:ember I , IS 






mual Report, 1917. 

Hie Somnissic . • ar ial n >ort v, the ' zt • '. o 

Interior for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, will sed 

to the press next ek and t e usual official ;opi :. ill ailed to 

------ rs of our service as r.-,;r. tl . ' after as - ilab] 

Of fici - .'• ports are hardly to be coi fch t ar i 

interesting re -ding, and - ren ii B( . . . ;ood should r< 
find its way into bhe sue* t ort it it a sn, for ; 

re .son th . the ery label on t tit] results in t consignment 

of the volume tc . dusty shelf i th< ack room. , wever, to 

. tnual report a concis* id readable st or c - ' rogress < 

~ ' -. -. . . 1 _ -, _-..'.-. . 38 ,- '. Lnist rat ive , le . . at it ad ii< , - 

Itrir t.'.o current sar, to t] id that in the reports f re -' "-' 

r the text will furnisl connected and relis - bister Lie 

land affairs id t t >lei will pr< . reliab] statistic 

3rence. Dt the least difficulty i prepar - -' 

to make it sufficiently briei result c bic - - ' -~ 

part a ' . : . statement oi ss rrfcial . cts. 

; ere sting or otl - . , t -. - in our serv c - a cai . 

- _ - • -. - --.•..-" .- - -. - . art of their msiness to t i cc ?x - 

.-.'-. j id t>f what is going on d ; rnoent bur 

are a part. 

Ar.cti ; thir.;-, then u tuc Lr the an - n ort t the 

Lie should know .•--.-■ >out« .. ajority of the o 

,ti en o .' t.v . . -- . r i ort ce of the bus i "- - ; or tl 



prool'ms we solve. The annual report will furnish ;] ..ic facts 

figures for many an iraor.stint n<_ i bch or item of benefit to 

the public if handled undorstandin<:ly . 3ut b] • ^aperman 

does not havi to study out the significance oi' thes r bters 

with which we liar, yet the newsp; re generally clad to 

use such material if properly prepared for thi . 

Now, we have more than one hundruo. -no. tv.e. t ,r;nch oifices 
and several hundred employees in the public-land .' where the 

people are particularly interested in wh - are doing; in every one 

of these offices there is some one and. frequently several who are per- 
fectly competent to prepare interesting ana instructive articles or 
items for the local papers. "tides or data in the Bulletin 

can be handled the same v/ay. Frequently a bit of local color or 
application can be made that will add to the interest. such 

articles should be "newsy" care should be exercised to make them 
Conservative and reliable- V/hen the articles are good they will be 
quoted widely in other papers. The first thing; v/e know the newspapers 
_ oe calling on us for the "good stuff" all dished up ready to serve, 
Thus we will be aole to supply the public some valuable information; 
incidentally, the public will learn that v/e belong to a live institu- 
tion. Suppose v/e all try this out in connection with this annual re- 
port and see what we can accomplish. Watch for the confidential ad- 
vance sheets for release on the thirteenth so as to have something tc 
let loose on that date. Send the clippings to the Bulletin; v/e . y 
want to quote seme cf them* ■ 



-2- 



lNOEs in i ei 



Appointment s. 

General Land Office.- Chris Conner C. Burst on, of Washington, clerk 

at ■ 1000; Clarence W. Coughlin, of Maine; 
Andrew J. Szabo, of Illinois; Oscar H. Ragland , 
of North Carolina; George C. Dietz, of Colo- 
rado; Charles H- Donley, of Michigan; Samuel 
M. Young, Jr., of North Carolina; Alexander 
H. Gibert, Jr., of South Carolina, W. Clifford 
McDaniel, of Tennessee, copyists at v 900 : 
John I. Boone, of Oklahoma, and Zebulon C. 
Camp, of North Carolina, copyists at ;,;900 
(from minor clex-k at sane salary). Searcy 
Bartley, of Alabama, and Rosco Frederick, of 
Alabama, skilled laborers at $6 60; Robert H. 
Britten, of Massachusetts, and Sam weaver, of 
Alabama, laborers (Classified) at $660. Alfred 
M. Layton, and Noble A. Upperman, of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, messenger boys at $480 per 
annum. 

Local Offices.- Augustus J. Schroer appointed Receiver at Minot, 

North Dakota. 

Miss Anna Frost, of South Dakota, stenographer 
and typewriter at 0900, land office at Bismarck, 
North Dakota. 

Max 0. Guthlm, stenographer and typewriter at 
s? 1020, land office Douglas, Wyoming . 

Edwin R. Fisk, of Utah, clerk -draftsman at 
.120", Office Surveyor General of Arizona. 

Byron L. Fitch, of Colorado, clerk-draftsman 
at $1800, Office Surveyor General of Alaska. 

James C. Sauls, of the District of Columbia, 
copyist-t opo graphic -draftsman at $1200, Office 
Surveyor General of Arizona. 

Miss Minnie M. Mort /n, of Washington, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at $900, land office 
Glasgow, Montana.. 

Miss Caroline S. Waters, of Washington, clerk 
at -.900, land office Buffalo, Wyoming. 



-3- 



Miss Minnie Reinhardt,,' of Cclornd , stenog- 
r phi •' id typewriter at ;„;900, land office' 
R swell, New Mexico. 

Miss C-ipitola. G. Allison, of Washington, 
stenographer and typewriter at #900, land of- 
fice Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

ivliss Anna C, Kane, of California, stenographer 
and typewriter at #900 9 land office Carson City, 

No vada . 

Hiss Nellie A. Taft, of Washington, stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at ;;900, land office 
'Walla Walla, Washington. 

Peter Monaghan, Jr., of Colorado, clerk at 
#900, land office Denver, Colorado. 

Miss Clara A. Hagen, of Montana, typewriter at 
#900, land office at Havre, Montana, 

Miss Olive Selin, of Montana, clerk at #900, 
land office Sundance, Wyoming. 



Transfers. 

General Land Office.- Charles A. Obehchain. of Illinois, from law 

examiner at #2000 s to Expert Accountant at 
,j250 per month in the Treasury Department (for 
duty in France) . 

James P. Briggs, of Georgia; from clerk at 
#1800 to Law Clerk at #2000 in the Treasury 
Department. 

Charles T. M. Cutcheon, of Michigan, from clerk 
at #1800, to same at #150 per month in the 
Treasury Department (for duty in France). 

Frederick T. Livings, of Indiana, from clerk 
at #1800, to same at #150 per month in the 
Treasury Department (for duty in France). 

William L, Stephens, of Alabama, from lav; 
examiner at #1600, to clerk at #1600 in the 
Treasury Department. 

Fred L- Van Dolsen, of Indiana, from clerk at 
#1200 to same at #100 per mcnfch in the Treasury- 
Department (for duty in France). 



-4-- 



Philip' F. Klcinhans, of Pennsylv n , from clerk 
at yl200 to samo at v 3.0.- per diem in the Navy 
Department. 

*"ohn D. K. Smoot, of Virginia, to clerk at 
.1000, from copyist at y900 in the Office of 
the Secretary of the Interior. 

Richard M. Daly, of Arl: .nsas, to clerk at £1800, 
from clerk at ;)1400 in the Office of the Secre- 
tary of the Interior. 

Samuel N. Hall, of the District of Columbia, to 
laborer at £'660 from same in the Office of the 
Secretary of the Interior, 

Miss Lura E. Headle, of Colorado, from land law 
clerk at S1 ;1500 in the land office at Lcjaar, 
Colorado, to clerk at ;)1400 in the General Land 
Office. 

Howard F. Morgan, of Colorado, from clerk at 
$1600, to law examiner at same salary. 

Miss Eunice W. Wright, of Mississippi, from 
clerk at ^1600 to lav examiner at same salary. 

James W. Byler, of Missouri, from Chief of 
Division at $2000, to law examiner at same 
salary. 

Field Service.- Charles Moriarity, of California, from stenog- 

rapher and typewriter at i.,',1200 in the Department 
of Labor, to same position in Office of Chief of 
.'ield Division, Denver, Colorado. 

Mrs. Anna H. Blom, of Montana, from the 
Geological Survey to stenographer and type- 
writer at $900 per annum in the Helena field 
division. 

Miss Effie M. Brown, of Colorado, from stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at <,;1200, in Office of Chief 
of Field Division at Denver, Colorado, to same in 
the Department of Labor. 

Local Offices.- Harry S. Palmer, of Nevada, from clerk-drafts- 

man at $1720 , in Office of Surveyor General of 
Nevada, to same in Office of Surveyor General 
of Arizona. 



Miss Irma E. French, of Colorado, from steno - 
rapher and. 'typewriter at s ;10fi0 in Office of 
Surveyor General of New Mexico to Financial 
Clerk at same salary in Office of Surveyor 
General of Utah. 

Ralph E. Beatty, of Iowa, from Chief Clerk at 
$1500 in land office at Waterville , Washington, 
to land law clerk at s ;1500 in land office 
Sterling, Colorado. 

Roger D. Thomas, of Iowa, from stenographer 
and typewriter at $1140 in Lemmon, South 
Dakota land office, to sane at $1260 in land 
office Sundance, Wyoming. 

Re i nst a terae nt s . 

General Land Office.- Jacob Berman, of Connecticut, as clerk at 

^1600 per annum. 

Archie M. Reed, of Alabama, as skilled laborer 
at ^660 per annum. 

Local Office.- Joseph W. Hall, of Nevada, as chief clerk at 

$2000 in Office of Surveyor General of Nevada. 

Pro motions. 

General Land Office.- Charles E. Strong, of Arkansas, to Chief of 

Division at 02000 .. 

Willard S. Haynie, of Arkansas; Miss Fanny S. 
Herbert, of Oregon; and Elmer I. Baldwin, of 
Minnesota, to clerks at ^1800. 

Thomas H. Herndon ; of Alabama; and George B. 
Chew ; , of Texas, to cxerks at ylSCO. 

Miss Mary C- Torrey , of Michigan, to clerk at 
01400 c 

Hu^h A. Voris, of Kentucky; Mrs. C-oldie G. 
Miller, of New York; Alfred C- England, of 
Virginia; Harrison W. Happy, of Illinois; a.nd 
Miss Mary L. Kessler, of Indiana, to clerks 
at &120C 



-6- 



. iss Sallic Rowo» 6i Louisiana; Mrs. i 

a. Burs 6 /i, ol Iowa; Hiss limnie V. Dovoney, of 
Pennsylvania; Miss G'unhild S. A. , of 

Illinois'; I'liss Libb'id E. Guyton, of Tennessee; 
d John w. Ringwald, jf Indii , , cli rks at 

;looo. 

William E. Lura, of Mississippi; and Clyde G. 
Phelps, of Missouri , to copyists at v 900. 

Herman 0. Huebner, 01 the District of Columbia, 
to assistant messenger at </720. 

Sylvester H. Weeder, of Michigan, to clerk at 
$1800. 

Adam C. Yingst , of Pennsylvania, to clerk at 
&1600. 

William Doroff, of Maryland; and Fredericx G. 
Tansill, of Texas, to clerks at 01400. 

Miss Martha j, Robinson, of Missouri; and Ollie 
H. Burriss, of Ohio; to clerks at £>1200. 

Henry M. Smith, of Missouri, to copyist at S . ; 72G. 

Local Offices.- Doran W. LummiSi of Wyoming, to clerk-drafts- 

man at $1400, in Office Surveyor General 
Wyoming. 

Robert G. Green, of California, to draftsman 
at .35 per diem in Office Surveyor General 
California. 

Vane C. Bosworth, of Illinois, to land law 
clerk at ^1020 in land office Glenwood Springs, 
Colorado. 

Williamson S. Clark, of Washington, to chief 
draftsman at ^1560 in Office Surveyor General 
of Washington. 

Nels V. Swenson, of Washington, to stenog- 
rapher and typewriter at $1080 in Douglas, 
Wy omi ng 1 an d office. 

Henry C. Hani 11 , of Colorado, to chief drafts- 
man at 01800 in Office Surveyor General, Few 
Mexico. 



-7- 



Eugene P. Uittnan, o r jxico, to Jhief 
Clerk at $2000 in Office Surveyor General 

New He xx co . 

Max 0. Gruthl'in, of Maryland, to stenographer 
and typewriter at $1200 in land office Douglas, 
Wyoming. 

Oliver 0. King, of New Mexico, to stenographer 

and typewriter at $1020 in Office Chief Field 
Division Santa Fe , New Mexico. 

Re sir nations . 

General Land Office.* Charles N* V/illard, of Kansas, clerk at $1200. 

Jacob Kraft, of the Distrxct of Columbia, 
messenger boy at $600. 

Nelson J. Moskowitz, jf New York, c pyist at 
$900. 

Local Offices.- Miss Anna Frost, of South Dakota, stenographer 

and typewriter $900, land office Bismarck, 
South Dakota. 

Miss Elsie E. Hamilton, of Montana, typewriter 
at $900, land office Miles City, Montana. 

Clifford H. Kain, of Oregon, clerk-draftsman 
at $1380 , Surveyor General of Washington. 

Miss Agnes E. Kerr, of Idaho, typewriter at 
$1020, Office of Surveyor General of Idaho. 

Field Service.- William S. Towner, Special Agent at $1440. 

Separations . 

Arthur L. Guess, skilled laborer at $660, be- 
cause of having been drafted for service in 
the Army, 

George St owe 11, of Oregon, mineral clerk at 
$5 per diem, Ox f ice Surveyor General Alaska, 
because of ill health. 

Kent Allen, stenographer and typewriter at 

$.1140, in land office Los Angeles, California, 
because of having been drafted for service in 
trie Army. 



SI ■■ . YES • 



field season m the northern districts is rapidly drawing 
to a close. Most jf the surveying parties have disbanded and the re- 
maining few are shaping their work preparatory to a suspension of opera- 
tions for the year. The surveyors selected for southern assignment 
are either already in the field in the South or shortly will be, where 
they will remain until the northern season opens next spring. 

Considering the unusual and varied conditions confronting all 
field services this year the amount of surveys accomplished by this ser- 
vice and their cost is satisfactory, and in certain localities very 
gratifying. Many of our engineers, surveyors, transitmen and field 
assistants have entered the military branch of the government. Their 
places have been filled with difficulty and in some instances not at 
all. Labor has been scarce, and equipment and animals at times were 
not to be had at any price. Other influences have made themselves 
felt. Surveys in Alaska have been retarded to some extent and made 
more difficult by excessive rains and the resulting floods, which have 
been general over the Territory this year. Extensive forest fires in 
western Montana, Idaho, Washington and Oregon have b.-en a source of 
much annoyance and in some instances have caused delays to the field 
parties, and yet we have been enabled to reach and consummate without 
material Iosf of time all special and urgent surveys which have come be- 
fore us, and to 'keep the great public land survey steadily and rapidly 
moving over the areas authorized for survey. On the whole, the 1917 
field season with all its unique problems, its unlocked for situations 
and its many apparently insuperable obstacles to successful endeavor 
passes into history with a record of accomplishment for which no apology 
need be made. 



Otis Ross, U. S. Surveyor, and a. J. Bradford, U • S. Transit- 
man, of District No. 9, have been given commissions in the military 
branch of the government, Mr. Ross as Sec cod Lieutenant in the 
quartermasters department and Mr. Bradford cs Second Lieutenant in the 
regular army. As both of these officers successfully negotiated the 
Susitna swamps in Alaska last season' we anticipate that the first line 
tienches in France will hold no terrors for them. 



The subdi visional surveys under. Group No. 7, Alaska, along the 
north shore of Kachemak Bay were initiated by computation from the 
triangulation net of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, referred to 
the Seward Base and Meridian and extended over a portion of Ts. S and 
6 S., Rs. 11, 12 and 13 ¥. , to embrace the more thickly settled areas 
in the vicinity of Homer. 



Arra. \i events h.wc been made for winten , nd Office 

horses in southwestern Alaska at Cottonwood on ... rather than 

shipping them, as has been done heretofore, to tne State' of Wash in 
for pasturage during the winter months and returnin; them to the Cook 
Inlet country in the spring. This arrangement will oe feasible this 
year and will prove much more economical and satisfactory in. every way 



Alton 0. Stinson, U. S. Surveyor, o: District No. 1, and J 
Davis, U. S.. Surveyor, of District Ho. 7, have been transferred to 
District No. 5, for field work in Arizona- 



The Nebraska State University Soil Survey is making extensive 
use of the plats and returns of resurveys of areas in the western part 
of the State in its work of c >mpiling its list of agricultural lands 
available for new settlers. 



S. W. G"odale, Detailed Law Examiner, who durinj: the latter 
part of Geo: oer and early November made a trip of inspection to various 
points in the Rocky gountain region, has returned to San Francisco. 



A. C. H rton, Jr., Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District 
No. 5, has been engaged in or: anizing the field parties of the northern 
surveyors recently transferred to Arizona and southern California. 



It has been proposed, whenever feasible and desirable, to 
transfer from the Field Surveying Service surveyors qualified as drafts- 
men to such offices of Surveyors General as may require their services 
during the indoor season. It is believed that this practice rail not 
only successfully meet the shortage of laud office draftsmen and 
operate to the advantage of the offices of Surveyors General, but will 
tend to further promote efficiency through closer contact of the field 
and office. 

COMPENSATION. 

Vvhile the fi\e and ten percentum 

Helps check the wild momentum 

Of the higher cost of living when at home, 

It makes but small impression 

On the "open palm" profession 

Which bestrews the paths of pleasure when you roam. 



-ID- 



There's the waiter and the porter 

thin] ou "hadn 1 1 orter 
Forget thax they must live as well as yousi ". 
rhey must have theii us L tip 
Plus the usual added bit, 
To meet the added cost of baby's shoes - 

So we might as well be cheerful 

Ana though the adaed cost is fearful 

There is little chance that we will finally lese 

For if "the added ten percentum 

Is not used to pay our rent urn 

It may buy somebody's kid a pair of shoes. 



The perpetrator of the above has been appro V aided , tried 
and convicted. He will be shot at sunrise. 



Members of the Nenana coal field survey in Alaska in 1915, will 
be interested to learn that the subdi visional surveys under Group No. 4, 
initiated m the vicinity of Nenana, have been extended up the river of 
that name and connection made with the Nenana coal field group- This 
work has been executed by Woodbury Abbey, U- S. Surveyor, who will 
further extend the rectangular net over agricultural lands under the 
Fairbanks Base and Meridian next year. Mr. Abbey will remain in 
Nenana and prepare his notes there this winter in order that he may 
be on the ground much earlier than would be possible should he return 
to Juneau and wait for opening of navigation on the Yukon. 



Thomas B. Matthews , U. S- Surveyor, District No. 5, has been 
appointed 1st Lieutenant in the Engineer Officers' Reserve Corps. He 
has not yet been assigned to duty by the War Department. 



Basil C. Perkins, U. S. Transitman, District No. 4, and 
Theodore Cronyn, "J. S* Transitman, District Mo. 1, have enlisted in 
the 23rd Engineers, Camp Meade, Maryland. 



Donald Sawhill , U» S. Transitman, District No. 1, is a corporal 
in Company L, 362 Reg. Infantry, Camp Lewis, Tacoma, Washington. 



Carl E. Johnson, Draftsman, District No. 3, has passed the 
preliminary examination for the artillery branch of the Army, and 



-11- 



reported for duty November 25, 1917. 



S. Frank Walters, U. S. Transitman, has been called for the 
last increment, first contingent of the National Army- 



Frank M. Johnson, Supervisor of Surveys, returned to Denver 
from his trip to the southwest early in November. 



BE PATIENT. 



He whose contribution to the work of the world includes an 
attempt to hustle a flock of camp ladened Rocky Mountain canaries over 
a strange and rocky trail, or whose life has been saddened by effort 
at explanation to the Accounts Division of what constitutes an exigency 
which will not admit of the delay incident to advertising, can better 
understand and appreciate the dire consequences of impatience as set 
forth in those lines from Kipling's "Naulahka" : 

"Now it is not good for the Christian's health to 

hustle the Aryan brown; 
For the Christian riles and the Aryan smiles and he 

weareth the Christian down; 
And the end of the fight is a tombstone white, with 

the name of the late deceased; 
And the epitaph drear, 'A fool lies here, who tried 

to hustle the East. '" 

Burros and Accounts Divisions by nature move slowly and 
cautiously but generally in the right direction. Their burdens 
are heavy and their paths are not always smooth. We are inclined 
to be impatient with them at times and perhaps we are right from our 
point of view, but from their point of view, which necessarily con- 
siders the philosophy oi the ultimate result, and from the further 
fact that they have the last guess, the chances are that they are 
right* Be patient. 



Steps are being taken ^o secure the survey and subdivision 
of that portion of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona, lying 
within the granted limits of the Santa Fe Pacific Railroad. It is 
possible the work may be undertaken in the early spring. 

Another project is on foot for the completion of the surveys 



-12- 



of lands along this railroad within the original grant to tnc Southern 
Pacific Railroad Company- These two projects will involve the ex- 
penditure of about $135,000. 



The Reclamation Service has called upon this office for the 
survey of lands incident to the auxiliary reclamation project in con- 
nection with the Yuma Irrigation Scheme in Southern Arizona, adjacent 
to the international boundary line. 



The survey of the Hot Springs townsite in Hew Mexico has been 
authorized by the Secretary of the Interior. A unique feature of this 
work is the proposed reservation of these springs, about 30 in number, 
which contain highly curative properties, for the use of the general 
public. Already a settlement has sprung up around the springs, which 
is reported as containing about 400 inhabitants and about 100 buildings, 
including bath houses and hotels, for the accommodation of health seekers 



The survey of the townsite of Humboldt, Arizona, in T. 13 N. , 
R. IE., has been authorized, and instructions to the Surveyor issued 
under Group 16. 



Supervisor Kidder is in Shreveport, Louisiana, in connection 
with the oil suits brought by the Government for the use of lands in 
the Ferry Lake oil district in northwestern Louisiana. He also intends 
to inspect the survey operations now in progress under Surveyor Baldwin 
in Oklahoma, segregating the undisposed of tre.cts along Red River. 



The survey of townsite s D'Aste and the first addition to Wolf 
Point townsite, Montana, were executed, platted, and accepted in record 
time. The openings were scheduled for the 15th and 20th of November, 
respectively. 



The abandoned military reservation on Raritan Bay, Hew Jersey, 
has been surveyed by Surveyor Richards into several large tracts suitable 
for re subdivision by prospective bidders. The appraisement of the land 
has also been completed. 



Mr. Jacob Be man, office examiner of surveys, has returned to 



-12- 



the office after three months training at Fort Myer. He is on the 
active list as First Lieutenant, Engineer Reserve Corps. 



The plats of public land surveys recently accepted by this 
office are not being filed in the local land offices as promptly as 
in the past for the reason that the photolithographic branch of the 
Geological Survey where the plats are reproduced for filing has been 
forced to subordinate this work to the demands of the War Department, 



The United States Civil Service Commission announces an open 
competitive examination for men only, for the position of United States 
Surveyor and Transitman, in the General Land Office Service, upon 
January 9 and 10, 1918. The age limit is between 20 and 55, Further 
details as to the examination will be supplied upon application to the 
Commission. 



-14- 



FIELD SEKVICE. 

Under this administration, the policy has "been adop- 
ted o± transferring a number of the special - from the 
northern and northwestern divisions, where little work could 
he accomplished in the wintertime on accour'; of climatic con- 
ditions, to the southern and southwestern field divisions. 
Under this plan, two mineral examiners \ ■' nine special 
agents have heen directed to report to Cheif of Field Divi- 
sion at Santa Fe , New Mexico, ' whose division comprises the 
States of Arizona and New Mexico, for duty not later than 
January 1, 1918. 

In tie Santa Fe Division there were pending on the 
51st day of October 3,000 cases of all classes, namely 
desert land proofs, homestead proofs, application for re- 
lief in connection with desert land entries, application 
for extension of time in desert land entries , lesert land 
applications, State and railroad selections, irrigation 
projects, stock drives, unlawful inclosures, etc. The 
selections embrace large areas, and there are a large 
number of state selections pending investigation to de- 
termine the mineral or non-mineral character thereof. 

Two timber cruisers have been transferred to the 
Jackson, Mississippi, Field Division where there are pend- 
ing a large number of timber trespass cases- 

Second liberty Loa n . 

During the last Liberty Loan drive Secretary Lane 
and various oil operators entered into agreements for the 
investment in Liberty Bonds of moneys deposited in escrow 
in national banks in Wyoming, Colorado and California, 
pursuant to contracts entered into with the operators, 
under the act of August 25, 1914, whereby a certain pro- 
portion of the proceeds arising from sales of oil produced 
from the withdrawn oil lands in the Wyoming and California 
fields were impounded pending determination of the title to 
the lands involved. As a result of such negotiations the 
escrovtf depositaries entered subscriptions to the amount of 
$ 7 44, 000 . In connection with this work mention should be 
made of Special Agent J, H. Favorite of the San Francisco 
field division and his activity in securing the consent of 
the various operators in the oil field for this investment. 



-15- 



Stock Driveways . 

During the month of November, the Secretary created 
stock driveway reservations in Few Mexico and Colorado and 
temporarily withdrew certain areas in Idaho i'or stock drive- 
way purposes under section ten of the act of December 29, 
1916 139 Stat., 362), as follows: 

On November 12 he reserved stock driveways aggregat- 
ing 3-1,730 acres in the southeastern part of New Mexico in 
Eddy and Lea counties, and on November 17 driveways aggre- 
gating 40,900 acres in western Colorado in connection with 
the ranges on the Arapaho, Gunnison, Routt, San Juan and 
Sopris National Forests. By order of November 1st certain 
tracts, amounting to 4,823 acres, in southern Idaho were 
temporarily withdrawn pending further investigation to de- 
termine the necessity and advisability of reserving the 
lands for stock driveway purposes. 

The following special agents have been assigned to 
stock driveway investigations in the various field divisions 
in bhe range states: 

Cheyenne Field Division - \Y. J. Lewis 

Denver Field Division - C. F„ Leuenberger, 
C. L. Duer, and J. McG. Williamson. 

Helena Field Division - V r . H. Wasner 

Salt Lake City Field Division - I. N. Sspe 
and Julius Hornbein. 

San Francisco Field Division - Capt. (J. E. Hair 
and A, A. Wilhelm 

Santa Fe Field Division - D. 0, Mulhern, 
J. A, Ramsey and E N. Quinn 



OVER THE COUN'; 



Could the counters of the various district land 
offices become articulate what tales they could tell; 
As to the clerks working over these counters, they could 
tell some too; if they had time. 

When the doors open at nine frequently comes in 
the hurried individual - he is in a rush - must be waited 
on at once - others give way to him, a little more s^eed 



-16- 



is put on - ho is attended to. Does he rush out? He does 
no to He lingers half a day. 

Then comes the nervous one, he is full of trouble, 
case needs immediate and careful attention, as one starts 
looking up the case, first one and then another of his 
agitated statements fall through. Nothing is the matter 
with his entry. Then comes the last admission; "He thought 
maybe he was going to be contested." "Yes, he was on his 
land and had been, but he just got to worrying." 

About this time comes the young lady asking for 
the laws for school teachers. The impression is current 
that school teachers and preachers do not have to comply 
with the laws the same as the more ordinary run of mortals. 

There are all kinds of ladies, mostly very staid 
and calm. The reason is not far to seek, they have im- 
plicit faith that nothing can happen to a "widow woman," 
once she puts her faith: in Uncle Sam. 

One lady stands out in my recollection as "dif- 
ferent." She came in all dolled up; was one of my cases, 
so in time was turned over to me. She was required to 
furnish a corroborated affidavit. This would involve 
some expenditure of time and money on her part, and here 
she was, sure that if the full radiance of her charms were 
turned on a mere man, the requirement would be waived. 
Then to be turned over to a woman - it was annoying. I 
told her carefully as to the reasons which made this af- 
fidavit absolutely necessary, appeals would not help, it 
mus t be done, and within thirty days. Her eyes rolled 
around the office, and she asked to talk to one of the 
men. I did not call the officials, one of them had 
slipped her to me. They were inclined to press the soft 
pedal anyway. we had a Scot with us, dour as they make 
them, and a woman-hater, especially of the clinging vine 
type, "parasites" he called them. I went over to him and 
whispered "Lac, a lady wants you at the counter, I think 
she wants to maize a hit with you." He snorted and would 
not go. "You must go," I said. "She has asked for you, 
and she will get you if you don't watch out, too," He 
went, and as she started to talk, under his glassy stare 
she slowly congealed. Vdren he finally turned and left 
without having spoken a wore., she took her complexion and 
brave finery away. In due course she sent in the affidavit, 
by mail . 

About this time may come in the prospective set- 
tler from Pittsburg - or some other seaport. He has heard 



-17- 



of the West, its opportunities end openin . He comes, 
leans on the counter, surveys the room about as the Israel- 
ites looked towards the promised land. Then he says "I am 
an American citizen, I have a right to 160 acres of land, 
I have come to get it. vr ,iere is it?" In vain all circu- 
lars on the subject are piled on him. In vain he is told 
he will have to picl: his 160 acres out of the two hundred 
million still on tap. He is convinced we are holding out 
on him, that somewhere under the counter, or hack of the 
doors we have fine tracts with a shady "building spot, run- 
ning water and the hay ready to cut. Finally he leaves, 
convinced that there is something the matter with the Land 
Office, 

Then come the "wailers , " who complain that the 
United States Government is no good. They cannot make a 
living on the land, if they leave the land to earn money 
some one steals the cement cistern, or swipes their dug- 
out, or contests them, or all three and then some. Some- 
times it's the neighbors, or the stock men, or the dry 
weather or hot winds. In fact everything is wrong. But 
if the United States would just take a hand, all would be 
well. When it is explained that the United States is busy, 
they reflect on the last election, and mourn over their 
lack of judgment in not having elected a political Moses, 
who would lead them up to a free lunch counter and fight 
all their personal battles, 

Finally, as the day draws to a close, comes the 
sad case who was too spongelike in his absorption of the 
unauthorised editions of the homestead laws. His faith 
in human nature is shattered, his outlook warped. He will 
never believe anyone again and bitterly rails at the hard 
luck, which ever pursues the honest man. 

But the man behind the counter take all this 
calmly, they have seen many sad and stormy scenes, "out 
know recovery is very rapid once the homesteader knows 
he is standing on his own feet. With an outlook unmoved 
by anything said or . done , this one gets the same effectual, 
but impersonal care and attention given to all. 

"All this will pass," but the counter remains 
and its attendants are present at all times, the same 
steady front to all. 



LAND OFFICE NOTES, 

Town Lot Sales . 

November 3, 1917, a sale of lots in Newell town- 
site in the Belief our che irrigation project, South Dakota, 



-18- 



tool; place at the tomsite. Details of the sale are net 

available at present. 

November 10, 1917, a sale of Bute* an lots in 
Heyburn townsite in the ^idoja irrisat ^ Px^oc. Idaho, 
was held at the townsite , at which s a > aggregating 
it -duo lie auction on the installment plan, aggie^ & 
llS^OO. The total appraised price o f el o - sol* 

amounted to ^9.670.00 , thus ^"^g'^St amounted 

of the appraised valuation. ihe ini"Di«*J. ^^ 

to $2, 678,00. 

. o +Va ^-,-hiTP qales of lots held Octo- 
The report of ohe P^?/|^mer l?ort Berthold 
■hpr 5 1917, in Batesville, in one loimoiiux , . 
Inlian reservation, Berth Dakota, shows that 102 lots were 

!£ £. S^rXeffaX.n/fhfi^: 00 ' 

A puhlic sale of l^^^^SS.?^ 
townsites in the natheal IadiM reeerv* report has yet 
held at D'Aste on Hovemher 15, 1917. Ho .epo 
heen received of the result oi said sale. 

n „ + .v„ 09 1917 the First Assistant Secretary 
October ti«, ->-^'> " _ ,. 15 17 an a 18, 
of the interior reserved lots 6 ^-^ ; er irriga tien 
Sec. 5, T. 50 H. , H. f 2 .^' 1 ?, * a „. I8S for the town- 
project, Montana, eontai ^ ^" / J t a a survey of 
site of Bowdoin; and on one sans day air t of tie 
said land into lots and blocks a^d. he appra offered 
lots with the further direction -hat *ne iu 
at puhlic sale at the townsite on Decsmhsi 1, 1917. 

A survey of Hot Sprigs townsite new Mexico, 

^efhafheen^ 

£* ^J°loV^T^%^l^^ only, 

^ - ^mA Q^--,rnvpfi for 'patenting 
Entry has heen made endaPf of Chloride, .xi.ona. 

of the lano euibracea in canceled. 

A former entry made some. yeax& o.^ 

Ten Chain_L ots . 

A * o,ofl ciTrfceen amplications to purchase 
One hundred and sixteen app ±± f nia und er the 
"ten chain lots" in Unpen County CJi o ^ ^ 
act of March 3, ^f.,^ !^ Zlkv-Sl the purchase price 
. for patenting up to the |^ e |^ ^ |i re „ It is antici- 
^f SItlhf ^nd^nf allocations will increase this sum 
to over $20,000.00. 



-19- 



Coal Lend Entry I-y SorYjoratjlon . 

An interesting- decision, of ro little importance 

in the public coal fields, was rendered "by Acting- Secretary 
Vogelsang October 27, 1917, in the case of the Diamond Coal 
and Coke Company, Evans ton 04585; it being held therein, 
citing United States v. Trinidad Coal Co. (137 U. S. , 160), 
that a private corporation is an "association of persons" 
within the meaning of the coal land laws, and, if at the 
date of a coal entry by such corporation all the stock- 
holders therein are qualified it is entitled to receive a 
patent, irrespective of the qualifications of prior stock- 
holders. 

In his conclusion the Secretary says: 

The showing made in this matter, and herein- 
before briefly set out, is to the effect that while 
it is alleged that certain coal entries made about 
twenty years ago by then stockholders of the company 
were in fact made for the benefit of the company, and 
therefore illegal, all of the present stockholders 
of the company are qualified coal entrymen, in that 
they are citizens of the United States and have never, 
individually or otherwise, received the benefit of 
the coal-land laws. In other words, so far as coal 
cash entry 04585, made by the company, is concerned, 
the stockholders of the corporation were at date of 
entry, and are now, qualified coal entrymen, and 
treating the corporation as an association of persons, 
it was, and is, qualified to make entry. 

The Department therefore concludes that in the 
absence of other objections, patent should issue 
upon said entry, and you are directed to proceed 
accordingly. The action hereby taken has no bearing 
upon the suits recommended for the vacation of 
patents issued to former stockholders , involving an 
entirely different transaction and association of 
persons . 

Authority of the C o mmissione r . 

In Jones vs. McNeil, Douglas 01215, decided 
September 22, 1917, ^irst Assistant Secretary Vogelsang, 
in commenting on the authority of the Commissioner to 
grant an extension of time in which to submit desert land 
final proof, said: 

The only contention presented upon this appeal 
is that the Commissioner of the General Land Office 
was without authority to grant a further extension 



-20- 



of time under the act of April 30, 1912 (37 Stat., 
106,, and that such extension could "be granted 
only by the Secretary of the Interior. This con- 
tention is based upon the language of such act -- 
'that the Secretary of the Interior may in his 
discretion in addition to the extension authorized 
by existing law grant to any entryman under the 
desert land laws a further extension of time within 
which he is required to make final proof, ' It has 
always been the holding of the Department that in 
matters pertaining to the public domain, authority 
granted to the Secretary can be first exercised by 
the Commissioner of the General Land Office, subject 
to appeal to and revision by the Secretary of the 
Interior. Full authority for this mode of procedure 
is found in section 453, U. S. Pevised Statutes. 
This practice is recognized under the act of April 
30, 1912, by departmental instructions of May 21, 
1912 (41 L. D., 28). 



RESERVATION OF COAL UNDER HOMESTEAD 
ENTRIES WITHIN FORT BEETH0LD 
INDIAN RESERVATION 
NORTH DAKOTA. 



Lands within the former Fort Berthold Indian reser- 
vation, North Dakota, formerly classified as no n- coal lands 
were recently reclassified as coal lands. 

Departmental instructions dated November 16, 1917, 
hold that on entries of these lane's allowed prior to the 
coal classification on which final proof has not been sub- 
mitted, but for which final payment has not been made, and 
under which final certificates have not issued, and on those 
allowed prior to the coal classification, under which final 
certificates have issued but which have not yet been patented, 
patent without any reservation of the coal should be issued; 
but that as to entries allowed subsequent to the coal classi- 
fication, patent with a reservation of the coal deposits to 
the United"' States under the act of February 27, 1917 (39 
Stat,, 944), should be issued. 

The Department stated that on entries allowed prior 
to the coal classification the situation is similar in prin- 
ciple to that of the Crow Indian, Montana, lands which were 
the subject of the Department's instructions of June 1, 1915 
(44 L. D., 121), the syllabus of which reads: 

"Where lands within the former Crow Indian reser- 
vation were sold under the act of April 27, 1904, as non- 



-21- 



mineral, and subsequently, before final p tent of the pur- 
chase price, were classified as coal, absolute patent there- 
for will issue to the purchaser, upon, completion of the pay- 
ments, notwithstanding such classification," 

The Crow lands were sold at public auction to the 
highest bidder and purchasers were not required to make any 
non-mineral showing, either at the time of purchase or when 
final payment was made; the Eort Berthold lands were opened 
under the homestead law, and, while non-mineral affidavits 
were not required in all cases at the time of entry, the 
regulations under which the lands were opened provide that 
entrymen must furnish evidence of the non-mineral and non- 
saline character of the lands entered, before their final 
proofs will be accepted., 



IMPROVEMENTS AT HENAJSTA. 



The . town of Nenana, the northern construction termi- 
nus of the Alaska railroad, is rapidly acquiring all the 
conveniences to be found in towns of similar size in the 
older-settled regions of continental United States. 

In addition to such utilities as electric light 
and telephones which were installed several months ago, the 
business and residence districts have graded streets and 
permanent sidewalks, and modern water and sewer systems 
are now being provided. 

Among the improvements are an $58000 schoolhouse, 
a towns ite office and an up-to-date fire hall. About 300 
acres of land adjoining the town have been surveyed into 
acre tracts, and a number of these tracts are to be offered 
for public sale. 



Alaska Railroad Record, 

SHOWING U? WITH THE WEST. 

From the Boston Transcript. 

Officer - What do you intend to do in 
America? 

Immigrant - Take up land, sir. 

Officer - Much? 

Immigrant - A shovelful at a time. 



-22- 



FAMILY CORRE S3?C NLE NCE . 
of our Soldi ers.- 



I never was happier or more satisfied with my lot 
in life than I am today, and I am sure that I would "be the 
most uncomfortable man in the world if I were now wearing 
anything "but khaki. And just as soon as the first casualty 
lists "begin to arrive, and the Benedict Arnolds are smothered, 
we will all feel the way a soldier wants to feel - that his 
country and her citizens are with him clear to the end of 
everything. All this holier-than-thou peace agitation is 
mighty disconcerting to men daily improving their knowledge 
of the art of war with the one idea of avenging insult to 
their country's honor. 

To which the Bulletin responds. - 

My dear boy there never yet was any great deed done 
for the love of home and country, or patriotic sacrifice made 
to the end that the principles of true freedom might forever 
abide among men, that it was not discounted at the bar of 
Heaven, by the specious cry of the pacifist. Just why God 
made snakes, either the kind that crawls on its belly, or 
walks on two legs, no one knows. Personally, we think it 
was a mistake, and that He would not do it now if it was up 
to Him again. However that may be, they will never count 
in the grand roundup of men. This is a war in which the 
world will be made anew - - the overgrown Bully of the 
nations will be relegated to the scrap heap. Thrones rest- 
ing on the divine right, will go to the junk shop. Men will 
rule in their own right. For these things you have set your 
face toward the battlefield. The Lord said to Joshua: u Only 
do thou be strong and of a good courage, and I, the Lord God, 
will be with thee whither so.ever thou goest." And whet he 
said to Joshua then he says to you now. 

Prom the Pi eld Li vision , 

Portland : 

Perhaps your attention has never been called to the 
fact that in 1855 Robert G. Ingersoll, the famous agnostic, 
was a. clerk in the United States Land Office at Shawneetovm, 
Gallatin County, Illinois, under Captain Cunningham, Register, 
and Samuel E. Casey, Receiver. 1 have thought that this in- 
formation, together with some search of General Land Office 
records, might serve as a basis for an interesting article 
in the Bulletin. 

From Salt Lake City , - 

This office has greatly appreciated the receipt of 

23, 



the Bulletin each month since its publication and has kept 
the numbers on file so that each member of the office force 
could have access to the same. 

This little magazine fills a much needed want in 
the field, giving the news from the Washington office as 
well as from the different local offices in the field, and 
is like a "letter from home." 

So far we have had no news of any moment to fur- 
nish the Bulletin, but trust as time goes on that we will 
be able to contribute our mite, V/e arc receiving many ap- 
plications for leaves of absence from the young men of Utah 
who have enlisted in the Army or Navy. 



THE HOME CLUB AT HOME. 



The 1917 season of the Home Club was formally 
opened on the evening of November 14, with a brilliant 
reception by Secretary and Mrs. Lane to the members of 
the club and their friends. The presence of so many rep- 
resentative members of the several bureaus who have been 
identified with the club from the date of its organization 
was a pleasant confirmation of the general belief that in- 
terest in the club is a matter of Departmental faith. "What- 
ever diversity of interest may exist between the several 
bureaus, they all are equally loyal to the Home Club. This 
is due to the common recognition of the sound basic idea 
upon which the club is founded. A social democracy in the 
executive workshop! The capitalization of social wealth 
not otherwise invested, for the development of a funda- 
mental community of interest in the public service. The 
club, therefore, is an educational and social center, a- 
vailable at all times to its members and their families, 
and, in that vital respect alone, commends itself not 
only to those in the service who take advantage of such 
opportunities, but also to those who cherish high ideals 
for the betterment of the service. 

Incidentally the club has demonstrated its value 
as a central base for the prosecution of war relief work, 
and kindred activities; a function which its founders could 
not have anticipated, but a result none the less to their 
credit. The General Land Office has from the first been 
active in its support of the club and its policies, and 
now looks forward" to the permanency of the club as one of 
the most valuable of the perquisites that go with the 
public land service. 



24. 



EE MEASURE OF DAMAGE FOE AN UNINTENTIONAL 
TIMER TRESPASS. 



On October 25, 1917, the United States Circuit 
Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit, handed down a decision in 
the timber trespass suit styled Hammond vs United States. 
The suit was originally instituted in the U. S. District 
Court, Northern District of California, Second Division, 
"by the United States to recover the value of a large 
amount of timber alleged to have "been cut in trespass 
from public lands in the Missoula, Montana Land District 
''oj A. B„ Hammond and others. The District Court awarded 
to the Government damages fixed by a jury at $51,04-0. The 
defendant moved for a new trial. The motion was denied in 
an opinion rendered "by the District Court September 25, 
1914, (226 Fed. 84-9). An appeal was entered, alleging 
erroneous instructions to the jury. 

The action was in the form of trover and conver- 
sion and the District Court instructed the jury that the 
Government is entitled to the severed value of the timber 
and to interest thereon from the date ox the conversion to 
the date of the bringing of the action, if the conversion 
be found to have been unintentional. 

The conversion in this case had been committed 
seventeen years prior to the institution of the suit and 
the interest awarded by the jury amounted to $19,040 or 
119 per cent on the stumpage value of the timber. The 
Court of Appeals considered quite exhaustively the question 
pertaining to the measure of damages for en unintentional 
conversion. It held that the Government was entitled to 
the severed value of the timber, but that the lower court 
erred when it instructed that the plaintiff was entitled 
to interest, and remanded the case to the District Court 
for retrial. 

The decision is interesting in two respects. 
It holds that the severed value rule laid down by the 
United States Supreme Court in the case of U. S. vs. St 
Anthony Railroad Company (192 U. S. 524) is governing in 
a case of unintentional timber conversion, and further 
that the matter of awarding interest is not compulsory, 
but should be left within the discretion of the jury. 
The court seemed to intimate that in cases where the 
Government permits a long period of years to elapse 
between the time of the trespass and the date of insti- 
tuting the suit, the jury may be justified in holding 
the Government guilty of laches and thereupon refuse to 



25 



award interest. This rule as to award of interest is ob- 
viously applicable in suits other then those involving re- 
covery for timber trespasses. 



EARLY DAYS III THE GENERAL LAUD OFFICE. 



Thomas A. Hendricks was appointed by President 
Pierce in August, 1855, Commissioner of the General Land 
Office. Until the act of March 3, 1849, the General Land 
Office was a bureau in the Treasury Department, but by 
that act the Home Department, now the Department of the 
Interior, was created and the General Land Office In- 
cluded therein. The Secretary of the Interior at that 
time was Robert McClellan of Michigan, and the Department 
occupied the central portion of the present Patent Office 
building. 

When Mr, Hendricks took the office the ?/ork was 
nearly four years in arrears. 

Government surveys were progressing far beyond 
the confines of civilization. In the vast plains beyond 
the Mississippi and the Missouri, and through the valleys 
of California in the regions bordering on 3ritish America 
and on the plateaus bordering the Rio Grande, the theodo- 
lite and the chain, directed by the Land Office, were run- 
ning the lines for future settlements. 

It Is stated that the work of each clerk was by 
a single order, increased twenty- five per cent, in order 
that the accumulation of the delinquent work of the office 
might be reduced, and eventually all the work was brought 
up until the office was but four months in arrears. Nearly 
400,000 land patents were issued by Commissioner Hendricks 
and 20,000 contested land cases were decided.. 

A secret of the Commissioner's success in the 
office was his personal acquaintance with the clerks. There 
was none that he did not know and estimate by his own judg- 
ment as to qualifications. Where efficiency and zeal were 
shown, coupled with good character, there was no need to 
fear removal through pressure of the "spoils system." 

He encouraged those of his clerks who were pro- 
fessionally inclined, to pursue studies in law, he himself 
organized a law school in the office and conducted it in 
the evenings . 

In 1856 Buchanan was elected President of the 



26. 



United States. The new Secretary of the Interior was Jacob 
Thompson of Mississippi, and he early took occasion to assure 
the Commissioner that he was not to he superseded; the latter 
accepted the reappointment, being deeply interested in work- 
ing out the reforms he had begun. 

The official career of Commissioner Hendricks may 
he briefly stated as follows: 

1848 - Chosen a Member of the State Legislature 
of Indiana. 

1850 - Served in the State Constitutional Convention, 

1851 - Member of Congress from Indiana two terms, 
1855 - Commissioner of the General Land Office. 
1862 - Uo S= Senator from Indiana. 

1870 - Governor of the State of Indiana. 
1885 - Vice President of the United States. 

POTASH DEPOSITS OPENED TO EXPLORATION. 

The act of October 2, 1917, authorizes the explora- 
tion for and disposition of potash deposits generally in the 
public lands of the United States, under a system that pro- 
vides for a preliminary permit, which grants to the holder 
the exclusive privilege of searching the land contained 
therein for deposits of potash for a period not exceeding 
two years o The acreage embraced within one permit is limited 
to 2560 acres, and the act provides that upon a satisfactory 
showing to the Secretary of the Interior that valuable de- 
posits of potash have been found within the land covered by 
the permit, the permittee shall be entitled to receive a 
patent to not exceeding one-fourth of the amount covered ^y 
the permit. All other lands described and embraced in the 
prospecting permit, after the exercise of the right to pat- 
ent accorded to the discoverer, if found to contain potash, 
may be leased by the Secretary of the Interior, through ad- 
vertisement, competitive bidding, or such other methods as 
he may by general regulations adopt, and any such areas as 
he shall fix, not exceeding 2560 acres. Leases thus issued 
will require the payment by the lessee of such royalty as 
may be specified in the lease, but not less than two per- 
centum on the gross value of the output at the point of 
shipment. Leases will issue for indeterminate periods upon 



27 



the payment of a rental of 25 cents per acre for the first 
year, not less then 50 cents for the second, third, fourth 
and fifth years respectively, and one dollar per acre for 
each and every year thereafter during the continuance of 
the lease, the rentals for any year to "be credited against 
the royalties as they accrue for that year. All leases 
will he issued subject to the condition that at the end of 
each twenty- year period succeeding the date thereof, such 
readjustment of terms and conditions may he made as the 
Secretary of the Interior may determine. 

The Lake Searlcs brine deposit of potash in San. 
Bernardino County, California, is specifically excepted 
from the provision authorizing the issuance of permits, 
"but may he operated hy the United States or leased if such 
action is deemed advisahle. 

Broa5.1y stated, the foregoing covers the general 
scope of the potash act, hut while it is extremely liberal 
in its terms in order to induce an active exploration of 
our public lands for potash deposits, it also contains 
ample and specific provisions for the protection of the 
public from any monopolistic control of potash thereunder. 

Regulations covering the issuance of permits and 
the acquisition of rights thereiinder are now in hand and 
will doubtless be available before the receipt of this 
number of the Bull e tin. 



28 



00 01) CROP SHOWING FKOM ALASKA. 

The valr.e of this season T s a . : sultural crop of 
the llatanuska Valley, as estimated by And rev; Chris tcns©n, 
manager of the Land and Industrial Department, %a placed 
at §200, 000 o The principal product of the district is 
potatoes, but turnips, cabbages and hardy small grain also 
yielded profitable returns. The dealers of Anchorage, in 
order to encourage the use of home produce, have agreed 
to handle locally-raised vegetables exclusively and to 
pay three cents a pound for potatoes , delivered at the 
Mat anus ka loading station. The merchants lave agreed to 
retail potatoes at four cents per pound in 100-pound 
sacks and not to exceed five cents" per pound in lots of 
less than 100 pounds. 

The yield of Matanuska potatoes this season is 
estimated at 5000 tons by Mr. Ghristensen, and the turnip 
crop at 300 tons.. - Arrangements have been made to ship 
20 tons of turnips to the Seattle market on the next voyage 
of the transport Crook, a rate of $4.00 per ton having 
been secured from the Alaskan Engineering Commission. 
Should this trial shipment prove satisfactory other con- 
signments will follow. The entire potato crop will be 
disposed of locally, if possible; if not, efforts will be 
made to d is -pose of the surplus in the coast towns of the 
Territory. 

In view of the fact that farming has been carried 
on in the Matanuska district only during the past two years, 
the showing made by the homesteaders of that section is 
truly remarkable. Prior to the summer of 1916 there were 
no facilities for the transportation of farm produce and 
consequently no incentive was offered settlers to locate o n 
the land. With the coming of the railroad homesteaders 
rapidly too"; advantage of the rich soil and accessibility to 
the markers, so V.ut today fully 400 farmers are deriving a 
livelihood from agriculture in the vicinity of the Matanuska 
Valley. 

-Alaska Railroad Record. 



29 



ARK,. . i! LAKE AND SUNK LAND LITIGATION. 



On November 5, 1917, the United States Su i< Court rendered 
a decision favorable to the Government in the case of Lee Wilson and 
Company vs. United States, affirming the holdings of the United States 
District Court and the United States Circuit Court of Apoecils (214 Fed. 
630; 227 Fed. 827)}. 

The above styled suit involved an area locally known as "I.Ioon 
Lake" situated in Northeastern Arkansas. It is one of the so-called 
"Lake and Sunk Land" areas of that state. The suit was started by the 
Government as a test suit for the purpose of determing the question of 
title and has been fought stubbornly step by step for the past eight 
years, through the Land Department, and through the courts. It is 
needless to say that the Land Department is gratified over the approval 
which has been stamped upon its action which in the beginning appeared 
to many to be erroneous. 

The term "Sunk Lands" has become a sort of household word to 
the people of Eastern Arkansas and to many of the employees of the 
General Land Office. It was used to designate an area extending for a 
distance of approximately 40 miles along the St. Francis River, com- 
prising about 30,000 acres, of river bottom land, which is somewhat 
lower than the adjacent lands, and which was supposed to have sunk 
sometime during the years 1811 and 1812, as a result of the New Madrid 
Earthquakes. See ■. . S. Geological Survey Bulletin No. 494, published 
in 1912. When the original surveys were made in Eastern Arkansas 
during the early 40*s the Sunk Lands and a.Iso a number of supposed 
lakes, said to have been formed by the earthquakes, were meandered and 
shown as Water areas upon the official plate. So-called Moon Lake was 
one of these areas. 

Soon after the passage of the Swamp Land Act of September 28, 
1850, (9 Stat., 319-);, the State of Arkansas be gam selecting the swamp 
lands and in many instances all of the surveyed lands within a given 
township would be embraced in a single selection and later approved 
and patented to the state accordingly. The sunk lands and so-called 
lakes were covered with a heavy virgin forest of hardwood and soft- 
wood timber and in no sense resembled permanently water covered areas 
except during times of overflow due to heavy rains or rises of the 
Mississippi River. In time the state doubtless acted upon the 

assumption that all of the land, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, within 
the exterior limits of the township had passed to it. In 1893, the 
St. Francis Levee District was organized and the State Legislature 
gave it jurisdiction over all of the undisposed of swamp lands in its 
district. It thereupon proceeded to sell the unsurveyed areas. 

There were others, however, who he.d acquired from the state, the title 
to the surveyed lands abutting on the meander line and they treated 
the meandered and excluded areas as not being parts of the public 



-20- 



domain subject to survey and to disposal by the United States, 
supposedly conflicting interests gave rise to several suits which were 
started in the state courts, and which ultimately reached the U. S. 
Supreme Court. Little vs. Williams (88 Arkansas 37; 231 U. S. 335); 
Chapman and Dewey Lumber Company vs. St. Francis Levee District (ICO 
Arkansas 100; 232 U. S. 186). 

That the so-called lake and sunk lands of Northeastern Arkansas 
were not permanently water covered areas, but were in reality lands in 
place when the original surveys were made was not a conceded fact. 
That there were many cases of fraud and flagrant error in the surveys 
in the State of Arkansas was undeniable. Comments thereupon were made 

in the annual reports of the Commi ssioner of the General Land Office for 
the years 1849, page 297; 1850, page 61; 18 j2 , page 128; 1853, page 86; 
1858, pages 22, 23, and 9o. In xhe report of 1858, attention was called 
to the fact that the U. S. Surveyor General had reported the existence of 
unsurveyed lands on the S'c . Francis River (So-called Sunk Lands) and that 
applications had been presented for the resurveys of alleged fraudulent 
and erroneous work of former years. The Commissioner stated thax he 
was of the opinion that such resurveys would be generally attended with 
difficulties and complicate the evils sought to be avoided. 

Further consideration of the subject does not appear to have 
been had by the Land Department until 1894. The St. Francis Levee 
District, created in 1893, was endeavoring to have the Department render 
a decision which would tend to settle the question of title inasmuch as 
the Levee Board did noc feel sure that the title was not vested in the 
Government. On November 30, 1894, the Secretary of the Interior 
rendered an opinion (unpublished) in which all assertion of Government 
ownership was disclaimed. The opinion virtually concluded that the 

lands belonged to the alleged riparian owners. The question was 

again brought to the attention of the Department in 1902, and on 
November 17, 1902, an opinion (unpublished) was rendered. The latter 
opinion was similar to the opinion of 1834, 

For a considerable period of time the Land Department con- 
sidered that the dried up lake beds of permanent lakes and streams on 
the public domain belonged to the Government, irrespective of whether 
or not the lands abutting on the meander line had been disposed of 
prior to the drying up of the lakes. It accordingly ca.used the lines 

of the public surveys to be extended over such areas. See the 
Commissioner's annual reports for 1865, page 20 ; 1867, page 104; 1868, 
page 121. The question of whether or not the survey was erroneous 

or fraudulent was not considered during that period. That practice 

was suddenly terminated, however, when the "J. S. Supreme Court render- 
ed its opinions in xhe cases of Hardin vs. Jordan (140 U- S. , 371) 
and Kean vs. Calumet Canal Company (190 U. S. , 452). The "let-alone" 
policy was then adopted and the Department for a time refused to allow 



-SI- 



applications for surveys of any so-called lake areas, that were shown 
as lakes upon the official pints. It was during the latter period 
that the Departmental Decisions of November 30, 1894, supra, and 
November 17, 1902, supra, were rendered, 'subsequently the Department 
adopted what is now considered t o be the correct procedure, that is, 
where an application for survey of a so-called lake area is presented, 
to inquire into the conditions and, if it is conclusively found upon 
proper hearing that the lands were erroneously or fraudulently omitted 
from the surveys, to assert title on behalf of the Government to such 
areas and to cause them to be surveyed. The final consideration of 

the so-called Sunk Land cases may doubtless be considered as the be- 
ginning of the correct procedure in this line of cases. See 37 L. D. , 
34-5 and 462. 

Up to the present time the Department has asserted title on 
behalf of the Government to the St. Francis River Sunk Lands, Dig, 
Browns, Buford, Clear, Carter's, Flat, Golden, Grassy, Carsons, Hickory, 
Round, Swan, Tyronza, Walker and Moon lakes, situated in the State of " 
Arkansas. The areas total approximately 100,000 acres, conservative- 
ly estimated to be worth & 3 ,500 ,000. See Attorney General's report 
for 1911. There are a number of similar cases still pending before 
the Land Department. 

Agricultural lands, richer in fertility than the so-called lake 
and sunk lands of Northeastern Arkansas, are not to be found anywhere 
in the whole Southwestern part of the United States. That has been 
attested by the avidity with which these lands have been sought by 
persons from all parts of the country. Some of the best farms within 

the vicinity of the Mississippi River are being developed by these 
settlers, who, prior to the taking over of the lands by the Government, 
possessed no lands of their own. 

The permanent water area of Big Lake is said to be without 
exception, the finest refuge for ducks and other wild fowls in the 
Mississippi River Valley. Many persons, locally known as "Market 
hunters", had engaged for a number of years in the practice of annually 
shooting vast numbers of the birds and of shipping them to the markets 
of the neighboring states. That practice threatened the extermination 
of the birds. In order to stop the practice stringent State and 
Federal laws were enacted. When the Government claimed the Big Lake 
area, it established a 3ird Reservation there and the birds have since 
been accorded better protection. 

Many intricate questions with respect to these lands have 
arisen and are still arising and thousands of inquiries have been re- 
ceived and answered. The legal fight to determine the question of 
title „ haS been lonL and Odious. But the Land Department has been 
justified in devoting so much time to this work at the outset because 
it will have relieved itself of much future work- that would undoubtedly 
have arisen in controversies involving the question of title to these 
lands . 



-52- 



WAR WORK ASSOCIATION. 

The Interior Department War Work Association 
wishes to express in this way its very warm, thanks and 
appreciation for the generous response on the part of the 
employees of the Interior Department in contributing to 
the work which is being done. So many subscriptions 
have been received that it is impossible to acknowledge 
their receipt personally. Uhe money that is received 
is used for the purchase of materials from which sweaters 
socks, helmets, etc., are being made for the boys of the 
Interior Department who have gone into the Army, and I 
know that I can say for them that they too appreciate 
what you are doing. 

MRS. FRANKLIN K. LAME, 
Chairman. 
November 7 , 1917. 



CONTRIBUTION TO !PHS WAR WORK COUNCIL OF THE 

YOUNG MENS CHRISTIAN ASSOCIAIIOff. 

It will be gratifying to the employees of the 
General Land Office to know that their total contribution 
to the National War 'work Council of the Young Me.os 
Christian Association of the United States amounted to 
$252.45. Receipt of this subscription was acknowledged 
by the Y. M. C. A., November 20, 1917. Not the least 
satisfactory item in connection with this contribution 
was the spontaneous character .of the response made by 
the office when the necessities of the situation were 
made known. 

SECOND' LIBERTY LOAN. 

The latest reports of the subscription by the 
General Land Office and its various branches of field 
service to the second Liberty Loan bring the amount up 
to $200,300. This is a magnificent response to the 
call of the country and is considerably in excess of the 
estimate made by the office at the close of the loan 
campaign. 



-53- 



HONOR ROLL. 



The following members of the General Lane Ufi'ice ■>/•■<= 
now enrclled for service under the flag, wtierever it acy 
go, at home or abroad, on land or sea.. 



1. Jacob Bennan, 

2. W. S. Binley, 

3. J.lvin Co'Lburn, 

4. F. J. Connolly, 



5* W 



o A« 



Jrawi' ord , 



6» B, H. Dalton, 
7. M.c is". D.lnan, 



1st Lieut, , Officers' Reserve Cor;. 
2d Lieut. , national Army. 
Captain, national Army, 
1st Lieut. , Aviation corps. 
Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 
Field Clerk Expeditionary Force. 
Seaman, 2d Class, Uaval Reserves. 

8. James G, Hamilton, Clerk in Quartermaster r s Corps. 

9, A. B. Hathaway, Captain, D. C. National Guard. 

10. F. E. Hedges, Corporal C' ; .erk, Regular Army. 

11. Frank S. Hemmick, 1st. Lieut. Signal Corps. 

12. Lewis 33* Hoffman, Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force. 

13. E. L. Kays, 2d Lieut. , L\ C. national Guard. 

14. A- C. Lakenan, Corporal Clerk, Regular Army. 

Seaman, 2d Class. Uava2 Reserves. 
2d Lieut., Officers 7 Reserve Corps. 



15. C 0. Mullady, 

16 . JSlme r ±}e nd e 11 , 

17. W H. Rltenour, 



18, W. M, Sailivan, 



Seaman, 2d Class, Naval Reserves. 
Accidentally killed \r- line of duty- 

2d Lieut. , Sifcth Regiment Infantry, 
U. S. Army. 



AT HOME AHD ABROAD. 

Since our las'J issue Charles A. Obenchain, 
Charles T. M. Datcheon, Frederick T. Livings, and 
Fred L. Van Dels en have been transferred from the 
Interior Department, General Land Office, to the 
Treasury Department for service in the office of the 
Auditor for the War Department, and assigned to duty in 
France. They are good men, chosen from our office on 
account of their special training; and, while we regret 
their loss from the land service, must at the same time 
congratulate the Treasury Department upon their acquisition. 



of the 



Here for a 
General Land 



short call. 
Office, now 



Mr. J. 0. Seth, formerly 
in charge of the legal 



work in the Albuquerque District of the Forest Service. 



A special friend of .the Bulletin in the field 
has now entered the Land Service at headquarters: Miss 
Lura E. Headle , by transfer from the District Land Office 
at Lamar, Colorado, 



The graduation of Frank s. Eemmick of our office 
from the second training camp at Fort Slyer, with a 
commission as First Lieutenant in the .Signal Corps, has 
been announced; and speaking for the office the Bulletin 
extends to him its heartiest congratulations, with full 
confidence as to the manner in which he will acquit him- 
self in the military service! 



Mr. J. Do Yelverton, Chief of the Field Service 

who for the last eight months has bean, occupied with his 

duties on the Pacific Coast and in the Southwest, has 
returned to official headquarters. 

SELL TEE BULLETIN. 



m 



o all locc 



,1 office 



and field service employees :- 



If anything occurs, in the public land service, vihich 
you think should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address 
all communications to the Commissioner of the General Land 
Office, "Land Service Bulletin." All communications sli r uld 
be received not later than the 24th of each month for use 
in the current number. 



©ElQgggUI* IcAHV QRBG8 



U. S. L 
EL 



LO 



. . — 



Vol. 1 



January 1, I SI 8. 



Ko. 11 



1917-13. 



'his Holida3 r 



his Christmas and Hew Year 



life. T 

fronted. 

hen&e& 

with whi 

only the 

of Dersoc 

of sacrifice, o± bloo 

of ] 

tior 



:ason is unr 



re ce dented in our national 
Inds us as a people con- 



problems scarcely tno 
ne year ago. On the strength, devotion 
eh we meet the present crisis doubtless depends not 

fate of our own county as 
racy in the world. Will we 



and little comp re- 
nd sacrifice 



people, bu - 



unitv o: 



y , of ability to fight to t 
"1 ide?„ls? ITo Ame 



thing 
can 

the 



01 our nationa 
of the significance of the 101 
answer other than in the af firma 
test but we must. 



t.ie 1 ate 
meet the test, - the test 
action., of unselfishness, 
he last for the perpetua- 
rican who understands any- 
ces now in death grapple, 



lot only ca 



— .=> £5 1- 



Who would have thought as we sat down to our 
mas dinner one year ago, that by now our men in khaki w 
on the firing line in France, that our ships would be s 
out the deadly submarine, that we would have a million 
best young men in training; that we would have raised b 
of dollars for war and hundreds of millions for war rel 
that our whole national activity should be transformed, 
peaceful pursuits to those of a war requiring every ene 
and every resource at our command? And yet as wo see t 
now in the light of past and present events, it was jus 



Chris t- 

ould be 
e eking 
of our 
ill ions 

ief , 
from 



.ungs 



to 



get 



t as 
nto 

ssion 
lunge 
all Europe into war to accomplish this purpose, her entire 



sure and certain that we would ultimately 

this war as the day follows the night. The Gorman oose: 

to dominate the world, her undoubted determination to p' 



-1- 



absence of anything approaching national integrity, the rape 
of Belgium, the annihilation of Serbia, the ruthless disregard 
of the rights of neutrals, the base intrigues, the horrible 
brutality in the conduct of the war, the Russian debacle, and 
lastly Germany's unquestioned designs on America in case she 
•::ins, all point unerringly to the fact that the vrorld is net 
big enough for the Germany the Kaiser seeks to create and any 
other great nation. We were doomed to get into it sooner or 
later. ITot only are we fighting; to make the world safe for 
Democracy but to make the United States safe for ourselves. 

And soj August 1, 1314, is a thing of the past; we 
can not return to it; the swift march of events during the 
past three years has completely changed our national purpose, 
our social and economic condition and our relation to world 
affairs. It is a time for forward looking, not .'.reaming of 
the past* Our success depends much on the rapidity with which 
the genius of our people grasps and meets the changing situa- 
tion, for no man knows what tomorrow will bring forth. 

Manifestly, our main and only purpose now should be 
to win the war; nothing should distract us in the slightest 
degree from that purpose. Manifestly also, every man that is 
not with us heart and soul is against us, and what is worse, 
is amongst us. This is no time for trifling with those who 
are seditious, or even lukewarm. Criticism and fault finding 
not constructive or helpful in its character, is a proper sub- 
ject of suspicion; the rumor monger is already busy; Russia 
has oeen tricked and intrigued into chaos; the Teuton presump- 
t i on kn ows n o limit. 

Clearly, this holiday season of 1917-18 is a time 
for serious thinking from which nobody is excluded or exempted; 
the time to do with all our might is here; doubtless next 
Christmas w'ill not "fitness a conclusion; be that a3 it may, we 
mean to stay to the bitter end and to emerge, finally, scarred 
perhapse, but victorious. 



-?■ 



CHANGES IN PERSONNEL 



Appoin t gents . 

General Land Office:- Jlsrks at $1000: James Conlon and Frederick 

Ei Walch of New York; James R. Cooper ,of 
Florida; Joseph A. Gilligan, of Pennsylvania; 
Thomas B» Irvine of Montana; John C. Wallace, 
of California; Ullen F. Logue , of Mississippi; 
copyists at (p900: Hiss Ruth E. St e adman and 
Joseph A. Shafer of the District of Columbia; 
John R. HacCormick , of Arkansas; Eugene H. 
Johnson, of Wisconsin; and Miss Anna M. Gaede , 
of the District cf Columbia, copyist at $720; 
Aruna R. Buck and Louis L. America, of the 
District of Columbia, messenger boys at $480 
per annum. 

Local Offices:- Arthur I. Powell, of California, stenographer 

and typewriter at $900, land office at Los 
Angales , California. 

John Dewey Davis, of Utah, stenographer and 
typewriter at $900, Office Surveyor General, 
Utah . 

Miss Ethel Freeman, of Missouri, stenographer 
and typewriter at :)900 , land office at Little 
Rock, Arkansas. 

Tr ansfers • 

Field Service:- Zacharias C. Bartel, of Montana, from type- 

writer at 01020 in the office of the Surveyor 
General, Montana, to same position in Office 
t of Chief of Field Division, Helena, Montana. 

Promot ions . 

General Land Office:- Asa N. Cummiford, of Michigan, to clerk at 

^1600. 

Miss Rachel G. Levy, of New York, to clerk 
at §1400. 

James S. Collins, of Michigan, and James D- 
Tyler, of Kansas to clerks ati$1200. 

Re sgi nations - 

General Land Office:- Christopher C. Burston, of Washington clerk 

at (,1000. 

-3- 



Aldio R. Greene , of Michigan, clerk at #1000. 

Arthur A. O'Leary, of District of Columbia, 
messenger boy at $600 • 

Claud A* Wolen, of Texas, Assistant Messenger 
at #720. 

Julius h. Hammond, of Colorado, Clerk at #1200, 
on account of ill health. 

Henry D. Billings, of District of Columbia, 
messenger boy at #480. 

Leo Ti Farrellj of Iowa, clerk at #1000, on 
account of enlisting in the Amy. 

Bart ley Searcy, of Alabama, skilled laborer 
at §660. 

Local Offices;- Roy E. Chase, of Colorado, surveyor at #170 

per month, land office at Denver, Colorado. 

Ray D. Shoemaker, of Montana, stenographer and 
typewriter at 01260, office of the Chief of 
Field Division, Helena, Montana. 

Separations. 

s 

James C. Hooper, of California, U* S. Transit- 
man at yllO per month, because of having en- 
tered the Aviation Service of the Army. 

William L. Nash, of Arizona, l T . S. Transitman 
at -.pllO per month, because of having been com- 
missioned a Captain of Artillery. 

Philip L. Inch, of the District of Columbia, 
U* S. Transitman at $120 per month, because of 

e nt e ri ng t he Array . 

Carl S. Swanholm of Idaho, U. S» Transitman at 
#110 per month, because of entering the Army. 

Marvin J. Lytle, of Wyoming, U. S. Transitman 
at $100 per month, because of enlisting in the 
Army. 

Willis J. Millrick, of Idaho, U. S. Transitman 
at #100 per month, because of enlisting in the 
Array . 



-A_ 



Guy : ' , Veal, of Kentucky ,• U« 3. Transit- 
man at $120 per month, because of en- 
listing, in the 23rd Engineers, National 
Army . 

Loui s H . Pi nkhaia | Jr., of Washi ngt o n , 
U* S. Transitman at $110 per month, be- 
cause of entering the Army- 

Edward L. Kimball, of Oregon, stenographer 
and typewriter at $1020 per annum, Land 
Office, Vale, Oregon, because of enlist- 
ing in the Aviation Service. 

Oswald West'rf Of Oregon, Assistant At- 
torney, General Land Office resigned on 
December 11 from appointment made Septem- 
ber 26, 1917, giving him authority to dis- 
burse the funds appropriated for the pay- 
ment of the taxes due on the Oregon and 
California Railroad Land Grant/ the work 
having been completed- 



SURVEY NOTES. 

Public Land Survey Systems. 

It is a lon b way measured by both time and distance from 
"Ellicott's Line," the first established meridian to be used as a ref- 
erence line for public land surveys back in 1785 in the state of Ohio, 
to the Seward Meridian and Base Line established in 1911 in the Ter- 
ritory of Alaska for a similar purpose. During the intervening one 
hundred and twenty-six yea.rs, thirty-five additional meridians and base 
lines have been established from time to time on the public domain to 
serve as reference lines for widely separated systems of surveys. Many 
of these systems in the eastern and central states and a few of the very 
small ones in the western states have been expanded to practical com- 
pletion, but in the twelve active public land states a great area is 
still being surveyed annually under about a dozen different but con- 
tiguous survey systems. In Alaska group surveys are being made in three 
widely separated localities each under its own principal meridian and 
base line . 

The story of the establishment of each initial meridian and. 
base line and of the spread of the rectangular net thereunder is the 
story of the settlement and development of the public domain. It will 
be recalled that by the treaty of 1793 England relinquished all rights 
to lands between the Mississippi River and the original states north 
of 31° of north latitude. So much of this territory as lay east of 
the Allegheny Mountains was claimed by the ad joining original states, 
while in addition thereto certain of the states claimed lands beyond 
the Alleghenies, basin b their contentions on their crown grants which 






extended to the "South Sea" or Pacific Ocean. Finally on account of con- 
trovirries arising between the states as a result of the vagueness of 
prsitic.i and extent of the crown lands, they were ceded to the Federal 
government and thus was created the original public domain of the United 
States. With the acquisition of more territory frora France in 1603, from 
Spain in 1819, from Mexico in 1848 and 1853, from Great Britain through 
the determination of boundaries in 1846, and from Russia in 1867, vast 
tracts were added to the public domain out of which territories and states 
were afterwards formed with the reservation however that title to the un- 
appropriated lands therein should rest in the general government. It was 
primarily for the purpose of identifying these public lands in order that 
disposition might be made of them by the government that the rectangular 
survey was inaugurated. And it was with a view to meeting the demands for 
all classes of cadastral surveys in many different parts of the country 
often at the same time that the many different initial bases and meridians 
were established. 

The tide of emigration and the extent of settlement, as well as 
local physical characteristics $ largely determined the geographical posi- 
tions and "the 1 arSab 6f this di ffererlt survey syfetems quite regardless of 
Considerations of uniformity of relation Of Orie System to another» or of 
size. Thus we find that the requirements' bf identification and settle- 
ment were such as permitted the Survey df the entire states of Arkansas, 
Missouri, I&wa, North bakstek and large portions of Minnesota and South 
Dakota under the 5th Principal Meridian and Base Line; the entire system 
(the largest in the country) embracing an area of approximately 350,500 
square miles, while in western Colorado within the limits of the second 
largest survey system an entirely independent unit Of only about 410 
square miles was surveyed some years ago under the Ute Principal Meridian 
and Base Line. This is the smallest survey system in the country and was 
created because the necessity for immediate survey was such as would not 
admit of the delay incident to a projection of lines from the larger system 
to the field under consideration. Similar conditions in various parts of 
the West have necessitated similar treatment in the past . The task before 
the General Land Office has ever been and is to meet in the most expedi- 
tious, practical and efficient manner an ever present emergency brought 
about through the operation of forces whose extent and direction are 
limited only by man's desire to improve his material welfare - the forces 
of civilisation. And when it is remembered that only nineteen states of 
the United States ever retained control of the lands within their bounda» 
ries and could dispose of them as they saw fit, and that all the rest with 
Alaska, covering about 79% of the whole, constituted the public domain, 
and that the business of surveying, protecting, classifying and dispos- 
ing of this immense expanse of the earth's surface, •» of laying the founda- 
tion for its physical development, fell to the lot of the General Land 
Office, some idea can be formed of the place this office fills in the 
vast and inspirin panorama of the evolution and progress of that wonder- 
ful land of plenty between "Ellicott's Line" on the east boundary of Ohio 
and the Seward Meridian and Base Line in Alaska. 



-S- 






; i ,.■■,.■ 

•.- *' . . r 






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In the death of Roy J, Gill, U» S» Surveyor, at Phoenix, Arizona, 
on December 12, 1917, the public land service loses one of its most faith- 
ful and valuable members and the community at large an honored and respect- 
ed citizen. Mr. Gill was born in Franklin County, Worth Carolina, thirty 
three years ago. He was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Civil 
Engineering from the A. & M» College of North Carolina, and immediately 
thereafter commenced his professional career in railroad construction work. 
In June 1908 he entered the Philippine service as a surveyor and was trans- 
ferred therefrom to this service in 1914. He has served with credit in 
Washington, Arizona, Montana aind Alaska. 



A. G. Horton, Jr., Assistant Supervisor of Surveys, District No. 
5, who was recently commissioned First Lieutenant, combatant forces, Engi- 
neer Officers' Reserve Corps, has been directed by the War Department to 
report to the Presidio for a course of training* Sidney E. Blout , U. 5. 
Surveyor, Grade 4, of District No. 5, has been designated Acting Assistejrt 
Supervisor of Surveys during Mri Horton's absence. 



W» L. Hemphill » U» Si Transitman, District No. 8, who has been 
in training at the Presidio, has been appointed Captain of Artillery, and 
has been placed on the active list. 



Guy R. Veal and Philip L. Inch, U. S. Tra.nsitmen, District No. 1, 
have resigned from this service and have enlisted in the 23rd regiment, 
Engineers, Camp Meade, Maryland. District No. 1 now has three of its 
transitmen enlisted in the 23d Engineers. The third transitman is Theo- 
dore Cronyn. 



Carl S. Swanholm, and Willis J. Millrick, U. S. Trcinsitmen, 
District No. 7, have resigned from the service and have enlisted in the 
Army. 



Wallace G. Shape ott , "J. S. Surveyor, District Ho. 2, was ^iven 
a commission as Captain of Artillery in the Army November 27th upon the 
close of the Second Reserve Officers' Training Camp at Fort Sheridan, 
Illinois. Captain Shapcott is making a short visit to his home at Colo- 
rado Springs, where he will await assignment to active duty. 



Marvin J. Lytle, u. S. Transitman, District No. 2, has resigned 



-7- 



from the service and has joined the Aviation Corps of the Army 



W-i C. Perkins, U. 3- Transitraan , District No. 4, has joined the 
23d Engineers, Camp Meade, Maryland. He has been ordered to report for 
duty January 1, 1918. 



James W. Scanlan, U. S. Transitman, District No. 3, has joined 
the artillery branch of the Army. 



The service £lag in the office of the Supervisor of Surveys at 
Denver contains at present twenty-six stars representing twenty-six per- 
manent members of the Field Surveying Service now with the military forces 
of the country. It was at first thought feasible to include temporary 
field assistants in the list of those to be so honored on the flag, but 
immediately question arose as to what period of service qualified a man 
as an assistant. If only those who were actually in active service at 
the time of the call to the military were to be classed as assistants 
it would be manifestly unfair to many who are employed on the field 
parties only during certain seasons of the year, but who were not so 
employed at the time of the call. Furthermore many assistants this 
season remained with the parties for only a few days or a week and then 
left for more profitable employment. Ho record has been kept of these 
men. 

Our records show that something over one hundred temporary field 
assistants have left the parties since the declaration of war with Germany 
to join the military forces of the government, while in addition thereto 
probably from one to two hundred others who have been connected with the 
surveys of this office at one time or another are now in the Army or Navy, 
many having enlisted since disbandment of the field parties this fall.. 

While it is impracticable to keep track of all temporary em- 
ployees after they leave this service and therefore impossible to honor 
even in so slight a degree as by representation on a service flag those 
of this class who are with the colors, this. office desires to express 
its gratification at the ready and unselfish response of its employees 
both classified and temporary to the call of the country. 



L. S. Wilkes, U. S. Surveyor, District Ho. 8, has completed 
the examination and re survey of the Umatilla Indian '.eoervction, l-raup 
Ho . 29 , Ore on . 



Fred I eh, . .Survey >r. Distri . 6, *d L shortly com- 

^ ■ - -. . . oundar . 

the ". .. Springs Indian - servatic , Gr< p No* 30, 



A. . . 1, Earl . arrin to nd H. L. Baldwi : . ► Sur- 

>rs of tl a tern District, who recently tded field arties 

fort i, >orted to 'th Supev or ( . •■ ,•• at Denver for 

office -or-- c mection witl ... - aratioti - Lr returai . •• . 

oil and Karri ' , who have . - . . rvey 

in Lnnesot a report havin< disbar st 

to roioo the exc< ptionally cola weather whicl risit th ort t . a . 

that state during the early part of ;, . >er. 



&rthur D« Kidder, Associate . rvir; r : of '.rv-v/r. , . • . r.ooo; 
to Washington fron his trip to Louisiana and Arks isas 



&. D. D» Ki cp trie/:, A&sist; . . rv eor o Surveys, District 

No. 6, returnt . to his headquart srs i It Lake City after . . o led 

trip to the extrene southern central part of Utah where ho visiti o tlu 
field parties oh Grrouns Mos. oo •: ad 51. 



Several of the district j str t t in striking ." -or 

that ; ;v^. in these tira s oi high pric b : earcity oi loo- surveys o 

be : ;xo:ooo; at a cost which 7/culd do credit to other times* Distri 
Kos< £ and 3 hao*- r. oo:. •.-.' d ] excellent showing Ln the oost of subsist- 
ence ar.i i.o o-r.p maintenance which is re fl ;t ; in the . _ . or 
Bile. Other districts ha*9 o . . • as '/oil ?;hen t] *ie! 

c:.-.: re nti .-.. o his s ; co_o are v- • : . : . o c ation. his shows 

•hat or. o be done — /•-. . •,. al] . ekle dowr ind t . icross regai e oi 

difficulties • 



Fraoh ... lo.ooooo, Supervisor oi Surveys, arrivi in Was - 

ington for consultation on natters pertaining */. the bt oi.oo of the 
7i-o-o Su rve yi .-. . e rwi c s . 



LIFE ON THE LINE. 

Life on the line in the great Out West 

Is happy or sad as one thinks} 

Through sunshine and tempest the line must be run 

And must close within fifty links. 

The course of our lives, like the lines on the ground, 

Must be shaped by a star on high ; 

Through joy and sorrow we must plug right along 

To the shores of the sweet bye and bye. 

And though life on the line may be crowded v/ith toil 
There are times when it's hard to beat; 
We are handed a thorn with every sweet rose, " 
But, Boy! Ain't the roses sweet' 



■.-*- 1 



(The author of this, on the advice of counsel, 
declines to publicly disclose his identity) . 



The United States Civil Service Commission announces the post- 
ponement to February 6 and 7, 1918, of the open competitive examination 
for surveyor, for men only, formerly announced to be held on January 9 
and 10, 1918. 



The surveying division reports an unusually large number of ac- 
cepted surveys for "ohe month of December. Over 400 plats of accepted work 
were filed in the drafting division, representing an acreage of 2,344,492 
acres. This amount exceeds the output of any one month in the history of 
the division since a monthly account of progress was inaugurated. Consid- 
ering the large number of absences usually occurring in December, this 
showing is regarded as exceptionally fine. 



NO INDISPENSABLES. 

Several supervising officers have inquired as to what was ex- 
pected of them in the way of makin affidavits that the services of em- 
ployees subject to draft are "indispensable." Without any intention of 
depreciating the high value of the work of our employees, invariably the 
answer has been that this office will make no such affidavits for any- 
body in its service. 



MORE ACRES IN C"LTIV_iTIQM. 
Hundreds of thousands of ceres of land in the United Stc/ces, 

-10- 



hitherto untilled, may be placed under cultivation during the year 1918. 
By direction of Secretary Lane, acting in response to a resolution of the 
Congress, a careful survey was made into the feasibility and practicabil- 
ity of putting into cultivation such parts of the public domain and Indian 
lands as might be suitable for the purpose. The results of the inquiry 
just received by the Secretary indicate that approximately 600,000 acres 
of land on various Reclamation Projects and an area of Indian lands al- 
most as large are susceptible of cultivation. 

It is not regarded as practicable, economical or wise to en- 
deavor to secure crop production through governmental agencies on such 
of the public lands as yet remain unreserved. They are largely rough and 
mountainous and valuable chiefly for minerals or stock raising, or scat- 
tered tracts which can best be farmed by homesteaders. 

About 100,000 acres of land on Reclamation Projects, not hereto- 
fore cultivated, and for which water will be available, may be placed in 
production durin to . 1918* In addition there are approximately 500,000 acres 
in privately owned or homestead lands within Reclamation Projects sus- 
ceptible of cultivation, a bill now is pending before Congress provid- 
ing, the money for the clearing, development and cropping of the lands, 
the funds appropriated to be reimbursable from rentals and other receipts. 

Within the limits of the States of Arizona, Montana and Wyoming 
are 112,000 acres of irrigable and 50,000 acres of dry farming lands with- 
in the limits of Indian Reservations which, with reasonable funds, could 
be placed under cultivation. On other Indian Reservations a large acreage 
also could be made available. An appropriation of $1,900,000 has been 
suggested to Congress for the purchase of seeds and equipment and to make 
arrangements for the cultivation of this land under the direction of 
Secretary Lane, who has recommended to Congress the enactment of measures 
providing for the development of the lands. 



FIELD SERVICE, 

Cards have been received announcin b the marriage of Mr. 
Dwight Avery, Carey Act Inspector in the Cheyenne, Wyoming, Field Divi- 
sion, to Miss Iiyra Katharine Graham of Greeley, Colorado, on December 
6, 1917. 

Congratulations "Dad!" Now can't you induce "deer E. 0." to 
join the ranks of "just men made perfect?" 



Special Agent H, H. Mancha, one of the hearin s officers in the 
San Francisco Field Division, v/ho has been in Washington on leave of ab- 
sence, left a. few days ago to resume his duties at San Francisco, 



-11- 



Special Agent T. A. \nheian, who is now on leave of absence fron 
the Santa Fe Field Division, made a flying visit to Washington and left a 
few days ago to visit his old hone in Jackson, Mississippi. 



Special Agent J. McG. Williamson was recently transferred to the 
San Francisco Field Division and assigned to duty as one of the hearings 
officers in the oil cases. 



Special Agent Roscoe C- Bangs, who has been on duty in the Cheyenne 
Field Division, is now temporarily in Washington. 



Assistanx Chief of Field Service John T. Murphy has been on 
detail duty making investigations of certain matters pending in the 
Cheyenne, Wyoming, field division. 



Under authority given in the last appropriation act for the 
protection of public lands, timber, etc. , a motor boat has been purchased 
for the use of the Alaskan Field Division. 



The United States Employees' Compensation Commission recently 
allowed 035.00 a month to Mrs. Gus A. Lovegren and $10. 00 a month to 
Mr. Lovegren's mother. Timber Cruiser Cus A. Lovegren died as the re- 
sult of injuries received in line of duty while working on the classifica- 



tion of the Oregon and California lands. 



The Compensation Commission also made payment to Timber Cruiser 
Penegor of -)26.70 for injuries received in line of duty. 



Mr. Charles A. Brinkley, who was successively a member of the 
old Spokane and Portland Field Divisions during the period from about 
1908 to 1911, has recently been commissioned as a Captain in the Quarter- 
master Corp of the National Army and assigned to duty at Omaha, Nebraska. 
After his resignation as a special agent and before his appointment to 
the army, Mr. Brinkley was engaged in the general practice of law at 
Seattle, Washington. 



Clarence M. Booth, who was formerly a member of the field force 
of the old Boise, Idaho, Division, and was for a time temporarily assigned 



-12- 



to the Portland Division, has recently been c oiorni soi ouod a Captain of 

Infantry in the National Army and assigned to duty at Camp Lewie, Wash- 
ington. After resigning his position as a special agent and bo fore being 
appointed to the array, Mr. Booth was engaged in the general practice of 
law at Twin Falls, Idaho. 



Mrs. C. R. Arundell, wife of the Chief of the Alaskan Field 
Division, is now in Portland en route to Alaska, having spent the summer 
in Vermont with relatives. She was formerly Grace Griswold, a stenog- 
rapher at headquarters of the Portland Field Division, prior to that 
having served in the same capacity at Field division headquarters at 
Helena, Montana, and in the Forest Service at Washington, D. C 



On December 8, 1917, Mr. JohnMcPhaul, Superintendent of Sales 
of Public Lands, generally known in the West as Judge McPhaul , was a visi- 
tor at Portland, Oregon, having on said date conducted a public sale of 
timber lands in the former Siletz Indian Reservation, amounting to over 
$60,000.00. 



Recently the United States District Court at Portland, Oregon, 
issued an order for the sale of about 17,785,000 feet of timber from 11 
forty acre tracts near Marshfield, Oregon, in the Coos Bay Wagon Road 
Grant, the up-set price being fixed at ^33,507.50. The Chief of the 
Portland Field Division was named by the Court as Commissioner for the 
sale of this timber, and same is now being advertised, sealed bids to 
be received up to noon of December 26, 1917. It will be remembered that 
the land? in this grant are now in litigation, the Government having 
brought suit to recover title thereto, alleging that the grantee did not 
comply with the terms of the grant. This suit is now pending before the 
Supreme Court of the United States on appeal, and the proceeds from the 
sale of the above mentioned timber are to be deposited to await the out- 
come of said suit and to be then paid xo the successful litigant. 



Messrs. Horace R. Burritt and Frank Farmer, Mineral Inspectors 
of the Portland Field Division, have been engaged since July last in 
making mineral examinations of unpatented lands in the Oregon and Califor- 
nia Railroad Grant, title to which has been revested in the Government by 
decision of the Supreme Court of the United States and the Act oi Congress 
of June 9, 1916. They had lands in eighty different townships of said 
grant for examination and the field work thereon will be completed during 
che month of December 1917. 



-13- 



It is expected that in Juno 1918 the new million dollar Post- 
office Building at Portland, Oregon, will bo completed. It is under- 
stood that office quarters in said building will be assigned to the Port- 
land Field Division.. The quarters heretofore occupied in the Customs 
House by the Portland Field Division have been and are inadequate and the 
change will be r.iuch welcomed. 



Mr. W. B. Burt, Special Agent of the General Land Office em- 
ployed as an expert on irrigation cases, reported for duty in the same 
capacity at the Salt Lake Field Division about September 1st last. Mr. 
Burt had been a member of the field force of xhe Portland Field Division 
since about the year 1910, having prior thereto been employed in the 
Bureau of Public Lands of the Philippine Islands, at Manila. 



Mr. William S. Towner, of New York., formerly a Special Agent in 

the Santa Fe Field Division has resigned, having been called to the colors 

under his enlistment with the Signal Reserve Corps. Mr. Towner is now 
stationed at Fort Pike, Arkansas. 



Mr. Herbert V. Betts , of Arkansas, formerly a Clerk, Stenographer 
and Typewriter in the headquarters office, Santa Fe Field Division, has 
resigned, having been called to the colors under his enlistment with the 
Signal Reserve Ccrps. Mr. Betts is now stationed at Fort Pike, Arkansas. 



Mr, Herbert W. MacFarren, formerly a Mineral Examiner with the 
Santa Fe Field Division, resigned some time since, went through the first 
officers' training camp at the Presidio, San Francisco, Cal . , later was 
stationed with an Engineer Regiment at Vancouver Barracks, Wash., com- 
missioned captain of engineers, and, the last we heard fror: "mac," he 
was at Charlottville , North Carolina. He may be "somewhere in France" 
ere this. All who know "Mac" wish him well and predict that in whatever 
position he nay be found he will reflect credit upon himself and upon 
whatever service he may be connected with. 



Mr. Oscar C. Gibbs, of Maryland, several years ago employed as 
Special Agent in the, then, Twelfth Field Division, under then Chief of 
Field Division, Leroy 0. Moore, went through the first offiers' training 
camp at the Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., was commissioned a Second 
Lieutenant of Infantry, and now is stationed at Camp Lewis , Wash. For 
several yec^rs Mr. Gibbs was District Attorney of Lake County, Oregon, 
and left his law practice at Lake view to be with the first officers' 



-14- 



training camp, Mr. Gibbc is a brother to the Chief of Santa Fe Field 
Division. 



Mr. Thomas C. Collins, has entered the office at Headquarters, 
Santa Fe Field Division, as Clerk , Stenographer and Typewriter, by trans- 
fer from the Postoffice at Santa Fe , New Mexico. 



Mr. Burton R« Green, sometime since resigned from the position 
of Special Agent in the Santa Fe Field Division, to become private secre> 
tary to Senator A. A. Jones, of New Mexico. 



The Denver Field Division of the General Land Office completed 
on December 14 the reports on the examination of stock driveways in 
Colorado under the Act of December 29 * 1916* The cattle growers' and 
wool growers' associations in this State made requests for the with- 
drawal of over 1 ,973 ,000 acres of land leading to the National Forests. 
Special Agent Charles F* Leuenberger and Mineral Inspector Charles L. 
Duer were engaged over two*-thirds of the time from May 1 making these 
examinations* They went over more than 5,000 miles of contemplated trails, 
and examined from ten to sixty driveways in each general application* 
There were twenty of these applications made. A third of the recommenda- 
tions of this division have already been acted upon by the Commissioner 
and the Secretary's office, and the withdrawals recommended have been pro- 
mulgated* 

After careful examination by these agents, nine-tenths of the 
lands applied for were eliminated. In no instance did the committee from 
the stock growe rs ' and wool growers 1 associations, when they were in con- 
ference with our agents, object to the cutting down of the trails. Many. 
®f these committees baldly stated that they would like to have a.11 the 
public lands withdrawn for range purposes. However, when they were given 
to understand that no withdrawals would be made except those which were 
actually needed, they all gracefully and smilingly gave in. A tabulation 
of the. reports shows that of the acreage requested for withdrawal, 197,170 
acres were recommended for driveways in the State of Colorado* Probably 
twenty-five per cent of this acreage was recommended on the request of 
the wool growers. 



Jennings D. McLeod, Timber Cruiser and Special Agent attached to 
the Denver Field Division, took leave of absence in August to go into the 
Fort Sheridan Officers' Training Camp, near Chicago. At the end of the 
three months' course he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the Aviation 
Section of the Signal Corps, and is now stationed at Camp Kelly No. 1, 
ne a r San Ant o ni o , Te xa s . 



-15- 



McLeod took his first trip ia an aeroplane Thursday , I c» 
13, and scooted into the air 5,000 feet. In a letter bo the has sra 

of the Denver Field Division, he states that he felt nighty squeak si 
during the first two minutes- Thereafter all went well, and he stai a 
he would have liked to remain up indefinitely, The earth "sure lookc 
flat" from that height, he said. MoLeod was an officer during the 
Spanish-American War, in a Kentucky regiment. Mrs. McLeod, during 
absence of her husband, is engaged in Red Cross work in Tennessee. 



the 



A curious report comes to the Denver Field Division's offices 
from western Colorado- A ranchman residing in the Paradox Valley, which 
is located in Colorado just to the east of La Salle Mountain in Utah, 
states that on a number of occasions, when he has been on the east slope 
of La Salle Mountain, looking to the southeast and across the carnotite 
fields of western Montrose County, a phenomenon like a perennial Aurora 
Borealis is visible, on the darkest nights, except that the illumination 
is close to the ground, or within a couple hundred feet of the ground, 
instead of far up in the heavens. This imaginative ranchman states that 
the glow is undoubtedly due to the emanations of the radium content of 
the thousands of tons of carnotite ore which still remain in the ground. 
Ke states emphatically that this is not a Munchausen tale, and that any- 
one desiring to verify the story may do so on any dark, still night by 
climbin b the eastern slope of La Salle Mountain. 



SLOW LAWYERS TA RAPID CITY 

Speaking of lawyers, classes and caste 
Persistent old timers who stick to the last , 
Who argue all day in courts of the law, 
Leave a checker game that ends in a draw, 
Gather up a crowd, Tom, Dick, Joe, Eddie and Leu , 
And hit the land office at four twenty P. M. 

And the torture begins with questions like these: 
"Say, make me a map of the county, will you please?" 
And amongst the crowd is some dolled-up youn to 'Teachers" 
Who came for the land "that you give to school teachers;" 
"Hold for me that eighty, right next to Jim Daw, 
"Till I can borrow ten dollars from my mother-inlaw." 

"Say, what kind of land is that? You've a bum lamp, 
"There's a T & S filing on it, why, that's all swamp!" 
A half hour is spent to make him understand, 
Though you recorded the filing. God made the land. 
"Don't let any contest be filed; I want to go away." 
"I've a Ion,: ways to go, can I get my receipt today?" 



-lc- 



A lull for a moment till you can convince Ben 

That section thirteen does not join section ten. 

"My proof is set tomorrow, can I make it today? 1 ' 

"I have lived there continuously from April to gay, 

"Was visiting relatives the rest of the year; 

"By reporting my absences, can I keep my land clear?" 

"I want to pay taxes on section sixteen, 
"Well, grin, dang you, I know what I mean." 
"The description? Oh, it lies in an ' 1' 
"The only level spot is where I dug the well." 
"You rejected my application? Because the paper was wrong? 
"Bah, you have sold out to the cattlemen for honk-a-tong 
song." 

Current work is lodged in a foam-ridden jam, 

You try to look pleasant when you want to say "d---n" 

With a last heroic effort you get out of the nix 

And start for your home at a quarter to six 

To search for asbestos epithets to sufficiently condemn 

The attorney who shows up at four twenty P. M. 

SOLDIERS' ADDITIONAL APPLICATIONS. 
Circular Advice, December 7, 1917 . 

In numerous applications for making entry under sections 2306 
and 2307 Revised Statutes, commonly known as "Soldiers' additional home- 
stead entries," the spaces provided for data concerning the original 
homestead entry, the military service of the homesteader, and the citizen- 
ship of the applicant, are either left entirely blank or only partially 
filled, thus causing unnecessary work and delay in this office in looking 
up such facts which should be furnished by the applicant, and supplied to 
him by the dealers from whom he purchases the rights. 

You are, therefore, directed to require all blanks in such ap- 
plications (form 4-008a) to be filled in before accepting the application. 
You will then make the proper notations on your records, date and sign 
the certificate printed at the foot of the application, and forward the 
papers, whether the right be certified or uncertified, as directed in 
circular No. 429, dated August 5, 1915 (unpublished). An application 
by a married woman must allege the facts concerning her husbsnd's citizen- 
ship, and if he is not a native-born citizen of the United States, the 
proper record evidence cf his naturalisation must be furnished. 

Uany registers also fail to observe the difference between a 
soldier's additional entry and an ordinary homestead, by erroneously 
issuing the final certificate on form 4-196. 

As a soldier's additional application does not segregate the 
land nor prohibit the filing of other applications for such land until 



-17- 



seme date, you win »?i' "*, ^ 9ntl J and f i^l certificate bear the 
eo, Mi esiens\a„d tL :" ra no "nSe"'-; 6 t f ee """ tha ."^^l and final 
the final certificate on forr! "^19 ,*! !£"! T"' " "" ' li "" 

for data concerninc the ori -v,l blank s P aces Provided 

tc the claimant 'entice t h'm of Se 5"? "? *" dUpUo " te «*"*«*.> 

See note at the foot t) torn 4-197 ' ° f y0Ur allo ^« °* the entry. 

earne by reoplsitiol^ """"^ """ ^ 4 " 197 > J™ sh °" la Procure the 

Very respectfully, 

CLAY TALLMAN, 
In reply P l cas e refer to circular No. g^ ™ 1 " 1 ™*- 

FIRST SALE OF TIMBER ON OREGON 

and California lands. 

The Secretary of the Interior. September IS 1017 .• „ t A 

understoocfthnr CBSity f ° r MU0 " ° f this kind is ^parent, when it is 
Sefllnds are fZo ° aSeS . 5na " bodi - ° f «>«• lands, classified as 

in^cn-fth: ss^ j-oSs^-^^ssrrs s in K:- 

reuS I "* and rUSSed " " " 0t ^5 -££l£. £ h'L'a t S r Pnrt 
eo satuated cannot be advanta,eouel y made except tc operatore in the im 

H r<rh+ IT tmber ' X ; opportunities for such sales are allowed to pass 
^ ' ,°?f J ea f bef ore »c Government would again have an onpoHu! 
nity to sell the timber at a fair estimate of its value. TVs aitSrfin- 

ou%" e BMn a bu*i^ neCeS + Sity + 0f a "° rdinK a SU ' J ' ly of t^' call d ° ' 

Lf^r ?" C activities, led to the instructions as above noted 
under which the first sale occurred on the 3rd ultimo at Rosebur 
Oregon, at which time the timber on 330 acres was sold at the appraised 

„.„.«■ v A „ number ° f ether applications of a similar character are now 
pending before the office or in the field, upon which action wills"™ be 



-18- 



ALASKA CCAL LANDS. 



Official announcement was made by Secretary Land December 11 , 

that a new coal leasing block or tract has been created and offered for 
lease in the iiatanuska Goal Field. Alaska. This block, designated as 
Unit No. 20, contains 760 acres of land; embracing parts of Sections 2, 
3, 10, and 11, Township 19 North, Range 3 East, Seward liendian. The 
land lies near the headwaters of Eska Creek and to the northeast of Unit 
No. 7. A branch line of the Government railroad has been constructed to 
the mine on No. 7, and consequently rail transportation facilities for 
shipping coal mined off the new unit are practically available at this 
time. The new unit has been designated upon recommendation of represen- 
tatives of the Department who examined the land and who report that the 
coal measures found warrant the offering of the area as a coal mining 
proposition. The land had not been surveyed when the original units 
were offered for lease. 

Under the order designating the new unit, applications for lease 
of the same will be received at the General Land Office from and after 
December 15, 1917, for a period of thirty days. All applications for 
lease that may be made in this period will then be advertised for an ad- 
ditional thirty days and award made thereafter by the Secretary of the 
Interior from the applications and proposals that have been submitted. 

By the designation of this new unit the area of lands in the 
field now subject to lease is increased to 7,520 acres, divided into 
ten leasing units. 

In the Tatanuska field the Alaskan Engineering Commission is 
raining coal on Blocks 7 and 12 for the construction and operation of 
the Government railroad. About sixteen thousand tons of coal have, thus 
far been mined from these units. The lessees of Blocks 2 and 3 started 
work on these tracts in Hay. They are reported to have ran about six 
hundred feet of underground tunnels and drifts in the blocking out of 
a ten or twelve foot vein of coal. The lessees of Blocks 10 and 11, 
situated at Ghicaloon, are at . the present time taking in machinery and 
equipment with a view to active development on a large scale on this 
area • 

It is believed that the coal mining operations now under way, 
together with the railroad facilities that are being provided, will 
further demonstrate the possibilities of supplying coal from this field 
for the use of the Navy and on the Pacific Coast. The Government rail- 
road is now completed and able to handle tonnage from this field to 
Anchorage at tidewater. By next summer the r«5.1road will also be able 
to haul tonnage to Seward, the coast -©minus of the road- 
Information r -' v ^ cive " fcc *' ne lease of the Alaska coal lands may 
always be pro cur* ■* °V addressing the Commissioner of the General Land 
Office, v/gU-ngton, D. C 

-19- 



ALASKA'S CLIMATIC WONDERS. 

A recent report of the survey of a farm-homestead, within 
seventy miles of the Arctic circle, situated between snowy peaks of 
the Crazy Mountains and saw-tooth heights of Dolomite range, shows 
how cruel nature sometimes smiles upon the adventurous settler, as 
evidence of what she can do when she will. 

Six generous hot springs well forth in a cluster from the bed- 
rock, in a gulch at tie foot rf a treeless mountain, yielding a copious 
rivulet of pure healthful neurit ain -r.tj?-, which first, comes from the 
volcanic caves belcw bea'/ing a temperature of 138° F. to warm the rich 
alluvial soil, where the homesteader has been building, irrigating, 
draining, planting, sewing, reaping, and selling valuable food-stuff 
for years past. No submarine invention threatens, but subterranean 
waters bless all his labors. He claims 160 acres, which area is mostly 
subject to the mild influence favoring actual farming. 

From the surveyor's field notes, verified by photoviews, the 
following abstract is made: 

"The quantity and variety of produce from this claim are 
both surprising and excellent in quality. During my stay 
there (five days in August, 1917), the following vegetables 
were served, all of which were grown on the tract: 

Beets, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, endive, 
horseradish, lettuce, onions, parsley, parsnips, peas, potatoes, 
rhubarb, rutabages, tomatoes, and turnips; also cranberries, 
raspberries, service berries and wonder berries. 

The following were also growing on che Dane at the same 
time: asparagus, barley, celery, corn, garlic, kale, kohl-rabi, 
leeks, mint, oats ; radishes, sage, spinach and tobacco; all of 
which mature in the open air. 

The output for 1916 was stated to me by the claimant to 
consist of the produce of the land, to supply all the neighbor- 
ing mining camps up to thirty miles away, and even some of the 
river steamers on the Yukon, forty miles away , viz: 

Beets one-half ton; cabbage four + .ons, carrots three and 
one-half tons; cauliflower one and one- ha'' i x cnF; celery two 
and one-half tons; parsnips three-qus.rT.ers ton; onions three 
tons; potaxoes twenty-five tons; rutabagas two and one-half 
tons; turnips one ton." 

One of the photographs testifies to a flock of one hundred 
superior Plymouth Rock fowls. 

It should be said that these springs are a single instance of 

-20- 



B number of similar phenomena heretofore reported, some of -which are 
utilized with hotel and bathing privileges, but scattered hundreds of 
r.iiles apart. 



DREAMS, idle dreams. 

Yesternight I sat and pondered, in my faded dressing gown, of 
the days when horse cars wandered through the main street of the town: 
Those Were days of milk and honey, comfort reigned within our doors, 
and a very little money bought a thunderin sight of stores. In those 
times no one was planning for our wad with might and main* and the price 
of beans for banning didn't give a man a pain* Now all things are 
helter-skelter, grafters seize our hardearned dough; and the price we 
pay for shelter monthly fills our hearts with woe. Yuhen we go to market 
looking for a pound of tenderloin, or a dozen eggs for cooking, we must 
go well fixed with coin; for the price of pork and chickens travels up- 
ward day by day, while we wonder how the dickens we will keep the wolf 
av/ay. One cold day last week I started out to buy some anthracite; yes 
I planned to have it carted to my home that very night. Ever since that 
day I've waited for a "carload on the way," but my coal is still belated 
while a blizzard holds full sway. While the paper gaily carols of the 
coal we're soon to burn, of the sugar, packed in barrels, waiting for 
the wheels to turn; everywhere in all the States, crooks are storing 
coal and vittles, holding out for higher rates, bhat's the use of 
lon e er talking 1 Little good can thus be gained; on our uppers we'll be ■ 
walking, till the profiteer is chained. If the grafters we can humble 
and send up for quite a stay, then the price of food will tumble and 
v/e'll get three meals a day. 



■21- 



MA JOB GENERAL LAFAYETTE 

By the 4th section of the act of March 5, 1803 
(2 Stat., 236), Congress authorized the Secretary of War 
to issue' to Major General Lafayette land warrants for 
11,520 acres of land, and by the 14th section of the act 
of March 27, 1804 (2 Stat., 303-305), General Lafayette 
was authorized to locate the warrants in what was then 
known as the Territory of Orleans. 

The locations of these warrants were made soon 
after that time, and the 11,000 acres were located in 
townships 1, 2, and 3 S., range 7 and .8 L\ , in the parish 
of Pointe Coupee, State of Louisiana., on the west bank of 
the Mississippi River.. The 520 acre warrant was located 
in township 12 S., range HE., in the Southeastern District 
of Louisiana, east of the Mississippi River, being within 
the limits of the city of New Orleans. Patents were issued 
for the lands located bv these warrants, in favor of General 
Lafayette, on January 25, 1810, April 27, 1810, March 25, 
1815, and July 4, 1828. 

It is incidentally known to this office that some 
of these lands were sold by General Lafayette, and it is 
quite possible that most, if not all, of them were disposed 
of by him during his lifetime, or by his heirs. The legal 
holders, or assignees, of three of the large warrants for 
1,000 acres, which were located by General Lafayette, were 
authorized, by the act of February 26, 1845 (5 Stat., 729), 
to relocate the said warrants; and while an effort was made 
to make the relocation, it does not appear to have been 
perfected. 

Some of these lands were involved in litigation, 
and it will be seen, by reference to the decision of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, 18 Howard, page 197, 
in the cp.se of the heirs of General Lafayette vs. Kenton 
et al . , and against Carter ejfc al. , that the title of General 
Lafayette failed, as to a portion of the 520 acres located 
at or near the city of New Orleans. 

General Lafayette visited this county in 1824, 
and Congress, by the act of December 28, 1824 (6 Stat., 520), 
granted to him, in addition to the sum of $200,000, one entire 
township of land to be located under the authority of the 
President, upon any of the unappropriated public lands of 
the United States. This location was allowed in what was 
known .as West Florida, and embraced township IN., range IS., 
containing 23,028.60 acres, covering a part of what is now the 
Cityof Tallahassee, Florida. A patent was issued for this land, 
on July 4, 1325, and was delivered to General Lafayette in per- 
son by the Commissioner of the General Land Office. 



91 



SOME FACTS KEGABDIJtfG SOLDIERS' ADDITIONAL HIGH 



From the date of the orinnai act of April 4, 
1872 (17 Stat., 49), which established trie soldier-t-s additional 
homestead right , up to trie date of the Supreme Court decision 
May 18, 1896, in the case of 'Vebster vs. Luther (163 U. S., 
331) , the right was held to be personal and not subject to 
sale, assignment or transfer and was held to apply only to 
entries which had been perfected and not to entries which 
had either been relinquished or abandoned. Tne Supreme Court 
decision holding that the right is assignable without restric- 
tion, regardless of whether tne original homestead entry was 
perfected or abandoned, changed the prior rulings of the 
Department and placed the soldier's additional right on the 
same basis as scrip. 

Enterprising scrip dealers at once got busy and 
bought such rights as were based on homestead entries, which 
were not perfected, but were either relinquished or abandoned. 
From the year 1897 to the year 1905 there were over 12,000 
such applications filed. From 1904 to 1910 the number of 
applications gradually decreased and it was predicted by 
scrip dealers and others that the soldier's additional business 
would be wound up before 1915. This prediction did not, how- 
ever, come true, for during the year ending June 30, 1916, 
there were received 656 new cases involving 678 soldier's 
additional rights. During the year ending June 30, 1917, 
there were received 674 cases involving 933 such rights. 

It is safe to state that no one act upon the 
statute books of the United States has been the subject of 
more various, changing and diversified decisions than sections 
2306 and 2307 of the Revised Statutes governing soldiers' 
additional rights. On February 15. 1917, the Secretary of the 
Interior made an administrative ruling which illustrates the 
above statement. The following quotation from said ruling 
is pertinent: 

"The -Land Department has not, since the decision 
in Webster v. Luther, given a construction to the law 
that confines the benefit of these sections to the 
parties expressly enumerated. It has assumed that 
upon the failure of all the beneficiaries to appro- 
priate the right, the right parsed by descent to 
others. It has held that where the widow and the minor 
orphan children failed to avail themselves of the right 
left unexercised by the soldier, the right reverted to 
the latter' s estate and became an asset thereof. More 
lately it has held that this is not so; that the right 
passes by devolution to the minor children and stops 



23- 



there, becoming an ;set of their estate, subject to 
administration a.ncl to sale by an administrator. 
Soldier's additional rights have been sold hy admin- 
istrators expressly appointed for that purpor-e, and 
iLiS-? Q i£ s $£ n ££ of. parties whose business it is to 

S?2 2iM?*i n S5 e +E lgr ^ 8 > T J£? has happened eien where 
th. soldier, or tne minor child, left no heirs, the 

thStThS Q+iJ? a PPl icat ion f °^ administration being 
tMtftJih?™ ?? d ^ n lnt erest ^7 escheat. Adminis- 
llnl?ZL , sold these rights to the party active in 
procuring administration for relatively trivial suns 
benefit "* assignes driving any substantial 

in th* nt d T; tHPnt is convinced that it was never 

WnnS fi^i Congress that these rights should pass 

latitude ti 1 ?^ 3 ^^ted in the sections. Out of 
g?o^« to confer 

wi^hf^d^^hJ 8 ^"' UP ° n «^i gependegt d unon 
certainly not in thP oMt collateral heirs, and 
State o/fo?eign Governten?? ^ heir ' UP ° n SOme 

in decisIonTinlo^? a^LT^H ° r ^ressions 
SSToSi.??; S i rrlF Se-r^^L that 

£ d iLVoV n ? ! f jS- ?« -- e 

his right to entry C to y an assignee oTU)* 7 ^.^ 
hy the widow, while her statu? «' J ( } J- Slmilarl y 

continued; o "3) similarly in \h* °? ° f the SOldier 
nrintion w +v, '-, ;' in711arJ -y. in the absence of aporo- 

orinan°chiidren "&£" ?nef S W±d ™l ^ th * min - 

their lawful ISardien 8 If ?hio lnor i^ actin ^ through 

in. the manner indicated ^rTwt?vJ lg K ls not zeroised 

which it was app?jp a ilblt nd the 5iShJ h ? term duri1 ^ 

to exist. Unused it LI ?! ' Z la P ses and ceases 

estate of the soldier ZJ7 become 1 8 an as set of the 
uiie soj.Ci.ier., widow, or shild" . 

A hri^ i Th ^ S ru J i ng wa s expressly made to be not retroactive 
A bnex nas been filed in the office of the Secretary of the 
and e recLL°Sn: rninS "" * UllnB jesting its relocation ^ 

LAITO OFFICE ROTES 
Stock Driv ewavR 

drew 20 PQn eCretaiy Lane ' ° n Decei ' lber lst « temporarily with- 
the ,c?'n? ^ CreS ^southern Idaho under section ten of 
tne act o, December 29, 1916 (39 Stat. ,862), pending 



-24- 



determination as to the necessity and advisability of re- 
serving the lands for stock driveway purposes, and on De- 
cember 15 reserved certain areas as stock driveways in the 
southeastern part of New Mexico in western Eddy county, 
such driveways having an aggregate area of 34,730 acres. 

Opening of form er Na tional Forest Lands 

Upon the recommendation of Secretaries Lane and 
Houston, the President, has recently signed -proclamations 
excluding large areas from the Manzano National Firest , in 
Arizona and New Mexico, and from the Sequoia National For- 
est in eastern California. 

The proclamation of November 30 excluding lands 
from the Manzano National Forest reserves a portion of 
the excluded area in New Mexico as sn addition- to ..the' 
Zuni Indian Reservation and. provides for the restoration 
of the public lands subject to disposition in the remaining 
excluded areas to homestead entry at and after 9 o'clock 
a.m. February 11, and to settlement and other disposition 
on and after February 13. About 96,570 acres in scattered 
area in central and western New Mexico and about 27,000 
acres in northeastern Arizona will be restored under this 
proclamation. The lands are reported by the Forest Service 
to be generally grazing lands . 

The public lands in the areas excluded from the 
Sequoia National Forest by proclamation of December 5, 
amounting to about 303,000 acres, are restored thereby to 
homestead entry on and after February 14 and to settle- 
ment and other disposition on February 21, 1918. The ex- 
cluded areas lie a.long the present eastern , southern and 
western boundaries of the Forest and are reported to be 
generally sage brush foot-hills with some 20,000 acres 
agricultural and the rest grazing lands. 



Coal Classifications 



During the month of November nearly a million 
acres of land were classified, as to the coal character. 
This land lies in six different States: Colorado, Montana, 
New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah and Washington. A little 
more than 4,400 acres were classified as non-coal and more 
than 900,000 acres as coal land. The value of this land, 
as fixed by the appraisement, is approximately $18,500,000. 



Enlarged Homestead hands Designated. 



In November, the following lands were designated 
under the enlarged Homestead Act as being non- irrigable and 



-25 



not containing sucii supply of water suitab] or dome:, 
purposes and would render residence reasonably possible . 

Idaho : Ada. County, 950 acies; Canyon County, 
890 acres; Elmore County, 1,740 acres. 

Utah: Sanpete County, "2,200 acres, Uinta County, 
7.20 acres; Washington County, 1,320 acres; and small are 
in iron , Juab, Kane, Millard and Utah Counties. 

These lands are all subject to entry without the 
usual requirements as to residence but certain requirements 
as to cultivation are made. 



R epayment . 

Flico desert entry 01926 was canceled for failure 
to submit first annual proof, and application was thereupon 
made for repayment, alleging that the entry "'as erroneously 
allowed for the reason that the land was not irrigable. The 
Department denied the application September 29, 1017, holding 

;i Tnis entry failed through no fault on 
the part of the Government. It was properly 
allowed. The error on the part of entrwoman 
was one of judgment as to the possibility of 
irrigation of the land. it is provided in tne 
act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat . , 1096), under 
which this entry was allowed, that if any party 
shall fail during any year to file the testimony 
required as to expenditures for irrigation and 
reclamation, the land shall revert to the United 
States and the advance payment of 25^ an acre be 
forfeited. The entrywoman failed to file first 
annual proof, and the statutory provision above 
set forth is conclusive as to her right to receive 
repayment. ."Jo other question need be considered. 
The decision appealed from is affirmed. 



,i 



'own Sites and To'-'n Lot Sales 



November 3, 1017, a sale of lots in Newell Town 
Site, in the Belief ourche Irrigation Project, South Dakota, 
took place, but the details thereof were not available on 
the date of the Bulletin for November. Since then a report 
has been received from which it appears that forty-three 
lots were sold for |5,210.00. 

A public sale of lots in D'Aste, Pablo and 
Tabor Town Sites, in the Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana 



was held at D'Aste, on Nov mbe'r 15, 1917, and adjourns 

to Missoula, Montana, where? a few lots were sold. In 

the Town Site of D'Aste", fortyone lots were sold for $647.00. 

In the Townsite of Tabor, four lots were sold for $222.00, 

and in the Town Site of Pablo, eight lots were sold for 

■$666.00. 

A sale of town lots in the first addition to 
Wolf Point, was held at said town, 6n November 15 j which 
resulted 'in the sale "of 180 lots for $15,745*00. 

December 1, a sale of town lots was held at 
Bowdoin Town Site, in the Milk Paver Irrigation Project, 
Montana, at which 131 lots were sold for $40,165.00. 

As evidence of the popularity of lots m 
Government town sites, it may be stated that within the 
six or eight weeks prior to Sec ember 1, 625 town lot 
entries and 1036 memorandum certificates of sale of such 
lots were received. The sale prices range from $>20 to 
$500 per lot, with a few sales above and below these figures. 

A sale of lots was held at Parshall, in the 
Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota, in Novem- 
ber, 1916, on the installment plan, the first deferred 
installment falling due in November. 1917, Application 
was made for an extension of time on said payments falling 
due in November. By departmental decision of December 5, 
1917, the application for extension of time for one year 
in which to pay the 1917 installment, was granted upon the 
condition that interest at the rate of five per cent per 
annum on said deferred payment be paid in advance. 

On December 15, 1917, the Secretary of the Interior 
amended Circular No. 491, relating to the acquisition of 
title to public lands in the Territory of Alaska, so as to 
permit the survey and assessment of lots occupied by Indians 
or native Alaskans in townsites and to provide for the deeding 
of such lots to them, where they are citizens under the 
provisions of Sec. 6, Act of February 8, 1887 (24 Stat., 388), 
in the same manner as white citizens. 

This action was brought about by reason of the 
application of Louis Shotridge, a full blood native Indian 
of Alaska, of the Tlingit Tribe of the Chilxats, who occupied 
an improved lot in Haines Townsite. Shotridge furnishes a 
grand example to white persons as well as Indians, of what 
industry and a will to do may accomplish, and his influence 
and that of others who have adopted the habits of civilized 
life can but lend encouragement to other Indians t&o beco 
citizens and so take their places along side of vnite citizens. 



-27 



Mr. Shotridge received his ; Lrst I istruction 
in English under a private tutor in .uos \ngele i, i i L906, 
after which he attended the Log Angeles Mj/ h Sc tool for 
a part of a yep.r, and Woodbury Business College lor one 
term; He was a special student in the University of 
Pennsylvania three years, 1912 to 191 P ) , since which time 
he nas been employed by the University in ethnological and 
otner research work among the Indians of soutneastern 
Alas. tea. 



Allot ments to Indians on the Blackfeet 
Indian R e s e r v a o i o n , Mo n t an. a . . 

A schedule of approximately 2,600 allotments to 
Indians on the Blacxfeet Indian Reservation, Montana, was 
approved, v,'it.n certain exceptions, "oy the Department on 
July 24, 1917, and is now being examined in this office 
with a view to issuance of trust patents thereon. The 
allotments are permitted to embrace parts of 40-acre 
legal subdivisions. These minor subdivisions are described 
as follows: A 40-acre tract may be described as the NE-|- NEij-; 
a 10- acre tract as the NE-| N3-£ WZ%', a 2\- acre tract as the 
KUi NSi NEi TSBh; etc. 

Under date of September 30, 1916, this office 
took up with the Department the question of requiring 
allotments, with certain exceptions, to conform to 40-acre 
legal subdivisions. In considering the matter the Depart- 
ment under date of December 2, 1916 (D. 40644) stated: 

''While recognising that there is some merit 
in your presentation of the matter, it is not deemed 

advisable at this time to attempt any material 
changes in the present practice of describing lands 
covered by Indian reservation allotments, and this 
primarily for the reason that such allotments have 
practically all been completed. ' 

Payments for Port Peck Indian Lands, Montana. 



Under date of November 24, 1917, the Department 
approved instructions directing that no adverse action be 
taken on any entry within the former Fort Peck Indian 
Reservation, Montana, for failure of the entryman to make 
payment of principal due on or before November 1, 1917, until 
Congress has had full opportunity to ecu, provided the entry - 
man makes the interest payments required by departmental 
regulations dated April 13, 1917 (Circular No. 544). 



_-">.ft_ 



The instructions also direct that where the 
payments become due subsequent to November 1, 1917, the entry 
man must pay interest on the one-half of any instalment which 
becomes due, as required by said departmental regulations; 
and that upon the payment of such interest further action 
in the matter will be deferred until Congress has had full 
opportunity to act. 

The Department stated in the said instructions 
that the said action was taken because it .appeared that 
many entrymen on the reservation would be unable to meet 
the payments when they became clue because of a lack of 
sufficient rainfall on the reservation during the year 
1917, and for other reasons. 



Stock Raising Homesteads on Cheyenne River 
and Standing Rock Indian Lands 



This office recently furnished the United States 
Geological Survey information relative to unappropriated landr; 
in the former Cheyenne River and Standing Rock Indian Reserva- 
tions, North and South Dakota. The Survey, acknowledging 
receipt of the information, under da/te of December 10, 1917, 
stated : 

"The diagrams furnished will afford an 
indication of the lands which should be clas- 
sified under the stock-raising homestead act 
and it is anticipated that this work will be 
done during the next field season." 



Mining Claims in Alaska _ 

The General Land Office has expressed the opinion 
that the joint resolution, approved October 5, 1917, to sus- 
pend the requirements of annual assessment work on mining 
claims during the years 1917 and 1918, is applicable to such 
claims in Alaska. 

Some question having arisen as to the effect this 
law has where a State or Territorial law requires annual ex- 
penditures, it may be stated that section 2322, U . S. Revised 
Statutes, provides for the exclusive right of possession of 
mining claims, so long as the locators comply with the laws 
of the United States, and with State, Territorial and local 
regulations not in confl i ct with the laws of the U nited St ates 

It follows that the laws of the United States govern 
as to the right of possession of mining claims, and any State 



-29- 



or Territorial law in conflict therewith must yield. See 
Roys'ton v. Miller, et al . (76 Fed., 50), and De Lamar's 
Nevada Gold Mining Co. v. Nesbitt (177 U. S», 523). 

EXECUTION OF AFFIDAVITS BEFORE COMMANDING OFFICER 
ACT OF OCTOBER 5, 1917. 

The act of October 6, 1917 (public No. 71) 
provides as follows: 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the United States- of America 
in Congress assembled, That during the continu- 
ance of the present war with Germany, and until 
his discharge from service, any man serving in 
the armed forces of the 'United States who, prior 
to the beginning of his services, was a settler, 
an applicant, or entryman under the land laws of 
the United States, or who has, prior to enlistment, 
filed a contest with the view of exercising prefer- 
ence right of entry therefor, may make any affida- 
vit required by law or regulation of the department, 
affecting such application, entry, or contest, or 
necessary to the making of entry in the case of the 
Successful termination of such contest awarding him 
preference right of entry, before his commanding 
officer as provided in section twenty-two hundred and 
ninety-three of the Revised Statutes of the United 
States, which affidavits shall be as binding in 
lav/ and with like penalties as if taken before the 
Register of the United States Land Office. 

Instructions under this act have received the 
approval of the Department, and are promulated in circular No 
573, under date of November 19, 1917. 



STOCK-RAISING DESIGNATIONS. 



The thousands of applicants awaiting action upon 
their petitions under tne Stock-raising Homestead Act of 
December 29, 1916, will be encouraged to hear that the 
Geological Survey has succeeded in completing the necessary 
preliminary work and recommended for designation under that 
Act approximately 36.953 acre's in the Minot and Williston 
districts, North Dakota. This designation has been approved 
by First Assistant Secretary Vogelsang and will become 
effective January 10, 1918. On that date, or as soon there- 
after as the pressure of business will permit, the seventy-four 



-30- 



applications involved will be taken up for consideration by 
the local officers and allowed, in the absence of other objec 
tion, or other appropriate action taken. 

Designation of 74,806 acres in Dickinson and Wllli9« 
ton land districts, North Dakota, was approved by the Depart- 
ment December 14, 1917, to become effective February 11, 1913 
This involves 129 applications. 

Considering the" vast amount of work entailed and 
the fact that no funds were available therefor prior to July 
1st of this year, the Geological Survey is to be congratu- 
lated upon the speeds?" action on the above petitions. Other 
designations are in various stages of completion and will fol- 
low from time to time. 

DECLARATION OF INTENT I ON BY ALIEN ENEMY 
RIC-HT TO ACQUIRE PUBLIC LANDS 

The Bulletin gives in its entirety the timely de- 
cision of First Assistant Secretary Vogelsang, rendered De- 
cember 20, 1917, on the status of alien enemies under the 
public land laws. 

I have your letter of December 12, 1917, re- 
questing instructions as to the rights of alien enemies 
who have declared their intention to become citizens, 
with reference to land entries under the laws of this 
country which authorize persons who have declared their 
intention to become citizens to make such entries. 

Section 2289 Revised. Statutes provides that 

"Every person who is the head, of a family, 
or who has arrived at the age of twenty- one 
years, and is a citizen of the United States, 
or who has filed his declaration of intention 
to become such, as required by the naturali- 
zation laws, shall be entitled to make home- 
stead entry. 1 ' 

Section 2291 Revised Statutes provides for the 
submission of final proof on homestead entries and for 
issuance of patents to the beneficiaries specified there- 
in "if at that time citizens of the United States.'' 

The act of March 3,1877 (19 Stat., 377), amended 
by the act of March 3,1891 (26 Stat. ,1096) , allows desert 
land entry to be made by "any citizen of the United States, 
or any person of requisite age, ! who may be entitled to be- 
come a citizen, and who has filed his declaration to become 
such'. 11 Such entryman cannot however .obtain a patent un- 
till'he has become a citizen of the United States. 



-31- 



The act or June 3, 1878 (20 S,at., 89), 

commonly kno ,,r n as the timber and stone law, provides 
that lands chiefly valuable for timber or stone 
may be sold to citizens of the Unite:! States, or 
persons who have declare a their intentions to 
become such. 

Section 2319 Revised Statutes provides 
for the occupation and purchase of mineral land 
"by citizens of the United States and those 
who have declared their intention to become such. 

The instructions of January 11, 1915 
(43 L. P. 485), governing the sale of isolated 
tracts under section 2455 Revised Statutes, and 
amendatory laws, provide that persons who have 
declared their intention to become citizens may 
make such purchase. 

Section 2171 Revised Statutes provides in 

part that 

II o alien who is a native citizen or 
subject, or a denizen of any country, sta.te, 
or sovereignty with which the United States 
are e„t war, at the time of his application, 
shadl be then admitted to become a citizen 
of the United States. 

It would appea.r that under existing laws an 
alien enemy who has declared his intention to be- 
come a citizen and who is otherwise qualified, may 
be allowed to make a homestead entry, timber or 
stone entry, mineral entry, or purchase under the 
isolated tract law, ilo final homestead entry by 
such person may be allowed until completion of 
citizenship. Therefore, where final proof is of- 
fered on such entry, it should be suspended until 
such time as citizenship of the entry-man shall 
have been obtained unless in the "meantime the ob- 
jection shall have been removed by remedial legis- 
lation. 

As to desert-land entry, it appears that an 
alien enemy, although he has declared his intention 
to become a citizen- may not be permitted to make 
such entry, because under present, conditions he is 
not eligible for citizenship. This appears to be 
an anomaly differing from all other land laws, but 
nevertheless existing law must oe administered :is 
found so long as it remains unchanged. Existing desert 
land entries properly allowed should oe permitted to 
stand and when final proofs are submitted they should 



-32- 



be suspended as in the cane of homaeoQad, final proo 
by alien enemies who have declared thej.r intention 
to become citizens, but who have not completer citizen, 
ship 



TttE COMMISSIONER'S DREAM » 



The letters, cases, bills, and claims 

Upon my desk to sign 
Seemed threaded to a list of names 

Of fellows down the line^ 
And each one seemed to question me - 

To argue pro and con: 
"Do you do more or less than we'?" 

I said: "Work on! work on!" 

A plat lay there before my eyes; 

I dipt my pen to sign, 
When, lo, before me seemed to rise 

The men out on the line - 
Surveyors, transitmen, and all - 

The wole force moved as one: 
i! Who works' the more?" they seemed to call 

I cried, "Chain on! chain on! 

And as I dipt my pen again 

A draftsman seemed to stand 
And ask for near a hundred men: 

"Do we not have a hand 
In making ready for your name 

What you could not have done? 
Are we not partners in this game?' 1 - 

I stormed: "Draft on! draft on! 

Then started from a long review, - 

A case long drawn , hard fought - 
The agents, miners - cruisers, too - 

Who seemed to say: "We've thought 
That our names ought to get in this, 

For we the case have won ! ■' 
Between my teeth I could but hiss: 

"Search on! cruise on! write on! ,f 

A fifty - thousand - dollar: claim 

(Or maybe an account) , 
.And after that another came 

For some such large amount . 
But ere the first accountant rose 

To plead the i r case as "" r on 
I cred, "Sit down! - we'll come to 

Check on! check on! check on, : ' 



■ 3*5- 



And then, methoupht , a thousand men 

And women none can say - 
From local office ten on ten, 

From field a massed array, 
Nor let me ask what would they have - 

They answered, all as one: 
"We'll do the work - be you cur slave 

Sign on 1 sign on', sign on\ 



CANCELLATION OF PATENT-STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS 



An interesting decision has been rendered quite 
recently by United States District Judge Wolvsrton in a 
suit instituted by the Government to cancel the patent: 
issued to Daniel H, Brumbaugh for a timber and stone entry 
on which he secured patent and shortly thereafter trans- 
ferred the land to the Booth-Kelly Lumber Company. The 
Government's contention was that the entry was not made 
for Brumbaugh's own use and benefit but under an under- 
standing with the timber operators to convey the land to 
them when the patent was secured from the Government. 

The. defense of the company was that no contract 
had been entered into and that the statute of limitations 
had run against the institution of the action. The court, 
however, found that there was an understanding between 
Brumbaugh and John F. Kelly that the entry v'ould be made 
and the land after patent transferred to the lumber company. 
The points of general irterest to tne service in the court's 
decision are that, although the patent issued in 1904 and 
suit was not begun until 1910, yet the Government was not 
barred, because the fraud was not discovered until the 
year 1910 and suit was brought within six years from that 
time, or to put it differently, the court in effect held 
on this point that he who has been defrauded is not bound 
to commence suit on account of the fraud until he has 
learned that he has been defrauded. The further point of 
interest is that the court holds a failure to record the 
deed from Brumbaugh for over three years was an indication 
of an attempt to conceal the fraud committed. 



RESTORATION OF COAL LANDS. 



Secretary of the Interior Lane announces the ap- 
proval by the President of the restoration of more than a 
quarter of a million acres of withdrawn coal l~nd in the 
eastern part of Montana and the southwestern part of North 
Dakota. 



-34- 



The land was withdl iwn because reports from 
various source?, indicated that deposits of lignite were 
present in this part of the country. Government geologists 
who have been working in Montana and North Dakota have 
proved that these lands, involving 38,987 acres in Montana 
and 184,912 acres in North Dakota, are a part of the large 
lignite field in Montana and North Dakota and are valuable 
as a source of lignite coal. The coal classification work 
in this part of the country, carried on by the Department 
of the Interior through the Geological Survey during the 
period 1910 to 1916, has developed the fact that all of 
the lands listed in the two orders, Montana No. 65 and 
North Dakota No. 23, are underlain by one or more beds of 
lignite. Coal lands adjacent to this area on the north, 
east, and south, have been classified from time to Lime 
and restored to entry and purcha.se under the coal land 
laws in accordance with the usual procedure. 

The withdrawn land has been classified as coal 
lpnd at the minimum price, and the revocation of the with- 
draw? 1 by the President restores the land to coal entry, and 
makes a large area in these two States available to those 
parties who may wish to open coal mines in order to relieve 
the shortage of coal. 



COOS BAY ¥AG0N ROAD LANDS 



By the act of March 3, 1869 (15 Stat., 340), 
a grant of lands was made to the State of Oregon to aid 
in the construction of a military wagon road from Coos 
Bay to Roseburg, Oregon. This grant was conferred by the 
State upon the Coos Bay Wagon Road Company. 

Section one of the granting act contains the 
following proviso: 

"Provided further, that the grant of 
lands hereby made shall be upon the condi- 
tion that the lands shall be sold to any one 
person only in quantities not greater than 
one- quarter section and for a price not ex- 
ceeding $2.50 per acre." 

Under the authority of joint resolution dated 
April 30, 1908 (35 Stat., 571), suit was instituted oy the 
Attorney General against the Southern Oregon Company as the 
successor in interest, to secure a forfeiture of the grant 
as to about 96,000 acres of land disposed of in violation of 
the proviso to section one, above quoted. A decision was 
rendered in sa,id case by the United States District Court 



-35- 



on July 15, 1915, favorable to the United States, along the 
lines of the decision of the United States Supreme Court, 
dated Juno 31, 191S (238 U. S. 393), in the suit instituted 
against the Oregon ^,n& California Railroad Company. On 
appeal, the decision of the lower court was affirmed by the 
United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit 
on February 13, 1917 (841 Fed. 16). On August 31, 1917, the 
Attorney General reported that an appeal had been taken to 
the United States Supreme Court, where the case is now pending 

In the event that the suit finally terminates in 
favor of the United States, it is probable that legislation 
will be required for the disposition of said lands similar 
to the act of June 9, 1916 (39 Stat., 218), providing for the 
disposition of the Oregon and California Railroad lands. 
Pending final determination of the suit, however, the lands 
will not be subject to settlement, entry or the acquisition 
of any rights under the public land laws of the United States.' 



F AMI LY ORjRESPONDElTCS 
Portland 

You tell Vassar that under recent holdings 
commutation of a h6mestead entry is not limited to the holder 
of a commuter's railway ticket. A corroborated affidavit 
as to the reasons that compelled the homesteader to live on 
the land will be accepted, where good faith is otherwise 
apparent . 

Great Falls 

If a homesteader gets a patent through misrepre- 
sentation, and after the statute of limitation has run, offers 
to surrender the title because the Lord ; 'has saved his soul" , 
the proposition must be declined for two reasons. (l) The 
Lord might change His mind and the patentee in that case would 
come back with a plea of failure of consideration. (2) the 
right of the patentee^ heirs, in case of his death, to set 
up want of consideration. 



From Somewhe re In France. 

Purchase of bonds, contributions to the Red Cross, 
conscientious work in the Departmental offices at Washington, 
or in various capacities 3500 miles away from home, all con- 
tribute to the success of our country in waging this war to a 
successful termination. So tell the ''boys'' at the office 
that they are doing as much for Uncle Sam there as I am here. 



-36- 



, . <.!i: 



L '•■ 



We are all engaged in a common clause, and knowing the Land 
Office force, I feel confident that their effort", and Bacri. 
fices will be as productive of good results as those we are 
called upon to make here. 



-37- 



OUR WAR AND THE RED CROSS 



Thin war means sacrifice - sacrifice for all of 
us j.n one way or another - but we have never enlisted in a 
worthier cause, nor have we ever had -more at stake. 

Our people have ma.de generous response to every 
appeal that has teen made to them, and they will not fail 
to answer the ca.ll that is now being ma.de by the Red Cross, 
for there is no work more necessary to the successful pro- 
secution of the war than that which the Red Cross is doing. 

-- Franklin K. Lane. 



THE RED CROSS I1T THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE 



Doing its bit in behalf of the American Red Cross 
and responding to the proclamation of President Wilson, 
inviting ten million Americans to join that organization 
during the week ending Christmas eve, the General Land 
Office comes forward with a membership enrollment of more 
than ninety percent of its force, on duty in Washington 
during that period. Many of the divisions of the office 
came "over the top" with e^"ery man and woman enrolled. 
The General Land Office believes as President Wilson has 
said that ''Red Gross membership is the Christmas Spirit 
in terms of action" and "a pledge of support to our cause 
and the world's weal". 



-38- 



The following members of the General Land Office 
Service are now enrolled for service under the flag, wherever 
it may go, at home or abroad, on land or 91 

GENERAL LAitD OFFICE 



America, Louis L. 
Bartley, Searcy 
Clarke, Francis J 
Binley, Walter S. 
Colburn, Alvin 
Connelly, Francis 
Crawford, Win. A. 
Dalton, Richard H. 
Dinan , Henry K. 
Farrell, Leo T. 
Fenn, Stanley W. 
Hathaway, Alvin 
Hedges, Floyd E. 
Hemmick, Frank S. 
Kays, Harry L. 
Lakenan, A. C , 
llullady, C. C. 
Hami 1 1 o n , Jame s Y . 
Pendall, Elmer 
Sullivan, W.M.E. 
Ritenour, W*Hi 

O'Leary, Arthur A« 
Shaver, Charles W. 
Simonton, F.B.J. 
Touhy, Thomas B. 



S e aman , 2 d class, K av al Re s e r v e s . 
Enlisted in the Navy 
Sergeant, Medical Corps, France. 
2d Lt . Depot Quartermaster, Phila. 
Capt . 9th Inf. Am. Ex. Force, France. 
J. 1st Lt . Aviation Cores. Toronto, Canada. 
Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force, France. 
Field Clerk, Expeditionary Force, France. 
Seaman, 2d class, Naval Reserves. 
Private, .American Base Unit, Wash. D.C. 
Clerk, Aviation Corps. 
Capt, L.C.N. G.Camp Anniston, Ala. 
Corporal Clerk, Am.. Ex. Force, France. 
2d Lt . Officers Trailing Camp, Ft.liyer, Va. 
2d Lt , D.C.N.G. Camp Anniston, Ala. 
Corporal Clerk, Amer. Ex. Force , France. 
Seamna, 2d class, Naval Reserves. 
C apt . q - 1 -- • R • C . Washingt on , B.C. 

O.fi 



d Lt . Officers Training Camp, Ft.Myer, Va. 
2d Lt*6th Reg. Inf<U.S. A, Ft. Oglethorpe ^a. 
Seaman, 2d class, Naval Reserves. Accidentally 
killed in line of duty. 
Lab .Asst ,'jiledical Corps .Washingt on, D*C. 
Seaman, 2d class, Naval Reserves. 
Private, Camp Meade, Admiral, Maryland. 
Seaman, 2d class, Naval Reserves. 



OFFICES 



S. SURVEYORS GENERA] 



Ames, Edward R. 
Bedell, Archer W. 
Fisk, Sherman 
Ingalls, Walter S 
King, Norman L. 
Spear, Hiram C . 



Drafted. 

1st. Lt . N.M.N.G. .Santa Vista, California. 

Arizona National Guard 

2d Lt. Co. I, 1st Arizona Infantry. 

Ma j . N..M.N r G., Santa Vista, California. 

Officers Training Camp, Ft .Leavenworth , Kan 



i9- 



'.'. . I 



LOCAL LAN!) 01/ C IS 



Allen, Kent 
Golden , John P » 
Honan, John J. 
Kriegh, McKinley W. 
O'Leary, William 



Private, Camp Lewis, American Lake, Wash. 
Officers Training Camp, Ft. Leavenworth, Ka. 
Officers Training Camp, Presidio, Calif. 

25th Railway Engineers, U.S.A. 
Lt . N. D. Nat ional-. : Guard 



FIELD SURVEYING SERVICE 



Bradford, A.J. 
Campbell, Geo. R. 

Collins, John G. 
Cronyn, Theodore 
Harshbarger, Eugene 
Hemph ill. Wm . L . 
Horton, A. C. , Jr. 
Hooper, James C. 
Johns on , Carl E. 
Matthews , Theo . B . 
Nash, Wm. L. 
Perkins, Basil C. 
Pinkham, Louis H. 
Pray, Winfred A. 
Richardson, G.H. 
Ross , Otis 
Sawhill, Ronald 



W.G 



U. 



Shape ot 
Streit, O.K. 
Walters, S. Frank 



2d Lt . Regular Army, Vancouver, Wash. 

Capt . Sngr.Of f icers Reserve Corps, 

Olympia, Washington. 

2d Lt . E.O.R.C American Lake, Wash. 

Private, '23d Engrs . Co. A, Camp Meade, Md. 

2d Lt. E.O.R.C., etc., Ft .Leavenworth, Ka. 

Capt. Artillery, Presidio, San Fran. Calif . 

1st Lt.Engr. Officer's Res .Corps , Phoenix, Ariz 

Officers Training Camp, San Francisco , Calif 

Artillery, Neligh, Nebraska. 

1st Lt. E.O.R.S.Ardmore, Okla. 

Officers Training Camp, Leon Springs , Texas . 

23d Engrs. Camp Meade , Maryland. 

2d Officers Training Camp, San Fran. Calif . 

Capt, of Artillery, Fernley, Nevada. 

Capt „ S.0.R.8, Boise, Idaho. 

2d Lt, O.M.R C. Presidio, San Fran. Calif, 

Corporal , Co ,1 , 362 Reg , Jnf .Camp Lexvis ,Wash. 

Cap'f , Artillery, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

8th Reserve Engrs. American Lake, Wash. 

Drafted. 



FIELD SERVICE 



Armstrong, G.L. 
Betts, H.V. 
Holley, R.A. 
McFarr en , H . W. 
McLeod, J.D."^~ 
Presmont, 'A.N. 
Rush, Clifford A 

Towner, W.S. 



Officers Training Camp, Sheridan, 111. 

Signal R.C,, 312th Battalion, Ft. Pike, Ark 

Officers Training Camp. San Francisco , Calif 

Capt. E.O.R.C. 116th Engrs. Camp Green, N.C, 

2d Lt « Camp Upton, Yaphank, L.I. 

Officers Training Camp, Niagara, N.Y. 

2d Lt . Aviation Section, Signal Corps, 

S an Ant o n i o . T eXas . 

Signal R.C. 312th Battalion, Ft .Pike, Ark. 



~40~ 



All officers are urgently renuested to advise the 
"Land Service Bulletin" as to' all employees in their respec- 
tive offices who become separated from the i iral Lr<nd Office 
Service through entrance into the Army or Navy, giving the 
rank of each, the unit in the Army to which they are assigned 
and military or naval address, if possible. This information 
is desired in order that the HONOR ROLL may o^ as complete 
as possible. 

AT HOME AND ABROAD 

Captain Jay Turley, Engineer Officers Reserve 
Corps, of Santa Fe , New Mexico, who, for a number of years, 
was a United States surveyor and executed many surveys in 
Idaho and New Mexico, was a recent visitor at the General 
Land Office. 

At the St. Louis World's Fair in 1903 and the 
Portland Fair in 1905 in the pictures exhibited of our sur- 
veying activities, Captain Turley stood for the typical man 
of the service. He is six feet six inches tall and weighs 
over two hundred pounds. Captain Turley has been selected 
for special staff service in France and is en route. We 
wish him a safe voyage and predict for him a fine military 
record. 



Mr. Eric Lyders at one time special agent in our 
service and Chief of the San Francisco Field Division, but now 
Lieut. Lyders of the Navy, has been in the city for a short 
time, but is again on sea duty. 



From the Roswell Record of the 17th ult . , we note 
the marriage, at Kansas City, Missouri, of Mr. Leroy 0. Moore 
and Miss Letha-Maddox of Roswell, New Mexico. Mr. Moore was 
for many years actively identified with our Field Service, 
and is now a practicing lawyer at Albuquerque. 

TELL THE BULLETIN. 

To all local offices and fie l d service employees: 

If anything occurs, in the public land service, 
which you think should be chronicled, tell us about it. Address 
all communications to the Commissioner of the General Land 
Office, "Land Service Bulletin." All communications should be 
received not later than the 24th of each month for use in the 
current number. 



-41- 






M9BEBONR ^1t^lMBR12B 



m 



Vol. 1 



February 1, 1918. 



No. 12 



THE GENERAL LEASING BILL. 

Ey far the most important land legislation now before Congress 
is what is known as the General Leasing Bill (S. 2812) which passed the 
Senate on January 7. While bills of similar purport have passed the 
House twice, this is the first time it has passed the Senate. The Bill 
as it passed the Senate applies to coal, oil and gas, phosphate and 
sodium. The importance of the bill lies in the fact that if finally en- 
acted into law it will mark a wide departure from the poliby heretofore 
followed with respect to the public mineral lands, in that instead of 
transferring these natural resources to private ownership and control, 
the Government will retain the title and more or less control through- 
leases, and the Federal Government and the States will receive a regular 
income from the production of the minerals under lease. The legislation 
is also important in that it constitutes the much discussed "future legis- 
lation," in aid cf which many extensive withdrawals of public mineral 
lands have been made; consequently it will doubtless result in renewed 
activity in the development and production of the minerals affected. 
For this reason, in view of the heavy demand for coal and oil, the bill 
is considered essentially a war measure, as well as the general future 
policy of the Government. 

The bill was the subject of extended debate in the Senate and 
passed by a vote of 37 to 32. The opposition included those of widely 
divergent views, from those who were against any sort of leasing system 
or retention of title by the Federal Government at all to those who 
favored absolute and complete Government ownership and operation. As 
was to be expected, much of the discussion centered around the so-called 



"relief" provisions for existing oi.1 Ian limants. Lnterestin 

feature was that Tor two or Lhrcc davs before the bill was to come to 
a vote, representatives of bhe Roxana Oil Company, said oo be a sub- 
sidiary of the Dutch Shell, caused full page advertisements to be placed 
in the Washington papers attacking the "relief" provisions on the ground 
that same would have the effect of turning the entire Wyoming produci ig 
field over to the Standard and Midwest', at the same time urging that 
leases should be allowed for as much as 4500 acres in order to enable 
successful competition with the Standard. 

Ic is understood that the House Committee on Public Lands will 
hold hearings, so in all probability the whole subject will be thrashed 
out again, notwithstanding repeated hearings have already been held dur- 
ing the past four years- The subject has been further i complicated 
recently by the introduction of another bill (S. 3521) , said to be 
backed by the Secretary of the Navy, for the condemnation of all pri- 
vately owned oil la.nds in the Naval Reserves. 

The General Leasing Bill covers the ground of the principal of 
Secretary Lane's so-called conservation measures, - measures looking to 
development and use as well as to conserve - which he has consistently 
urged and advocated ever since he became Secretary of the Interior. 
That the existing laws for these minerals are impractical and unadapted 
to modern, economic and mining conditions, is agreed to by most every- 
body. A coal leasing lav/ for Alaska (33 Stat., 741) , and a potash 
leasing law (Act of October 2, 1917) have already been passed. As the 
preemption law was an intermediate step between the old cash sale system 
and the homestead law, so we find compromise features in this bill in the 
shape of provision for both sales and leases; Tor instance, the bill pro- 
vides for an outright sale at public auction of as much as 2560 acres of 
coal lands, on condition that the purchaser shall expend $10,000 in de- 
velopment during the first year after the sale; it also provides for an 
oil prospecting permit for as much as 2560 acres, the permittee to get 
a patent outright if he discovers oil, for one-fourth of the area of the 
permit. In general, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Interior 
to lease public lands for the mining of the minerals named in areas not 
exceeding 2560 acres, through "advertisement, competitive bidding, or 
such other methods as he may be general regulation adopt" for "inde- 
terminate periods," with readjustments every ten years for oil and 
every twenty years for coal, at a royalty to be fixed by the Secretary, 
Exclusive preliminary prospecting permits for two years are also pro- 
vided for. No attempt will be made at this time to discuss the "relief" 
sections except to say that as the bill passed the Senate it gives a 
preference right to a lease in certain specified cases on those claims 
on which there are one or more producing wells, on condition that the 
beneficiary shall pay to the Government one-eighth of the value of all 
oil theretofore produced from the promises; it also provides for a pre- 
ference right for a lease in a curtain class of cases for those who obeyed 
the order of withdrawal and desisted from further prosecution of work; no 
prediction can be made at this time as to the ultimate outcome of these 
sections. The bill also provides that of the proceeds arising out of 

-2- 



i£ ." 



t ■•■■• 1 Lsing operations, I froi Le of coal lands, fifty 

per cent shall bo paid over to 

are situated for the support of education or publ: : i o s, as t 

State Legislature may direct, t »er c b being re i rved 

and appropriated as a part of the reclamation fund. Thus it will be seen 

hat both the State and the Hat ion will be interested in the conduct of 
successful operations under the lease system to be inaugurated. 

.' i it i rest to our local officers is the fact that the bill 
makes no provision whatever for foes and commissions. If the Secretary 
should direct that rents and royalties should be paid to Receivers of 
United States land offices, they would probably get one usual commis- 
sions, but this leaves no compensation for the handling of the business 
connected with permits and applications. So long as we are committed 
to a fee system, it would seem that such a complete change in the system 
of public land lavs should make due provision for the cost of handling 
the business. 

If tlms bill can become law, particularly if it can become law 
in such a way as to put an end to the existing oil land controversy (see 
September issue of Bulletin) , it will undoubtedly lead to increased de- 
velopment and production on a sound and sane basis adequate to the needs 
Of the country, protective alike of the interests of the public and the 
operator, and productive, ultimately, of a large and continuous income 
for the schools of the States affected and for the reclamation of arid 
lands . 



-3- 



■ > I i-ES IN FJSR 



.its. 



General Land Office :~ 



William J. Conlyn, of D. C clerk at 
$1000; Samuel J. Norvell, of Texas, 8 
Mrs. Wilhelmina Gardes of D. C, copyists 
at $900; I'iss Anna G. Campbell, of D- C, 
Miss Sal lie V. Downs , of Virginia, Mrs, 
ily '.'■.. 3urns, of Minnesota, and Hiss 
Carey Roberts, of Kentucky, copyists at $720 
per annum. 



Field Service 



jOcal Of fie: 



Benjamin F. L. Heron, of Cieorgia, Special 
Agent at 1680 i 

7 te appointments : William F« Cummins, Regis- 
ter, Land Office, Jackson, Mississippi, and 
II. Clay Sharkey, Receiver, Land Of fice , 
jabkson, Mississippi. 



Bernard G. Burke of California, typewriter 
at :.)1080 , Land Office, El Centro, California. 
Miss Thea Hovren, of llontana, stenographer 
and typewriter at $900, Land Office, Buffalo, 
Wyoming, firs. lone Moors, of Montana, type- 
writer at $900, Land Office, Havre, Montana. 
Goodman Laws on , of Washington, typewriter at 
$900 , Land Office, Great Falls, Montana. 
Miss Esther K. Lien, of Montana, stenographer 
and typewriter at $900, Land Office, Glasgow, 
Montana - 



General Land Office 



T ransfers • 

William C Black, of Pennsylvania, from Law 
Examiner at .'1600 to Treasury Department. 
Miss Alice A. Ennis of Idaho, from stenographer 
and typewriter at $900, Hailey, Idaho, to 
copyist at $900 this 



Local Office :- 



Miss Minnie Reinhardt , of Colorado, from 
stenographer and typewriter at .$900, Land 
Office, Ro swell, New Mexico, to Assistant 
Clerk, Indian Service, Denver, Colorado. 



Miss Kathleen H- Mann, of Montana, from 
typewriter at $900, Land Office, Glasgow, to 
same in the Land Office at Miles City, Montana 



-4- 



General Land Office :- 



Field Service :- 



Surveying Service :- 



General Land Office; 



John E. freeman, of Oklahoma, Land Lav Clerk at 

i LI, braska, to same in the Land 
Office at Sundance , Wyoming. 

Prom ot ions . 

Walter J. Ise, of Nebraska, to Lav/ Examiner at 
^1600. Charles N. Rose of D. C, from drafts- 
man at $1500 to same at $1600. Mrs. Mary V. 
Burr, of Virginia, to clerk at $1400- Pater 
Truver, of Minnesota, to clerk at £1200. 
Zebulon Camp, of North Carolina, to Clerk at 
#1000'. Henry If. Smith, of Missouri to copyist 
at $900. John S. Graham, of Iowa, from skilled 
laborer at $660 to assistant messenger at $720. 

Hiss Phyllis Lynch, of Utah, from stenographer 
and typewriter, office Chief, Salt Lake City- 
Field Division at $900 to same at $1020. Hiss 
Minnie Talpers, of Colorado, stenographer and 
typewriter Denver Field Division $1080 to same 
at $1200. 

Harry D. Jackson, of Nebraska, from transitman 
at $110 per month to U. S. Surveyor at $130 
per month . 

Sepa rations • 

Frank Krattenmaker , of New Jersey, copyist at 
„ ; 720. Resigned to enlist as field clerk in the 
Army . 

Rosco Frederick, of Alabama, skilled laborer at 
$660. Resigned because of having been drafted 
for service in the Army. 

Miss Olive L- Bassler, copyist at $720. Resigned, 



Surveying Service :- 



Mrs. Bertha W. Cochran, clerk-librarian at 
$1000. Resigned. 

Furloughs . 

Addison R. Teller, of Colorado, U. S. Surveyor 
at $170 per month. Furloughed for six months 
in order to enable him to work his farm. 
Albert C. Norton, Jr., of Nevada, U.S. Cadastral 
Engineer, at $200 p Cr month, furloughed for three 
months in order to enable him to attend 0. train- 
ing camp for Army Officers. 

-5- 



Local Office:- . , iar, of D. C, topo. i iftsraan, 

ffice Surveyor General of Alaska at .;1800 per 
muni, furloughed for tvo nontVis pondi I 
completion of his course in the Officers' School 
at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and appointment as 
2d Lieutenant in the Regular Army. 

liam H. Watson, Land Lav; Clerk at #1140, Land 
Office Havre, Montana, furloughed for three months 
to enter Officers' Training Camp. 

Separat i ons . 

Field Service:- George B. Archibald, of Montana, Surveyor for the 

Inspection of Mineral Deposits at v 2220. Resigned 

William C. Perkins, of Missouri, U- 5. Surveyor 
at 130 per month. Resigned to enter the military 
service of the United States. 

Clarence K. Streit, of Montana, Transitman at 
$100, because of having entered the military 
service of the United States. 

William L. Hemphill, transitman, of South Carolina, 
because of his having been commissioned an of- 
ficer in the Army. 

Obit uary . 

This office announces with regret the deaths of Mrs. M» Rose 
Tucker of this office on January 16, 1918, and William Rugg, of the 
office of the Surveyor General of Alaska on January 22, 1918. 



SURVEY NOTES 

The Manual 

Of special interest to the Surveying Service, and indeed to 
engineers and surveyors in general, will be the news of the active re- 
sumption of work last month by the Manual Board on the new manual of 
surveying instructions which has been in process of preparation for 
some time past. Chapters I , II , III, IV and V, treating respectively 
the subjects "Regulations Imposed by Lav/," "Instruments and Methods," 
"System of Rectangular Surveys," "Corner Monuments" and "Restoration 
of Lost and Obliterated Corners," have been drafted, revised and final- 
ly reviewed and have received the formal approval of the Board. Chaptej 
VI, dealing with the complex and far-reaching subject of resurveys, 
been subjected to a complete revision since its first draft, the main 



obstacle to earlier agreement being not duo to any divorsity of opinion 
in the minds of the members of the Board an to the underlying principl< i 

involved, nor indeed, for that matter, to the methods to oe employed in 
applying those principles, but rather to the difficulty of treating such 
an important and intricate subject in a compreh oanner in 

limited space that must necessarily be allotted it in a work of this 
character. Chapter VII on "Special Surveys and Instructions," VIII on 
"Field Motes" and IX on "Plats" have boon outlined, their subject mat- 
ter and form discussed and agreed upon and the manuscript and diagrams 
relating thereto commenced* The original plans contemplated these nine 
chapters only, but now serious consideration is being given the question 
of whether it would not be to the best interests of the Land Service as 
a whole to add another chapter on "Mineral Surveys" and thereby obviate 
the necessity for the issuance of a separate publication on this subject 
for the guidance of mineral surveyors. The proposition is meeting with 
general favor. 

The work now nearing completion will be the sixth manual of 
surveying instructions to be issued under authority of Congress and pub- 
lished in book form by the Commissioner of the General Land Office; the 
first being published in the year 1355 under Commissioner Hendricks, 
afterwards Vice-President of the United States, and reissued in 1871 
under Commissioner Wilson, without modification. Prior to 1855, letters 
of surveying instructions were sent out by the commissioners to the 
various surveying districts to serve as bases for the "General Instruc- 
tions" which were issued at that time, often in pamphlet form, by the 
surveyors general. The second Manual was published in 1881 under Com- 
missioner Williamson, and the third in 1890 during Commissioner Groff's 
administration. The fourth Manual , brought out by Commissioner Lamoreaux 
in 1894, was the first publication of this character to make serious 
claim for consideration as a standard work on land surveying in addition 
to being the official guide for Government surveys. It contained much 
scientific data of general value and enlarged upon many obscure points 
in the earlier publications. 

The Manual of 1902, published during Commissioner Hermann's 
administration, was the fifth, and is the manual of current usage. It 
is modeled along the lines of the 1894 edition and no small part of its 
usefulness was due to the fact that the scientific data tabulated in the 
earlier issues were brought up to date therein. But these tables had 
their limitations. The necessity for an immediate extension of the 
Polaris tables was apparent in 1910 and resulted in the assembling by 
this office in pamphlet form of such date, in reference to the daily 
positions of the Sun amid Polaris as are required in our work. This 
was the first edition of the General Land Office "Ephemeris" which 
since that time has been issued annually, and of late years in great 
numbers to meet the demands of engineers and surveyors in priva.te 
fields as well as in other branches of the Government, 

It was also in the year 1910 that a volume of mathematical 
tables was first published by the General Lend Office under the title 



of "Standard Field Tables." In addition to chi usual brignometric func- 
tions found in surveyors' hand books, this volume contains all tab! 
peculiarly required in the execution of land surveys involving largo 
areas of the earth's surface. rhis volume found immediate favor in all 
engineering fields. In fact its popularity, and that of the General 
Land Office "Sphene ri s " became so widespread that it has been found 
desirable to have both publications listed for sale as public documents. 

The publication of the "Ephemeris" and the "Standard Field 
Tables," however, important as that step v/as, only partly relieved the 
situation. It will be recalled that the manual of 1902 appeared several 
years prior to that period of rapid evolution in public land surveying 
that has taken place in recent tines as a result of the more frequent 
contact of new surveys executed under modern methods with the old sur- 
veys of another school, and also at a time when the necessity for ex- 
tensive resurveys was little understood or appreciated. Its value, 
therefore, as a -aide for anything but regular, original surveys and 
the simpler forms of fragmentary surveys has deteriorated in propor- 
tion to the increase in complexity of the problems vhich are constantly 
arising in our modern field procedure until now it is of little more 
value as a surveying asset than its predecessors of the early nineties. 
While the need for an entirely new treatise on public land surveying 
and resurveyin^, not a mere revision of the older editions, has been 
apparent for some time, and serious effort at practical consideration 
of the subject has been made during recent years, the consto.nt, rapid 
and radical evolution in survey and resurvey methods which has taken 
place since the inauguration of the Direct System of Surveys in 1910 r 
has prevented crystalization of a definite and permanent practice, ex- 
cept in the most general form, until now. Our procedure, especially 
as regards resurveys, is built on a foundation of progressive Congres- 
sional Acts and State laws, and on the decisions of the courts and of 
this office, all framed to meet newer aspects of our fundamental problem, 
but always with consideration of the scientific surveying principles 
involved in their application. This procedure which is embodied in and 
promulgated through the agency of pamphlets , circular letters, special 
instructions and the ordinary every-day correspondence constitutes one 
of the most highly specialized and intricate, technical practices of 
the Government; e.nd it is the purpose of the new Manual to embody in 
one volume and to elucidate, as plainly as may be, the important ele- 
mentary principles of this crystalized practice and to give such ex- 
amples of practical application of those principles as the space at 
our command will permit. 

The completed chapters will shortly be submitted to the Com- 
missioner for final review, and action as to whether they should be pub- 
lished at once, should they meet with his approval, and distributed in 
pamphlet form to the Surveying Service as the official Manual as far 
as it a ocs > a plan which has considerable support among the members of 
the Board and others, or whether publication should be postponed until 
the entire work has been completed. 

-R- 



First Lieutenant A. C. Norton, Jr. , U. S. ! •> formerly Assistant 
Supervisor of Surveys, District No. 5, with headquarters at Phoenix, 
Arizona, is now in training at Canp Lee, Petersburg, Virginia. 



Albert Smith, Jr., U. S. Surveyor of the Eastern District, has 
enlisted in the 23rd Engineers, U. S. Array. After a short course of 
training at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, he was transferred to Fort 
McDowell, California, where he is at present. 



James W. Scanle.n, U« S. Transitman, District No. 3, who lately 
passed the preliminary examination for entrance to the Artillery Branch 
of the Amy, failed to pass the final physical test on account of defec- 
tive sight in one eye. He will return to duty in the field surveying 
service in Nebraska. 



Cards have been received announcing the marriage of Hiss 
Harriette Krai owe c to Mr. Featherstone W* Williamson, U. S. Surveyor, 
District No. 9, at Berkeley, California, on January 1, 1918. Mr. and 
Mrs. Williamson have returned to Juneau, Alaska., where they will make 
their home. The Bulletin extends its congratulations to Mr. Williamson 
and wishes the couple a long and happy life. 



The news of the untimely death of Mrs. Guy P. Harrington, 
wife of Guy P. Harrington, U. S. Surveyor, at Santa Fe , New Mexico, on 
December 30, last, after a brief illness, came as a great shock to their 
many friends in the service. The Bulletin extends its sympathy. 



Alexander Douglass, U. s. Surveyor of District No- 2, who 
recently underwent an operation in Denver, is rapidly recovering his 
normal health and expects to be able to report for duty in a few days 



Announcement has been received of the arrival of a brand-new 
baby boy at the home of John H. Tufts, U. S. Surveyor, District No. 2. 
Congratulations'. 



Francis W. DuBois, formerly a U. S. Surveyor in the Field 
Surveying Service, paid the Washington office a brief call last month 
while on a visit to his old home in xhis city. Mr. DuBois resigned from 
the service about a year a to o to engage in private engineering practice 
at Baker, Montana. He reports considerable activity in his line in the 



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western states in spite of the short i of labor and oth er war conditio 






In the interests of brevity, when being referred to in tele- 
grams and letters, and of harmony with the general scheme, the Eastern 
District, which comprises the puolic land states in which the offices 
of the surveyors ^eneral have been closed, with the exception of Nebraska, 
will hereafter be known as District Mo. 10. Surveys in this district 
are under the immediate supervision of Arthur D. Kidder, Associate Super- 
visor of Surveys. 



The survey of the so-called Searles Lake Basin in southeastern 
California, recently ordered by the Department, in order to subserve the 
intercuts of the Government in the developments of the potash deposits 
therein, is being vigorously prosecuted in the field under the direction 
of Arthur Y/« Brown, U« S. Surveyor. These lands are embraced in Tps. 25 
and 25 S., R. 44 S., M. D. M. , in San Bernardino County. Acting Assistant 
Supervisor of Surveys Blout is giving this work his personal attention. 



Plans have been perfected for the commencement in the field of 
extensive resurveys under group No. 50, California. This group covers 
about twenty-three full and fractional townships adjacent to the southern 
portion of the oblique boundary line between California and Nevada and 
directly north of the A. T. & S. F. R. R. west of Needles, California. 
Surveyors from the northern districts are being transferred south for 
this work. 



The service flag in the office of the Assistant Supervisor of 
Surveys at ioise, Idaho, displays at present five stars representing 
surveyors and transitmen of the classified service of District No. 7 
now with xhe Ait.iv • 



A recommendation made by the Commissioner in his annual reports 
for the past two years, to the effect that in Alaska, when the Land 
Office group surveys have not been extended over the land included in 
a homestead entry, the Government make the survey without expense tc 
the settler, should he so elect, after satisfactory proof has been 
submitted on xhe homestead claim, has found expression in a bill re- 
cently introduced in the House of Representatives by Mr. Sulzer, the 
delegate in Congress from Alaska. The bill in all particulars fcl- 
fows the recommendation contained in the Commissioner's annual report 
for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1916. 



-10- 



Alonzo II. Adams, U. S. Surveyor, dotailed to inspect the manu- 
facture of iron corner posts for survey monuments, at Milwaukee, Wis., 
roports favorable progress in the output. Shipments to the southern 
surveying districts will begin next month and to the northern districts 
in March. 



Although still in the embryonic stage, the proposition, on 
which the Commissioner has been directing his efforts, to bring relief 
by re survey to settlers who happen to live in townships where surveys 
are obliterated and in which more than 50% of the lands are in private 
ownership is meeting with considerable encouragement. Early last 
month Mr. Kinkaid of Nebraska introduced a bill in the House of Repre- 
sentatives authorizing the resurvey or re tra cement of lands heretofore 
returned as surveyed public lands, under certain conditions. The bill 
aims to permit land owners in such townships to have the benefits of 
the General Land Office resurvey provided they pay their proportionate 
cost of the whole. This office is fully prepared to handle the situa- 
tion should the bill be enacted into law. 



T. Walter bates of district No. 7 and David W. Eaton of dis- 
trict No. 2, U. S* Transitmen under temporary detail to district No. 
5, are engaged on surveys in Tp. 19 N. , Rs. 5, 6 and 7 W- and Tp. 20 N. 
Rs. 6 ¥., G. and S. R. P. M., Arizona. 



An examination for surveyor, is to be held by the United 
States Civil Service Commission on February 6 and 7, 1918. 



E- D. Calvin, U. S. Transitman of district No. 9 has been 
admitted to the third officers' training camp and reported for duty 
January 5 , 1918 . 



13y order dated January 28, 1918, the Commissioner directs 
that thereafter all matters pertaining to the ordering of iron corner 
posts and direction of shipments shall be handled by the Supervisor 
of Surveys at Denver directly with the manufacturer rather than through 
the home office. This order is calculated to not only save time by 
directness in placing orders, but to keep the field, through closer 
contact with the sources of supply in better position to distribute 
posts in accordance with the demands and to better keep track of the 
distributions . 

-11- 



mark in the 



The Surveying Division of this office mother high-i ter 

~.. ihe output of surveys for January, 2,259,236 acres of accepted 
surveys having teen placed on file during the past month, making o 
four and a half million acres for December and January. This record 
is unprecedented. 



FIELD SERVICE NOTES 



Sa nta Fe Pi vi s i_on . 

Upon che recent arrival of the several "Snowbirds" in the 
Santa Fe Division from their more northerly home Divisions they were 
given hearty welcome and a fall of snow greeted them just to keep them 
from getting homesick. Fcr some time prior to the 18th of January 
they could have sleighed in and around Santa Fe - if there were only 
sleighs, which there were not - such spells of sleighing weather being 
unusual, Ihe snow bias fair to remain a while. It has net been bliz- 
zard weather, the lowest temperature registered being eight degrees 
above zero, yet the breezes that blew at times were not exactly gentle 
summe r z e phy r s . 

With the addition of Special Agent J. A. D. Cooper and J. C 
Fain from the Cheyenne, Wyoming, Division, and J. L. Backstrom, from 
the Helena, Montana, Field Division, all from Mississippi , to the 
Santa Fe , New Mexico, Field Division, there are almost enough Missis- 
sippians in that Division, including Special Agents T. A. Whelan and 
B. H. Gibbs, already in that Division, to form a Mississippi society. 
By including Mr. E. G. Shannon, with the U. S. Land Office at Santa Fe , 
the nucleus of such a society could be secured. 

The Old Glory furnished the Santa Fe , New Mexico, Field Divis- 
ion headquarters by the Commissioner some time since was promptly un- 
furled, and is good to see. More recently there has flown just beneath 
it, and on the same staff, a service flag to honor former Mineral Ex- 
aminer H. W. McFarren, former Special Agent W-. S. Towner, and former 
clerk, H. V. Betts; all now doing their bit with the United States 
Army. 

Employees of the United States Geological Survey are busily 
engaged within the Santa Fe , Mew Mexico, Field Division, upon work 
connected with the classification of lands under the 64-0 -acre graz- 
ing homestead act. It is believed that the states of Arizona and 
New Mexico will be comprehensively covered by the Survey this winter. 

Helena Division . 

E. C- Galbraith has received a commission as First Lieutenant, 
Engineers Reserve Corps, and is new attending the Training Camp which 
opened at Petersburg, Virginia, on January 5th. His address is Co. 5, 

-12- 



E. R. 0. T., Camp Lee, Petersburg, Vir i 

Special Agent Follen, Groves and Backstrom have been transfer- 
red, for the winter months, to the Santa Fe Field Division. 

Special Agent W. H. Wasner, has completed the Stock driveway 
work in this Division. In most divisions two agents were assigned to 
this work, but Mr. Wasner has completed the work in a satisfactory man- 
ner, unaided. 

Hiss Felice Cohn, who has been acting as Assistant Superinten- 
dent of opening of Indian Reservations, recently completed a special 
assignment of bringing up to date the disposition of contest cases 
pending before the U. S. Land Office at Glasgow, Montana, and will take 
up a similar assignment in the U. S. Land Office at Havre, Montana. 

Former Special Agent J. W. barker, better known as "Jack," 
gave up a prosperous law practice at Lewistown, Montana, to enter the 
Officers' Training Camp at Presidio, California. He is now 1st Lieu- 
tenant, Co. K, 13th Infantry, U.S.A., stationed at Camp Fremont, 
California. 

Portland Divi sion . 

During the quarter ended December 31, 1918, the Portland Field 
Division had good success with its criminal cases tried. 

George N» Farrin, an attorney of Portland, Oregon, was tried 
for forging the names of clients to endorsements on checks issued by 
the Receiver of the Roseburg, Oregon, United States Land Office, in 
repayment ©f filing fees previously paid on rejected timber and stone 
applications. The Federal .jury sitting at Portland found- him guilty 
on November 3, 1917; and he was sentenced on November 21, 1917, to 
imprisonment for thirteen months at the Federal penitentiary at 
McNeil's Island, Washington. 

The criminal case entitled United States vs. J. J. Deadmond 
and K. A. Steele was also disposed of. Deadmond on July 19, 1917, 
pleaded guilty and was sentenced to imprisonment for seven months in 
the county jail. Steel stood trial. The jury at the November term 
of the United States District Court found him guilty, but recommended 
clemency owing to extenuating circumstances and he was sentenced on 
December 18 ; 1917, to thirty days rln jail. Deadmond was charged with 
perjury and both Deadmond and Steele with conspiracy to commit perjury 
in connection with Deadmond' s homestead proof. 

The criminal case entitled United States vs. W. F. Hallov/ell , 
E. F. Cooper, W. F, Lick, George L. Young, C. W. Chapman, Robert Greer, 
W. J, Earl and Gottlieb Miller, was brought xo trial at Portland on 
October 15, 1917. The trial proceeded only as to the defendants 
Hallowell, Lick, Earl and Miller - defendants Cooper and Chapman 

-13- 



having died after incictment, Young Having pleaded guilty in J'jnc 1917 
and paid a fine of $400.00, anc j i reer never having been apprehended, 
being reported to be fighting with the allies somewhere in Europe. The 
trial continued until November 10, 1917, when the jury brought in a 
verdict of guilty as to defendants Hallowoll and Lick, and acquitted 
Earl and Miller, there being extenuating circumstances as to the two 
last named. On December 11, 1917, Hallowell was sentenced to im- 
prisonment for thirteen months at McNeil's Island and Lick to three 
months in the county jail. The gravamen of the offence charged was 
substantially that of obtaining money under false pretenses made in 
connection with Oregon and California Railroad Grant lands, and using 
the United States mails to further and promote the scheme. 



Mrs. Virginia M. Bain returned to duty at headquarters of- 
fice of the Portland Field Division on January 19, 1918, after an 
absence of about a month, due to sickness. 



Mr. Frank Farmer, Mineral Inspector of the Portland Field 
Division, has been temporarily transferred to the Santa Fe Field 
Division for duty during the winter months in connection with mineral 
examinations there. 

San Franc isco D ivision . 

ilr. George Y:» Comerford was a recent visitor at the head- 
quarters of the San Francisco Field Division. Mr. Comerford recently 
resigned as a Special Agent, with headquarters at Salt Lake, to assume 
the duties of Inspector of the Income Tax branch of the Internal Revenue 
and will have his office in thie city. 



Mr. Claire Gordon, Mineral Inspector, now with the Cheyenne 
Division, spent the Holidays with his relatives in San Francisco and 
while in this city renewed his acquaintance with his old friends in 
this Division. 



Robert C. Fearl, son of Special Agent C. E. Fearl, enlisted 
in the 5th Missouri Truck Driver's Company as a private and on Septem- 
ber 5, 1917, was transferred to the National Army. Recently he was 
appointed Corporal and it- is believed that his energy, ability, and 
enthusiasm, will be the means of his rapid advancement in the ranks- 



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Ala skan Division . 

A thirty-two foot motor boat is being constructed at Fairbanks 
under the immediate supervision of Mineral Inspector George A.. Parks. 
This boat is for the use of the field men on the Yu>:hn River and its 
tributaries. Such a boat has been greatly needed for a number of years 
and it is expected that it will pay for itself within a short while. 



Timber Cruiser Nelson Brigham, now at Ruby, will shortly make 
a trip into the Iditarod and Kuskokwj.m River country, driving his own 
team of from seven tc nine dogs; this will perhaps be the most severe 
winter trip to be made. 

In reporting to the Chief of Field Division an account of his 
experiences on a former trip in the Innoko District, he said, "I 
siwashed (camped) on the Innoko when it was below 45, with no blankets 
or sleeping bag - the dogs chewed mine up. I kept the tea pail going 
all night and got no sleep, but did not run out of wood and was all 
right." 



Timber Cruisers Frank K. Andrews and Harvey K» Carlisle will 
be stationed at Fairbanks during the winter season and will handle the 
various timber cases in the interior of Alaska. 



Special Agent Orris Bennett, who recently came to. Alaska from 
the Helena Field Division, has just returned to headquarters from his 
first field trip of some two months in the Katalla oil fields. 



Chief of Field Division, C. R. Arundell, recently made a special 
trip of inspection to the Katalla oil fields. 



Special Agent Mason D. Leming is enroute to points on Kachemak 
Bay and Cook Inlet and will reach Anchorage about February 1st, where 
he will handle the work of the field service in that growing section. 



Special Agent Geo. L. Armstrong has been commissioned a I.'.aji 
of Infantry in the Officers' Reserve Corps and assigned to duty at 
Fort Sheridan. 

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Timber Cruisers Brighora and Andrews and Clerk Anderson are Bubject 
to draft. The date for the selective drawing under the draft has not 
yet been definitely announced for the territory, but will probably be 
about the middle of January, 1918. 



Men working in Alaska naturally become familiar with the lack 
of certain legislative measures that are badly needed and it is general- 
ly agreed that the two most important legislative measures needed to 
give impetus to homestead settlement is the free survey of isolated 
homesteads on unsurveyed land and the abolishment of the eighty rod 
reserve provision on the shores of navigable streams. The act creat- 
ing a reserve of eighty rods between claims on navigable waters was 
passed to prevent tho shore line from being monopolized. It has had 
the reverse effect, for the large fishing companies can now place a 
few acres of scrip at various intervals and effectively bottle up any 
good harbor. A bill is pending in Congress to relieve this situation, 
which it is hoped will pass. 



Under the revised Townsite Regulations, the Chief of Field 
Division has been appointed townsite trustee of the towns of Haines, 
Douglas and W range 11. Other pending townsite applications are those 
of Petersburg and the addition to the townsite of Juneau. A special 
effort is being made to expedite the handling of townsite matters and 
at the same time keep the cost of entries as low as possible. The 
occupants of the several townsite s generally approve the action of the 
Department in having the entries handled entirely by Government em- 
ployees from survey to trustee's deed, as this system eliminates local 
factional squabbles and is less expensive to the occupants in finally 
securing title . 



The Field Service undertook, during the past season, to more 
effectively protect the growing timber over the territory, by the es- 
tablishment of a fire patrol composed of three fire guards, and by an 
arrangement with the Alaskan Engineering Commission, the members of 
the field surveying force of the General Land Office, the United 
States Signal Corps, which operates the cable and telegraph lines, 
and others. by this means the fire menace was greatly lessened dur- 
ing the dry season and a number of fires were extinguished by timely 
action before any serious damage was done. By virtue of this coopera- 
tion, we were able to cover a vast country at a very nominal expense. 

Notes were made of the character and value of the timber, 
from which rough maps were prepared at the end of the season. By 
pursuing this plan we will eventually secure a lot of valuable infor- 
mation as to the timber resources of the territory and will know just 

-16- 






. 



where the timber of value is, requiring special care 



The motorcycle , which was received at Fairbanks during the 
early summer, was used to good advantage by one of the fire guards, 
who was engaged in the patrol of the timber in the vicinity of 
Fai rbank s . 



During the month of November, three of the largest boats sup- 
plying the Alaskan ports were wrecked: the "Ilariposa ," valued at more 
than a million dollars was a total loss; the "Al Ki," valued at more 
than a quarter of a million, was also a total loss, and the "Spokane," 
valued at more than half a million was salvaged but will require repairs 
to the extent of $100,000.00 before she will again enter the service. 

The Special Agent who complains of flat wheeled rolling stock 
should take notice . 



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PERSONS IN MILITARY SERVICE— INSTALLMENT PAY- 
MENTS ON ENTRIES OF CEDED INDIAN LANDS— INSTRUCTIONS. 

Department of the Interior, 

General Land Office, 
Washington, D. C, November 20, 1917 

Registers and Receivers, 

United States Land Offices. 

Sirs: Where a person has entered or shall enter land 
formerly embraced in an Indian reservation, for which he 
is required to pay a certain price per acre for the benefit 
of the Indians, and thereafter has entered, or shall enter, 
the military or naval service of the United States, the entry 
will not be canceled on account of the failure of the soldier 
or sailor to make the payments of any amounts falling due 
during the term of his enlistment, but it will be held sus- 
pended, pending consideration by Congress of legislation 
designed to extend the time for such payments beyond the 
period of military service or the existing war. 

3. The question whether such entrymen shall be re- 
quired to pay interest, except as required by existing laws, 
will depend on the terms of the legislation which Congress 
may enact . 

3.. In cases where the entryman has filed, notice of 
his entrance into Jhe military or naval service as permitted 
by paragraph 8 of the circular of instructions of August 22, 
1917, issued under the act of July 38, 1917, you will never- 
theless call upon him for the payment when due, but will in 
your notice inform him that if he is unable to pay on account 
of his employment in the military service he should advise 
you to that effect. In all cases where there is response 
by him, or on his behalf, that he has entered the military 
or naval servti.ee, you will forward the papers to this office 
with your report. 



Very respectfully, 



CLAY TALLMAN, 

Commissioner . 



Approved: 

ALEXANDER T. VOGELSANG, 

First Assistant Secretary 



(Circular Ho. 574) 
18 



WAR RELIEF LEGISLATION. 

(PUBLIC NO. 94— 65th CONGRESS.) 
(S. 23:54) 

and *n*r™i? Act \ T ? aut 'k°rize absence by homestead settlers 
ana ensrymen, and for: other purposes. 

Mwa nf , Be **. enacted by ;hs Senate and House of Representa- 
■jw s °* tne . United Spates of America in Congress assembled, 
!5?n^f? g Lne Pudency of the existing &ar any homestead 
?^.r ei °; ontrvmen shall , be entitled to a leave of absence 
l£X J-JLiS t°V he P^a?se of performing farm labor, and 
such absence, wnile actually engaged in farm labor, snail. 
upon compliance with the terms of this Act, be counted as 
constructive .residence: Provided, That each settler or entry- 
man within fifteen da$;s after leaving his claim for the 
purpose herein provided shall file notice thereof in the 
United States Land Office, and at the expiration of the 
calendar year file in said land office of the district 
wherein his claim is situated a written statement, under 
oath and corroborated by two witnesses, giving the date or 
dates when he left his claim, date or dates of return thereto, 
and where and for whom he was engaged in farm labor during 
such period or periods of absence: Provided further, That 
nothing herein shall excuse any homestead settler or entry- 
man from making. improvements or performing the cultivation 
required by applicable law upon his claim or entry: Provided 
further: That the provisions of this Act shall apply only to 
homestead settlers and entrymen who may have filed their 
application prior to the passage of this Act. The Secretary 
of the Interior is authorized to provide rules and regula- 
tions for carrying this Act into effect. 
Approved, December 30, 1917. 



NEWLY PROPOSED LAND LEGISLATION 



Every session of Congress sees many new proposi- 
tions offered, in the way of legislation dealing with the 
one remaining "great asset of the nation, the public lands. 
Since the entrance of the United States upon the present 
war, a number of bills have been introduced, several of 
which have been enacted, providing special relief in the 
case of settlers who engage .in the military or naval servi 
A number of bills of that character are yet pending, among 
which the following may be noted: 

H. R. 7358 is entitled, "A Bill amending the 
Act of June 9, 1916, and granting a preference right to 
make homestead entry to all persons enlisted in the military 
or naval service of the United States." 

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0-5 



The scope of this bill becomes apparent when 
it is remembered that the Act of June 9, 1915, which it is 
proposed to amend, is the revestment act by which the title 
was restored to the United States of mthe unsold portion of 
the Oregon and California land grant. The lands affected 
by this act, some 3,300,000 acres, under the lav; as it now 
stands, are to be classified as agricultural, timber lands, 
and power site lands; the agricultural lands to be opened 
under the homestead law, and the timber sold from the lands 
classified as timber lands, separate and apart therefrom, 
the land after the removal of the timber to fall into the 
homestead class. Inasmuch as our public lands, available 
for appropriation under the homestead law are becoming 
every year more and more scarce, this further opportunity 
"go secure a desirable entry under the homes tead lav; has 
excited no little attention, not only in the State of Oregon, 
but everywhere amongst our land-hungry people, so that the 
completion of the classification of these lands, and the 
opening of the agricultural portion thereof, has been 
awaited with a great deal of impatience. The recent 
announcement of the intention of t,he Department to open a 
portion of these lands for disposition in the coming season 
has been received with great satisfaction. 

Under this bill, however, it is proposed in 
substance, that lands classified as agricultural shall be 
withdrawn from settlement and entry, during the period of 
the present war between the. United States and Germany, and 
for a period of twelve months after the close of such war, 
during which period all persons in the military or naval 
service of the United States during said war shall have a 
preference right to make a homestead entry of said lands. 

It goes without saying, that if this bill did 
become a law, it would afford homesteads to but a small 
portion of the soldiers and sailors who would be entitled 
to make entry thereunder; indeed, it is doubtful whether 
it would take care of the Oregon contingent alone. 

H. R. 6173 is a bill providing that forfeiture 
provisions of land laws shall not apply in the case of 
persons in the military or naval service during the present 
war, the opening clause of which is to this effect: 

"That no right to hold, occupy or enter any 
public land. surveyed or un surveyed, initiated or 
acquired under any public land lav; of the United 
States, by any person in the military or naval 
service of the United States during the existing 
war prior to- the commencement of his military or 
naval service, shall be lost or forfeited by 
reason of his absence from the land or his failure 
to perform work or make improvements thereon or do 
any other :.ct required by the law under which ini- 
tiated, luring his service in the present war and 
until six months thereafter." 

-20- 



Othsr provisions are male in the bill consistent wish its 
effective administration, snd for the protection of rights; 
under exist ins lav;. 



L t3 



H. R. SilO entitled, A Bill "to extend protection 
to the civil rights of members of the military or naval 
establishments of the United States engaged in the present 
war, " in section 15 contains scmevrhat similar provisions 
to chose in H. R. 6179. 

Delegate Sulzer of Alaska has introduced three 
bills of no little interest to the Territory; H. R. 8563 
is to amend the homestead lav; in its application to Alaska, 
providing for the free survey of a 'homesteader ' s claim 
in she event of his having settled before the extension 
of the public surveys over his claim. 

Since the Sixty-third Congress the Department 
has in several instances recommended legislation along this 
line, and it is to be hoped, chat this measure, or one similar 
thereto, v;ill -be enacted at the present session. 

H. R. 8564, also dealing with conditions in Alaska, 
contemplates the abolition of reserved shore spaces along 
the shores of navigable or other waters in the Territory. 
Th.3 present statutory provision for reserving such spaces 
in Alaska has for some time seen regarded as of extremely 
doubtful service to the best interests of the Territory, 
and repeated efforts have been made for the modification 
of the la.-- in that respect. 

H. R. 8983, entitled "A Bill to authorise leasing 
of public lands in Alaska for grazing purposes." This bill 
is quite brief in its terms, authorising generally the 
Secretary of the Interior to lease in his discretion, under 
such regulations as he may adopt, for stockgrasing purposes, 
unappropriated public lands, either surveyed or unsurveyed, 
in the territory, not adapted to ordinary agricultural uses 
but chiefly valuable for pasturage, in ansa not to exceed in 
the aggregate 10,340 acres to any one lessor, for such periods 
of time as may be agreed upon, but in no case so exceed 25 
years, for such annual rental as may be fixed by agreement, 
subject co revision at stated periods. The bill provides 
also that lands thus leased may be opened to exploration 
for the minerals therein and the acquisition of title thereto, 
and further that on the termination of a lease she le:s"or 
shall have a preferred right to purchase the land on rrhidh 



■ _j 



C.A 



nis principal improvements are srsuasea, nos so exceed b4U 

acres . 



■ol- 



A NEW PROOF TAKING OFFICER. 

Considerable coxr33ponier.ee has been carried on 
through the columns of the Bulls. in with respect to the 
desirability of having a proof taking officer designated 
in each land ...district authorized to take proofs upon or 
near the land covered by the entry. Some" of the expressions 
of opinion have been decidedly favorable toward such a modi- 
fication of the present law while others have been unfavorable. 

A full expression from the Field on this subject 
.:- quite desirable and as an invitation thereto the follow- 

ivg tentative bill is submitted for amen comment as may 
seem appropriate by the yield Service generally. The 

experience of our local officers and of the Field Services 

ought to furnish many valuable suggestions in connection 

with, the proposed innovation. 

A draft of the bill as submitted follows : 

Be it enacted etc. It shall be lawful 
for the Commissioner of the General Land Office 
to designate from the clerical force at such 
district land offices as he may think best, a 
proof taking officer, whooshall be authorized to 
take final proofs, upon or near the land covered 
thereby, in all cases where such pxoo-fs'care now 
required by law; and, such of f i cer shall be and is 
hereby empowered to administer the oaths requisite 
to the proper execution of all proofs taken by and 
before him, and receive all fees, commissions and 
.payments required to be submitted with the final 
proof* 

Section 3. The Secretary of the Interior 
sh&ll provide such regulations and issue such 
instructions as may be required for the proper 
administration hereof. 



RECENT DECISIONS OF THE COURTS, 

Right of Recovery - Statute of Limitations, 

In the case of the United States against Jones, 
decided in the Circuit Court of Appeals (343 Fed. Rep,, 
509), among other things, the Court held that where the 
defendant caused certain honorably discharged soldiers 
to make homestead entries for his benefit and procured 
them to make false and fraudulent representations and 



-~; 






:. .g^ . 



affidavits in jheir applications :.nl final proofs respecting 
alienation, residence, cultivation and improvements, and 
these representations were relied upon and in consequence 
patents ware issued, the Government has a right of action 
against the defendant for the value of the land, though, due 
to the erroneous holding of the Land Department that the 
entryr.ien 'wore entitled to deduct from their required period 
of residence, the length of their respective military service, 
the authorized shoeing as to "residence etc* by the entrynen 
did not entitle thorn to the issuance of patents. In ether 
v;ords, the misapplication of lav? toy the Land Department did 
not defeat the right of the United States to recover the 
value of the land from the person who "'as responsible for 
the fraudulent representation. 

In the same case, the Court also held that although 
suits to annul patents procured by fraud are barred under the 
act of March 3, .1891 (26 Stat-, 1099), if not brought within 
six years, the Government can sue to recover the value of the 
land procured from it through mistake or fraud, waiving any 
right of action it might have had for the annulment of the 
patent, as the Government is not bound by any statute of limi- 
tation unless Congress clearly manifests its intention that 
it should be so bound. 



Res Judicata. 

In the case of the United States against Ihitted 
et al. (345 Fed. Rep., 639), the Court said - 

The Government having had a full hearing 
as to the character of the lands in controversy 
in the contest proceeding before the land office, 
with opportunity "oo show, if it could, that the 
lands '"ere coal lands, not subject to entry 
under the lieu selection, ^either at the date 
of the selection, or at the date of the hearing, 
we think the trial court rightly held that that 
question was not open to relitigation in the 
courts after the issuance of patent. 

Sale of Timber Lands - Measure of Recovery. 

The case of she United States against Prick, et al. 
(344 Fed. Rep., 574), involved a proceeding against a patent 
for timber lands wherein it was alleged by she Government tha 
the entry was procured through false r spres3ntations. The 
Court held - 

-23- 



To be open to application and purcho.se, 
it was quite as essential under the lav; that 
the land should be unoccupied and unclaimed 
and free from improvements by others as that 
it should be of the character represented in 
the application; the statute requires these 
several faots to be stated and shown, and it 
does not under take to make any distinction 
as to their materiality to constitute a valid 
application for purchase from the Government, 

The Court also held in this case that v:here the 
defendant in a suit to set aside a patent to public lands 
obtained by fraud has passed title to a bona fide purchaser, 
recovery may be had from the defendant for the amount for 
which he- sold-.', the land; the act of March 3, 1835 (29 Stat., 
43), providing for recovery only of the amount for which 
the land was sold, by the Government, where title has passed 
to a bona fide purchaser, applies only to case of a patent 
issuing erroneously, but without fraud. 

Proceeding's by the Government -> Laches* 

The Court held in the case of United States 
against Fletcher, et al. (343 Fed. Rep*, 818), that the 
United States is not barred by laches from maintaining a suit 
to enforce a public right or to assert a public interest and 
in which it is the real party in interest, but is so barred 
from maintaining suits in which it is merely a formal party 
brought to enforce the rights of individuals and involving 
no interests of the Government. 



Mining Claim * Extralateral Rights. 

The Court said in the case of Bourne against 
Federal Mining and Smelting Company (343 Fed. Hep., 456), the 
plaintiff asserts an extraordinary right, not incident to 
ownership under the common law, but conferred by statute* 
He seeks to go outside the boundaries of his own claim and 
penetrate the possessions of another. Prime, facie, the 
defendant is the ovrner, not only of the surface, but of all 
beneath the surface of its claims. This assumption that 
its ownership is exclusive is effective to repel intrusion 
by anyone who does not come clothed with a title acquired 
by virtue of a compliance with the provisions of the 
statute. 3y this suit, the plaintiff seeks, constructively, 
to enter beneath the surface of the defendant's claims, and 
to take therefrom valuable dope sits, necessarily, he as- 
sumes the burden of proof, and i ; : is encumbent upon him to 



-24- 



-'■■J. , , 



* «.. 






9fcow, by a preponderance of ihe 3yidence, such a location >i 
his claim as, under the lav;, entitles him to 
appexing therein, to and into the defendant' 






IMPORTANT SCHOOL LAUD DECISION. 

An unusually 1.^0:; sans decision . , nand^d d^.,r. by 
the United States Supreme Court en the 38th ultimo, in the ease 
of Frederick A. Sweet, Administrator, versus she United States, 

on appeal from she United States Circuit Court of Appeals 
for the Eighth Circuit.- Tne court construed the grant of 
school lands to the State of Utah, reversing the decision of 
the court below, and holding that, under the terms of the 
enabling act, mineral lands were excepted from she school 
grant to the State. 

The text of she deciaion is nob yet available, but 
in our nexs issue v;e will again call attention to the decision 
and its general importance in the administration of State 



LAND OFFICE NOTES. 

Sale of Sileta Timber Lands. 

The November Bulletin contained on page 13, 
ment of the offering for sale on September 25, 1517, of 
3,255.54 acres of timber lands in the former Silets Indian 
reservation, Oregon. This land had been set apart as a tim- 
ber reserve for these Indians, and Congress had provided for 
the sale of the land and timber for the benefit of the tribe. 
The tract contained 170,620,000 feet of timber according to 
the ^estimates, and the land and timber together were appraised 
at 3150,514.44. The sale was adjourned in order to give 
prospective purchasers an opportunity to examine the land. 
The sale was reopened on December S, 1517, at which time shere 
was sold che land offered in Sections 5 and 5, in Township 10 
S., Range 10 17., the descriptions aggregating 071.23 acres, 
and containing thereon 52,580 ■!. feet of Douglas fir, 5,050 
11. feet of spruce, 5,320 Li', feet of hemlock, or a total cf 
52,950 11. feet. The amount paid for the land and timber was 
$61,159.03, the minimum price fixed therefor. 

Gig Harbor Abandoned m ilitary Reservation. 



On 7 '-n -, £--:->.tv=..~ 



u XI 



o. 



to this Department as no longer needed for mi: 
a reservation containing 77.80 acres, situate. 



side of the entrance bo Gig Harbor, narrows of Paget Sound, 
Washington* Under the Act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat., 103), 
this reservation aft or survey and appraisal, would be dis- 
posed of at public offering for cash at not less than the ap- 
praised, price. The land, however, had been leased by the War 
Department, and there has been introduced in Congress, House 
3ill No. 8,749, which provides for the survey of the lands 
into tracts and lots as nearly as practicable in accordance 
with the tracts occupied by said lessees, and for the dis- 
posal of the lands to such lessees, at not less than the 
price of the land, to be fixed by appraisement. 

Opening; Fort Peck Coal Lands , 

There are approximately 100, OOCacres of coal lands 
within the former Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana, 
which have not yet been opened to agricultural entry. These 
lands were recently classified and appraised without regard 
to the coal deposits end it is expected that a Proclamation 
will issue in the near future opening the lands to agricul- 
tural disposition, with a reservation of the cos.1 deposits. 

The work of opening these lands has been hampered 
to some extent by the fact that many persons desiring to ac- 
quire the lands have filed applications therefor, which have 
been rejected by the district land office. The rejection 
has been affirmed 'Tf this office in all cases in which an 
appeal has been filed. There are now dozens of these cases 
pending in the Department on appeal. 

Townsites, 



January 8, 1918, the Department appointed appraisers 
of twelve lots in the Rupert towiisite, Idaho, within the 
Minidoka. Irrigation Project. These lots will be offered for 
sale at public outcry on March IS, 1918, provided all neces- 
sary preliminary action she.ll be completed in time to hold the 
sale on that date. Mr. Barry Dibble, Project Manager, Bur ley, 
Idaho, has been detailed as Superintendent in charge of the 
sale. 

Under date of April 28, 1917, the Secretary of the 
Interior authorised the withdrawal from sale of lands subject 
to irrigation in Government townsites within Reclamation 
projects, that same might be leased for agricultural purposes 
with a view to increasing crop production. The unsold lots 
in Anita, Eallantine, Osborne, Huntley and Worden townsites, 
within the Huntley Irrigation Project were so withdrawn. 
There being a demand for residence lots in these townsites,, 
the Department on January 15, 1918, released from withdrawal 
all unsold lots in the townsites named above except those 

-33- 



I * •■> 



'1 '- 



. it m 



«..•■ .t.«w, 



V"" 



•"•V 






V-; 



■,; a : J 



» ;.;.•.• 



cowred by leases givon in accordance with the above. 

Arkansas Lake Lands . 

On December 31, 1S17, the Department approved a 
decision of the Commissioner asserting title en behalf of 
the Government to an area shown upon the official plat of 
December 33. 1846, of T. 11 IT., R. 10 E., Arkansas, as 
Your. 3 3 Lake". This is another one of the Arkansas so- 
called lake cases, in which lands were erroneously returned 
as water by the surveyors. The area of so-called Youngs 
Lake is approximately 3300 acres. The lands -"ill be sur- 
veyed and opened to homestead entry at an early date. 

Procedure Under Stock-raisins: Act. 



ration of the office has been cal led to the 



fact the local officers are allowing entries under the general 
or enlarged home stead laws for lands embraced in prior stock- 
raising applications. If this is so, their action in that 
respect is in error. However, the fact that stock-raising 
applications are pending would not prevent the filing of 
other applications under any public land law for the same 
land but all such subsequent applications will be suspended 
in the local land office awaiting final action on the stock-- 
raising applications, 

The opinion of the office has also been requested 
on the following question: Will an entryman under the 
general or enlarged homestead law be entitled to the prefer- 
ence right conferred by Sec. 8 of the stock-raising law as 
against an applicant for the land under the stock-raising 
law whose application was filed prior 'go the allowance of 
the general or enlarged homestead entry? The office has re- 
cently held that am application under the stock-raising law 
cannot be defeated by" filing an application under the general 



t for adjoining land and then claim 



ing a preference right to the xana in one s'GGC^-raisr 
tier* 



ALASKA TOWHSITE REGULATIONS AMEHDED - DTDIAN CITIZENS. 

General Land Office 

Washington January S, ISIS. 

Registers and Receivers, 
U. S. Land Offices, 

Surveyor-General and 

Chief of Field Division. 

oli 3. A J, ct o Jxov . 

You are advised that on December 15, 1917, the 
-37- 



\ 



*»: "I ' 



Secretary of oho Interior amended Soot ion 6, page 17 of the 
Alaska townsite regulations, Circular 491, approved July 19, 
1918 (45 L. D., 237), so as to read in full as follows: 

Indian or native Alaskan occupants who have se- 
cured certificates of citizenship under the territorial 
laws of Alaska, shall be treated in all respects 
like white citizen occupants; but all land occupied 
by other Indians or Alaskan natives shall not be 
assessed nor conveyed by the trustee* In caking 
the sub divisional survey herein required, the sur- 
veyor will set apart the possessions occupied by 
the Indians who are not citizens and appropriately 
designate them as such upon the triplicate plats of 
his surveys, "out he will not extend any street or 
alley upon or across such possessions. 

In connection herewith, attention is called to 
Territorial Act of April 37, 1915 (Chap. 34, Session Laws of 
Alaska, 1915, page 52), providing a method whereby native 
Indians of Alaska may definitely establish the fact of their 
citizenship under Sec. 6, act of February 8, 1837 (34 Stat., 
383). A certificate of such citizenship will therefore be 
req uired to enable "Indian or native Alaskan occupants" of 
lots in townsites to avail themselves of the privileges of 
such amended regulations. (Refer to circular No. 580). 

ACCOUNTS - VOUCHERS PAYABLE FROM 
TWO APPROPR I A T I ONS . 

Goner al Land Office 

Washington January 14, 1916 

ACCOUNTS: Vouchers payable 
from two appropriations- 

United States Surveyors General 

and Special Disbursing Agents. 

Sirs: 

Each voucher chargeable to two or more appropriations 
should have indicated thereon the particular portion charge- 
able to each appropriation, and if time is a factor, the dates 
inclusive of service chargeable under each appropriation 
should be clearly indicated. This is particularly true of 
)rs parts of which are chargeable to Indian appropria— 

-33- 



tions. Please bo very careful hereafter bo see that this ie 

done and that all required memorandum copies furnish the 
j ... -•. B 

Very respectfully, 

C. M. BRUCE, 

( R e f e r to c ir c ul ar No ♦ 582) Ac ting Co mm i s s i on er . 

HAIL SENT FR0:i THE GENERAL LA.TD OFFICE TO THE DISTRICT LAND 
OFFICES A1ID OTHER FIELD OFFICES A2ID FROM THOSE 
OFFICES TO THE GEHERAL LAUD OFFICE 

The General Land Office transacts a large part of 
its lousiness frith ninoty4five district land offices in the 
United States, the Alaska land offices and the offices of the 
Chiefs of Field Division and of the Surveyors-General; and 
those offices transact a large part of their business mith 
the General Land Office. Every day many letcers are uritton 
fro::: the sane, place to the same place and each is transmitted 
un dor its o~*n cover* 

Under this system, ten, tmenty-f ivo or one-hundred 
letters from the same place to the same ple.ee may be sent at 
different times of the day. 

Would it not result in considerable saving to the 
Government if all letters from the same place to tiu same 
place 'were sent at the same time, but once a day, and under 
a single cover? This class of mail could be sorted out and 
letters addressed to the same office ".Trapped in a package 
and all transmitted under, the sain* cover. 

HEFA1TA COAL FIELD - ALASKA. 

SecretaryyLane of the Interior Department announced 
January 19th that the mcrk of surveying and dividing into leas- 
ing units the more accessible part of the ITenana coal field, 
Alaska, has been completed, and that as soon as the data is 
printed the lands that have been divided into leasing blocks 
•"ill be offered for lease under the provision 3 of the Alaska 
coal land leasing lav;, Act of October 20, IS 14 (38 Stat., 741). 
Announcement ef the offer for lee.se is promised in the near 
future mhen full publicity of 'Ghe leasing offer mill be given 
through the pr-ss and the lee-ding coal trade journals. 

The area to be off-red comprises approximately 
19,000 acres of land divided into 23 blocks or traces, ranging 
from ISO to 1,554 acres, each block being in such form as is 
believed to permit the most economical mining. A leasv under 



the law can not exceed 3,580 acres, and may inolud 
more contiguous leasing blocks. 



or 



The lands to be offered for leasing constitute the 
.'•'.or; accesoible and inr.iedic.te minable part of the surveyed land; 
of the Nenana coal field, and are in T. 11 s., Rs. 5, S and 
7, and T. 13 S., R, 7 w., Fairbanks Meridian* They lie in the 
valley of Lignite Creek, a tributary of the Nenana River, ex- 
tending up thw creek fro..; its mouth for about 13 miles. The 
mouth of the creek is on the approved surveyed route of the 
Government railroad from Seward so Fairbanks, at a point about 
364 miles fro::: the coastal terminus at Seward, and about 106 
miles from the inland terminus of the railroad at Fairbanks. 
While it is not possible to state when the railroad between 
Fairbanks and 8ev.-e.rd will be finished, it is believed that 
the summer of 1918 will see the portion of the road completed 
from the coal field to Tanana River, thus making this coal 
available for barge shipment to Fairbanks and other, river 



uowns . 



The ajeolo lists who have examined this field report 



that . the coal occurs in many beds of various thicknesses up to 
30 er 35 feet, there being at least 12 beds of workable thick- 
ness, of which probably at least 6 are over 20 feet thick. 
The coal~bearing rocks are only gently folded and no intrusive 
rocks are known to cut thorn. 



The coal ef this field is lignite of fair grade. 
While it is not suitable for export, it will furnish a valuable 
and much needed fuel in portions of interior Alaska that are 
now dependent on a scanty and expensive supply of wood. The 
uses of' Nenana coal will probably be as locomotive fuel on the 
Government railroad, for power and thawing at the mines in 
Tanana Valley, as domestic fuel in Tanana Valley, and as river- 
boat fuel on local Tanana River boats and possibly on some 
of the Yukon steamers. It is desirable that Nenana coal 
should, if possible, be used on the greater part of the rail- 
road, rather than the higher grade Matanuska coal, because 
the heavy freight traffic will be northbound, leaving south- 
bound empties available for hauling coal. The llonana coal 
field is nearer the summit of she Alaska Range than any 
known coal south of she divide. 



MATA1MUSKA GOAL. 

Goal from the Chickaloon mine, in the Mat ami ska 
field, has reached Seattle and "."ill be made the subject of ex- 
haustive tests at tho University of 'Tashington, says a recent 
issme of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer . The Chickaloon field- 
contains Hatanuska T s best, a quality of steam coal equal so 
the Pocahontas gro.de, which has been long shipped from the 
Atlantic Coast for the use of naval VeSsols on she Pacific. 



-30- 



No commercial mine! lias been developed in this field, 
. & .i xt-j.3J3 have been made to private parties, '"ho will under- 
take to jec this coal to the coal ma.rkot next summer. One 
company, the Matanuska Coal Company, vrill operate on leasings 
comprising 1,440 acres. Machinery and equipment have been 
ordered, and preliminary operations will commence v;hen this 
material arrives. Doubtless t'.vo or three companies vrill be 
operating in the Chickaloon field by midsummer of next year. 

What influence this high-grade Alaska coal vrill have 
on the Pacific Coast markets is conjectural. It is claimed 
for it that it is of a higher quality than other coast coals, 
and -if sold at even the same price might displace an equal 
amount of Washington coal. Barge line transportation from 
Anchorage to the coast ports maybe procured at low cost, 
though the cost of labor and cf operation vrill be greater in 
Alaska than at Washington ..lines. The Government's mining 
operations vrill be confined to the production of coal for- 
Government needs. Marketed coal will be that mined by private 
companies, and present prospects indicate that the price in 
Seattle ".'ill 'be at least that asked for local coal. 

Alaska will r,oceiVe the greatest initial benefit from 
the Matanuska fields. Coal has beer- imported .largely from 
British Columbia, and has cost from $13 to $14 per ton. After 
this winter Alaska consumers will be able to fill their bins c.t 
from $5 to $6 per ton, with the best grades, ana the Nenana 
lignite will be marketed at even lower prices. Cheap coal 
will encourage "inter gold mining, gold and copper production, 
and stimulate the general business of the territory. 

Alaska Railroad Record. 



-31- 



FERRY LAKE OIL SUITS 

Eighteen suits were recently instituted on be- 
half of the Government in the United States District Court, 
Western District of Louisiana, Shreveport Division, to suiet 
title to certain oil producing lands, originally sliovm upon 
the official plats as portions of "Ferry Lake" situated in 
Caddo Parish, Louisiana. The hills also include prayers 
for accounting: for the values of the oil allered to have 
"been illegally extracted from the lands. Some, if not all, 
of the suits will be heard during the next terra of court 
which meets this month (February). 

The Caddo oil field of northwestern Louisiana is 
located about twenty -f ive miles northwest of Shreveport'. It 
is a comparatively narrow field, extending for about ten 
miles in a northwesterly and southeasterly direction. It 
is a new field and its limitations may not yet have been 
ascertained. It may prove to be of much greater extent. 
It is considered one of the rich oil fields of the south- 
eastern part of the United States. 

The Caddo oil fields first received attention 
ten years ago. About that time a letter was written to 
the President stating that there was a wild gas well in 
the Caddo field and complaining of the enormous waste of 
natural gas without any apparent effort on the part of 
operators to prevent it. It was alleged that the annual 
waste of the gas in that field was equal to one-twentieth 
of the total amount of natural gas annually consumed in 
the United States, The matter was referred to the Director 
of the Geological Survey, as a result of which an investi- 
gation was made and all the public lands within that town- 
ship and a number of other townships in the vicinity were 
withdrawn by a blanket withdrawal issued b Tr the Secretary 
of the Interior December 15, 1908. On July 2, 1910, 
Louisiana Petroleum Reserve Ho. 4 was established by order. 
of the President, embracing the public lands within the 
townships previously* withdrawn, except those within which 
it had been ascertained that there were no oil or gas pro- 
ducing lands. 



■ o 



The discovery of gas was followed by a rush of 
persons desirous of obtaining the public lands by location 
under the United States mining laws, and several hundred 
such locations were 'made within a short time. Lands which 
previously were considered to be of very little value sud- 
denly became extensively sought for. 



-33- 



The first step :hat lor', to the Institution of 
tee above -referred to oil suits was initiated in the Land 
Department by the filinv of an application for the survey 
of a portion of the bod 'of Tor::" Lake ^c;f:or 3, 1S09. 
It was allowed in the application that the bod of Ferry 
Lake . 3, temporarily submerged or drowned forest and 
Jaat the title had never passed out of the United States. 
Tee applicants for the survey also alleged that they had 
made oil location 3 within the so-crddlod lake area and v;ere 
claiming the lands undor the placer mining laws. It was 
necopsary for the Land Department to determine the status 
01 tae Fori--- Lake area, and a strenuously contested case 
vras fought before the decision was reached that the above- 
referred to oil suits were to bo instituted. The Land Of- 
fice force as a -"hole perhaps is not fr.mil iar vrith the his- 
tory of this case. It is, however, one of the most inter- 
esting and on j of the most thoroughly invest! sated cases 
that has arisen in recent years. 

Ferry or Caddo Lake, the latter nans having at- 
tached to it from the fact that the Caddo tribe of Indians 
formerly lived within that vicinity, was, as originally 
meandered, about twenty miles long by fifteen miles wide, 
situated in the States of Texas and Louisiana. The early 
surveys of northwestern Louisiana were mr.de about 1639. 
The official plats based upon those surveys ' show a number 
of large lakes joining each other, designated by the names 
Ferry, Soda, Clear and Cross. About thirty years later, 
the greater portions of all of the above -monti or s, 
except Ferry Lake, had become dry and the lak 
surveyed and the lands were patented to the statf 
lands. The Ferry Lake area remained unsurveyed. In 
conflicting interests contested for the possession of th 
lake area, which was claimed by oil locators, riparian 
claimants and the Caddo Levee District, a political agency 
of the State. Hearings were held before the Land Office 
and the Secretary of the Interior, at which were present 
the Attorney General of the Stats of Louisiana and many 
other able lawyers. The ce.se was exhaustively investigated 
in the field by mineral inspectors, geologists, ecologistc, 
surveyors and special agents. The Caddo Levee District 
contended that Ferry Lake is a navigable body of water and 
that the lake bed belongs to the State by virtue of its 
sovereignty as the owner of the beds of navigable lakes, 
or by virtue of tae provisions of the swamp land grant. 
Upon the strength of that assumption it had leased the 
lake area to the Gulf Refining Company. The oil locators 
who were claiming under the placer mining laws, contended 
thas the area was merely temporarily submerged at the date 
of the admission of Louisiana, to statehoo.d, and that conse- 
quently the United States had nev^r parted title to the lands 

-33- 



-« -* — 



: 1 '"Tt 



It bo came necessary, therefore, -co iletermino she r.:ean high 
water elevation of the lake in 1812, the date of the admis- 
sion of Louis iana, and. in 1639, the date of the original sur- 
vey. In order to ascertain that elevation, a thorough in- 
vestigation was made for the purpose of determining the 
causes that led up to the formation of the lake and the 
changes that subsequently occurred. It may be interesting 
to narrate briefly for the benefit of the readers of the 
Bulletin the conclusions arrived at by the investigators. 

The elevation of the lands within the State of 
Louisiana is in most places not much above sea level L 
The nor thwo stern part of the state is drained by the Red 
River, which empties into the Mississippi. The evidence 
obtains d from the physical features of the region discloses 
the fact that the areas covered by Ferry, Soda, Clear, Cross 
and ether lakes, -.vers formerly covered by a dense hardwood 
forest. Even today stumps of large hardwood trees may be 
found in the bed of Feny Lake. Maury theories have been 
advanced by scientists as to the cause of the formation of 
the abovs-mentioncd lakes. According to the most authentic 
information, and that vrhich was accepted by the Government 
investigators, it "/as concluded that some time during the 
latter part of the 15th century a raft formed near the 
junction of the Red River and the Mississippi River, caused 
by the lodgment of fallen trees vrhich had floated dovm the 
forme r-monti one d river. As the outlet became clogged, other 
trees floating dorm the river also became lodged, and in 
time a raft was formed, which subsequently became knovrn as 
the "Great Raft". This raft was made of large uprooted 
trees and silt, and in many places tress sprouted and grew 
on top of the raft itself/ In time it extended up the river 
a distance between its lower and upper extremities of from 
40 to 50 miles. It worked its -way" up the Red River at the 
rate of approximately one mile per year. During the latter 
part of the 16th century, it had reached a. point about oppo- 
site where Shreveport now stands. The effect which this rait 
had was to cause the waters of the Red River above it to be 
ponded and spread out over the surrounding lands. The level 
of the waters was therefore raised and the low depressions 
in the land became over-flowed. In this way Ferry, Clos,r, 
Soda and Cross Lakes were formed about the latter part of 
the 18th century. 

At that time they had the appearance of drowned 
forests with thousands of tall trees extending like masts 
of ships above the surfe.ee of the waters. During the 
early years of the 19th century* - number of expeditions 
were mads by explorers and scientists, and the raft-formed 
lakes of northwestern Louisiana became the subject of their 
observations. References may be found in seme of the lead- 
ing geological works relating to the geology of the south- 
eastern part of the United States- When Charles Dickens 

-34- 



visited this country he obtai: ' - •-.;■." ).c.'. . a 

part of the subject matter of o: i of his booh- entitled 
"American Notes". In Chapter 17 be described the "tor 
death of (Colonel) Robert Potter" or. Caddo Lake, -ho, 
account states was murdered by an onorr.v nnrrcd Rose. 



J- V^ 

.•e 



Owing to the formation of the great raft, the 
region above whore Shrevoport is no-; located became unique 
in the respect that the changes which usually occupy ages 
and -,7.10 3 full story can be learned only by deduction, 
took place within a span of a few years'. Lakes were formed 
and destroyed, Stream beds were formed and abandoned, 
hater falls -were produced onl- to destroy themselves, and 
new streams wore formed out of parts of the beds of old 
ones. Giant forests were drowned and new forests of an 
entirely different species grew upon their: ruins. _ TJhen. 
Louisiana was admitted to statehood in 1812, the "orry 
Lako locality had the semblance of a drowned forest with 
bayou channels winding' in and out among the dead trees. 
r 'ith the passage of the years, the tops of the trees be- 
came broken off and decayed, and now the remains of this 
once giant forest consists of stumps which slightly pro- 
trude in many places above the surface of the water. 

Luring the early part of the 19th century, before 
the introduction of railroads, th- increasing commerce of 
she United Stat js was carried on principally on its navi- 
gable waters, and the Mississippi River, including the Red 
River, one of its tributaries, -was a great highway of com- 
merce. In order to make the territory eidjacont to the Red 
River accessible, it became necessary to take some steps to 
make the Red River unimpeded. One of she interesting features 
of the groas raft was t~o fact t.iat its icv;er end decayed, and 
disintegrated at about the sane rate that its upper end formed. 
It would, therefore, have required nsany years for the upper 
Red River to open itself for navigation unless the raft 
should be removed by other than natural causes. Attempts 
were made on behalf cf the Government to cause the removal 
of the raft, and various portions of it were removed at dif- 
ferent periods by the United States Army engineers during the 
19th century. Its final removal was accomplished about 
1373. "^hen the raft was removed, the upper Red River con- 
ditions again became similar to those of the pre-raft period. 
Clear, Soda, Cress and other lakes disappeared and were sur- 
veyed and their lake beds disposed of. The outlet to Ferry 
Lake had, however, in the meantime become clogged and it be- 
came neeessar] 1- for that lake so make for itself a new outlet 
before it could drain itself. That it was doing, and it was 
alleged that in the course cf a few years the lake would 
drain itself, provided that its natural conditions were not 
interfered with; In 1910, however, Congress, in order to 
prevent the waters of the lake from -further receding, au~ 

-35- 



thorized the construction of a dam across its mouth. That 
dam has boon constructed and tho waters continue to remain 
intact. 

The Ferry Lake locality now has the semblance 
of a busy oil field. Oil -.veils may be seen in every di- 
rection. The drilling of the wells has not been confined 
to the dry lands alone. Many wells are even located out 
in the waters of the lake itself. Millions of dollars 
worth of oil end gas have been already extracted, and mil- 
lions of dollars worth will doubtless be extracted in the 
future , 

The Land Office contended at the time that it 
considered the Ferry Lake case that tho title to the whole 
lake bed was vested in the Government. The case was sub- 
mitted to the Attorney General, who rendered an opinion 
holding that only those lands (about S00 acres) situated 
between the mean high-water level of 1812 and the original 
meander line belonged to the Government. The above -referred 
to suits involve the latter-mentioned lands. 

In conclusion, it may not be amiss to call 
attention herein to the fact that as time passes and the 
extent of the public domain becomes more and more diminished 
the struggle to obtain public lands becomes more acute. As 
a consequence, the adjudication of public land cases has 
become more difficult and the contest of such cases more 
vi gor ous . 



-36- 



THE CLOCK AI T D THE CLERK 

6 i 15 a.m. 

Dozing on Hie downy bed, 

Rattles the clock o'er hi 3 head, 

His sleepy eyes pierce not the dark 

He swears the clock has missed the mark. 

6:30 a.m. 

Up he gets, it's all he kin do, 
To find by guess the open window, 

The good old rocker's still at large, 
Its business ends well camouflaged. 

Ouch 1 

His heart-felt words I'll here omit, 
Each one was sure a perfect fit. 

7 a.m. 

In office dress he seeks the cellar, 
Shakes the furnace, bully feller! 
Sifts the ashes o'er his shoes, 
Bumps his head against the flues. 

7:15 a.m. 

Finished then his morning toil, 

Lights the gas his grub tc boil, 
The gas, alas, like Henry Ford, 
Goes pope rty -pop and jumps the beard, 

Eats his breakfast from a can, 

Saving food on Hoover's plan. 

7:30 a.m. 

Goodbye to wife — no time to shave, 
Hangs to a strap his job to save, 

8:47 a.m. 

The car is late and so is he, 
His chief is there the time to see, 
Clips a coupon from his "leave", 
Though he says it makes him grieve. 



-37- 



Alas for the clerk, alas for the chief, 
The lives of both are filled with grief, 
Ah well for each if seme sweet day, 
Uncle Sam will raise their pay. 

Selah. 



STOCK RAISING LANDS 

Secretary Lane of the Interior Department an- 
nounces the second designation under the stock-raising 
homestead act of lands in New Mexico. The lands affected 
"by his action are situated in the east-central part of the 
State, principally in Quay raid Curry counties and within 
the eastern portion of the Tucumcari Land District. 

Those lands v;ere recently examined in the field 
by representatives of the Geological Survey and the Bureau 
of Plant Industry who found that they were chiefly valua- 
ble for grazing and raising of forage crops. The total 
area designated is about 200,000 acres of which approxi- 
mately 46,000 are vacant public lands. 

The remaining 154,000 acres are covered by 
about 275 applications to make entry under the stock- 
raising homestead act* These applications have been 
filed from time to time in the local land office and give 
to the applicants preference right of entry. 



.. , _, _ This designation becomes effective on March 
11, 1918, and thereafter the lands will be cnterablo in 
tracts of 640 acres each if they are otherwise of proper 

ata tiis . 



In December 74, 805 acres of land in Forth Dakota 
were designated as stock-raising lands under the stock- 
raising homestead law. This is "the second designation of 
this kind in North Dakota, the total area designated nor; 
being 112,000 acres. This land was examined by field par- 
ties and found to contain no merchantable timber, to be 
nonirri gable, chiefly valuable for grazing and raising 
forage crops, and of such character that 640 acres are 
reasonably required to support a family, as specified by 
the law. Most of these lands were examined in response 
to applications to make entry, designation being a neces- 
sary prerequisite to entry in tracts of 340 acres or less, 
The designation made in November affects lands in various 
counties in North Dakota as follows: 

-38- 



County Acres 

McKenzie 13,384.94 

Dunn 18,553.11 

Mountrail 80.00 
Billings 22,517.30 
Slops 5,275.86 

Golden Valley 7,822.23 
Bowman 7,171.20 
74,805.64 



ENLARGED HOMESTEAD DESIGNATION 

About 220,000 acres of land in Montana have been 
designated under the enlarged-home stead act as being non- 
irrigable. The-/ arj located by counties as follows : 
Choteau, 95,526; Cascade, 5070; Park, 4,012; Fergus, 
2,435; Sweet Grass, 5,605; Yellowstone, 3,980; Custer, 
7,520; Valley, 12,980; Dawson, 23,145; Lewis and Clark, 



c 



o; 



10,015; Teton, 11,340; Jefferson, 3,080; Silvcrbcw, 4, 
Powell, 2,000; Madison, 6,430; Beaverhead, 15,830; and 
Carbon, 2,550. The remainder is distributed through 
various other counties in the State. A great part of this 
land has already been filed upon. 



COAL CLASSIFICATIONS 

During the month of December about 354,000 acres 
of land were classified as to coal character and the clas- 
sification transmitted to the Commissioner of the General 
Land Office as a basis for sale. Over 525,000 acres of 
land heretofore withdrawn for classification purposes were 
restored to entry under the coal land laws. ^ the classifica- 
tion having boon completed during this or preceding months* 
Nearly 423,000 acres'' of these lands are in North Dakota, 
nearly 89,000 in Montana, and the remainder in Colorado, 
Hew Mexico, Utah, and Washington. 



FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE 

From a District Land Office 
to a soldier in France. 

Your letter of inquiry to me duly to hand. It 
would rive me personally great pleasure to comply wit-h ycur 
request, if I knew of any law whereby a selection made in 
this office could be held from ether application until 

yours could reach here. But, there is no such lav; so far 
as I know, and I am sending your letter to the General Land 

-35- 



"• 0. ? . . ■:. - 



<. 



Office for advice and direction, a copy of which letter ac- 
companies this one to you. You may be sure t.iat, if tie re 
is ant* law for cue"-, application, the General Land Office 
will instruct this office to act for you, or t.irougn some 
designated agent, and all; -rill be done that can be done. 
Your ~ country appreciates your services, but it would be ex- 
coedingly difficult to make a law (if, indeed not impossible;, 
that would allow such a filing as you suggest. Only, m 
rm- judgment, by withdrawing all public land from entry 
until after the close of the war, could the soldiers be 
served, and then, not impartially, as some would ee mustered 
but long before others; and many not until eve it acre 
would be taken. I say this that you may not be too ^greatly 
encouraged in this matter. But, your country vrili zind 
other ways of rewarding you for your patriotism and crayorj- . 
Personally I can appreciate your sacrifice, for I have nad 
one son enlist in the Eng. Av. service, one in tne U. S. 
Naw, and one in the U. 8. Army. But the cause -- It is 
the Sunrise of World DEMOCRACY or the Evening Star of 
Civilisation. And, America must answer which. 

From an officer in camp to 
the ladies in the G.L.Q. 

Your exceedingly kind remembrance package came 
to me yesterday j and already the contents are placed where 
they will do the most good. You can't imagine, I'm sure, 
just how welcome such a package was to me." It showed that 
3'ou dear folks had net let me pass entirely out of mind, 
and in addition it gave me something to do some rood with. 
I took the candy and cigarettes and" called my boys together 
in a corner of the barrack room, and distributed them. 
Tnen I held a drawing, and the lucky man, holder of the 
winning ticket, got the sweater. Then I read -your note, 
and slightly changed the wording, so as to make it look as 
if you knew their names. So, dear friends, back there in 
the G.L.O„ , rest assured your favor was indeed appreciated, 
and such little remembrances go a long way toward making 
sure that when our boys do get orders to climb over the top, 
they'll gc and go right, with the feeling that America and 
Americans are with them to the end. 

From Paris, France. 

This is a great city but quite easy in which to 
find your way about, if -you have a map of it in your pocket 
to consult. He have no such -ride streets and parkings in 
Washington as here, and in the summer time it must be very 
beautiful. We had a great time learning the English money, 
especially to know how much real money we were spending. 
About the time we began to "get on" to that, we had to un- 
learn it and try the^Freneh, which however is easier. Money 
is the same the world over, I guess. It does not sta2~ with 
one very long at a time. 

-40- 



FEDERAL PROPERTY FOR NATIONAL USE 

Uhilo the Land Department is net, strictly speak- 
ing, a war work bureau, yet it say be into roc ting to know 
that it occasionally c en tribute 3 its mite tc furthering 
the work that has devolve:", upon the nation as a consequence 
of the war. Recently a contractor who had contracted to 
furnish timbers to the Emergency Fleet Corporation for 
Government shipbuilding purposes, needed white oak timber, 
and the only white oak trees that he could locate in his 
part of the country that were of sufficient size,, were 
upon a tract of vacant public land in the State of Florida. 
The Land Department authorised his going upon the public 
lands and procuring the timber, upon the condition that he 
would refund to the Emergency Fleet Corporation the stump- 
age value of the trees* The' timber is being taken for the 
purpose mentioned, and in this instance portions of the 
ships will be built of Government timber, for which it will 
net be charged. There have been several similar cases* 
Inquiries are also made no-7 and then with reference to the 
use of Government-owned timber for Government aeroplane 
construction purposes. 

Another instance wherein the Land Department 
rendered assistance occurred recently. The fuel adminis- 
trator of one of the western public land States wired for 
authority to permit the residents of that State to go upon 
the public lands and take -wood for fuel purposes. Inas- 
much as such privileges had been accorded to settlers and 
residents of certain States, including his state, for a 
number of years, pursuant tc the acts of June 3, 1878 (20 
Stat., 88) and March 5, 1891 {23 Stat., 1093), his request 
was complied with, and he was advised ho T 7 to proceed in 
order to effect the immediate relief which he desired. 



NATIONAL PARKS 

Secretary Lane has announced that the National 
Parks -.Till be open this year as usual. Travelers will be 
carried on the regular trains and will hi 
hotels as formerly. 



SCRIP 

The word "scrip" is a generic term that has been 
used to describe various rights under the public land laws 
of the United States and of various states. Its use as ap- 
plied tc the public lands of the United States was formerly 
limited to certificates or other written evidence of a right 

-41- 



to select cr purchase public land in satisfaction of 1 
scrip. In the past it has boon confounded in usage with 
the term "float" and at present the term scrip is frequently 
applied to selection rights -.There no certificate or other 
written evidence cf a right of selection has been issued. 

Legislation relating to scrip may be grouped 
under the subjects, Bounty Land Scrip, Private Land Claim 
Scrip, and Indian Scrip. Scrip and selection rights have 
also oo^n granted to States for agricultural colleges and 
internal improvements. There are also a number of selec- 
tion rights which are commonly called "scrip", although 
not evidenced by certificates", which are exercised under 
acts providing for selections in lieu of land held in private 
ownership, and under acts granting relief to settlers and 
entrymen in deserving cases. A review of the legislation 
relating to scrip will probably be of interest to those in 
the public land service. 

Bounty Land Scrip. 



T,. 



From the earliest period of our history, 
policy of granting land bounties for military service in 
time of war and other distinguished cervices was marked 
with great liberality, and land bounties were promised at 
a period prior to the nation's possessing a public domain* 
As evidence cf a right to receive such a right, Congress 
has usually provided for the issuing cf certificates known 
as military bounty land warrants or scrip. 

In early legislation certain tracts in Ohio, 
Illinois, Michigan and Missouri were set aside in what were 
known as military districts, to which the holders of the 
warrants were restricted in mailing their locations. Those 
restrictions were scon withdrawn and the warrants are used 
as cash in paying for land subject to cash entry or for 
payments under the commutation provisions of the homestead 
law, the timber and stone act and the desert land laws and 
fcr purchases of isolated tracts. The laws and regulations 
respecting the assignment, location and use of bounty land 
warrants are contained in circular No. 130, approved May 24, 
1918. 

In addition to the general legislation cf this 
character, special acts have been passed authorising the 
issue of certificates in evidence of a right of selection 
or location cf public land, as a reward for services of 
such distinction as to receive individual attention hy 
Congress. Section 4 of the act cf March 3, 1803 (2 Stat,, 
236;, authorizing the Secretary of "hi" to issue land war- 
rants to General ~Laf aye tto fcr" 11,520 acres, is one of the 



■4 



o 



carl 1 / instances of this character and is of historic in- 
terest at the present time. 

There are outstanding a for; certificates which 
have been issued under special acts as bounties. Certifi- 
cates to the amount of three sections under each, have "seen 
issued under the act of January 25, 1S53 (10 Stat,, 745), 
known as HcKee scrip, and under the act of February --0, 1S55 
(10 Stat., 549), known as Gerard scrip. These certificates 
are locatable on surveyed, non-mineral, unappropriated pub- 
lic land (Instructions of March 14, 1910 (58 L. D., 465). 
Ho fees are required, but publication must be made in ac- 
cordance with the instructions of February 21, 1S06 (36 
L. D, , 278 and 346). The scrip is assignable and the in- 
structions governing the assignment of military bounty land 
warrants (circular 120) arc 



1 -, n^-^1 r- 



Lppiicaei 

Private land claim scrip will be made the sub- 
ject of note and comment in the March number cf the Bulletin. 

FI1TAL REPORT Oil THE RED CROSS CHRISTMAS DRIVE 

Mr, A. IT. Patterson, Chairman of the Red Cross 
Christmas Membership campaign for the Interior Department \ 
has closed the drive with this result: Her; members, l^SoS; 
renewal memberships, 1,578; total, 5,457; magazine subscrip- 
tions and contributions, $479; total amount of money, $3,916! 
In this work the Interior Department again holds the dis- 
tinction of leading all the Executive Departments. Secretary- 
Lane expresses appreciation thereof in a note to Mr. 
Patterson as follows t "I have Just seen ''our report on the 
result of the Red Cross drive in this Department. It is a 
fine showing, and I congratulate you and the members of 
your committee on - r our rood work*" 



-43- 



ACTIVITIES OF THE 
INTERIOR DEPARTMENT WAR WORK ASSOCIATION 



< T ~s . 



Under the daily, personal direction of 
Franklin K. Lane, wife of the Secretary of the Interior, 
nearly half a thousand women of the Interior Department 
are us in-; every spare minute sewing, knitting an:': packing 
things which will comfort and cheer sick and woundsd 
American soldiers in France. 

When the office da}-* ends they hurry from all 
parts cf official Washington to the rooms in Secretary 
Lane*B big building --here the Interior Department War Work 
Association is in continuous session, to turn in finished 
work and get material for more sweaters, sheets, towels , 
pajamas, stockings, slippers and the ether articles which 
are packed in big shipping cases, one cf which has gone to 
Nouilly, France, every ten days. And, hereafter, the As- 
sociation will ship a box every week. 

The Interior Department War Work Association is 
an auxiliary of the American Red Cross. It had its begin- 
ning, almost immediately after was with Germany was declared, 
when the Home Club, which is a social organization of the 
Department with nearly a thousand members, began planning 
for relief work. For a time the Association met in the 
Home Club building, on Jackson Place and in the early days 
of the movement its output was distributed through the 
American-French Clearing House. When its activities outgrew 
the quarters in the Home Club, the work rooms were moved to 
the Interior Building. 

Here Mrs. Lane, surrounded by the wives and 
daughters of her husband's assistants, commissioners, di~ 
rectors and chiefs, manages an organized patriotism which 
ramifies into the far north, where the Alaskan Engineering 
Commission is pushing a railroad to reach precious coal de- 
posits: into isolated reservations where the people of the 
Indian Service are; into the arid plains where the men cf 
the Geological Survey are working; into the depths cf coal 
shafts where the Bureau of Mines' experts gather; into the 
prairie towns where the men of the General Land Office work; 
into the green clad irrigation areas where the engineers of 
the Reclamation Service are constructing canals and ditches; 
into the mountains raid canyons and great forests of the big 
trees where the rangers and fire fighters cf the National 
Park Service climb the trails, and to the desks and offices 
of the Bureau of Education, the Pension Bureau, the Patent 
Office and all the other branches and divisions of the In- 
terior De par tme nt . 

-4-4- 



Eor "&he men cf the sorvico are br.ck of the v/cr.on 
with their money. Thousands of fl.0ll2.r3 have boon pledged 
ana paia and the enthusiasm in the ^rcf. cause lias "boon "so 
practical in its nature that though the work is only just 
beyond the state of initial organization, Mr3. Lane" has 
enough funds in hand tc endow nineteen bods in the Interior 
Department Ward of the Washington Hospital at ITeuilly. 

Every bed calls for a deposit of $500, and $800 
a year oatfite it with all needed garments ana linen. To 
raise funds for eels and to insure their maintenance, the 
officers and employees of the Department vrere asked tc 
pledge subscriptions cf ten or twenty-five cents each tc bo 
paid every month as long as the need for a hospital exists. 
The first letter calling for pledges Trent out in the latter 
part cf last July and the responses wore so quick, so spon- 
taneous, that within a chert time Mrs. Lane had the assurance 
that the Interior Department -~ard would be fully equipped 
ana aae quat e ly main trained ♦ 

The far flung endeavors c:1 the: Association started 
a "drive" for hospital beds' by the Alaskan Engineering Com- 
mission in September and which, before the last of the fol- 
lowing month, resulted in cash subscriptions aggregating 
$7,510.36. In the Kcuilly Hospital there will^be a ward, 
over the door of which "rill be a brass tablet bearing the 
legend "Department of the Interior- and three cf the beds 
will be marked "Department of the Interior, Anchorage, 
Alaska", and two so marked for Henana and one each for 
Seward, Turnagain Arm, Hatanuska, Talkeetna, and. three for 
Fairbanks. Pome of the subscriptions vrere made by laborers 
vrhc could net write their names. Oeher beds will be marked 
tc designate the bureau or Interior Department Branch which 
"paid for" the bed. 

The kakah Indians of the Heah Day Reservation on 
the Pacific Coast, in Washington, sent Mrs". Lane 50 little 
baskets as their contribution tc Red Cross work. About that 
time the Association was considering the advisability of 
having a general sale of articles such as embroidery and 
ether fancy work to be contributed by women in Washington, 
but when the Wakak Indian baskets came, they gave rise tc 
the idea cf having a sale of Indian bead work, baskets, 
silver work and like articles. So the Indians of the ccuntry 
were notified of the plan and were requested to send in what 
they could. 

The result was a sale of Indian goods at the Hone 
Club, out cf which $1,400 was cleared and the committee de- 
cided tc use that money for surgical dressings. 



The women cf the Interior Department in VT&sliington 
gave a Thanksgiving dinner to 100 soldier boys and, after 
the dinner, a°dance and reception at the Home Club. The ex- 
penses were paid from funds secured from volunteer contribu- 
tions of Interior Department employees in Hashington, and, 
after all expenses had been paid, there remained OlOO.OO, 
which -'as turned over to the War work Association. 

There is nothing of the emotional about the work 
cf-;.the Association. Its activities are characterized by 
business-like methods which give its rooms the appearance 
almost cf a commercial establishment, for its organization 
has been effected along strictly practical lines. The re- 
sults cf the first four months of effort appear in the re- 
ports made by Mrs. Lane which show that in September, _ October , 
November and December, there were made, packed and shipped 
the following hospital garments and articles: 34S sheets, 
553 pillow cases, 132 face and 132 bath towels, 503 suits of 
pajamas, 114 suits cf underwear, 108 day shirts, 56 hospital 
shirts, 11 bath robes and 3 pairs cf slippers. There were 
also knitted e,nd shipped 216 pairs of woolen socks, 124 
sweaters, 92 helmets, 4S scarfs or mufflers and 15 pairs of 
wristlets. 

Besides the garments and other articles there have 
gone across a large qiiantity of absorbent cotton, a tnousand 
yards of uncut gauze, 100 rolls of three-incn bandages and 
200 rolls of inch bandages. Gift bundles for convalescents 
leaving the hospital are made up by the Interior women in^ 
which are shaving soap and brushes, tooth brushes and powder, 
wash cloths, com5s ana brushes and the like and the women of 
the Pension Bureau clip entertaining stories, jokes, illustra- 
tions and other matter from newspapers and magazines and 
paste them in scrap books to help the sick and wounded boys 
pass tne time 'away. Of these scrap books ever a thousand 
have "gone across 11 and the probability is there will be 
made up and sent ever several thousand more. Puzzles, 
toilet soap and handkerchiefs find their wa} r into the big 
boxes and every day develops new "first aids" to comfort 
and cheer the soldiers who will be fortunate enough to be 
sent to the Interior Department TJard. For instance, hot 
water bottles new ?„ro included among the "comfort-things" 
that go to Neuilly. 



The latest count shows that 937 Interior Depart- 
ment men are in the army and navy, and naturally the Interior 
Department women have first thoughts for them so, in addition 
to what is being done for the Neuilly Hospital, ever 300 men 
in the army and navy from the Interior Department have been 
outfitted. During November and December 163 pairs of socks, 
124 sweaters, 29 helmets, 55 scarfs and 106 pairs of wristlets 
were knitted for Interior Department men in the service. 

-45- 



honor roll 

The following members of the General Land 
Office Service are new enrolled for service un- 
der the flag, wherever it may 50, at home or 
abroad, en land or sea. 



GENERAL LAND OFFICE 



Allen, James H. 
America, Louis L. 
Hartley, Searcy 
Clarke, Francis J. 
Binley, TTa.lt er S. 

Colburn, Alvin 
Connelly, Francis J, 
Crawford, TTilliam A, 

Dal ton, Richard H. 

Dinan, Henry K. 

Farrell, Leo T. 

Fenn, Stanley IT. 
Frederick, Rosco 
Hamilton, James Y. 
Hathaway, Alvin 
Hedges, Floyd E. 
Hommick, Frank S. 



Seaman, 2nd class, Naval Reserves. 
Seaman, 2nd class, Naval Reserves. 
Enlisted in the Navy. 
Serjeant, Medical Corps, France. 
2nd Lt . Depot Quartermaster, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Capt. 9th Inf. A„E,F« France. 
1st Lt. Aviation Corps, U.S. Army. 
Field Clerk, Office Chief Engr. 

Officer, A^E.F. France, 
Field Clerk, Office Chief Engr. 

Officer, A.E.F. France. 
Seaman, 2nd class, Naval Reserves. 
Pri vat e , Pr ovi s i cnal Ordnance , 

Depot, Camp Meade, Admiral, Md. 
Clerk, Aviation Corps, U. S. Army . 
Pr i va t e , De t r i t , A la, "bama . . 
Capt. Q.M.R.C., N'ashington, D.C. 
Capt. lidqrs, 152d Inf. A.E.F. France. 
Corporal Clerk, A.E.F. France. 
2nd Lt. Signal Corps, Langley Field, 

Fortress Monroe, Va. 



Hoffman, Lewis E, 
Kays, Harry L. 

Kr a 1 1 e nma k e r , Fr an k 
Lake nan, A. C. 
Moskowitz, Nelson B. 
Mullady, C. C. 
Pendall, Elmer. 

Sullivan, T7, M. E. 

O'Leary, Arthur A. 
Shaver, Charles IT. 
Simon ton, F. B. J. 

Tuohy , Thomas 3. 
Ritenour, 17. H. 



Field Clerk, A.E.F. France. 

1st Lt. Bat."C", 112 Field Art., 

Camp McClellan, Alabama. 
Army Field Clerk, A.E.F. France. 
Corporal Clerk, A.E.F. France. 
Private, Ordnance Corps, U.S. Army. 
Seaman, 2nd ci?„ss, Naval Reserves. 
2d Lt. Co. "B" 120th Inf.. Camp Sevier, 

Greenville, S. C. 
2d Lt. 6th Reg. Inf. U.S.A., Fort. 

Oglethorpe, Georgia. 
Lab. Asst. Medical Corps, T hash. D. C. 
Seaman, 2nd class, Naval Reserves. 
Private, Supply Co., 320th Field Art., 

Camp Gordon, Ga. 
Seaman, 2d class, Naval Reserves. 
Seaman, 2d class, Naval Reserves. Ac- 
c.idently killed in line of dut- . 



-4' 



OFFICES U. S. PURVEYORS GENERAL 



Amos, Edward R. 
Bedell, Archer W. 
Ingalls, V7s.lt er S. 
Kin-, Norman L 



Spear, Hi; 



c. 



■ .ft eel 

1st Lt. II. M. II. G. Santa Vista, Calif. 
3d Lt. Co. I, 1st Arizona Infantry 
Maj . N.M. NhG, Santa Vi&ta, Calif, 
Officers Training Camp, Ft. Leavenworth, 

Kansas . 



loc.wl laud offices 



Allen, Kent 
Honan, John J. 
Kimball, Edward L. 

King, Luther R. 
O'Learv, William 
Williams, Perry T. 



Privat 



n^, 



acrp L c-7 i e , Ame r i c an Lake, r ~a s h . 



Officers Training Camp, Presidio, Calif . 
Pr i vat e , A vi a t i on Corps . 

Private, 1st Idaho Hospital Corps. 
Lt. IT* D. National Guard. 

P-^i-r-r - (FP-T) I t S \--nr-r 



FIELD SURVEYING SERVICE 



Brad f or d , A « ' J • 
Campbell, George R; 

Collins, John G. 
Crony n , The odor e 
Harslibarrer, Eugene 
Calvin, Elmer L\ 
Hooper, James C. 
Korton, A. C. Jr. 
Inch, Philip L. 
Jo hn son, Carl S , 
iviat t he r: s , T homas 3 . 

Millrick, Willis J. 
Hash, William L. 

Perkins, Basil C. 
Perkins, William C. 
Pinkham, Louis H. 

Pray, Winfred A. ' 
Ri c hards on , G . H. 
Ross, Otis 



SawMil, Donald 

Shan cot t, Wallace 
St re it, C. K. 
Sr/anholm, Carl 
Veal, Guy R. 
Lytic, Marvin J. 
Smith, Albert, Jr. 



G. 



3d Lt. Regular Army, Vancouver, Was a. 

Capt. Engr : . Officers Reserve Corps, 

Olympia, Wash. 
3d Lt. E",C,R.C, American Lake, Wash. 
Private, 23d Engrs Co. A, Camp Meade, Md. 
3d Lt. E.O.R.C. ETC, Ft. Leavenworth, .Kans. 
Officers Training Camp 



. W -vCi. o 



A vi a t i on C orp s , Aus t in , 

1st L t . E . . R_. C . Camp Le e , Pe t c r sburg , Va . 



vi tro -K» £J"V h;n —t*<=< Cam- 






¥ 



aa. 



fclCL. 



** — > , 

io.e , mcl . 



up, Presidio, 



Artillery, helirh, Nebraska. 

1st Lt. E.O.R.C, Ardmore, Okla. 

35 th En^rs, Ayer, Mass. 

Officers Training Camp, Leon Springs, 

Texas. 
33d Engrs, Camp '. 
33d Enrrs , Camp '. 

S?_n Francisco, California. 
Camp Lee, Petersburr, Va. 
Capt. EORC, Boise, Idaho. 
3 d L i e at . Qj IRC Pr e s i di o , San Fr an e i s c g , 

Calif. 
Corporal, Co. L, 362a Reg. Inf. Camp Lev/is, 

Taccma, Wash. 
Capt. Art. A«.E.E. France. 
5th Reserve Enrrs, American Lake , rr as'- . 
Private, Co."C» 29th Engrs, Ayer , Mass . 
33d Enrrs, Camp heads, lid. 
Private, Aviation Corns. 
35d Engrs, Fort McDowell, Calif. 



FIELD SERVICE 

Armstrong C-. L. Officers Trr.ir.in-: Camp, Sheridan, 111. 
Betts, H. V. Simal Corps, 313th Battalion, Ft. Pike, Ark, 
Cralbraith, E. C. 1st Lt. Eng. Res, Corps, Camp Lee, 

Petersburg, Va. 
McFarron, H. "h Cr.pt. EORC, 116th Engrs, Camp Green, N. C. 
McLcocL, J . D. 2d Lt. Camp Upton, Yaphank, L. I. 
Presment, A. !>!. Officers Training Camp, Niagara, N. F. 
Rush, Clifford A. 3d Lt . Aviation Section, Signal Corps, 

San Antonio, Texas. 
Tomer, T7. S. Signal R. C, 313th Battalion, Ft. Pike, Ark 



• All officers are urgently requested to advise the 
"Land Service Bulletin" as to all employees in their rcsgec- 
tive offices mho become separated from the General Land Of- 
fice Service through entrance into the Arm" or Navy, giving 
the rank of each, the unit in the Army to mhich thoy are as- 
signed and military or naval address, if possible. This in- 
formation is desired in order that the HONOR ROLL may be as 
complete e.s possible. 



.; J. -_ 



The sympathy of the "'hole Land Service vrent v;i 
Commissioner and Mrs. Tallman, on their sad mission last mont: 
to the bedside of Mr. Tallman r s mother, mho, while on a recent 
visit to her old home at Greenville, Michigan, contracted an 
illness mhich resulted in her death on January 7, 3*818 « S_:e 
was buried at Otisco Cemetery, near Greenville ••^ 
spent so much of her long and useful life. 



The sudden death of Frank H. Gould, U. S. Surveyor 
General for California, at San Francisco on January 36, 1918, 
deprives the Land Service of a high-minded and able official 
and his home .city and state of ?,n "honorable , progressive and 
public-spirited citizen. Mr. Gould mas born in Iowa August 
39, 1S56. He mas educated in the public schools of San Jose, 
California; at the Lam College of the State University at 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and at the Vanderwallern School of En- 
gineering at San Francisco. He practiced both engine: 
lav; at various times during his long residence in 
his adoption. On January 37, 1914, "Mr. Goula 
by President ITilson U. S, Surveyor General of California, 
office he held at the time of his death. 



AT HOJffi AND ABROAD 

Since cur last issue Mr, Rcsse P. Fullerton, an 
old member cf the Land Office force at headquarters, but now 
special agent with headquarters at Santa Fe, New Mexico, 
said how-dc-you-do and good-by, all in one breath en his way 
back to the field. 



ITith a. few mere gray hears to his credit, and 
a little mere avoirdupois, but with the same eld smile that 
keeps smiling, J- l-I. Sheridan, former Chief of our Field 
Service, but now an attorney of Los Angeles, California, is 
a rirht welcome visitor. 



A YEARLING 



This issue marks the close of the first volume 
of the Bulletin, what do you think of it? Is it worth while? 
Shall we continue it, or shall we wind it up and fire the 
editor? Report forthwith. 



TELL THE BULLETIN 

To a,ll lccal offices and fiel d service employees : 

If anything occurs in the public land, service 
which you think should be chronicled, tell us about it. 
Address all communications to the Commissioner cf the 
General Land Office, "Land Service Bulletin". All com- 
munications should be received not later than the 34th cf 
each month for use in the current number. 



-50- 



3 


9 


5 


18 


9 


9 


8 


21 


12 


28 



INDEX 

Number Page 

Abandoned Military Reservation of 

Fort Sabine, order for survey 

Bayside, New Jersey, to be'surveyed and sold 5 

.Bayside, New -'Jersey, surveyed for sale 

Gig Harbor turned over to the Interior 
Department 

Accounts, vouchers from two appropriations 

Action for recovery of damages may be maintained 

againse one who procures fraudulent entries to be 

made; and in such case the statute of limitations 

is not applicable • ... 12 22 

Additional entry under enlarged homestead act; 

Secretary's decision in the Carson case .4 17 

Additional homestead rights are personal and not to 

be exercised by a widow, heirs or devisee 6 23 

Affidavits executed before commanding officer under 

act of October 6, 1917 11 30 

Agricultural and Industrial Fair, Anchorage, Alaska 9 9 

Alaska: 

Coal development in the Territory ,8 13 

Coal Discovery ""•.'"■ ,.-.'. 7 20 

Coal field, progress of development 5 _ „. 9 

Coal lands, new unit created in Iviatanuska 

field ' : .■ . 11 . 19 

Townsites, withdrawals for sale of town, lots 2 . ,12 

Townsite withdrawal 9 . 12 

Townsite surveyed 7 13 

Townsite regulations amended 12 27 



Numb er 


Page 


10 


29 


8 


18 


6 


24 


; 8 


14 



Crop showing for 1917 

The farmer, comments on local conditions 

Entries abutting upon navigable waters 

Homesteads, free survey of '12 10; 12 16; 8 

Mining claims, joint resolution of 

October 5, 1917, applicable thereto. , ,. 11 29 

B.ailroad Record, published by Engineering 
Commission v . ••:,... 

Ciimaiic wonders ^of the Territory . > 

"Twin Of ficial'-' , thirty, years ago. . 

Resourceful special agents required in 
the service . ; . , . ... 

Allotments to Indians on the Blackfoet Indian 
Reservation, Montana : . . .. 

Anchorage, Alaska, town lot sales 

Annual report- of the General Land Office with sug~ : 
gestions in regard xhereto 

Applications for unappraised Indian lands 

Arkansas lake and sunk land litigation 

Arkansas lake lands 

Assessment work on mining claims 

Assistant Secretary of the Interior; appointment 
of Selden G, Hopkins., • • - - • - v .-..., 

Attorneys, admission to practice before the Department 

A word from the Secretary 

Bayside abandoned military reservation surveyed for 
disposal ,...,..-. 

Bear'' story from the Yi/hitefish river, ... 



-2- 



.4. 


. 6 


11 . 


20 


3 


13 


3 


.8 


11 


28 


4 ' : ' 


is 


10 


' 1 


8 


15 


10 


' 30 


12 


27 


7 


22 


7 


6 


9 


20 


11 


33 


9 


9 


8 


10 



Number 


Page 


10 


12 


6 


23 


6 


3 


9 


18 



Be patient 

Bird reserve authorized by act of June 25, 1910, 

which protects prior settlement rights 

Bo Sweeney, Assistant Secretary of the Interior 

Brine deposits of potash at Searles lake, California 

Buffalo pasture extension of the pasture lease 
granted to James Phillip • - 

Camping ground in Fort Assinniboine Abandoned Military 
Reservation 

Cancellation of patent, statute of limitations 

Chippewa timber logging, ninth sale reported 

Citizenship, declaration of intention by alien enemy 

Civilian homesteaders during the period of the war 

Coal discoveries in Alaska 

Coal development in Alaska 12 • 30; 

Coal land regulations-' 1 

Coal land entry by corporations 

Coal classifications reported for the month of November' 11 

Coal classifications for the month of December 

Coeur d' Alene Indian lands, maps and schedules 

Coeur d 5 Alene Indian lands, sale of, Idaho non-- 
resident .homesteads 

Colorado National forest enlarged 

Commissioner's dream 

Commissioner of the General Land Office authorized 
to act on behalf of the Secretary of the Interior, 
subject to approval 10 20 



-3- 



6 


17 


11 


34 


2 


13 


11 


31 


6 


1 


7 


20 


8 


13 


9 


21 


10 


20 


11 


25 


12 


39 


4 : 


7 


3 


23 


5 


16 


11 


33 



.: Number Page 

Confirmation under section 7, act of March 3, 1891, 

decision of the United States supreme courx in the 

Hoglund case . ... -4 .... 14. . 

Compensation - reflections of a poet 10 10 

Contest affidavit held insufficient on account of 

its indefinite character ...'. § ,,., .22 

Contestant's securing cancellation of entry does- ; not . s ., 

carry"' any right to adjacent tract s applied for by en- ■. ' , : - 
tryman as additional under section 3 of the enlarged 
homestead act • .: • ; ... ; ;.,■ .-..■ ... 

Continental Congress dramatized 

Coos Bay wagon road grant, sale of timber 

Coos Bay "'agon road lands 

Co-operative vegetable gardens 

Criminal prosecutions reported from the Portland 
field-' division 

» 

Crop shov/ing f rom' 'Alaska . . ..-. ... 

Crow 'Indian lands, special entries and sale authorized 
by proclamation of April 6, 1917 

Crow Indian lands, departmental rulings and instruc- 
tions 'of April -iH^lSr/'- -:_-.—.:: • ..••:• ■,.. .;.-■.-.. 

Crov;- Indian lands, sale, of ■-• >■■■■> ..•.•■ 

Cultivable areas increased •. .:>-.• .-, • ; ,r ■ : • - 

Dakota National forest abolished. • .-. . . 

Declaration of intention by alien enemy 

Descriptions of unsurveyed lands in terms of future 
survey •. :' 

Desert land entrymen rcelief act/of August 7, 1917 

Desert land- entry, expenditure may include improve- 
ments on the land when entry is made, if not there- 
tofore so credited 7 18 



-4- 



7 . 


18 


.2 


7 


11 


13 


11 


34 


' 5 


15 


12 . 


, : 13 


10. 


,29 



4- . 


-<:. 8 


8 j 


22 


3 


1 


7 


20 


11 


31 


-. 5 


7 


.7 


23 



12 


39 


11 


21 


6 


18 



; Number Pago 

District land officer, letter to a soldier i;i Franco 

Dreams Idle Dreams 

Duchesne sale of town lets 

Early days in the General Land Office; 

Edward Tiffin, first Commissioner 4 15 

■ ' Josiah Meigs, Commissioner ..... .... 6 11 

"Extracts from the seventh annual message 
of President Jackson 7 16 

John McLean, Commissioner of the General 
Land Office 

Thomas A, Hendricks, Commissioner 

James Shields, Commissioner 

Enlarged homesteads designated during, the month of 

November . .• 

Enlarged homestead designations during December ,,, 

Equitable adjudication, action of the Department 
of Justice on desert land entries 

Exclusions from national forests 

Farm for forty cents 

Farming lands made --available 

Farming in Alaska, local conditions considered 

Federal property for national use 

Ferry Lake oil suits 

Field service, transfer of special agents.. from the 
northern to the southern field in the ■"winter. 

Field service in Alaska 

Final proofs taken in the field 5 21; 6 20; 7 "25; 8 13; 12 22 



-5- 



8 


I 9 


10 


26 


9 


16 


11 


25 


12 


39 


5 


17 


9 


21 


7 


30 


3 


1 


8 


18 


12 


41 


12 


32 


10 


15 


12 " 


16 



.15. 



7 


27 


3 


23 


3 


22 


9 


12 


7 


27 


4 


13 



Number page 
Fire fighting, by transit nan . . ,», r .. .. •, . . ,8 10 
Flathead Indian lands ; ••.,•■;•■.••' 

Public sale announced ; 

Sale of reported. . 

Opened„. r to -homestead entry : , . •. •• • . 

Opening of tc. v hginestead entry. -.-... 

Flathead Timber lands,, disposal of .. 

Food crops ; increase of 

Forest Homestead's should be listed and "restored 

under the act of June II, 1906, as entry units 1 8 

Forest reserve in Alabama, ten thousand acres 'Withdrawn 3 9 

Forest homesteads; notices "issued present year 7 28 

Fort Bert Hold 'drawing announced 3 17 

Fort Berthold. Indian land„s^ restoration of. s ccual ., .-„,. 
under homestead entries ' 10 21 

Fort Peck Indian 'Lands: ' ' ._ '"."" '" . *'.'." .'.. "' '.'... 

Extension of time for payments .,„... .., . 

Disposition of coal lands .. ... 

Entries and payments for. , r . ...,,. _..„.,. 8 22; 

Opened to agricultural entry with .• -,.. m .. 
reservation of coal 12 26 

Fort Sabine abandoned military reservation, order 

for .survey ... ;; . . , . . 3., 9 

Fraudulent patentee .liable for the .amount, for which f . .. 

the land is sold 'where tittle has .passed to an 'in- ,. ' * ".■'.'.,.. 
nocent purchaser' ''"'" 12 24 

Freeman, Daniel, first homesteader 4 2 



-6- 



4. 


8 


11. 


28 



Free surveyc of homesteads ' iri Alaska 12 10; 

Game reserves between the Absaroka and Callatin 
National Forest 

General Land Office, removal to the new building 

General leasing bill now pending before Congress 

G. L. 0. Worm 

Gig harbor abandoned military reservation 8 

Golden and Swan lakes, Arkansas; beds of held to 
be public lands erroneously omitted from survey 

Grow, Galusha A», father of the homestead law 

Growing up of the west 

Hendricks, Thomas A„ , Commissioner of the 
General Land Office 

Home Club at home 

Home Club, war relief work 

Homestead entry, Daniel Freeman, first homesteader 

Homestead law, enactment of, due to Galusha A. Grow 

Homestead entry, judicial restraint as a reason for 
non-compliance with the homestead law 9 13 

Homestead entryraen and settlers relief act of July 

28, 1917 7 22 

» 

Homestead entries, payment of Indian price, mili- 
tary service 9 13 

Homestead settler, leave of absence to perform 

labor; act of December 20, 1917 12 19 

Homestead act of February 20, 1917, granting second 

rights estimated to affect ten thousand persons 1 5 

Homesteads in Alaska, free survey 12 10; 12 16; 8 14 

Homestead, additional rights personal and not to be 

exercised by a widow j heirs or devisee 6 ' 23 

-7- 



Numb er 


Page 


12 


16 


3 


9 


3 


13 


12 


1 


6 


26 


.; 12 


25 


9 


9 


4 


1 


10 


22 


10 


26 


10 


24 


4 


6 


4 


2 


4 '■ 


1 



7 


■'.: 6 


10 


13 


6 


.2.4. 


10 


12 


10 


13 


7 ' 


31 


7 


24 


9 


'■ ;"■ 1; 


6 


, 15 



Nymb«r Tape 

Homestead heirc on firai proof! required to have 

a habitable house on the, land" •- 6 ■ .22. 

Honor roll for the General Land Office of -.members ■. .., 

now enrolled for service under the flag 8 27; 9 24; 10 34; ■ 

11 39; 12 47 

Hcptvas, Selden G„, Assistant Secretary of the 

Interior ' - • " . • ; •:-.;■ •■•;•. - ; 

Hot Springs towhsite, New Mexico , authorised 

Howl Twenty-three .•".-. --. -, ■,."'■:"•: 

Hualapai Indian reservation, Arizona,. -su/rvey .pf . 

Humboldt towns it e v A^i-sona, survey authorized 

Ice for the Igloo 

Idaho non-resident homesteads 

Idaho agricultural lands, recent developments 

Identification cards, value of 

Imperial Vallev, California, sale of ten chain- ■• • . ,. ■■'■•- > -O 
lots 3 9; 5 18; 10 "l9 

Imperial mesa, statement as to steps looking 
toward plan of- Irrigation • • ■•",.■.' 

Increase of agricultural products- ...•;:.. .; ■■.•.;. 

Increase of food crops 

Increased acreage of cultivation 

Indian lands that will' be offer v for sale -.during . 
the summer of 1917 

Indian .Pueblc, survey of ••'• ' " • ' 

Indian lands, application for unappraised 

Indian allotments on the -3Iackf eet reservation,Iviontana 11 

Ingersoll, Robert G. ' . 

Instructions issued under the act of August 10,1917 8 



•8- 



7 


29; 


3 .. 


.1 


4 


13 


11 


10 • 


3 


16 


7; 


11 


8 


15 


. 11 


28 


10 


23, 


8 


23- 




- - • *\ 



6 


21 


6 


21 


8 


25 


1 


8 



Number Page 

Interior Department War Work Committee 7 17 ; 8 26 ; 10 33; 12 44 

Interior Department building 6 12; 7 17 

lion corner posts, shipment to be handled by the 

Supervisor of Surveys 12 11 

Irrigation system of the Klickitat Irrigation & 

Power Company, adjudicated with a view to relief 

under the act of March 4, 1915 1 6 

Isolated tracts: 

Act of 1912 does not apply to 
corporation 

Sale of, in discretion of Commissioner 

Of Oregon and California timber lands; 
regulations for the sale of 

Keeners' Public Land Statutes 

Laches do not constitute a bar against the United 
States from maintaining a suit to enforce a public 
right 

Lafayette, Major General; land warrants issued to 

Lamar Rifle Club 

Land Decisions; volume 45 issued . 

Sketch of Departmental publication 

Land Locators, statutory regulation of 

Land legislation now pending 

Land Service Bulletin, purpose of its publication 

Leasing Bill now pending before Congress 

Leech Lake surveys remarking of allotment corners 

Letter from Paris, France 

Lida, Nevada, townsite of to be surveyed and sold 

Life on the line 

-9<- 



12 


24 


11 


22 


6 


14 


9 


21 


5 


21 


1 


5 


12 


19 


1 


1 


12 


1 


7 


15 


12 


40 


9 


9 


11 


10 



Number Page 
Libertv Loan: 

Reports from the field 9 3;.. 0,0 3§- ,5, 3,0. 

In the General Land Office 6 25; 9 25 

• i •.-•' >'■••■ "'•■ i :. " .'-. ■,■.".''■ ; :( I . A ."•.•'• " '; .rt*'' . .'■ • ; 

• ■> Agreements between the Secretary of 'the r; " " '►■•'••■^ 

Interior and oil operators for the invest- 
raent in second '-'liberty Sonde of 1 moTieyS 4^ ' v ! 

posited fe 'escrow "•"'•'*' '"••"■ •-•'••' •' •;-' , - ; >' : ±o-"-- 15 • 

Mail service bet?/een the General Land Office and 

f i eld of f i c es ! '•' ** -' 12" "'• • ' %9 : 

Maj or General Lafayette; bounty land •"Warrants 'is-' : ° 

sue'd" to - - • . - 2.1 22 

Map© 1 and schedules "6 f ; ' : Uintah"Indian lands ;; '' ■ • ■ '■■-■^ 7 

Liaps and schedules Vf :; Cdeu¥ d'Alene-'trtdian' 3j.ands- ; -"-'' *- ; 4 7 

23 •« . u 3 . ' -v.. \ 'y-t-iiii mini 

Man and the job , , Ej. , ^ 22 ., 

Manual of surveys, progress of v/ork in preparation , 12 . ,6 , 

McLean, John, Conmfi.VtfioAr o¥ fee "(fener'al Land OT fib's'' 1 -ff 1 * r ' . i"9; w 

■' * '.» » • ■'■ '■ "*• 

Meander of Red River in Oklahoma „■ .2 12 
', : : II • '■ . :'/ii';? ?.:■.»• j ;l^-:-- %s\.r , ■ «. : ~.i 

Measure of damage for unintentional timber trespass, ... 10 25 

Meigs, J 08 i ah, Commissioner of the .General Land Of f ice 6 _ . ^.1 ( 

Meridian station established on. the. roof of the Ih-, _ , . , 

teri'or Department building" toY use Tn testi'ng" solar' 

instruments , « . _ 8,7 

Mexican Border Service . , 2 .... 6 

Military reservation of Bays id e, Hew Jersey, to be , . 

sold : t&szizit-m ■■•* i.i .-., .'•. .;-■• 5 v i-- 18 

Military arid naval service of hbmefeteade'L'S -" ' '' "8" 16 

Military service o'f hbfnesteaders' '" ' 8"' ' '24" 

Mineral classification under act of March ir' J *l , 399 ''$' 7' 

Mineral character of land, res judicata after full" ' : " 

hearing and determination bv the Land Department . .12 . 23. 



•10- 





7 


19 


[ 


9 


10 


•ting 


12 


PA 




11 


10 




2 


13 


2 13; 


12 


15 


n • 


4 


11 


rest 


6 


19 




9 


21 



Number Page 

Mining location subject to investigation prior to 
application for patent 

Mining claims , annual assessment work suspended 

Mining claims burden of proof is upon one asserting 
extralatoral rights 

More acres in cultivation 

I.Jotorcyclo and field work ''•"', 

i'iotorboat for Alaska service 

Motor-tru<?ks for camp transportation, purpose in 
survey work 

National forest lands excluded from Palisade Forest 

National forests, exclusions from- 

National forest lands in Arizona and New Mexico 

opened to entry 11 25 

National Parks opened to the public as usual this 
year 

Naturalization, declaration of alien enemy 

Nenana Coal Field survey in Alaska extended . 

Henana, Alaska, progress of improvements 

Nenana coal field Alaska, announcement of opening 

No indispensables in the selective draft 

Northern Pacific Railway Company, successor of the 
Northern Pacific Railroad Company 

Notice of sale of Flathead timber lands 

Oil land controversy, settlement of questions involved 7 

Oil contracts With oil land claimants, under act cf 
August 25, 1914 

Olathe, Colorado, withdrawal in aid of its water supply 9 



-11- 



12 


41 


11 


31 


10 


11 


10 


22 


12 


29 


11 


10 


5 


7 


V 


27 


7 


1 


1 


6 


• 9 


12 



Number Page 

Oregon and California landu : • • 

Progress of classification and payment 

of taxes ■"" 17; 8 . , 11 

Decision of the United States Supreme ';•* • .. 

Court of April 23, recognizing constitttt ...... ,""' ' '. 

tionallty of the act of revestment 3 '11 

•'•' Sale of fire-killed timber of the Nehalem 

Timber and Logging Company .'-.•• ■ 6 - 25 

Public notified that lands are not yet 
opened to settlement, 

Mineral examination of 

First timber sale •• ■•;.•• • 

Our work and the Red Cross 

Over the counter - experience in a local 'office 

Patent, cancellation of,, statute of limitations 

Payments deferred on entries of ceded Indian lands 
where entryman is in military service 

Perso'nal equation tn office work 

Potash, brine' deposits of, at Seerles lake, California 9 

v 

Power-site withdrawal, . effective as against settle- : 
ment prior to survey, if settler's right is not. as- 
serted within ninety days after filing township plats ' 6 22 

Potash deposits opened to exploration; act of October 

2, 191V " ;/ ' >''■'., ■■:'. .-. ..,10 .. 27 

Practice: where right of appeal or right to apply 
for a hearing is accorded, if appeal' is' taken right. 
to* a hearing will -be denied 

Present day problems., in our national life 

Proof taker's confession 

Public land seekers on the" increase 

Quoth the agent, "Nevermore'' 



•12- 



9 


15 


11 


"•' ■ 13 


11 


18 


11 


38 


10 


. , I 5 


11 


' '34 


12 


18 


: 5" " 


a? 


9 ' 


:: ^ IS' 



' 7 


19 


11 


1 


6' 


'17 


4. 


.14 


rr 


29 



2 


8 


12 


43 


2 


12 



I'umb er Pag e 

Radium rainbow in Colorado li 16 

Reclamation homestead act of February 15, 1917, 
providing for patents when all water right charges 
a*e paid'" -at the time of final proof 

Had Cross activities 3 10; 5 :»0; 5 15; II 38; 

Red River, Oklahoma, meandered 

Restorations and withdrawals during January and 

February 1 5 

Restorations; 

Tc entry of segregated public lands, new 

methods announced 2 11; 4 15 

Of lands once patented, not effective 

until noted of record on the local office 5 13 

Of lands withdrawn under the Carey Act list of 7 20 

Of unappropriated tracts in former Indian 

reservations;, new method • 9 15 

Of coal under homestead entries in Fort 

Eerihold Indian reservation 10 21 

Of more than a quarter of a million acres 

of coal lands 11 34 

Resurvey of nine townships under the Rio Grande recla- '-•" 

mat ion project 9 8 

Reeurveys where more than fifty percent of the lands 
are in private ownership; new legislation under con- 
sideration 12 11 

Repayment o£ desert entry not allowed where the entry 
failed on account of the non-irrigable character of 
the land ■■:-.'• "■..•.•... 

Rifle Range at Carlsbad, New Mexico 

San Luis Valley, desert entries entitled to relief 
under the act of March 4, 1915 

Seai'les Lake basin, survey of 

-13- 



11 


26 


9 


12 


2 


12 


12 


10 



Number Page 

School laud indemnity selections a6 affected by the 

decision of the Supreme Court of the United States ■ 

in the case of the State '61 California against 

Peaeret Yfater Oil '&' Irrigation Company , ... 3 • 10 

School land ;.rjdemni.ty;.. important decision of the ; - •' " : -" : 

united Sta'tew Supreme Court in the case of United 

States vs Sweet . ,.•-.-■'•' ■ ■'■ '■ 12- ' "\' ! 25 

School land giant to- Oregon involving": a ..claim of' • •' • : '' c - ■'•" 
fifteen thousand acres adjusted 7 28 

Scrip location; held that subsequent purchasers of 
excess' portion of Valentine ."crip take with notice 
as to xhe action of ^ .prior. hoj.dei:s ■•• •• • -, '' • ".'■'■'• '■-'' 2 11 

Scrip; definition of terra followed by descriptive 

articl'1 . . - 12 41 

Secretary 'of the Interior address to the officers 

and employees of the, .Interior Department 8 • 17 

Settlement on lands restored to entry -not permissi-. =■'• 
bile, until its restoration is noted' on-the records of 
the" local office 

Shields, James, Commissioner of .the General Land' Office 9 

Shore lines of entries abutting, upon navigable waters'-' 
in .Alaska 

Siletz timber land* . ... 9 12; 7 26'; '•" 

Slow lawyers in Rapid City 

Snow birds arrival at Santa Fe • •.. ' i " 

Soldiers additional homestead rights, important ad- 
ministrative ruling- of the Secretary. .'..• ••'.'••■ '■ 1 . "7 

Soldiers 7 additional rights; comments on statutory 

ptovisions and decisions of the courts and department 11 23. 

Soldiers 1 additional application, circular instruc- 

tionsis6ued ' • ' ; '■ • '11 .17 

Soldier* s letter to the Bulletin 10 23 .. 

Soldier in camp to the ladies of the General Land 

Office 12 40 

-14- 



5 


13 


i 9 


16 


6 ' 


24 


12 ' 


25 


11. 


16 


12 


12 



rubber Page 

Southern Pacific railroad lands, completion of surveys 10 12 

Special agents, duties in Alaska 3 8 

Stock-raising homesteads; acreage applied for 

February 21, 191? 1 4 

Fifty thousand applications filed prior 

to March 31, 1917 3 7 

Designations of lands a prerequisite to 

the allowance of entries 7 25 

Discussion of provisions of the act and 

administrative difficulties 8 1 

On Cheyenne River and Standing R.ock Indian 
lands 

Procedure under pending applications 

Announcement of designations 11 30; 12 

Stock driveways J procedure for location arid withdrawal 

Temporary withdrawal in Harney and Malheur 
Counties, Oregon 

First reservation made 

Withdrawals during .the month of October 

Creation of during November and assignment 
of agents to investigate proposed driveways 

Report from the Denver field division 

Supervisor of surveys in new office, Federal Building s 
Denver 

Survey of public lands under direct sj/stem 

Survey manual; progress in work of preparation 4 10; 12 

Survey of Leech Lake and other Indian reservations 

on head waters of Mississippi 7 15 



11 


29 


12 


27 


12 


38 


1 


4 


3 


9 


6 


19 


9 


14 


10 


16 


11 


15 


9 


6 


6 


8 


12 


6 



Surveys: 



Under Groups 51 and 53 involving retracement 

of township exterxors, differences noted 7 13 

-15» 



Number Page 

Groups No3,-. 49 and 50 of [Tf.'ah include in- 
teresting and difficult field 8 7 

Systems of the public land3 11 5 

Corner posts; shipment of direcbod by the' 
supervisees* of surveys 12 11 

: Problems encountered in the field 7 10 

Surveying; 

Comment on condition of the work in the field 10 9 

Field force; service flag 11 8 

Force in the -use of government owned horses 

Bad mules ' , ''•■ • '3 14 

■•■<> Service find sale, for solar instrument 3 after 

years of continuous use 

F.L-old force, its organization and work 

Survey r in the field held responsible for instrumental 
equipment . $ ... . 

Sweeney, Bo, Assistant Secretary of the Interior 

The Clock and the Clerk 

Tiffin, Edward, first Commissioner General Land Office 

Timber sale in the. Cobs Bay Wagon road grant 

Timber sale on Oregon and California lands 

Timber land sales 4P the former Silei^z reservation 

Timber trespass, measure of damage in unintentional case 10 

Timber lands not subject to sale unless unclaimed and- ■ •• 

unoccupied j and /free from improvements by ethers, and 

these facts must be stated' and shown • -12 24 

Town lot sales 7 27; 3 21; 9 11; 10 18; 11 26 ; 5 18 

Township plats on file in the Land and Industrial De- 
partment at Anchorage, Alaska 4 ' 17 



-0.6- 



• 3 


15 


'•4 


9 


4 


10 


6 


3 


12 


37 


4 


16 


11 


13 


U 


18 


5 


17 


10 


25 



u .^er Page 

Towns it as : 

Withdrawals in Alaska Q 12 

Additional surveys of, in Alaska 7 13 

Proceedings in Alaska under revised regu- 
lations 12 15;12 27 

v 

Within reclamation projects 12 26 

Uintah Indian Lands: 

Maps and schedules 4 7 

Sales reported 6 23 

Umatilla. Lands; act of February 17, 1917, extending 

terms of the act of 1913 to all entries heretofore or 

hereafter made 2 3 

Unsurveyed lands described in terms of future survey 5 7 

Vie 1 .'.' point of the other fellow 5 1 

War work committee of the Interior Department 7 17 ; 8 26; 9 22; 

10 33 

War Work Council of the Young Liens Christian Ass'n 

WaSatch National forest lands excluded from reserve 

Western development of agricultural lands 

Wild birde in the District of Columbia 

YiJork report for the fiscal year, and conclusions drawn 
therefrom 

Wyoming agricultural lands, development of 

Wprd from the Secretary 8 17 



10 


33 


7 


21 


9 


1 


2 


9 


2 


1 


9 


1 



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